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ジクロロカルシウム

ジクロロカルシウム 化学構造式
10043-52-4
CAS番号.
10043-52-4
化学名:
ジクロロカルシウム
别名:
塩化カルシウム;カルシウムクロリド;カルシウムジクロリド;ジクロロカルシウム;水化カルシウム;塩化カルシウム(乾燥用);塩化カルシウム(水分測定用);化カルシウム;塩化Ca;塩化カルシウム,粒状;塩化カルシウムU字管用 2号 2~3mm;塩化カルシウム, 粉末, 無水;塩化カルシウム溶液(BOD測定用C液);0.02MOL/L 塩化カルシウム溶液;50W/V% 塩化カルシウム溶液;塩化カルシウム ANHYDROUS,FREE-FLOWING,REDI-DRITM,≥97%;塩化カルシウム ANHYDROUS,FREE-FLOWING,REDI-DRITM,ACS REAGENT,≥96%;塩化カルシウム ANHYDROUS,GRANULAR, 7.0 MM,≥93.0%;塩化カルシウム ANHYDROUS,POWDER,≥97%;塩化カルシウム DESICCANT,ACS REAGENT,≥96.0%
英語化学名:
Calcium chloride
英語别名:
DBO4;CaCl2;Caltac;Jarcal;Calplus;Peladow;Snomelt;Calcosan;Caloride;Dowflake
CBNumber:
CB3465202
化学式:
CaCl2
分子量:
110.98
MOL File:
10043-52-4.mol

ジクロロカルシウム 物理性質

融点 :
772 °C(lit.)
沸点 :
1600 °C
比重(密度) :
1.086 g/mL at 20 °C
蒸気圧:
0.01 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
屈折率 :
n20/D 1.358
闪点 :
>1600°C
貯蔵温度 :
2-8°C
溶解性:
H2O: soluble
外見 :
powder
色:
White to gray
比重:
2.15
PH:
8-10 (100g/l, H2O, 20℃)
水溶解度 :
740 g/L (20 ºC)
Sensitive :
Hygroscopic
極大吸収波長 (λmax):
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.04
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.02
Merck :
14,1659
安定性::
Stable. Incompatible with zinc, water, strong acids, methyl vinyl ether, bromine trifluoride, boron oxide, calcium oxide. Hygroscopic.
InChIKey:
UXVMQQNJUSDDNG-UHFFFAOYSA-L
CAS データベース:
10043-52-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Calcium dichloride(10043-52-4)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Calcium chloride (CaCl2)(10043-52-4)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  Xi
Rフレーズ  36/37/38-36-36/38-41-22
Sフレーズ  26-39-24-22-36
RIDADR  UN 1789 8 / PGIII
WGK Germany  1
RTECS 番号 EV9810000
3
TSCA  Yes
HSコード  28272000
有毒物質データの 10043-52-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 LD50 i.v. in mice: 42.2 mg/kg (Syed, Hosain)
化審法 1-176
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Danger
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H290 金属腐食のおそれ 金属腐食性物質 1 警告 P234, P390, P404
H319 強い眼刺激 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 2A 警告 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H350 発がんのおそれ 発がん性 1A, 1B 危険
注意書き
P201 使用前に取扱説明書を入手すること。
P264 取扱い後は皮膚をよく洗うこと。
P264 取扱い後は手や顔をよく洗うこと。
P280 保護手袋/保護衣/保護眼鏡/保護面を着用するこ と。
P305+P351+P338 眼に入った場合:水で数分間注意深く洗うこと。次にコ ンタクトレンズを着用していて容易に外せる場合は外す こと。その後も洗浄を続けること。
P308+P313 暴露または暴露の懸念がある場合:医師の診断/手当てを 受けること。
P337+P313 眼の刺激が続く場合:医師の診断/手当てを受けること。

ジクロロカルシウム 価格 もっと(73)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01AFAL13191 塩化カルシウム, dried, powder, 97%
Calcium chloride, dried, powder, 97%
10043-52-4 250g ¥5400 2018-12-26 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01AFAL13191 塩化カルシウム, dried, powder, 97%
Calcium chloride, dried, powder, 97%
10043-52-4 1000g ¥12550 2018-12-26 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 07055-08 塩化カルシウム(水分測定用) >90.0%(T)
Calcium chloride, for U‐tube >90.0%(T)
10043-52-4 500g ¥3000 2018-12-13 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 07053-08 塩化カルシウム(乾燥用) >85.0%(T)
Calcium chloride, for drying >85.0%(T)
10043-52-4 500g ¥1800 2018-12-13 購入
Sigma-Aldrich Japan 05-0535 塩化カルシウム 溶液 0.025?M
Calcium chloride solution 0.025?M
10043-52-4 6-100ml-j ¥2400 2018-12-25 購入

ジクロロカルシウム MSDS


Calcium chloride fused

ジクロロカルシウム 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

白色, 粉末又は塊

定義

本品は、カルシウムの塩化物であり、次の化学式で表される。

溶解性

水に易溶 (75g/100g水, 20℃)。水に溶けやすく、エタノールにやや溶けやすい。

用途

汎用試薬、合成原料。

用途

汎用試薬。

用途

粉じん防止剤、防じん剤,氷結防止剤,石灰塩原料,紙?織物のサイズ剤?電子セラミック材料?金属石けん原料,医薬,医薬部外品,食品添加物,農薬(植物成長調整剤)

化粧品の成分用途

親水性増粘剤、収れん剤

使用上の注意

潮解性がある。

化学的特性

Calcium chloride, CaC12, is colorless deliquescent solid that is soluble in water and ethanol. It is formed from the reaction of calcium carbonate and hydrochloric acid or calcium hydroxide and ammonium chloride. It is used in medicine, as an antifreeze, and as a coagulant.

化学的特性

Calcium chloride is a colorless to off-white crystalline solid which is deliquescent (absorb water). When heated, crystals lose water @ 100C.

化学的特性

Calcium chloride occurs as a white or colorless crystalline powder, granules, or crystalline mass, and is hygroscopic (deliquescent).

使用

Calcium Chloride is a general purpose food additive, the anhydrous form being readily soluble in water with a solubility of 59 g in 100 ml of water at 0°c. it dissolves with the liberation of heat. it also exists as calcium chloride dihydrate, being very soluble in water with a solubility of 97 g in 100 ml at 0°c. it is used as a firming agent for canned tomatoes, potatoes, and apple slices. in evaporated milk, it is used at levels not more than 0.1% to adjust the salt balance so as to prevent coagulation of milk during sterilization. it is used with disodium edta to protect the flavor in pickles and as a source of calcium ions for reaction with alginates to form gels.

使用

Obtained as a by-product in the manufacture of potassium chlorate. The white crystals, soluble in water and alcohol, are deliquescent and must be kept in a well-stoppered bottle. Calcium chloride was used in iodized collodion formulas and in collodion emulsions. It was also an important desiccating substance used in tin calcium tubes designed to store presensitized platinum papers.

使用

Calcium chloride is one of the most versatile of the basic chemicals.It has several common applications such as brine for refrigeration plants, ice and dust control on roads, and in concrete. The anhydrous salt is also widely used as a desiccant, where it will absorb so much water that it will eventually dissolve in its own crystal lattice water (water of hydration). It can be produced directly from limestone, but large amounts are also produced as a by-product of the “Solvay Process” (which is a process to produce soda ash from brine).
Calcium chloride is also commonly used as an additive in swimming pool water as it increases the “calcium hardness” value for the water.Other industrial applications include use as an additive in plastics, as a drainage aid for wastewater treatment, as an additive in fire extinguishers, as an additive in control scaffolding in blast furnaces, and as a thinner in “fabric softeners”.
Calcium chloride is commonly used as an “electrolyte” and has an extremely salty taste, as found in sports drinks and other beverages such as Nestle bottled water. It can also be used as a preservative to maintain firmness in canned vegetables or in higher concentrations in pickles to give a salty taste while not increasing the food’s sodium content. It is even found in snack foods, including Cadbury chocolate bars.In brewing beer, calcium chloride is sometimes used to correct mineral deficiencies in the brewing water. It affects flavor and chemical reactions during the brewing process, and it can also affect yeast function during fermentation.
Calcium chloride can be injected as intravenous therapy for the treatment of “hypocalcemia” (low serum calcium). It can be used for insect bites or stings (such as Black Widow spider bites), sensitivity reactions, particularly when characterized by “urticaria” (hives).

使用

calcium chloride is an astringent. It also helps improve the reaction among certain ingredients used in cosmetic formulations. This inorganic salt is no longer commonly used in skin care products and is being replaced with potassium chloride.

使用

For the treatment of hypocalcemia in those conditions requiring a prompt increase in blood plasma calcium levels, for the treatment of magnesium intoxication due to overdosage of magnesium sulfate, and used to combat the deleterious effects of hyperkalemi

使用

Calcium chloride is highly hygroscopic and is often used as a desiccant.

使用

It is highly hygroscopic and is often used as a desiccant.

定義

calcium chloride: A white deliquescentcompound, CaCl2, which issoluble in water; r.d. 2.15; m.p.782°C; b.p. >1600°C. There are anumber of hydrated forms, includingthe monohydrate, CaCl2.H2O, the dihydrate,CaCl2.2H2O (r.d. 0.84), andthe hexahydrate, CaCl2.6H2O (trigonal;r.d. 1.71; the hexahydrate loses4H2O at 30°C and the remaining2H2O at 200°C). Large quantities of itare formed as a byproduct of theSolvay process and it can be preparedby dissolving calcium carbonateor calcium oxide in hydrochloricacid. Crystals of the anhydrous saltcan only be obtained if the hydratedsalt is heated in a stream of hydrogenchloride. Solid calcium chloride isused in mines and on roads to reducedust problems, whilst the molten saltis the electrolyte in the extraction ofcalcium. An aqueous solution of calciumchloride is used in refrigerationplants.

調製方法

Calcium chloride is a principal byproduct from the Solvay process.

brand name

Cal Plus (Mallinckrodt).

一般的な説明

White to off-white solid. Sinks and mixes with water.

空気と水の反応

Deliquescent. Water soluble. Adding Calcium chloride to hot water caused violent boiling, [MCA Case History No. 69].

反応プロフィール

Bromine trifluoride rapidly attacks the following salts: barium chloride, cadmium chloride, Calcium chloride, cesium chloride, lithium chloride, silver chloride, rubidium chloride, potassium bromide, potassium chloride, potassium iodide, rhodium tetrabromide, sodium bromide, sodium chloride, and sodium iodide [Mellor 2 Supp. 1:164, 165 1956]. Long term exposure of Calcium chloride solution upon a zinc coated galvanized iron vessel caused slow evolution of hydrogen which ignited and exploded [Bretherick, 5th Ed., 1995].

健康ハザード

Inhalation causes irritation of nose and throat. Ingestion causes irritation of mouth and stomach. Contact with eyes (particularly by dust) causes irritation and possible transient corneal injury. Contact of solid with dry skin causes mild irritation; strong solutions can cause marked irritation, even a superficial burn.

応用例(製薬)

The main applications of calcium chloride as an excipient relate to its dehydrating properties and, therefore, it has been used as an antimicrobial preservative, as a desiccant, and as an astringent in eye lotions.
Therapeutically, calcium chloride injection 10% (as the dihydrate form) is used to treat hypocalcemia.

安全性プロファイル

Moderately toxic by ingestion. Poison by intravenous, intramuscular, intraperitoneal, and subcutaneous routes. Human systemic effects: dermatitis, changes in calcium. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. Mutation data reported. Reacts violently with (B203 + CaO), BrF3. Reaction with zinc releases explosive hydrogen gas. Catalyzes exothermic polymerization of methyl vinyl ether. Exothermic reaction with water. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. See also CALCIUM COMPOUNDS and CHLORIDES.

安全性

Calcium chloride is used in topical, ophthalmic, and injection preparations. The pure form of calcium chloride is toxic by intravenous, intramuscular, intraperitoneal, and subcutaneous routes, and moderately toxic by ingestion, causing stomach and heart disturbances. It is a severe eye irritant and can cause dermatitis.
LD50 (mouse, IP): 0.21 g/kg
LD50 (mouse, IV): 0.042 g/kg
LD50 (mouse, oral): 1.94 g/kg
LD50 (mouse, SC): 0.82 g/kg
LD50 (rat, IM): 0.025 g/kg
LD50 (rat, IP): 0.26 g/kg
LD50 (rat, oral): 1.0 g/kg
LD50 (rat, SC): 2.63 g/kg

職業ばく露

Calcium chloride is used as road salt for melting snow, a drying agent in desiccators, for dehydrating organic liquids and gases, in refrigeration brines and antifreeze, as a dust-proofing agent, food additives, concrete hardening accelerator, and others. May react with strong oxidizers.

応急処置

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit

貯蔵

Calcium chloride is chemically stable; however, it should be protected from moisture. Store in airtight containers in a cool, dry place.

輸送方法

There are no label or maximum shipping quantity requirements set by DOT.

純化方法

It is available as fused granules or cubic crystals. It is very hygroscopic, very soluble in H2O (exothermic), and EtOH. Store it in a tightly closed container. [Ehrlich in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 931 1963.]

不和合性

Calcium chloride is incompatible with soluble carbonates, phosphates, sulfates, and tartrates. It reacts violently with bromine trifluoride, and a reaction with zinc releases explosive hydrogen gas. It has an exothermic reaction with water, and when heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of chlorine.

不和合性

The solution in water is a weak base. Reacts with zinc in presence of moisture, forming highlyflammable hydrogen gas. Dissolves violently in water with generation of much heat. Incompatible with water, bromine trifluoride; 2-furan, percarboxylic acid. May attack some building materials and metals in the presence of moisture.

規制状況(Regulatory Status)

GRAS listed. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (injections, ophthalmic preparations, suspensions, creams). Included in medicines licensed in the UK (eye drops; intraocular irrigation; vaccines; injection powders for reconstitution; nebulizer solution; oral suspension).

ジクロロカルシウム 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


ジクロロカルシウム 生産企業

Global( 446)Suppliers
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10043-52-4(ジクロロカルシウム)キーワード:


  • 10043-52-4
  • PELADOW(R) SNOW AND ICE MELT
  • Anhydrous calcium chloride
  • anhydrouscalciumchloride
  • CaCl2
  • Calcium chloride (CaCl2)
  • Calcium chloride pellets
  • calciumchloraide
  • calciumchloride(anhydrous)
  • calciumchloride(cacl2)
  • calciumdichloride
  • Calcosan
  • Caloride
  • Calplus
  • Caltac
  • Chip calcium chloride
  • chloruredecalcium
  • Dowflake
  • Homberg's phosphorus
  • Huppert's reagent
  • Hydrochloric acid calcium salt (2:1)
  • Ice melt
  • Intergravin-orales
  • Jarcal
  • Liquical
  • Liquid calcium chloride
  • Liquidow
  • Marley cement accelerator
  • Peladow
  • Snomelt
  • Superflake anhydrous
  • 塩化カルシウム
  • カルシウムクロリド
  • カルシウムジクロリド
  • ジクロロカルシウム
  • 水化カルシウム
  • 塩化カルシウム(乾燥用)
  • 塩化カルシウム(水分測定用)
  • 化カルシウム
  • 塩化Ca
  • 塩化カルシウム,粒状
  • 塩化カルシウムU字管用 2号 2~3mm
  • 塩化カルシウム, 粉末, 無水
  • 塩化カルシウム溶液(BOD測定用C液)
  • 0.02MOL/L 塩化カルシウム溶液
  • 50W/V% 塩化カルシウム溶液
  • 塩化カルシウム ANHYDROUS,FREE-FLOWING,REDI-DRITM,≥97%
  • 塩化カルシウム ANHYDROUS,FREE-FLOWING,REDI-DRITM,ACS REAGENT,≥96%
  • 塩化カルシウム ANHYDROUS,GRANULAR, 7.0 MM,≥93.0%
  • 塩化カルシウム ANHYDROUS,POWDER,≥97%
  • 塩化カルシウム DESICCANT,ACS REAGENT,≥96.0%
  • 塩化カルシウム PURUM,DRYING AGENT,DEHYDRATED,GRANULATED,≥97.0% (KT)
  • 塩化カルシウム SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,1.0 M CACL2
  • 塩化カルシウム,無水
  • 塩化カルシウム溶液(C) 【BOD用】
  • BOD試験用C液
  • 塩化カルシウム(無水)
  • 塩化カルシウムU字管用
  • 塩化カルシウム乾燥用
  • CULTURESURE® 塩化カルシウム, 動物由来物フリー
  • 塩化カルシウム, PURE, ANHYDROUS
  • 塩化カルシウム無水物 PRILLS
  • 塩化カルシウム, DRIED, POWDER
  • 塩化カルシウム 溶液
  • 塩化カルシウム( 乾燥用)
  • 塩化カルシウムU字管用 2 号 2 ~ 3mm
  • 塩化カルシウム, dried, powder, 97%
  • 塩化カルシウム, 無水, 93%
  • 無水塩化カルシウム
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