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Crotonic acid

Crotonic acid
Crotonic acid structure
CAS No.
3724-65-0
Chemical Name:
Crotonic acid
Synonyms
C01771;crotonic;FEMA 3908;Crotonsαure;’rotonicacid;2-Butensαure;CH3CH=CHCOOH;BUTENOIC ACID;Crotonic acid;a-butenoicacid
CBNumber:
CB9145403
Molecular Formula:
C4H6O2
Formula Weight:
86.09
MOL File:
3724-65-0.mol

Crotonic acid Properties

Melting point:
70-72 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
180-181 °C(lit.)
Density 
1.027 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
2.97 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
0.19 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
refractive index 
1.4210 (estimate)
FEMA 
3908 | (E)-2-BUTENOIC ACID
Flash point:
190 °F
Water Solubility 
soluble
CAS DataBase Reference
3724-65-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Crotonic acid(3724-65-0)
EPA Substance Registry System
2-Butenoic acid(3724-65-0)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • NFPA
Hazard Codes  C
Risk Statements  21/22-34
Safety Statements  26-36/37/39-45
RIDADR  UN 2823 8/PG 3
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  GQ2900000
Hazardous Substances Data 3724-65-0(Hazardous Substances Data)

NFPA 704

Diamond Hazard Value Description
2
3 0
Health   3 Short exposure could cause serious temporary or moderate residual injury (e.g. liquid hydrogen, sulfuric acid, calcium hypochlorite, hexafluorosilicic acid)
Flammability   2 Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperature before ignition can occur and multiple finely divided suspended solids that do not require heating before ignition can occur. Flash point between 37.8 and 93.3 °C (100 and 200 °F). (e.g. diesel fuel, sulfur)
Instability   0 Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water (e.g. helium,N2)
Special  

(NFPA, 2010)

Crotonic acid price

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Crotonic acid Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

Crotonic acid is a white or colorless, crystalline solid with a pungent odor. May be transported as a molten liquid.

Uses

Synthesis of resins, polymers, plasticizers, drugs.

Definition

Exists in cis and trans isomeric forms, the latter being the stable isomer used commercially. The cis form melts at 15C and is sometimes called isocrotonic acid.

General Description

A white crystalline solid. Shipped as either a solid or liquid. Melting point 59°F. Soluble in water and less dense than water. Flash point 190°F. Corrosive to metals and tissue.

Air & Water Reactions

Soluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Crotonic acid is a carboxylic acid. Carboxylic acids donate hydrogen ions if a base is present to accept them. They react in this way with all bases, both organic (for example, the amines) and inorganic. Their reactions with bases, called "neutralizations", are accompanied by the evolution of substantial amounts of heat. Neutralization between an acid and a base produces water plus a salt. Carboxylic acids with six or fewer carbon atoms are freely or moderately soluble in water; those with more than six carbons are slightly soluble in water. Soluble carboxylic acid dissociate to an extent in water to yield hydrogen ions. The pH of solutions of carboxylic acids is therefore less than 7.0. Many insoluble carboxylic acids react rapidly with aqueous solutions containing a chemical base and dissolve as the neutralization generates a soluble salt. Carboxylic acids in aqueous solution and liquid or molten carboxylic acids can react with active metals to form gaseous hydrogen and a metal salt. Such reactions occur in principle for solid carboxylic acids as well, but are slow if the solid acid remains dry. Even "insoluble" carboxylic acids may absorb enough water from the air and dissolve sufficiently in Crotonic acid to corrode or dissolve iron, steel, and aluminum parts and containers. Carboxylic acids, like other acids, react with cyanide salts to generate gaseous hydrogen cyanide. The reaction is slower for dry, solid carboxylic acids. Insoluble carboxylic acids react with solutions of cyanides to cause the release of gaseous hydrogen cyanide. Flammable and/or toxic gases and heat are generated by the reaction of carboxylic acids with diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, and sulfides. Carboxylic acids, especially in aqueous solution, also react with sulfites, nitrites, thiosulfates (to give H2S and SO3), dithionites (SO2), to generate flammable and/or toxic gases and heat. Their reaction with carbonates and bicarbonates generates a harmless gas (carbon dioxide) but still heat. Like other organic compounds, carboxylic acids can be oxidized by strong oxidizing agents and reduced by strong reducing agents. These reactions generate heat. A wide variety of products is possible. Like other acids, carboxylic acids may initiate polymerization reactions; like other acids, they often catalyze (increase the rate of) chemical reactions.

Hazard

Strong irritant to tissue.

Health Hazard

TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or skin contact with material may cause severe injury or death. Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Avoid any skin contact. Effects of contact or inhalation may be delayed. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.

Fire Hazard

Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily. When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors and sewers explosion hazards. Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may pollute waterways. Substance may be transported in a molten form.

Safety Profile

Poison by intraperitoneal route. Moderately toxic by ingestion, skin contact, and subcutaneous routes. A powerful corrosive and irritant. Flammable when exposed to heat or flame; can react with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use alcohol foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

Potential Exposure

Used to make plastics, resins, plasticizers, lacquers, and medicines; other chemicals as a chemical intermediate.

First aid

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. If victim is conscious, administer water or milk. Do not induce vomiting. Medical observation is recommended for 24 to 48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy.

Shipping

UN2823 Crotonic acid, solid, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material.

Incompatibilities

May form explosive mixture with air. A strong reducing agent. The aqueous solution is a weak acid. Violent reaction with oxidizers, combustibles, strong bases; peroxides. Moisture or strong sunlight (UV) may cause explosive polymerization. May accumulate static electrical charges, and may cause ignition of its vapors. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame. Compounds of the carboxyl group react with all bases, both inorganic and organic (i.e., amines) releasing substantial heat, water, and a salt that may be harmful. Incompatible with arsenic compounds 938 Crotonic Acid (releases hydrogen cyanide gas), diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, sulfides (releasing heat, toxic, and possibly flammable gases), thiosulfates, and dithionites (releasing hydrogen sulfate and oxides of sulfur).

Crotonic acid Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Crotonic acid Suppliers

Global( 140)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
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Crotonic acid Spectrum


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