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Butyl formate

Butyl formate
Butyl formate structure
Chemical Name:
Butyl formate
FEMA 2196;Butylformiate;BUTYL FORMATE;HCOO(CH2)3CH3;ForMic acid bu;1-butylformate;N-BUTYL FORMATE;BUTYL METHANOATE;Formic acid butyl;Butyl formate,98%
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Butyl formate Properties

Melting point:
-91 °C
Boiling point:
107 °C
refractive index 
n20/D 1.389(lit.)
Flash point:
57 °F
storage temp. 
Flammables area
Clear colorless to yellow
explosive limit
Water Solubility 
JECFA Number
CAS DataBase Reference
592-84-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Formic acid, butyl ester(592-84-7)
EPA Substance Registry System
Formic acid, butyl ester(592-84-7)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
  • NFPA
Hazard Codes  F,Xi
Risk Statements  11-36/37
Safety Statements  9-16-24-33
RIDADR  UN 1128 3/PG 2
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  LQ5500000
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  II
HS Code  29151300
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H303 May be harmfulif swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 5 P312
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P337+P313 IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P405 Store locked up.
P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

NFPA 704

Diamond Hazard Value Description
2 0
Health   2 Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury (e.g. diethyl ether, ammonium phosphate, iodine)
Flammability   3 Liquids and solids (including finely divided suspended solids) that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions . Liquids having a flash point below 22.8 °C (73 °F) and having a boiling point at or above 37.8 °C (100 °F) or having a flash point between 22.8 and 37.8 °C (73 and 100 °F). (e.g. gasoline, acetone)
Instability   0 Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water (e.g. helium,N2)

(NFPA, 2010)

Butyl formate price More Price(8)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 261521 Butyl formate 97% 592-84-7 250ml $53.1 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 261521 Butyl formate 97% 592-84-7 1l $238 2018-11-13 Buy
TCI Chemical F0051 Butyl Formate >95.0%(GC) 592-84-7 25mL $16 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical F0051 Butyl Formate >95.0%(GC) 592-84-7 500mL $116 2018-11-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich W219606 Butyl formate ≥97%, FG 592-84-7 5kg $386 2018-11-13 Buy

Butyl formate Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties


Chemical Properties

Butyl formate has a fruity, plum-like odor and corresponding taste.


Reported found in fresh apple, strawberry fruit, cloudberry, sherry and Parmesan cheese.


Solvent for nitrocellulose, some types of cel- lulose acetate, many cellulose ethers, many natural and synthetic resins, lacquers, perfumes, organic synthesis (intermediate), flavoring.


By azeotropic distillation of formic acid and n-butyl alcohol with isopropyl formate; by boiling n-butyl alcohol and formamide in the presence on ZnCl, ZnSo4 or HgCl2.

Aroma threshold values

Detection: 800 ppb to 6 ppm

General Description

A clear colorless liquid. Flash point 64°F. Less dense than water. Vapors heavier than air.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Slightly soluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Butyl formate is an ester. Esters react with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Heat is also generated by the interaction of esters with caustic solutions. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing esters with alkali metals and hydrides. Can generate electrostatic charges [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980. p. 247].


Narcotic and irritating in high concentra- tion. Flammable, dangerous fire risk.

Health Hazard

Exposure can cause irritation of eyes, nose and throat. High concentrations have a narcotic effect.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion. Mildly toxic by inhalation. Human systemic effects by inhalation: muscle contractions and spasticity, conjunctiva irritation, and unspecified respiratory changes. An irritant and narcotic in high concentrations. See also ESTERS, nBUTYL ALCOHOL, and FORMIC ACID. Dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame. To fight fire, use alcohol foam, foam, CO2, dry chemical. Incompatible with oxidizing materials. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid and irritating fumes.

Purification Methods

Wash the formate with saturated NaHCO3 solution in the presence of saturated NaCl, until no further reaction occurs, then with saturated NaCl solution, dry (MgSO4), filter and fractionally distil the filtrate. [Beilstein 2 IV 28.]

Butyl formate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Butyl formate Suppliers

Global( 114)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733 CHINA 32452 55
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258 CHINA 25796 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-188-71490254 CHINA 20084 58
Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
+86 531 8582 1093 CHINA 8266 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
13657299721 CHINA 17424 58
Shanghai Shuai Sun Industrial Co., Ltd. 021-37590756 57450129
021-57450128 China 4294 58
Shanghai Dingfen Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. 021-37590756/57450129 QQ:2789251452
021-57450128 China 4449 58
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933; China 96815 76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) China 40275 62
Alfa Aesar 400-610-6006; 021-67582000
021-67582001/03/05 China 30168 84

View Lastest Price from Butyl formate manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-12-17 Butyl formate
US $1.00 / kg 1kg 99% 100KG career henan chemical co

Butyl formate Spectrum

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