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PEANUT OIL structure
Chemical Name:
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:
Mol file

PEANUT OIL Properties

0.91 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.470
Flash point:
283 °C
storage temp. 
Very slightly soluble in ethanol (95%); soluble in benzene, carbon tetrachloride, and oils; miscible with carbon disulfide, chloroform, ether, and hexane.
Viscous Liquid
Clear yellow
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • NFPA
Safety Statements  24/25
WGK Germany  -
RTECS  RX2830000
HS Code  15089000

NFPA 704

Diamond Hazard Value Description
Flammability   1 Materials that require considerable preheating, under all ambient temperature conditions, before ignition and combustion can occur. Includes some finely divided suspended solids that do not require heating before ignition can occur. Flash point at or above 93.3 °C (200 °F). (e.g. mineral oil, ammonia)
Instability   0 Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water (e.g. helium,N2)

(NFPA, 2010)


Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy

PEANUT OIL Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

clear yellowish viscous liquid

Chemical Properties

Peanut oil is a colorless or pale yellow-colored liquid that has a faint nutty odor and a bland, nutty taste. At about 3°C it becomes cloudy, and at lower temperatures it partially solidifies.


arachis oil (peanut oil) is a carrier oil used in cosmetic products designed for sensitive and delicate skin.


Peanut Oil is the oil obtained from peanuts, consisting principally of the unsaturated fatty acids oleic and linoleic. it is liquid at room tem- perature, has a specific gravity at 38°c of approximately 1.89–0.90, and an iodine number of 85–95. it is removed from the nuts by one of two processes, namely, the expeller method, in which the shelled peanuts are cooked with steam, and fed into an expeller press which physically presses the oil from the meal; or the pre-press solvent sys- tem, which is comparable to the expeller method except that less pressure is applied, which leaves more oil in the meal, and the remain- ing meal is solvent-washed, usually with hexane, to dissolve the oil from the meal. the obtained crude oil is refined. the major use of peanut oil is in cooking oils and salad oils. peanut oil is used in deep- fat frying because of its long frying life and high smoke point. in salad oil, it contributes to the suspension of solids. other applications include shortening ingredient for doughnuts and cakes.


Pharmaceutic aid (solvent).


peanut oil is utilized as a skin softener, emulsifier, and emollient. It can also be used as a substitute for more expensive oils such as almond and olive in cosmetic creams. Peanut oil has a higher vitamin A, vitamin e, and nicotinic acid content than other nut oils. It is obtained by pressing the seed kernels.

Production Methods

Refined peanut oil is obtained from the seeds of Arachis hypogaea Linne′ (Fam. Leguminosae). The seeds are separated from the peanut shells and are expressed in a powerful hydraulic press. The crude oil has a light yellow to light brown color, and is then purified to make it suitable for food or pharmaceutical purposes. A suitable antioxidant may be added.

General Description

Pale yellow oily liquid with a weak odor of peanuts. Floats on water. Contains principally glycerides of oleic and linoleic acids.

Air & Water Reactions

Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

PEANUT OIL react with acids to liberate heat. Heat is also generated by interaction with caustic solutions. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing with alkali metals and hydrides. React slowly with oxygen in the air to become rancid.

Health Hazard

None-is a food.

Pharmaceutical Applications

Peanut oil is used as an excipient in pharmaceutical formulations primarily as a solvent for sustained-release intramuscular injections. It is also used as a vehicle for topical preparations and as a solvent for vitamins and hormones. In addition, it has been part of sustained-release bead formulations,nasal drug delivery systems,and controlled-release injectables.
Therapeutically, emulsions containing peanut oil have been used in nutrition regimens, in enemas as a fecal softener, and in otic drops to soften ear wax. It is also administered orally, usually with sorbitol, as a gall bladder evacuant prior to cholecystography.
Peanut oil is also widely used as an edible oil.

Safety Profile

A human skin irritant and mild allergen. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. Mutation data reported. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame; can react with oxidizing materials. Slight spontaneous heating. To fight fire, use CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes


Peanut oil is mildly laxative at a dosage of 15–60mL orally or of 100–500mL rectally as an enema.
Adverse reactions to peanut oil in foods and pharmaceutical formulations have been reported extensively.These include severe allergic skin rashes and anaphylactic shock following consumption of peanut butter.Some workers have suggested that the use in infancy of preparations containing peanut oil, including infant formula and topical preparations, is associated with sensitization to peanut, with a subsequent risk of hypersensitivity reactions, and that such products should therefore be avoided or banned.However, the role of pharmaceutical preparations in later development of hypersensitivity is disputed since such preparations contain highly refined peanut oil that should not contain the proteins associated with allergic reactions in susceptible individuals.
Peanut oil is harmful if administered intravenously and it should not be used in such formulations.


Peanut oil is an essentially stable material.However on exposure to air it can slowly thicken and may become rancid. Solidified peanut oil should be completely melted and mixed before use. Peanut oil may be sterilized by aseptic filtration or by dry heat, for example, by maintaining it at 150°C for 1 hour.
Peanut oil should be stored in a well-filled, airtight, lightresistant container, at a temperature not exceeding 40°C. Material intended for use in parenteral dosage forms should be stored in a glass container.


Peanut oil may be saponified by alkali hydroxides.

Regulatory Status

Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (IM injections, topical preparations, oral capsules, and vaginal emulsions). Included in parenteral and nonparenteral medicines licensed in the UK. Included in the Canadian List of Acceptable Non-medicinal Ingredients.

PEANUT OIL Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

PEANUT OIL Suppliers

Global( 36)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
86-10-82849933; China 96815 76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) China 40269 62
Sinopharm Chemical Reagent Co,Ltd. 86-21-63210123
86-21-63290778 86-21-63218885 China 9847 79
Spectrum Chemical Manufacturing Corp. 021-67601398,18616765336,QQ:3003443155
021-57711696 China 9689 60
Thermo Fisher Scientific 800-810-5118
+86-10-84193589 China 17444 75
Beijing HuaMeiHuLiBiological Chemical 010-56205725;010-86181995
010-65763397 China 12341 58
Chizhou Kailong Import and Export Trade Co., Ltd. Please Email
- China 9562 50
3600chem 027-59207879 18140587686 WeiXin
027-59524646 QQ:1972026995 China 4440 55
Beijing Solarbio Science & Tecnology Co., Ltd. 010-56371250
010-56371282 China 13777 68
Beijing Jin Ming Biotechnology Co., Ltd. 010-60605840,18511084608
010-60605840 China 2122 58

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