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나이스타틴

나이스타틴
나이스타틴 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
1400-61-9
한글명:
나이스타틴
동의어(한글):
나이스타틴
상품명:
Nystatin
동의어(영문):
nystan;Nystex;Nystop;70% A3;nilstat;MORONAL;Nyotran;Nystain;stamycin;biofanal
CBNumber:
CB0463474
분자식:
C47H75NO17
포뮬러 무게:
926.09
MOL 파일:
1400-61-9.mol

나이스타틴 속성

녹는점
>155°C (dec.)
알파
D25 -10° (glacial acetic acid); +21° (pyridine); +12° (DMF); -7° (0.1N HCl in methanol)
저장 조건
−20°C
용해도
H2O: insoluble
산도 계수 (pKa)
pKa 5.72(MeOH/2-methoxyethanol/ H2O) (Uncertain);8.64 (Uncertain)
물리적 상태
suspension
색상
yellow
냄새
suggestive ofcereals odor
수용성
0.36g/L(24 ºC)
Merck
13,6770
InChIKey
VXWFKTGGEJLHPP-OQMKPJEFSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
1400-61-9
EPA
Nystatin (1400-61-9)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 F,C
위험 카페고리 넘버 11-34
안전지침서 22-24/25-45-36/37/39-26-16
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 RF5950000
F 고인화성물질 10-8-23
위험 등급 3
HS 번호 38210000
유해 물질 데이터 1400-61-9(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 i.p. in mice: ~200 mg/kg (Seneca)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어:
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H311 피부와 접촉하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 3 위험 P280, P302+P352, P312, P322, P361,P363, P405, P501
H331 흡입하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 3 위험 P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H370 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴(노출되어도 특정 표적장기 독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로를 기재) 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
예방조치문구:
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.

나이스타틴 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

Brown Solid

Originator

Mycostatin,Squibb,US,1954

용도

Antifungal;Performs membrane ionophores

용도

Nystatin is polyene antifungal containing a conjugated tetraene and a diene, isolated as a complex of three components A1, A2 and A3 from Streptomyces noursei and first reported in 1950. Nystatin, like most polyene antifungals, binds to sterols in the fungal cell membrane leading to formation of ion channels in the wall, ion imbalance and cell death. Nystatin is an established bioprobe and widely-used antifungal reagent with over 4,000 literature citations.

용도

Polyene antifungal antibiotic complex containing 3 biologically active components, A1, A2, A3. Increases the permeability of the cell membrane of sensitive fungi by binding to sterols. Cell culture tested. Growth promotant. Nystatin A1 is shown.

정의

ChEBI: A polyene macrolide antibiotic; part of the nystatin complex produced by several Streptococcus species. The keto-form of nystatin A1.

Indications

Nystatin (Mycostatin) is a polyene antifungal drug with a ring structure similar to that of amphotericin B and a mechanism of action identical to that of amphotericin B. Too toxic for systemic use, nystatin is limited to the topical treatment of superficial infections caused by C. albicans. Infections commonly treated by this drug include oral candidiasis (thrush), mild esophageal candidiasis, and vaginitis.

Manufacturing Process

A typical isolation and recovery procedure for nystatin is described in US Patent 2,797,183 and is shown in the following diagram:

상표명

Barstatin 100 (Barlan); Candex (Bayer); Korostatin (Holland Rantos); Mycostatin (Bristol-Myers Squibb); Mycostatin (Westwood-Squibb).

Therapeutic Function

Antifungal

일반 설명

Nystatin (Mycostatin) is a polyene antibiotic that was first isolated in 1951 from a strain of the actinomycete Streptomyces noursei by Hazen and Brown.33 It occurs as a yellow to light tan powder. Nystatin is very slightly soluble in water and sparingly soluble in organic solvents. The compound is unstable to moisture, heat, and light. The aglycone portion of nystatin is called nystatinolide. The complete structure of nystatin has been determined by chemical degradation and x-ray crystallography.35 Nystatin is not absorbed systemically when administered by the oral route. It is nearly insoluble under all conditions. It is also too toxic to be administered parenterally. Hence, it is used only as a topical agent. Nystatin is a valuable agent for the treatment of local and gastrointestinal monilial infections caused by C. albicans and other Candida species. For the treatment of cutaneous and mucocutaneous candidiasis, it is supplied as a cream, an ointment, and a powder. Vaginal tablets are available for the control of vaginal candidiasis. Oral tablets and troches are used in the treatment of gastrointestinal and oral candidiasis. Combinations of nystatin with tetracycline can be used to prevent monilial overgrowth caused by the destruction of bacterial microflora of the intestine during tetracycline therapy.

Clinical Use

Nystatin, the first clinically useful polyene antifungal antibiotic, is a conjugated tetraene isolated from cultures of the bacterium Streptomyces noursei in 1951. Nystatin is an effective topical antifungal against a wide variety of organisms and is available in a variety of creams and ointments. Nystatin is too toxic to be used systemically, but because very little drug is absorbed following oral administration, it may be administered by mouth to treat fungal infections of the mouth and gastrointestinal tract.

Safety Profile

Poison by intraperitoneal and intravenous routes. Moderately toxic by subcutaneous route. Mildly toxic by ingestion. An experimental teratogen. Mutation data reported. An antibiotic. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NOx.

Veterinary Drugs and Treatments

Orally administered nystatin is used primarily for the treatment of oral or gastrointestinal tract Candida infections in dogs, cats, and birds; it has been used less commonly in other species for the same indications.

Purification Methods

Nystatin is a light yellow powder with the following solubilities at ~28o: MeOH (1.1%), ethylene glycol (0.9%), H2O (0.4%), CCl4 (0.12%), EtOH (0.12%), CHCl3 (0.05%) and *C6H6 (0.03%). It has been precipitated from MeOH solution by addition of H2O. Aqueous suspensions of this macrolide antifungal antibiotic are stable at 100o/10minutes at pH 7.0 but decompose rapidly at pH <2 and >9, and in the presence of light and O2. [Birch et al. Tetrahedron Lett 1491, 1485 1964, Weiss et al. Antibiot Chemother 7 374 1957.] It may contain a mixture of components A1, A2 and A3. [Beilstein 18 III/IV 7480.]

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