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Fluoroacetic acid

Fluoroacetic acid
Fluoroacetic acid
CAS No.
144-49-0
Chemical Name:
Fluoroacetic acid
Synonyms
HFA;MFA;C06108;Un 2642;CH2FCOOH;cymonicacid;Cymonic acid;fluoroacetic;fluoroacetate;Fluoressigsure
CBNumber:
CB6212623
Molecular Formula:
C2H3FO2
Formula Weight:
78.04
MOL File:
144-49-0.mol

Fluoroacetic acid Properties

Melting point:
33°C
Boiling point:
165°C
Density 
1.3693
pka
2.6(at 25℃)
CAS DataBase Reference
144-49-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Acetic acid, fluoro-(144-49-0)
EPA Substance Registry System
Acetic acid, fluoro-(144-49-0)

SAFETY

Hazard Codes  T+,N
Risk Statements  20/21/22-35-50-28
Safety Statements  26-36/37/39-45-61-22-20
RIDADR  2642
HazardClass  6.1(a)
PackingGroup  I
Hazardous Substances Data 144-49-0(Hazardous Substances Data)

Fluoroacetic acid price

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Fluoroacetic acid Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Definition

ChEBI: A haloacetic acid that is acetic acid in which one of the methyl hydrogens is substituted by fluorine.

General Description

A colorless crystalline solid. May be toxic by ingestion. Used to make other chemicals.

Air & Water Reactions

Water soluble.

Reactivity Profile

Fluoroacetic acid is a halogenated carboxylic acid derivative. Carboxylic acids donate hydrogen ions if a base is present to accept them. They react in this way with all bases, both organic (for example, the amines) and inorganic. Their reactions with bases, called "neutralizations", are accompanied by the evolution of substantial amounts of heat. Neutralization between an acid and a base produces water plus a salt. Carboxylic acids with six or fewer carbon atoms are freely or moderately soluble in water; those with more than six carbons are slightly soluble in water. Soluble carboxylic acid dissociate to an extent in water to yield hydrogen ions. The pH of solutions of carboxylic acids is therefore less than 7.0. Many insoluble carboxylic acids react rapidly with aqueous solutions containing a chemical base and dissolve as the neutralization generates a soluble salt. Carboxylic acids in aqueous solution and liquid or molten carboxylic acids can react with active metals to form gaseous hydrogen and a metal salt. Such reactions occur in principle for solid carboxylic acids as well, but are slow if the solid acid remains dry. Even "insoluble" carboxylic acids may absorb enough water from the air and dissolve sufficiently in Fluoroacetic acid to corrode or dissolve iron, steel, and aluminum parts and containers. Carboxylic acids, like other acids, react with cyanide salts to generate gaseous hydrogen cyanide. The reaction is slower for dry, solid carboxylic acids. Insoluble carboxylic acids react with solutions of cyanides to cause the release of gaseous hydrogen cyanide. Flammable and/or toxic gases and heat are generated by the reaction of carboxylic acids with diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, and sulfides. Carboxylic acids, especially in aqueous solution, also react with sulfites, nitrites, thiosulfates (to give H2S and SO3), dithionites (SO2), to generate flammable and/or toxic gases and heat. Their reaction with carbonates and bicarbonates generates a harmless gas (carbon dioxide) but still heat. Like other organic compounds, carboxylic acids can be oxidized by strong oxidizing agents and reduced by strong reducing agents. These reactions generate heat. A wide variety of products is possible. Like other acids, carboxylic acids may initiate polymerization reactions; like other acids, they often catalyze (increase the rate of) chemical reactions.

Health Hazard

Fluoroacetic acid is very toxic; ingestion of small quantities may cause death.

Fire Hazard

When heated to decomposition, Fluoroacetic acid emits highly toxic fumes of fluorine containing compounds. Some of these materials may burn but none ignite readily. These materials may ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, etc.).

Fluoroacetic acid Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


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144-49-0(Fluoroacetic acid)Related Search:


  • RARECHEM AL BO 1262
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  • C06108
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  • QEWYKACRFQMRMB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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