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Calcium hydroxide

Chemical properties Uses Solubility in water (g/100ml) Identification test Content analysis Toxicity Usage limits Production method
Calcium hydroxide
Calcium hydroxide structure
Chemical Name:
Calcium hydroxide
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Calcium hydroxide Properties

Melting point:
580 °C
Boiling point:
2850 °C
2.24 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
storage temp. 
Store at RT.
12.6 (H2O, 20℃)(saturated solution)
Water Solubility 
1.65 g/L (20 ºC)
Air Sensitive
Solubility Product Constant (Ksp)
pKsp: 5.26
Stable. Incompatible with strong acids.
CAS DataBase Reference
1305-62-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Calcium dihydroxide(1305-62-0)
EPA Substance Registry System
Calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2)(1305-62-0)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  Xi,C
Risk Statements  41-34-37/38
Safety Statements  26-39-45-36/37/39-27
RIDADR  3262
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  EW2800000
HS Code  2825 90 19
HazardClass  8
PackingGroup  III
Hazardous Substances Data 1305-62-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 orally in rats: 7.34 g/kg (Smyth)
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 Causes serious eye damage Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 Danger P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
Precautionary statements:
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P405 Store locked up.

Calcium hydroxide price More Price(18)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 239232 Calcium hydroxide ACS reagent, ≥95.0% 1305-62-0 2.5kg $170 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1086855 Calcium hydroxide United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard 1305-62-0 1g $348 2018-11-13 Buy
Alfa Aesar 014662 Calcium hydroxide, ACS, 95.0% min 1305-62-0 250g $36.7 2018-11-16 Buy
Alfa Aesar 014662 Calcium hydroxide, ACS, 95.0% min 1305-62-0 1kg $61.7 2018-11-16 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 450146 Calcium hydroxide 99.995% trace metals basis 1305-62-0 5g $72.1 2018-11-13 Buy

Calcium hydroxide Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical properties

fine white powder


1. Calcium hydroxide Used for preparing bleaching powders, hard water softeners and the disinfecting and clarifying agents of tap water , as well as in building industry
2. Used for pharmacy. Used as rubber and oil industry additives. Used in lubricants for preventing coking, sludge deposition and anti-corrosion. Used as hard water softeners, disinfectants, antacids and so on.
3. Used as analytical reagents, carbon dioxide absorbents, as well as in organic synthesis
4. Used for making bleaching powder, hard water softener, depilatory, disinfectant, acid stop agent, astringent and various calcium salts.
5. Use for carbon dioxide examination and gas absorption. Used for leather hair removal, insecticide and water treatment.

Solubility in water (g/100ml)

Dissolved grams in 100 ml of water at different temperatures (° C):
0.189 g/0°C; 0.182g/10°C; 0.173 g/20°C; 0.16 g/30°C; 0.141g /40℃
8.6 x 10-2g/80 °C; 7.6 x 10-2g/90 °C

Identification test

Mix the sample with 3 to 4 times amount of water to form a uniform paste. Stand for clarification and the transent supernatant is alkaline for the litmus test.
Mix 1g of the sample with 20 ml of water, and add sufficient acetic acid to form solution. The calcium salt test (IT-10) is positive.

Content analysis

Accurately weigh about 1.5g of sample into a beaker and then gradually add 30ml of dilute hydrochloric acid (TS-117). After the sample is fully dissolved, transfer the mixture into a 500ml volumetric flask. Flush the beaker and transfer the lotion into the volumetric flask too. Then dilute to the mark with water and mix fully. Take 50.0ml of the above solution into an appropriate container and add 50.0ml of water. Add in turn 30ml of 0.05ml/L disodium EDTA, 15ml of sodium hydroxide solution (TS-224) and 300mg hydroxynaphthol blue indicator with a 50ml burette under stirring (preferably with a magnetic stirrer), and then continue titrating to the blue end. Per mL of 0.05 ml/L of EDTA disodium corresponds to 3.705 mg of calcium hydroxide.


ADI  no restricting (FAO/WHO, 2001).
LD50  7300 mg/kg (mouse, oral).
Corrosive, weaker than lime.
GRAS (FDA, §182.1205, §184.1205, 2000).
The dust or suspension droplets of calcium hydroxide have a stimulating effect on the mucous membrane, which can cause sneezing and coughing. As alkali, it can also saponify the fat, absorb water from the skin, dissolve protein, as well as stimulate and corrode the organization. Moreover, the inhalation of lime dust may cause pneumonia.
The maximum allowable concentration of calcium hydroxide is 5 mg/m3. Once Inhaling dust, people can inhale water vapor, codeine and Judah auning, or paint mustard cream at the chest; when calcium hydroxide coming into the eyes, people should rinse the eyes as soon as possible with the running water and followed by 5% ammonium chloride solution or 0.01% CaNa2-EDTA solution, and then add 0.5% tetracaine solution dropwise. While working, people should wear dustproof fiber work clothes, gloves and dust-proof glasses to protect the respiratory organs, and paint grease ointment to prevent dust inhalation.

Usage limits

GB 2760-96: processing aids, GMP.
FAO/WHO (1984): butter and whey cream, 2g/kg (only used for adjust Ph value, calculate on anhydrous substance); grape juice and its concentrated juices (physical method for anticorrosion) baby food, edible caseinate, according to GMP.
In Japan, the maximum amount is 1.84% (calcium 1%).

Production method

Lime slaking method: first calcine limestone into calcium oxide, and the selected calcium oxide is slaked with water by the ratio of 1: (3~3.5). Then the generated calcium hydroxide solution is purified and separated to remove slag, and then centrifuged for dehydration. After further dried at 150~300℃, the above products is screened (120 mesh or more) to obtain the finished calcium hydroxide.
CaCO3 → CaO + CO2↑
CaO + H2O → Ca(OH) 2

Chemical Properties

Calcium hydroxide occurs as a white or almost white, crystalline or granular powder. It has a bitter, alkaline taste. Calcium hydroxide readily absorbs carbon dioxide to form calcium carbonate.

Chemical Properties

White powder

Chemical Properties

Calcium hydroxide is a soft white crystalline, odorless powder with an alkaline, bitter taste.


In mortar, plaster, cement and other building and paving materials; in lubricants, drilling fluids, pesticides, fireproofing coatings, water paints; as egg preservative; manufacture of paper pulp; in SBR rubber vulcanization; in water treatment; dehairing hides.


calcium hydroxide is an inorganic base used to adjust the pH of a product, it can also serve as a topical astringent and alkali in solutions or lotions. It can burn the skin and eyes.


Calcium Hydroxide is a general food additive made by adding water to calcium oxide (lime). it has poor water solubility with a solubility of 0.185 g in 100 g of water at 0°c. the ph of a water solution at 25°c is approximately 12.4. it is used to promote dispersion of ingre- dients in sauces, creamed spinach, and a frozen pea/potato dish. it is used at 0.1% to stabilize the potassium iodide of iodized salt, and it is used as a neutralizer for soured cream prior to buttermaking. it is also termed hydrated lime, calcium hydrate, and slaked lime.

Production Methods

Calcium hydroxide is manufactured by adding water to calcium oxide, a process called slaking.


Lime water: A solution of calcium hydroxide in water. If carbon dioxide is bubbled through lime water a milky precipitate of calcium carbonate forms. Prolonged bubbling of carbon dioxide turns the solution clear again as a result of the formation of soluble calcium hydrogencarbonate (Ca(HCO3)2).

General Description

Odorless white granules. Sinks in water.

Air & Water Reactions

Water soluble. The amount of heat generated by hydrolysis may be large.

Reactivity Profile

The nitroparaffins, nitromethane, nitropropane, etc. form salts with inorganic bases such as Calcium hydroxide . The dry salts are explosive [Chem. Eng. news 30:2344 1952]. Bases are chemically similar to sodium hydroxide (NaOH) or sodium oxide (Na2O). They neutralize acids exothermically to form salts plus water. When soluble in water they give solutions having a pH greater than 7.0. Mixing these materials with water can generate troublesome amounts of heat as the base is dissolved or diluted. Bases react with certain metals (such as aluminum and zinc) to form oxides or hydroxides of the metal and generate gaseous hydrogen. Bases may initiate polymerization reactions in polymerizable organic compounds, especially epoxides). They may generate flammable and/or toxic gases with ammonium salts, nitrides, halogenated organics, various metals, peroxides, and hydroperoxides. Materials of this group often serve as catalysts. A strong base. Forms caustic solution in water [Merck 11th ed. 1989].


Skin, eye, and upper respiratory tract irri- tant, avoid inhalation.

Health Hazard

Dust irritates eyes, nose and throat.

Agricultural Uses

Calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2also called slaked lime or hydrated lime, is a white solid which dissolves sparingly in water. It is used as an acid neutralizing material and has an efficiency of 135% compared to 100% for calcium carbonate.

Agricultural Uses

Calcium hydroxide, [Ca(OH)2], also called slaked lime or hydrated lime, is a white solid that dissolves sparingly in water. It is manufactured by adding water to calcium oxide, a process that emits heat and is known as slaking.
Calcium hydroxide is a cheap alkali, used for neutralizing the acidity of acid soils and in the manufacture of mortar, white wash, bleaching powder and glass. It is an excellent absorbent for carbon dioxide to produce insoluble calcium carbonate and has a neutralizing value of 179%, compared to 100% of pure calcium carbonate.

Agricultural Uses

Slaked lime is another name for calcium hydroxide or hydrated lime. It contains 50% calcium and is a standard liming material. Slaked lime is prepared by hydrating calcium oxide and has a calcium carbonate equivalent of 136.

Pharmaceutical Applications

Calcium hydroxide is a strong alkali and is used as a pharmaceutical pH adjuster/buffer and antacid in topical medicinal ointments, creams, lotions, and suspensions, often as an aqueous solution (lime water). It forms calcium soaps of fatty acids, which produce water-in-oil emulsions (calamine liniment), and it is also used as a topical astringent.
Calcium hydroxide is a common cosmetic ingredient in hairstraightening and hair-removal products, and in shaving preparations.
1) In dentistry, it is used as a filling agent and in dental pastes to encourage deposition of secondary dentine. Calcium hydroxide was traditionally used as an escharotic in Vienna Paste.

Safety Profile

Mildly toxic by ingestion. A severe eye irritant. A skin, mucous membrane, and respiratory system irritant. Mutation data reported. Causes dermatitis. Dust is considered to be a significant industrial hazard. A common air contaminant. Violent reaction with maleic anhydride, nitroethane, nitromethane, nitroparaffins, nitropropane, phosphorus. Reaction with polychloiinated phenols + potassium nitrate forms extremely toxic products. See also CALCIUM COMPOUNDS


Calcium hydroxide is used in oral and topical pharmaceutical formulations. It is mildly toxic by ingestion. In the pure state, calcium hydroxide is a severe skin, eye, and respiratory irritant, and it is corrosive, causing burns. Typical exposure limits are TVL 5 mg/m3 in air.
LD50 (mouse, oral): 7.3 g/kg
LD50 (rat, oral): 7.34 g/kg

Potential Exposure

Calcium hydroxide is used in agriculture and in fertilizer manufacture; it is used in the formulation of mortar, plasters, and cements; it is used as a scrubbing and neutralizing agent in the chemical industry. For making insecticides, acaricides, and products to control arthropods

First aid

Move victim to fresh air. Call 911 or emergency medical service. Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; give artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult. Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes. For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin. Keep victim warm and quiet. Effects of exposure (inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact) to substance may be delayed. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves. Medical observation is recommended for 24 to 48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy.


Calcium hydroxide should be stored in an airtight container, in a cool, dry, well-ventilated place. Calcium hydroxide powder may be sterilized by heating for 1 hour at a temperature of at least 1608℃.


UN3262 Corrosive solid, basic, inorganic, n.o.s., Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material, Technical Name required

Purification Methods

Heat analytical grade calcium carbonate at 1000o during 1hour. Allow the resulting oxide to cool and add slowly to water. Heat the suspension to boiling, cool and filter through a sintered glass funnel of medium porosity (to remove soluble alkaline impurities). Dry the solid at 110o and crush it to a uniformly fine powder. [Ehrlich in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 934 1963.]


May react violently with acids, maleic anhydride, nitromethane, nitroethane, nitropropane, nitroparaffins, and phosphorus.


Incompatible with strong acids, maleic anhydride, phosphorus, nitroethane, nitromethane, nitroparaffins, and nitropropane. Calcium hydroxide can be corrosive to some metals.

Waste Disposal

Landfill or admixture with acid industrial wastes prior to lagooning

Regulatory Status

GRAS listed. Accepted for use as a food additive in Europe. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (intravenous and subcutaneous injections; oral suspensions and tablets; topical emulsions and creams). Included in parenteral preparations licensed in the UK.

Calcium hydroxide Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Calcium hydroxide Suppliers

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Calcium hydroxide Spectrum

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