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7487-88-9

7487-88-9 Structure

7487-88-9 Structure
IdentificationMore
[Name]

Magnesium sulfate
[CAS]

7487-88-9
[Synonyms]

BOD MAGNESIUM SULFATE SOLUTION B
EPSOM SALTS
MAGNESIUM SULFATE
MAGNESIUM SULFATE, DEHYDRATE
MAGNESIUM SULFATE SOLUTION
MAGNESIUM SULPHATE
MANGANESE(+2)SULFATE
(Monohydrate) kieserite
Hair salt
Kieserite [as monohydrate]
Magnesium sulfate (1:1)
Magnesium(II) sulfate
magnesiumsulfate(1:1)
Magnesiumsulfate,anhydrous
MgSO4
Sal amarum
Sal anglicum
Sal catharticum
Sal seidlitense
salangalis
[EINECS(EC#)]

231-298-2
[Molecular Formula]

MgO4S
[MDL Number]

MFCD00011110
[Molecular Weight]

120.37
[MOL File]

7487-88-9.mol
Chemical PropertiesBack Directory
[Appearance]

White crystalline powder
[mp ]

1124 °C
[density ]

1.07 g/mL at 20 °C
[vapor density ]

<0.01 (vs air)
[vapor pressure ]

<0.1 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
[solubility ]

H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
[form ]

powder (very fine)
[color ]

slightly gray
[Stability:]

Stable. Hygroscopic.
[Sensitive ]

Hygroscopic
[Merck ]

14,5691
[Uses]

Magnesium sulfate has been used for decades as a tocolytic; however recently it has been noted that given its lack of benefit, possible harms, and expense, magnesium sulfate should not be used for tocolysis.
[Uses]

magnesium sulfate is an inorganic salt used as a bulking agent in cosmetic preparations.
[Uses]

Magnesium sulfate, a mild central nervous system (CNS) depressant and vasodilator, is used for eclamptic seizures. An initial intravenous loading dose is 2 to 4 g administered over 15 minutes, followed by a continuous infusion of 1 to 3 g/hour. The therapeutic serum level is 4 to 8 mEq/L.
[CAS DataBase Reference]

7487-88-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
[NIST Chemistry Reference]

Magnesium sulfate(7487-88-9)
[EPA Substance Registry System]

7487-88-9(EPA Substance)
Safety DataBack Directory
[Hazard Codes ]

Xi
[Risk Statements ]

R36/37/38:Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin .
[Safety Statements ]

S22:Do not breathe dust .
S24/25:Avoid contact with skin and eyes .
S36:Wear suitable protective clothing .
S26:In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice .
[WGK Germany ]

1
[RTECS ]

OM4500000
[F ]

3
[HS Code ]

28332100
[Safety Profile]

A poison by intravenous route. Moderately toxic by ingestion, intraperitoneal, and subcutaneous routes. Human systemic effects: heart changes, cyanosis, flaccid paralysis with appropriate anesthesia. An experimental teratogen. Mutation data reported. Potentially explosive reaction when heated with ethoxyethynyl alcohols (e.g., l-ethoxy 3-methyl-1-butyn-3-01). When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of SOx. See also SULFATES.
[Hazardous Substances Data]

7487-88-9(Hazardous Substances Data)
Raw materials And Preparation ProductsBack Directory
[Raw materials]

Sulfuric acid -->Magnesium-->Magnesium oxide-->DOYLE DIRHODIUM CATALYST-RH2(4S-MEOX)4-->Plate-and-frame filter press-->Drying machine-->Magnesium sulfate,monohydrate
[Preparation Products]

9,9-DIMETHYL-9H-XANTHENE-->5-BROMO-2-ETHOXY-PYRIMIDINE-->2-Furaldehyde diethyl acetal-->(S)-(+)-Methyl mandelate-->2,3,5,6-TETRAFLUORO-4-METHYLBENZOIC ACID-->3',4'-(DIDECYLOXY)BENZALDEHYDE-->2-(TRIFLUOROACETYL)THIOPHENE-->2-Amino-5-chlorobenzonitrile-->Idarubicin-->Indeloxazine hydrochloride-->2-ACETYL-3-BROMOTHIOPHENE-->Cefuzonam-->Nizofenone-->TRIFORINE-->3,6,9,12-tetraoxahexadecan-1-ol-->4-Chlorobenzhydrylchloride-->2,3-DICHLORO-5-NITROPYRIDINE-->4-Acetylbenzoic acid-->METHYL 2-BROMO-5-METHOXYBENZOATE-->3-AMINO-N,N-DIMETHYL-BENZENESULFONAMIDE-->2-CHLOROSULFONYL-PYRIDINIUM, CHLORIDE-->Ceftizoxime-->DELAPRIL-->2-PROPIONYLFURAN-->Bacillus thuringiensis-->1,1,1-TRICHLOROACETONE-->5-ACETOXYMETHYL-2-FURALDEHYDE-->CYCLOOCTENE OXIDE-->2-Amino-5-bromopyrazine-->Flecainide-->METHYL2-HEXENOATE-->Pentyl isocyanate-->3-Fluoroacetanilide-->TRI-N-BUTYLPHOSPHONIUM TETRAFLUOROBORATE-->2,4,6-TRIFLUOROBENZENESULFONYL CHLORIDE-->MAGNESIUM TRISILICATE-->Dofetilide-->ETHYL PROPIONYL PYRUVATE-->diammonium magnesium bis(sulphate) -->4-Chlorophenyl cyclopropyl ketone
Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)Back Directory
[msds information]

Magnesium sulfate(7487-88-9).msds
Questions and Answers (Q&A)Back Directory
[Description]

Magnesium sulfate is an inorganic salt (chemical compound) containing magnesium, sulfur and oxygen, with the formula MgSO4. It is strongly hygroscopic and often encountered as the heptahydrate sulfate mineral epsomite (MgSO4•7H2O), commonly called Epsom salt. And the monohydrate, MgSO4•H2O, is found as the mineral kieserite. In gardening and other agriculture, magnesium sulfate is used to correct a magnesium or sulfur deficiency in soil. In food preparation, magnesium sulfate is used as a brewing salt in beer production or used as a coagulant for making tofu. In chemistry, anhydrous magnesium sulfate is commonly used as a desiccant in organic synthesis due to its affinity for water. For Marine use, magnesium sulfate heptahydrate is used to maintain the magnesium concentration in marine aquaria which contain large amounts of stony corals. For medicine use, it is used in pregnant women to control seizures due to certain complications of pregnancy (eg, severe toxemia) and to control high blood pressure, severe brain function problems (encephalopathy), and seizures in children who have sudden, severe inflammation of the kidneys (acute nephritis). Besides, magnesium sulfate is also used as a laxative to relieve occasional constipation.
[Uses]

Magnesium sulfate is used widely in several industries including fertilizer, cement, textile, chemicals, and medicine. In the cement industry, it is used in manufacturing oxysulfate cement. In medicine, it is an analgesic and cathartic. An important application of anhydrous magnesium sulfate in the laboratory involves drying organic solvents required for syntheses and GC analysis.
In the textile industry, magnesium sulfate is used in finishing composition for dressing cotton; for weighting and sizing silk; as a mordant for fixing basic dyestuffs on wool; and in fireproofing fabrics. It also is a component of certain types of electrolytic plating baths; of various photographic solutions; of cosmetic lotions. It is a catalyst carrier; a dietary supplement in cattle feed; a coagulant for rubber and plastic; and is used in making citric acid and several magnesium salts, such as magnesium stearate.
[Preparation]

Hydrated magnesium sulfate occurs in nature as the minerals kieserite and epsomite. The salt is mined in large scale from these and other naturally occurring minerals. The salt also is prepared in the laboratory by the action of sulfuric acid on magnesium oxide, hydroxide, or carbonate followed by evaporation and crystallization:
MgO + H2SO4 → MgSO4 + H2O
Mg(OH)2 + H2SO4 → MgSO4 + 2H2O
MgCO3 + H2SO4 → MgSO4 + CO2 + H2O
Crystallization at temperatures between 1.8 and 48°C yields heptahydrate, MgSO4•7H2O. Below 1.8°C, a dodecahydrate , MgSO4•12H2O crystallizes out. Above 48°C crystals of lower hydrates form. The anhydrous salt is obtained by heating the heptahydrate at about 500°C in a rotary drum; or dehydrating above 150°C in the presence of sulfuric acid.
[References]

1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnesium_sulfate
2. https://www.drugs.com/cdi/magnesium-sulfate.html
3. https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/magnesium_sulfate
4. http://www.emedicinehealth.com/drug-magnesium_sulfate/article_em.htm
Spectrum DetailBack Directory
[Spectrum Detail]

Magnesium sulfate(7487-88-9) IR1
Well-known Reagent Company Product InformationBack Directory
[Acros Organics]

Magnesium sulfate, anhydrous, pure, 97%(7487-88-9)
[Alfa Aesar]

Magnesium sulfate, anhydrous, 99.5% min(7487-88-9)
[Sigma Aldrich]

7487-88-9(sigmaaldrich)
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