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Ammonium fluoride

Ammonium hydrogen fluoride Toxicity Chemical Properties Uses Production method Category Toxicity Acute toxicity Flammability and hazard characteristics Storage characteristics Extinguishing agent Professional standards
Ammonium fluoride
Ammonium fluoride structure
Chemical Name:
Ammonium fluoride
uoride soL;fluorekamonowy;fluoruroamonico;Ammoniumfluorid;Ammoniumfluorde;Ammonum fluoride;ammoniumfluorure;AMMONIUM FLUORIDE;AmmoniumFluorideGr;AmmoniumFluorideE.P.
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Ammonium fluoride Properties

Melting point:
Boiling point:
1.11 g/mL at 20 °C
storage temp. 
Store at RT.
H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
Specific Gravity
6 (50g/l, H2O, 20℃)
PH Range
Aqueous solution is an acid
Water Solubility 
Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, water, most common metals, strong bases, strong acids. Attacks glass.
CAS DataBase Reference
12125-01-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
EWG's Food Scores
EPA Substance Registry System
Ammonium fluoride (12125-01-8)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Signal word  Danger
Hazard statements  H301-H311-H331-H301+H311+H331-H318
Precautionary statements  P280-P302+P352+P312-P304+P340+P312-P305+P351+P338+P310-P261-P280h-P301+P310a-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Hazard Codes  T
Risk Statements  23/24/25-41
Safety Statements  26-45-1/2-36/37/39-39-36/37
RIDADR  UN 2505 6.1/PG 3
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  BQ6300000
HazardClass  6.1
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  28261910
Toxicity LD50 ipr-rat: 31 mg/kg XEURAQ UR-154,1951
NFPA 704
3 0

Ammonium fluoride price More Price(21)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 216011 Ammonium fluoride ACS reagent, ≥98.0% 12125-01-8 100g $75.5 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1.01164 Ammonium fluoride for analysis EMSURE? ACS 250 g $113.77 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 216011 Ammonium fluoride ACS reagent, ≥98.0% 12125-01-8 500g $155 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1.01164 Ammonium fluoride for analysis EMSURE? ACS 1 kg $279.35 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1.01164 Ammonium fluoride for analysis EMSURE? ACS 25 kg $5605.5 2021-03-22 Buy

Ammonium fluoride Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Ammonium hydrogen fluoride

At room temperature, ammonium hydrogen fluoride appears as white or colorless orthorhombic crystal with slight sour. It is poisonous! It is slightly soluble in alcohol, easily soluble in cold water while subjecting to decomposition in hot water. Its aqueous solution is strongly acidic. It is obtained through the neutralization between the anhydrous hydrofluoric acid and ammonia. It can corrode glass and is corrosive to the skin. It can be used as a chemical reagent, glass etching agent (with participation of hydrofluoric acid), disinfectants and preservatives in fermentation industry, solvent for making metal beryllium via beryllium oxide and surface treatment agent of silicon steel sheet. It can also be used for the manufacturing of ceramics, magnesium alloy, the cleaning and scaling of boiler feed water systems and steam generating system as well as the acid treatment agent for oil sand. It is also used as the component of alkylation and isomerization catalyst.
The production process of ammonium hydrogen fluoride is generally first generating ammonium fluoride followed by further sending through hydrogen fluoride to generate ammonium hydrogen fluoride. If not properly managed, it will become a mixture of ammonium fluoride and ammonium hydrogen fluoride with ammonium fluoride being easily decomposed into ammonium hydrogen fluoride.
This information is edited by Xiongfeng Dai from Chemicalbook.


This product is toxic. The operator must wear protective equipment. See the remaining protective measures in the part of ammonium hydrogen fluoride.

Chemical Properties

It appears as colorless phyllodes or needle-like crystals and forms hexagonal columnar crystals after being subject to sublimation. It is easily deliquescent. It is easily soluble in water with aqueous solution being acidic. It is soluble in alcohol but insoluble in acetone and liquid ammonia.


It can be used as glass etching agent, the chemical polishing agent on the metal surface, preservatives and disinfectants of brewing and fiber mordant as well as for extracting rare metals.
It can be used as reagents for the analysis, masking agents and preservatives.
It can be applied to wood preservation, glass engraving and precipitation agent for the complexometric titration of the aluminum, extraction of rare elements as well as spot analysis of zirconium.

Production method

Liquid-phase method: to lead or plastic container, put certain amount of hydrofluoric acid. Cool water in the outer container and slowly introduce ammonia gas under stirring until the pH value of reaction solution reaches about 4. The reaction liquid further goes through cooling and crystallization, centrifugation, air drying to obtain ammonium fluoride products.
NH3 + HF → NHF


Toxic substances.


Grading toxic.

Acute toxicity

Intraperitoneal-rat LD50: 31 mg/kg; subcutaneous-Fox LDL0: 280 mg/kg.

Flammability and hazard characteristics

It release flammable ammonia gas upon thermal decomposition; in case of acid, it releases toxic hydrogen fluoride gas.

Storage characteristics

Treasury: ventilation, low-temperature and drying; store it separately from acids, bases, food and CLF3.

Extinguishing agent


Professional standards

TWA 2.5 mg (fluorine)/cubic meter; STEL 5 mg (fluorine)/cubic meter.

Chemical Properties

Ammonium fluoride,NH4F, is a white crystalline salt that is soluble in cold water. It is unstable and emits a strong odor of ammonia. Ammonium fluoride is used in etching glass,preserving wood,and in the textile industry as a mordant.

Chemical Properties

Ammonium fluoride is a white crystalline solid.

Physical properties

White, deliquescent, crystalline solid; occurs in various forms, as granular powder (commercial products), needles or leaflets, or hexagonal prism (formed on sublimation and condensation); density 1.009 g/cm3 at 25°C; decomposes on heating; highly soluble in cold water (100g/100g at 0°C); decomposes in hot water; slightly soluble in alcohol, insoluble in liquid ammonia.


Etching and frosting glass; as antiseptic in brewing beer; preserving wood; in printing and dyeing textiles; as mothproofing agent.


ChEBI: A fluoride salt having ammonium (NH4+) as the counterion.

General Description

Ammonium fluoride is a white crystalline solid. Ammonium fluoride is soluble in water. Ammonium fluoride is noncombustible. Ammonium fluoride is corrosive to aluminum. Ammonium fluoride is used in chemical analysis, in brewing, and as a preservative for wood.

Air & Water Reactions

Dissolves in water and forms dilute solution of hydrofluoric acid. May corrode glass, cement, and most metals [USCG, 1999]. Water soluble.

Reactivity Profile

Salts, basic, such as Ammonium fluoride, are generally soluble in water. The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydroxide ions and have pH's greater than 7.0. They react as bases to neutralize acids. These neutralizations generate heat, but less or far less than is generated by neutralization of the bases in reactivity group 10 (Bases) and the neutralization of amines. They usually do not react as either oxidizing agents or reducing agents but such behavior is not impossible.


Corrosive to tissue.

Health Hazard

Inhalation of dust may cause irritation of respiratory system. Ingestion is harmful; readily soluble fluorides may be fatal if relatively small quantities are swallowed. Contact with eyes causes local irritation of the mucous membrane. Contact with skin may cause burns. High concs. of fluorine in the urine have been reported following skin contact.

Safety Profile

Poison by subcutaneous and intraperitoneal routes. See also FLUORIDES. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of F-, NO,, and NH3. Incompatible with ClF3

Potential Exposure

Ammonium fluoride is used in printing and dyeing textiles; glass etching, moth-proofing and wood preserving; in analytical chemistry, agriculture, antiseptic in brewing.


UN2505 Ammonium fluoride, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials.


Acids, alkalis, chlorine trifluoride. Corrodes glass, cement, most metals.

Waste Disposal

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal.

Ammonium fluoride Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Ammonium fluoride Suppliers

Global( 292)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
City Chemical LLC
203.937.8400 United States 97 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
027-59599243 CHINA 28229 58
Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
+8619930503282 whatapp+8619930503282
86-0311-66562153 CHINA 3908 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
027-59338440 CHINA 23035 58
Changzhou Carman Chemical Co., Ltd.
15061933924; CHINA 514 58
0371-55170695 CHINA 26742 58
career henan chemical co
13203830695 0086-371-86658258
0086-371-86658258 CHINA 29865 58
Richest Group Ltd
18017061086 CHINA 5606 58
13806087780 +86 13806087780 CHINA 17851 58
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
0551-65418697 CHINA 37441 58

View Lastest Price from Ammonium fluoride manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2021-06-08 Ammonium fluoride
US $5.00 / KG 1KG 99% 1000TONS Baoji Guokang Healthchem co.,ltd
2020-01-07 Ammonium fluoride
US $1.00 / KG 1KG 98%-99.9% 200KG Career Henan Chemical Co

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