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1314-23-4

1314-23-4 Structure

1314-23-4 Structure
IdentificationMore
[Name]

Zirconium dioxide
[CAS]

1314-23-4
[Synonyms]

CSZ
MSZ
YSZ
ZIRCONIA
ZIRCONIUM(+4)OXIDE
ZIRCONIUM DIOXIDE
ZIRCONIUM(IV) OXIDE
ZIRCONIUM(IV) OXIDE, CALCINED
ZIRCONIUM OXIDE
ZIRCONIUM OXIDE BLACK
ZIRCONIUM OXIDE WHITE
ai3-29087
anhydrous
anhydrouszirconium(iv)oxide
Baddleyite
C.I. 77990
Dynazirkon
Kontrastin
Pigment White 12
Rhuligel
[EINECS(EC#)]

215-227-2
[Molecular Formula]

O2Zr
[MDL Number]

MFCD00011310
[Molecular Weight]

123.22
[MOL File]

1314-23-4.mol
Chemical PropertiesBack Directory
[Appearance]

white powder
[mp ]

2700 °C(lit.)
[bp ]

5000 °C(lit.)
[density ]

5.89 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
[Fp ]

5000°C
[solubility ]

insoluble
[form ]

powder
[Stability:]

Stable.
[Water Solubility ]

insoluble
[Merck ]

14,10180
[CAS DataBase Reference]

1314-23-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
[NIST Chemistry Reference]

Zirconium dioxide(1314-23-4)
[EPA Substance Registry System]

1314-23-4(EPA Substance)
Questions And AnswerBack Directory
[Oral Biomaterials]

Crystalline zirconium dioxide (zirconium oxide), ZrO2, called zirconia (not to be confused with zircon, which is a mineral, and Zirkon™, which is a product in the market) is manufactured for use as a white pigment from minerals by conversion to Zr(SO4)2, followed by hydrolysis. ZrO2 is used also as a refractory material (crucibles, furnace lining), and it is insoluble in water, only slightly soluble in HCl and HNO3, and, however, slowly soluble in HF upon heating with 66% H2SO4.
Zirconium dioxide
Zirconia is considered one of the best currently known biocompatible ceramic materials along with the metallic titanium.
Zirconium dioxide, or zirconia, ZrO2, is the word in presentday dentistry. We may say that zirconia is a material of choice in contemporary restorative dentistry for several reasons. Moreover, restorative dentistry is about adhesion promotion and about durable bonding of restorations. Zirconia has found wide applications in dental restorations, such as bridges, crowns, dental implant abutments, and full dental implant systems.
Zirconia caught attraction due its superior mechanical properties as superior flexure strength (which is 1200 MPa compared to 1000 MPa for steel), high fracture toughness, high hardness, excellent fatigue, and damage resistance. The material is resistant to chemical attacks and does not react easily with strong acids, alkalis, or other corrosive material. Regarding its physical properties, ZrO2 is a white and opaque material that does not dissolve or react with water and other solvents. It is an excellent thermal and chemical insulator and is used in fuel cells.
[Uses]

Zirconium dioxide (ZrO2) as an abrasive is used to make grinding wheels and special sandpaper. It is also used in ceramic glazes, in enamels, and for lining furnaces and hightemperature molds. It resists corrosion at high temperatures, making it ideal for crucibles and other types of laboratory ware. ZrO2 is used as a "getter" to remove the last trace of air when producing vacuum tubes.
Safety DataBack Directory
[RTECS ]

ZH8800000
[HS Code ]

28256000
Raw materials And Preparation ProductsBack Directory
【Raw materials】

Hydrochloric acid-->Sodium silicate-->Zirconyl chloride octahydrate-->ZIRCONIUM SILICATE-->Poly(methyl methacrylate)-->Zirconium hydroxide-->Zirconium sulphate-->Zirconium oxychloride-->Zirconium-->SODIUM ZIRCONATE-->ZIRCONIUM SILICATE
【Preparation Products】

Potassium hexafluorozirconate-->Praseodymium-Zircon Yellow
Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)Back Directory
[msds information]

Zirconium dioxide(1314-23-4).msds
Questions and Answers (Q&A)Back Directory
[Uses]

Zirconium oxide occurs in nature as the mineral baddeleyite. The oxide has many industrial applications. It is used as a refractory material. It is used in making highly reflective glazes for ceramics, glasses, linings of metallurgical furnaces, crucibles, and laboratory equipment. The oxide is used to produce oxyhydrogen and incandescent lights. Other uses are in producing piezoelectric crystals, heat-resistant fibers, and high-frequency induction coils. The hydrous oxide is used in treating dermatitis resulting from poison ivy.
[Preparation]

Zirconium oxide occurs in nature as mineral baddeleyite. Ore is mined from natural deposits and subjected to concentration and purifcation by various processes. The oxide, however, is more commonly obtained as an intermediate in recovering zirconium from zircon, ZrSiO4 (See Zirconium, Recovery).
Also, the oxide may be prepared in the laboratory by thermal decomposition of zirconium hydroxide or zirconium carbonate:
Zr(OH)4 → ZrO2 + 2H2O
Zr(CO3)2 → ZrO2 + 2CO2
Spectrum DetailBack Directory
[Spectrum Detail]

Zirconium dioxide (1314-23-4) IR1
Well-known Reagent Company Product InformationBack Directory
[Acros Organics]

Zirconium(IV) oxide, 99+%(1314-23-4)
[Alfa Aesar]

Zirconium(IV) oxide, Spectrographic Grade, 99.96% min (metals basis)(1314-23-4)
[Sigma Aldrich]

1314-23-4(sigmaaldrich)
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