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Polychloroprene

Polychloroprene
Polychloroprene structure
CAS No.
9010-98-4
Chemical Name:
Polychloroprene
Synonyms
gr-m;fs651;CR244;ec1368;nairit;duprene;neoprene;sovprene;svitpren;hibon5300
CBNumber:
CB0414643
Molecular Formula:
C4H5Cl
Formula Weight:
88.5355
MOL File:
9010-98-4.mol

Polychloroprene Properties

Melting point:
>260 °C
Density 
1.23 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
storage temp. 
-196°C
form 
chunks
color 
White to beige
CAS DataBase Reference
9010-98-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances
POLYCHLOROPRENE
EWG's Food Scores
1
IARC
3 (Vol. 19, Sup 7) 1987
EPA Substance Registry System
Chloroprene polymer (9010-98-4)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Safety Statements  24/25
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  EI9640000
NFPA 704
0
1 0

Polychloroprene price More Price(2)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 205397 Polychloroprene 85% trans, 10% cis 9010-98-4 250g $179 2020-08-18 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 205400 Polychloroprene 85% trans, 10% cis 9010-98-4 250g $179 2020-08-18 Buy

Polychloroprene Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

white to beige chips or chunks

History

Polychloroprene was discovered in 1930 at E. I. DuPont de Nemours & Co. inWilmington Delaware. The discovery grew out of a need to develop a synthetic substitute for natural rubber. DuPont first marketed this first commercially successful synthetic elastomer as DuPrene in 1933. In response to new technology development that significantly improved the product and manufacturing process, the name was changed to Neoprene in 1936. The current commercially acceptable generic name for this class of chlorinated elastomers is CR or chloroprene rubber.
polychloroprene structure
polychloroprene structure

Uses

Polychloroprene is a (Solid) Mechanical rubber products, lining oil-loading hose and reaction equipment, adhesive cement, binder for rocket fuels, coatings for electric wiring, gaskets and seals. (Liquid) Specialty items made by dipping or electrophoresis from the latex. (Foam) Adhesive tape to replace metal fasteners for automotive accessories, seat cushions, carpet backing, sealant

Definition

ChEBI: A macromolecule composed of repeating (2Z)-2-chlorobut-2-ene-1,4-diyl units.

Production Methods

Commercial polychloroprene rubber is manufactured by aqueous free-radical emulsion polymerization followed by isolation of the solid polymer by one of several processes: freeze roll isolation, drum drying , extruder isolation, precipitation and drying or spray drying. Isolation of powdered polychloroprene has been reviewed. Of the methods cited, freeze roll and drum drying isolation are commercially important.
The large-scale commercial manufacture of polychloroprene consists of eight or nine unit operations:
(1) Monomer solution makeup Water solution makeup
(2) Emulsification
(3) Polymerization
(4) Stripping of residual monomer
(5) Peptization for chloroprene–sulfur copolymers
(6) Freeze roll isolation Drum drying
(7) Drying of freeze-rolled film
(8) Roping
(9) Cutting and packaging (25kg)

Preparation

Polychloroprene is made from one of two starting materials, acetylene or butadiene. Acetylene can be dimerized and then chloronated to form chloroprene. Alternatively, when adequate butadiene is available, this can be directly halogenated (eqs. 7 and 8). In either case, the chloroprene product can then be polymerized to polychloroprene. Essentially a butadiene elastomer with chlorine present in the backbone,the polymer exhibits excellent tensile strength and low hysteresis, much like natural rubber. Tensile strength properties up to 28 MPa are possible with the proper reinforcing system (see FILLERS). The polarity imparted by the chlorine atom improves the oil and solvent resistance approaching those of nitrile polymers. The polymer can be protected with para-phenylenediamine antiozonants to give ozone resistance, and heat aging is also good. As a result, chloroprene elastomers are used in a wide variety of applications needing a balance of such properties.

Hazard

Questionable carcinogen.

Industrial uses

One of the first synthetic rubbers used commercially to the rubber industry, neoprene is a polymer of chloroprene, 2-chlorobutadiene- 1,3. In the manufacturing process, acetylene, the basic raw material, is dimerized to vinylacetylene and then hydrochlorinated to the chloroprene monomer.
Sulfur is used to vulcanize some types of neoprene, but most of the neoprenes are vulcanized by the addition of basic oxides such as magnesium oxide and zinc oxide. The cure proceeds through reaction of the metal oxide with the tertiary allylic chlorine that arises from the small amount of 1,2-polymerization that occurs. Other compounding and processing techniques follow similar procedures and use the same equipment as for natural rubber. One of the outstanding characteristics of neoprene is the good tensile strength without the addition of carbon black filler. This versatility makes them useful in many applications requiring oil, weather, abrasion, or electrical resistance or combinations of these properties, such as wire and cable, hose, belts, molded and extruded goods, soles and heels, and adhesives.

Materials Uses

The most widely used contact adhesive is a solution of polychloroprene or modified polychloroprene in solvent blends of aromatic hydrocarbons, aliphatic hydrocarbons, esters, or ketones, for example, toluene–hexane–acetone. Viscosity, dry time needed before bonding, bond strength, and price are affected by the solvent. Using various combinations of the isomeric forms of polymerized 2- chlorobutadiene permits a fine-tuning of the crystallization rate of the dissolved polymer as the solvent evaporates. The polychloroprene may also be modified by the incorporation of methacrylic acid or mercaptans. Metal oxides (MgO and ZnO) that scavenge acids are often part of polychloroprene adhesives and also may act as cross-linking agents. Oxygen scavengers such as butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) [128-37-0] or naphthylamines [25168-10-9] are added to prevent dehydrochlorination. To build initial handling strength, the solvent-based polychloroprene contact adhesives may be modified with alkyl phenolics, terpene phenolics, or phenolic-modified rosin esters, the first of these being the most effective and least deleterious. Chlorinated rubbers are sometimes added to these adhesives to improve their adhesion to plasticized PVC and other plastics. Added just before adhesive application, isocyanates are useful in modification of polychloroprene contact adhesives, reacting perhaps through hydrolysis of the pendant allylic groups present from the small number of 1,2 isomeric segments. The remainder of the solvent-based contact adhesives are comprised of polyurethane, SBR, styrene–butadiene–styrene block polymers, butadiene–acrylonitrile rubber, natural rubber, or various acrylic or vinyl resins in suitable solvents.

Polychloroprene Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Polychloroprene Suppliers

Global( 63)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817
info@dakenchem.com CHINA 21842 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 22624 55
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-18871470254
027-59599243 linda@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 28231 58
Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
86-531-88032799
+86 531 8582 1093 export@haihangchem.com CHINA 10126 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
86-13657291602
027-59338440 linda@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 23045 58
BOC Sciences
1-631-619-7922 1-631-619-7922
1-631-614-7828 inquiry@bocsci.com United States 20039 58
CONIER CHEM AND PHARMA LIMITED
86-18523575427
sales@conier.com CHINA 47486 58
career henan chemical co
0086-371-86658258
0086-371-86658258 factory@coreychem.com CHINA 29642 58
Zhuozhou Wenxi import and Export Co., Ltd
+8613111626072
+8613111626072 zzwenxi@126.com CHINA 7507 58
Mainchem Co., Ltd. +86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sale@mainchem.com CHINA 32444 55

View Lastest Price from Polychloroprene manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2020-04-23 Polychloroprene
9010-98-4
US $1.00 / KG 1KG 99% 20T Shaanxi Dideu Medichem Co. Ltd
2020-01-08 3-Picoline-N-oxide
9010-98-4
US $1.00 / KG 1KG 98% HPLC 10 tons/month Career Henan Chemical Co

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