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115-07-1

115-07-1 Structure

115-07-1 Structure
IdentificationMore
[Name]

PROPYLENE
[CAS]

115-07-1
[Synonyms]

PROPENE
PROPYLENE
1-Propene
1-Propylene
CH3CH=CH2
Methylethene
Methylethylene
NCI-C50077
Propen
Propylen
propylene(propene)
r1270
PROPYLENE CYL. WITH 2 L (NET ~800 G)
PROPENE, 99+%
PROPENE A10906
propene propylene
Propene,chemical grade
Propylene,chemical grade
Propene,synthetic grade
Propylene,synthetic grade
[EINECS(EC#)]

204-062-1
[Molecular Formula]

C3H6
[MDL Number]

MFCD00009279
[Molecular Weight]

42.08
[MOL File]

115-07-1.mol
Chemical PropertiesBack Directory
[Appearance]

colourless gas
[Appearance]

Propylene is a colorless gas. Slight odor. The Odor Threshold is 23 ppm.
[mp ]

−185 °C(lit.)
[bp ]

−47.7 °C(lit.)
[density ]

1.49
[vapor density ]

1.48 (vs air)
[vapor pressure ]

15.4 atm ( 37.7 °C)
[refractive index ]

1.3567
[Fp ]

-108 °C
[Stability:]

Stable. Highly flammable. Readily forms explosive mixtures with air. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, halogens.
[FreezingPoint ]

-185.25℃
[Merck ]

13,7941
[CAS DataBase Reference]

115-07-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
Safety DataBack Directory
[Hazard Codes ]

F+
[Risk Statements ]

R12:Extremely Flammable.
[Safety Statements ]

S9:Keep container in a well-ventilated place .
S16:Keep away from sources of ignition-No smoking .
S33:Take precautionary measures against static discharges .
[RIDADR ]

UN 1077 2.1
[WGK Germany ]

-
[RTECS ]

UC6740000
[HazardClass ]

2.1
[HS Code ]

29012200
[Safety Profile]

A simple asphpant. No irritant effects from hgh concentrations in gaseous form. When compressed to liquid form, can cause skin burns from freezing effects of rapid evaporation on tissue. Questionable carcinogen. Flammable gas and very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidlzers. Explosive in the form of vapor when exposed to heat or flame. Under unusual conditions, i.e., 955 atm pressure and 327'℃, it has been known to explode. Explodes on contact with trifluoromethyl hypofluorite. Explosive polymerization is initiated by lithium nitrate + sulfur dioxide. Reacts with oxides of nitrogen to form an explosive product. Dangerous; can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, stop flow of gas. Used in production of fabricated polymers, fibers, and solvents, in production of plastic products and resins. For effects of simple asphyxiants, see ARGON.
Raw materials And Preparation ProductsBack Directory
[Raw materials]

Aluminum oxide -->PETROLEUM ETHER-->Liquefied petroleum ges-->Hydrogenated gasoline
[Preparation Products]

Acetone-->Isopropanol-->1-Butanol-->Phenol-->Epichlorohydrin-->Acrylonitrile-->Propylene oxide-->Glycerol-->Acrylic acid-->2-Methyl-1-propanol-->Allyl chloride-->Isobutyraldehyde-->2-Ethylhexanol-->Capryl alcohol-->Poly(ethylene)-->Butyraldehyde-->Mesitylene-->Enalapril-->2-Chloro-5-methylpyridine-->Isobutylbenzene-->DL-2-Octanol-->2,2,3,3-TETRAMETHYLCYCLOPROPANECARBOXYLIC ACID-->1,2-Dichloropropane-->2-Acrylamide-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid-->EA optical plastics-->Amoxicillin-->2-Phenyl-1-propene-->POLY(PROPYLENE-CO-ETHYLENE)-->Mosquito repellent incense-->an improved PVA hydrogel as artificial vitreous body-->poly AO-79-->thickening agent PAS-->Diallyldimethylammonium chloride-->synthetic thickener KG-201-->low polymer viscosity reducer-->3-Methyl-2-penten-4-yn-1-ol-->chelating resin containing acrylic acid amino acetic group-->1,3-Butanediol
Hazard InformationBack Directory
[General Description]

PROPYLENE(115-07-1) is a colorless gas with a faint petroleum like odor. PROPYLENE(115-07-1) is shipped as a liquefied gas under its own vapor pressure. For transportation PROPYLENE(115-07-1) may be stenched. Contact with the liquid can cause frostbite. PROPYLENE(115-07-1) is easily ignited. The vapors are heavier than air. Any leak can either be liquid or vapor. PROPYLENE(115-07-1) can asphyxiate by the displacement of air. Under prolonged exposure to fire or intense heat the containers may rupture violently and rocket. PROPYLENE(115-07-1) is used to make other chemicals. Can cause explosion.
[Reactivity Profile]

During an experiment to produce lactic acid by oxidizing PROPYLENE with nitrogen peroxide, a violent explosion occurred. These mixtures (olefins and nitrogen peroxide) form extremely unstable nitrosates or nitrosites (Comp. Rend. 116:756 1893). Contact of very cold liquid propylene with water may result in vigorous or violent boiling of the product and extremely rapid vaporization due to the large temperature differences involved. If the water is hot, there is the possibility that a liquid "superheat" explosion may occur. Pressures may build to dangerous levels if liquid propylene contacts water in a closed container.
[Air & Water Reactions]

Highly flammable.
[Hazard]

Asphyxiant. Highly flammable, danger- ous fire risk, explosive limits in air 2–11%. Upper respiratory tract irritant. Questionable carcinogen.
[Health Hazard]

Moderate concentration in air causes dizziness, drowsiness, and unconsciousness. Contact with liquefied propylene will cause ``freezing burn.''
[Potential Exposure]

Propylene is used in production of fabricated polymers, fibers, polypropylene resins; solvents, isopropyl alcohol, propylene dimer, and trimer as gasoline components and detergent raw materials; propylene oxide; cumene, synthetic glycerol; isoprene, and oxo-alcohols.
[Fire Hazard]

Behavior in Fire: Containers may explode. Vapor is heavier than air and may travel considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back.
[First aid]

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immedi- ately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immedi- ately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precau- tions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quanti- ties of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an uncon- scious person vomit. If frostbite has occurred, seek medical attention immediately; do NOT rub the affected areas or flush them with water. In order to prevent further tissue damage, do NOT attempt to remove frozen clothing from frostbitten areas. If frostbite has NOT occurred, immediately and thoroughly wash contaminated skin with soap and water.
[Shipping]

UN1077 Propylene, Hazard Class: 2.1; Labels: 2.1-Flammable gas. UN1075 Petroleum gases, liquefied or Liquefied petroleum gas, Hazard Class: 2.1; Labels: 2.1- Flammable gas. Cylinders must be transported in a secure upright position, in a well-ventilated truck. Protect cylinder and labels from physical damage. The owner of the com- pressed gas cylinder is the only entity allowed by federal law (49CFR) to transport and refill them. It is a violation of transportation regulations to refill compressed gas cylin- ders without the express written permission of the owner.
[Incompatibilities]

Propylene forms explosive mixture with air. Violent reaction with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, per- oxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides, and many other compounds. Able to form unstable peroxides; can polymerize, especially in heat, direct sunlight, oxidizers and other chemicals.
[Waste Disposal]

Return refillable compressed gas cylinders to supplier. Use a licensed professional waste disposal service to dispose of this material, perhaps using controlled incineration. All federal, state, and local environ- mental regulations must be observed.
Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)Back Directory
[msds information]

propylene(115-07-1).msds
Spectrum DetailBack Directory
[Spectrum Detail]

PROPYLENE(115-07-1) ESR
Well-known Reagent Company Product InformationBack Directory
[Sigma Aldrich]

115-07-1(sigmaaldrich)
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