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과산화 벤조일

과산화 벤조일
과산화 벤조일 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
94-36-0
한글명:
과산화 벤조일
동의어(한글):
과산화벤조일;벤조일퍼옥사이드
상품명:
Benzoyl peroxide
동의어(영문):
G20;BPO;Cadet;Garox;Topex;Xerac;Oxy 5;oxy-5;Oxy-L;BZF-60
CBNumber:
CB0484149
분자식:
C14H10O4
포뮬러 무게:
242.23
MOL 파일:
94-36-0.mol

과산화 벤조일 속성

녹는점
105 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
176°F
밀도
1.16 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
굴절률
1.5430 (estimate)
인화점
>230 °F
저장 조건
2-8°C
용해도
0.35mg/l
물리적 상태
powder
색상
White
수용성
Insoluble
Merck
14,1116
BRN
984320
노출 한도
TLV-TWA 5 mg/m3; IDLH 7000 mg/m3.
안정성
Strong oxidizer. Highly flammable. Do not grind or subject to shock or friction. Incompatible with reducing agents, acids, bases, alcohols, metals, organic materials. Contact with combustible material, heating or friction may cause fire or explosion.
InChIKey
OMPJBNCRMGITSC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
94-36-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Benzoyl peroxide(94-36-0)
EPA
Peroxide, dibenzoyl(94-36-0)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 O,Xn,N,Xi,E,T
위험 카페고리 넘버 8-36/37/38-43-36-2-7-1-51/53-21/22-62-50-61-3-39/23/24/25-40
안전지침서 53-17-26-36/37-45-60-36/37/39-3/7-14A-14-47-35-7-61-37/39-24
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3108 5.2
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 DM8575000
자연 발화 온도 176 °F
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 5.2
포장분류 II
HS 번호 29163200
유해 물질 데이터 94-36-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 7710 mg/kg
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H241 가열하면 화재 또는 폭발할 수 있음 자기반응성 물질 및 혼합물;유기과산화물 형식 B 위험 P210, P220, P234, P280, P370+P378,P370+ P380+P375, P403+P235, P411,P420, P501
H242 가열하면 화재를 일으킬 수 있음 자기반응성 물질 및 혼합물;유기과산화물 형식 C, D,형식 E, F
형식 G
위험
경고
P210, P220, P234, P280, P370+P378,P403+P235, P411, P420, P501
H317 알레르기성 피부 반응을 일으킬 수 있음 피부 과민성 물질 구분 1 경고 P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H361 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 생식독성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H400 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P220 의류 그리고 가연성 물질로부터 멀리하시오.
P234 원래의 용기에만 보관하시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P271 옥외 또는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에서만 취급하시오.
P272 작업장 밖으로 오염된 의복을 반출하지 마시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P391 누출물을 모으시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P333+P313 피부자극성 또는 홍반이 나타나면 의학적인 조치·조언를 구하시오.
P370+P378 화재 시 불을 끄기 위해 (Section 5. 폭발, 화재시 대처방법의 적절한 소화제)을(를) 사용하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P410 직사광선을 피하시오.
P412 50°C/122°F를 넘는 온도에 노출되지 않도록 할 것
P420 격리하여 보관하시오.
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.
P410+P412 직사광선으로부터 보호
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.

과산화 벤조일 MSDS


Perkadox L

과산화 벤조일 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

제품 특성

과산화 벤조일(Benzoyl Peroxide)은 공업적으로 중합개시제,경화제,표백제 등에 사용하며 강력한 산화제이다. 가열,마찰,충격 등에 의하여 폭발되며 스스로 분해 되기 쉽고, 금속재료를 부식시키며, 인체에 미치는 영향이 큰 유기 화합물이므로 그 취급에 각별한 주의를 필요로 한다.

적용 분야

중합개시제(발포성 폴리스티렌, 아크릴수지 등)
수지의 경화제
밀가루, 압맥 표백제

사용 방법

희 석 : 제품을 용도에 따라 적합한 용제에 녹여 사용한다. (용제 : MMA, SM 등)
투입방법 : 용제에 녹여 펌프로 소량씩 반응기에 투입한다.또는 반응기에서 용제에 직접 녹인 다음 중합 반응하는 방법도 있다.
투 입 량 : 발포성 폴리스티렌 수지 및 불포화 폴리에스테르수지 제조시 0.2 ~1.0%(EPS 대비) 사용 가능.

유의 사항

저장 : 어둡고 차가운 곳으로 직사광선을 피하고, 화기엄금 및 난방을 하여서는 안된다. 금속 조각, 강산, 아민, 환원제 등 다른 약품과 같은 장소에 두는 피하고, 저장장소는 방폭전자 기구를 사용하여야 한다.저장용기는 유리 및 폴리에틸렌은 사용 가능하고, 금속용기는 일체 사용 금지.
취급 : 기구나 용기는 다른 약품에 사용되는 것을 피하고, 이물질이 혼입되지 않도록 밀봉한다. 피부에 묻으면 피부를 상하게 하므로 접촉되지 않도록 취급하고 눈에 들어가지 않도록 주의하여야 한다.

화학적 성질

white powder or crystals

화학적 성질

Benzoyl peroxide is an odorless, white or colorless crystalline powder.

용도

benzoyl peroxide is an antibacterial ingredient commonly used in acne treatments. It functions by forcing an oxidant (peroxide in this case) into the philosebaceous orifice where it releases oxygen, thereby diminishing the P. acnes population. This reduces the level of free fatty acids and skin infection. Benzoyl peroxide may cause skin irritation in people with sensitive skin.

용도

Benzoyl Peroxide is a colorless, crystalline solid with a faint odor of benzaldehyde resulting from the interaction of benzoyl chloride and a cooled sodium peroxide solution. it is insoluble in water. it is used in specified cheeses at 0.0002% of milk level. it is used for the bleaching of flour, slowly decomposing to exert its full bleaching action, which results in whiter flour and bread.

용도

vitamin B complex

용도

Benzoyl Peroxide is a widely used organic compound of the peroxide family. Benzoyl Peroxide is often used in acne treatments , bleaching and polymerizing polyester and many other uses.

용도

Source of free radicals for industrial processes. Oxidizing agent in bleaching oils, flour, etc.; catalyst in the plastics industry; initiator in polymerization.

용도

Benzoyl peroxide is used as a source offree radicals in many organic syntheses andto initiate polymerizations of styrene, vinylchloride, vinyl acetate, and acrylics; to curethermoset polyester resins and silicone rubbers;in medicine for treating acne; and forbleaching vegetable oil, cheese, flour, and fats.

Indications

Benzoyl peroxide is a potent oxidizing agent that has both antimicrobial and comedolytic properties; its primary use is in treating acne vulgaris. It is converted in the skin to benzoic acid; clearance of absorbed drug is rapid, and no systemic toxicity has been observed. The major toxicities are irritation and contact allergy. Outgrowth of bacteria resistant to topical antibiotics used to treat acne can be reduced by the addition of benzoyl peroxide in combination products such as erythromycin (Benzamycin) and clindamycin (Benzaclin).

상표명

Acne-Aid Cream (Stiefel); Benoxyl (Stiefel); Benzac (Galderma); Benzac W (Galderma); Brevoxyl (Stiefel); Clear By Design (SmithKline Beecham); Dry and Clear (Whitehall-Robins); Epi-Clear (Bristol-Myers Squibb); Fostex BPO Bar, Gel, and Wash (Bristol-Myers Products); Loroxide (Dermik); PanOxyl (Stiefel); Persa-Gel (Ortho Pharmaceutical); Vanoxide (Dermik);Altex.

World Health Organization (WHO)

Benzoyl peroxide slowly releases oxygen and hence is bactericidal. It is also keratolytic, antiseborrheic and irritant. It is used in the treatment of acne. Benzoyl peroxide is listed in the WHO Model List of Essential Drugs.

일반 설명

White, odorless powder, moderately toxic.

공기와 물의 반응

Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

Benzoyl peroxide reacts exothermically withstrong acids, strong bases, amines, reducingagents, and sulfur compounds. Explosionshave been reported when it reacted withcarbon tetrachloride and ethylene (Bolt andJoyce 1947), lithium aluminum hydride(Sutton 1951), N,N-dimethyl aniline (Hornerand Betzel 1953), hot chloroform (NFPA1986), and methyl methacrylate (NFPA1986). Lappin (1948) reported an explosionwhen a bottle was opened. Organic matterentrapped in the threads of the bottleprobably reacted explosively with benzoylperoxide.

위험도

Highly toxic via inhalation. May explode spontaneously when dry (<1% of water). Never mix unless at least 33% water is present. Skin and upper respiratory tract irritant. Questionable carcinogen.

건강위험

The health hazard from benzoyl peroxideis low. It can cause irritation of the skin,mucous membranes, and eyes. An intraperitonealinjection of 250 mg/kg was lethal toadult mice. Systemic toxicity in humans isnot known. It may be mild to moderatelytoxic on an acute basis. The oral LD50 valuein rats is 7710 mg/kg (NIOSH 1986). Itstoxicity from inhalation is low; an LC50 valueof 700 ppm in mice is suggested (ACGIH1986).
Benzoyl peroxide may cause gene damageand DNA inhibition. It has been foundto cause skin tumor. The evidence of its carcinogenicityin animals and humans is inadequate.

화재위험

Benzoyl peroxide can cause a major fire and explosion hazard. It is highly flammable and a strong oxidizer; autoignition temperature 80°C (176°F). It ignites instantly. The rate and violence of decomposition and the potential ease of such ignition or decomposition have been experimentally measured by Noller et al. (1964). Lead pipe deformation (LPD), pressure vessel test (PVT), and self-accelerating decomposition test (SADT) have been performed to measure these explosive characteristics. Heating 5 g of benzoyl peroxide in an aluminum tester containing an aperture vent and 6-atm rupture disk, caused the disk to blow up in 95 seconds when the aperture vent area was less than 174.7 mm2. Redried material was more violent. The decomposition hazard was greatly reduced with wet and diluted benzoyl peroxide.
Noller et al. (1964) measured the SADT temperature at 82.2°C (180°F), above which the decomposition was self-accelerating, sudden, and produced smoke.
Benzoyl peroxide is a deflagrant, posing a severe explosion hazard. The compound is sensitive to heavy shock, such as impact or blows, as well as to friction and heat. Especially in the dry state, it is highly dangerous.
A water sprinkler should be used to extinguish fires. Water should be used to keep the containers cool.

색상 색인 번호

Benzoyl peroxide is an oxidizing agent widely employed in acne topical therapy. It is also used as a polymerization catalyst of dental or industrial plastics and as a decolorizing agent of flours, oils, fats, and waxes. Irritant or allergic dermatitis may affect workers in the electronics and plastics (epoxy resins and catalysts) industries, electricians, ceramic workers, dentists and dental technicians, laboratory technicians, bakers, and acne patients. As it was contained in candles, it also induced contact dermatitis in a sacristan. Patch tests may be irritant.

잠재적 노출

Used as polymerization initiator, curing agent, and cross-linking agent.

Veterinary Drugs and Treatments

Benzoyl peroxide products are used topically either as gels or in shampoos. Shampoos are generally used for seborrheas, greasy skin (seborrhea oleosa), or crusty pyodermas (such as seborrheic dermatitis/pyoderma commonly seen in Cocker Spaniels). Gels may be useful for treating recurrent localized skin infections (e.g., chin acne), localized Demodex lesions, superficial and deep pyodermas (adjunctive therapy), seborrhea oleosa, and Schnauzer comedo syndrome. Benzoyl peroxide possesses antimicrobial (especially antibacterial), keratolytic and antiseborrheic actions. It also is It has some mild antipruritic activity and wound healing effects, and is thought to increase follicular flushing. Benzoyl peroxide’s antimicrobial activity is due to the oxidative benzoyl peroxy radicals formed that disrupt cell membranes.

저장

Benzoyl peroxide should be stored in acool and well-ventilated area, isolated fromother chemicals and free of heating andelectrical installations. Dry compound maybe shipped in polyethylene-lined paper bagsor fiber containers packed in wooden boxeso.

운송 방법

UN3104 : Organic peroxide type C, solid, Hazard Class: 5.2; Labels: 5.2—Organic peroxide, Technical Name Required. UN3108 : Organic peroxide type E, solid, Hazard Class: 5.2; Labels: 5.2—Organic peroxide, Technical

Purification Methods

Dissolve benzoyl peroxide in CHCl3 at room temperature and precipitate it by adding an equal volume of MeOH or pet ether. Similarly it is precipitated from acetone by adding two volumes of distilled water. It has also been crystallised from 50% MeOH and from diethyl ether. Dry it under vacuum at room temperature for 24hours. Store it in a desiccator in the dark at 0o. When purifying in the absence of water it can be EXPLOSIVE, and operations should be done on a very small scale with adequate protection. Large amounts should be kept moist with water and stored in a refrigerator. [Kim et al. J Org Chem 52 3691 1987, Beilstein 9 IV 777.]

비 호환성

May explode when heated above melting point, 103 C. A strong oxidizer. Extremely explosionsensitive to heat, shock, friction, and concussion. May explode or cause fire on contact with reducing agents; combustible substances, organic substances, wood, paper, metal powders, lithium aluminum hydride. Violent reaction with alcohols, organic and inorganic acids, and amines.

폐기물 처리

Pretreatment involves decomposition with sodium hydroxide. The final solution of sodium benzoate, which is very biodegradable, may be flushed into the drain. Disposal of large quantities of solution may require pH adjustment before release into the sewer or controlled incineration after mixing with a noncombustible material.

과산화 벤조일 준비 용품 및 원자재

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