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염화벤조일 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
염화벤조일;벤조일클로라이드;벤젠카르보닐클로라이드;염화벤조일;벤질 클로라이드;벤젠카보닐 염화물;벤조산 클로라이드
Benzoyl chloride
BzCl;Basic Red 1;BENZOXALONE;Benzoylchlorid;BENZOYL CHLORIDE;BenzoylChlorideGr;chloruredebenzoyle;-Chlorobenzaldehyde;Benzoyl Chloride >BENZOYL CHLORIDE, ACS
포뮬러 무게:
MOL 파일:

염화벤조일 속성

-1 °C (lit.)
끓는 점
198 °C (lit.)
1.211 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
증기 밀도
4.88 (vs air)
1 mm Hg ( 32 °C)
n20/D 1.553(lit.)
156 °F
저장 조건
Store below +30°C.
물리적 상태
2 (1g/l, H2O, 20℃)
Pungent characteristic.
pH 범위
2 at 1 g/l
Moisture Sensitive
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, water, alcohols, strong bases. Reacts violently with DMSO and vigorously with alkalies.
CAS 데이터베이스
98-88-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
Benzoyl chloride(98-88-4)
2A (Vol. 29, Sup 7, 71) 1999
Benzoyl chloride (98-88-4)
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 C
위험 카페고리 넘버 34-43-20/21/22
안전지침서 26-45-36/37/39
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1736 8/PG 2
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 DM6600000
자연 발화 온도 600 °C
위험 참고 사항 Corrosive
위험 등급 8
포장분류 II
HS 번호 29310095
유해 물질 데이터 98-88-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 2460 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit 790 mg/kg
기존화학 물질 KE-02765
중점관리물질 필터링 별표1-45
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H227 가연성 액체 인화성 액체 구분 4 경고 P210, P280, P370+P378, P403+P235,P501
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H312 피부와 접촉하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 4 경고 P280,P302+P352, P312, P322, P363,P501
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H317 알레르기성 피부 반응을 일으킬 수 있음 피부 과민성 물질 구분 1 경고 P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H331 흡입하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 3 위험 P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H332 흡입하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 4 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H402 수생생물에 유해함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 3
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P270 이 제품을 사용할 때에는 먹거나, 마시거나 흡연하지 마시오.
P271 옥외 또는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에서만 취급하시오.
P272 작업장 밖으로 오염된 의복을 반출하지 마시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P310 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오. 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 도움을 받으시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P370+P378 화재 시 불을 끄기 위해 (Section 5. 폭발, 화재시 대처방법의 적절한 소화제)을(를) 사용하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.
NFPA 704
3 2

염화벤조일 MSDS

Benzoyl chloride

염화벤조일 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산


벤조산의 산염화물. 자극적인 냄새가 나는 무색 액체로, 에테르에 녹고 물에서 분해된다.


벤조일화제(benzoyl化劑)로 널리 쓴다.

화학적 성질

Transparent, colorless liquid; pungent odor; vapor causes tears. Soluble in ether and carbon disulfide; decomposes in water. Combustible.

화학적 성질

Benzoyl chloride is a colorless to slight brown liquid with a strong, penetrating odor.


Benzoyl Chloride is used in the manufacturing of dye intermediates.


For acylation, i.e., introduction of the benzoyl group into alcohols, phenols, and amines (Schotten-Baumann reaction); in the manufacture of benzoyl peroxide and of dye intermediates. In organic analysis for making benzoyl derivatives for identification purposes.


Benzoyl chloride is widely utilized for the synthesis of peroxides. It is employed in the production of dyes and perfumes. It also serves in the manufacturing of pharmaceuticals and resins.


A liquid acyl chloride used as a benzoylating agent.

생산 방법

Benzoyl chloride can be prepared from benzoic acid by reaction with PCl5 or SOCl2, from benzaldehyde by treatment with POCl3 or SO2 Cl2, from benzotrichloride by partial hydrolysis in the presence of H2SO4 or FeCl3, from benzal chloride by treatment with oxygen in a radical source, and from several other miscellaneous reactions. Benzoyl chloride can be reduced to benzaldehyde, oxidized to benzoyl peroxide, chlorinated to chlorobenzoyl chloride and sulfonated to m-sulfobenzoic acid. It will undergo various reactions with organic reagents. For example, it will add across an unsaturated (alkene or alkyne) bond in the presence of a catalyst to give the phenylchloroketone:

Synthesis Reference(s)

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 73, p. 702, 1951 DOI: 10.1021/ja01146a061
Synthesis, p. 306, 1983 DOI: 10.1055/s-1983-30314

일반 설명

A colorless fuming liquid with a pungent odor. Flash point 162°F. Lachrymator, irritating to skin and eyes. Corrosive to metals and tissue. Density 10.2 lb / gal. Used in medicine and in the manufacture of other chemicals.

반응 프로필

Benzoyl chloride reacts violently with protic solvents such as alcohols, with amines and amides (for example dimethylformamide [Bretherick 1979 p. 6] ) and with inorganic bases. Causes the violent decomposition of dimethyl sulfoxide [Chem. Eng. News 35(9): 87 1957]. May react vigorously or explosively if mixed with diisopropyl ether or other ethers in the presence of trace amounts of metal salts [J. Haz. Mat., 1981, 4, 291]. Friedel-Crafts acylation of naphthalene using Benzoyl chloride, catalyzed by AlCl3, must be conducted above the melting point of the mixture, or the reaction may be violent [Clar, E. et al., Tetrahedron, 1974, 30, 3296].


Highly toxic. Strong irritant to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes, and via ingestion, inhala- tion. Upper respiratory tract irritant. Probable car- cinogen.


INHALATION: may irritate eyes, nose and throat. INGESTION: causes acute discomfort. SKIN: causes irritation and burning.

화학 반응

Reactivity with Water Slow reaction with water to produce hydrochloric acid fumes. The reaction is more rapid with steam; Reactivity with Common Materials: Slow corrosion of metals but no immediate danger; Stability During Transport: Not pertinent; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Soda ash and water, lime; Polymerization: Does not occur; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Safety Profile

Confirmed carcinogen withexperimental tumorigenic data by skin contact. Humansystemic effects by inhalation: unspecified effects onolfaction and respiratory systems. Corrosive effects on theskin, eyes, and mucous membranes by inhalation.Flammable whe

잠재적 노출

Benzoyl chloride is used as a chemical intermediate; in organic synthesis; to produce other chemicals, dyes, perfumes, herbicides, and medicines.

운송 방법

UN 1736 Benzoylchloride, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8—Corrosive material.

Purification Methods

A solution of benzoyl chloride (300mL) in *C6H6 (200mL) is washed with two 100mL portions of cold 5% NaHCO3 solution, separated, dried with CaCl2 and distilled [Oakwood & Weisgerber Org Synth III 113 1955]. Repeated fractional distillation at 4mm Hg through a glass helices-packed column (avoiding porous porcelain or silicon-carbide boiling chips, and hydrocarbon or silicon greases on the ground joints) gave benzoyl chloride that did not darken on addition of AlCl3. Further purification is achieved by adding 3 mole% each of AlCl3 and toluene, standing overnight, and distilling off the benzoyl chloride at 1-2mm [Brown & Jenzen J Am Chem Soc 80 2291 1958]. Refluxing for 2hours with an equal weight of thionyl chloride before distillation has also been used. [Beilstein 9 IV 721.] Strong IRRITANT. Use in a fume cupboard.

비 호환성

May form explosive mixture with air. Contact with heat, hot surfaces, and flames causes decomposition, forming phosgene and hydrogen chloride. Water contact may be violent; forms hydrochloric acid. Reactions with amines, alcohols, alkali metals, dimethyl sulfoxide, strong oxidizers, and metal salts may be violent, causing fire and explosions. Attacks metals in the presence of moisture, forming explosive hydrogen gas. Attacks some plastics, rubber or coatings.

폐기물 처리

Pour into sodium bicarbonate solution and flush to sewer.

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