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실리카, 무정형 용해된

실리카, 무정형 용해된
실리카, 무정형 용해된 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
60676-86-0
한글명:
실리카, 무정형 용해된
동의어(한글):
산화규소(비결정체규소,용융된);실리카,무정형용해된;산화규소(비결정체규소,용융된);실리카 퓨즈드
상품명:
Silica glass
동의어(영문):
f44;rd8;sga;y40;ef10;fs74;gp7i;mr84;fused;gp11i
CBNumber:
CB1199394
분자식:
O2Si
포뮬러 무게:
60.0843
MOL 파일:
60676-86-0.mol

실리카, 무정형 용해된 속성

녹는점
1610 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
2950°C
밀도
2.6 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
굴절률
n20/D 1.544(lit.)
물리적 상태
rod (1/8")
색상
965
CAS 데이터베이스
60676-86-0
NIST
Silicon dioxide(60676-86-0)
EPA
Silica vitreous (60676-86-0)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T,Xn
위험 카페고리 넘버 48/20-36/38-45-36/37
안전지침서 22-24/25-45-26-53-36
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 VV7311000
HS 번호 28112200
독성 LDLo intravenous in cat: 5mg/kg
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Warning
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H373 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 2 경고 P260, P314, P501
예방조치문구:
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.

실리카, 무정형 용해된 MSDS


Silica glass

실리카, 무정형 용해된 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

Made up of spherical submicroscopic particles under 0.1 micron in size.

화학적 성질

Amorphous silica, the noncrystalline form of SiO2, is a transparent to gray, odorless, amorphous powder

출처

This material is known largely as a synthetic material, but there are instances of the material occurring in nature. Vitreous tubes called fulgurites are produced when lightning fuses quartz sand. Large deposits of fulgurite exist in the Libyan desert. Vitreous silica can also be produced by meteor impact. The impact leads to rapid adiabatic heating of the quartz above its melting point. The quartz forms a glass on cooling. Examples of this type of vitreous silica have been found near Canyon Diablo, Arizona, and in meteorite craters in Australia and Arabia.

용도

Chemical Applications. Because of its excellent chemical durability, high purity, thermal shock resistance, and usefulness at high temperature, vitreous silica has a wide range of applications in chemical analysis and preparations. Tubing, rods, crucibles, dishes, boats, and other containers and special apparatus are available in both transparent and nontransparent varieties. Because of its inertness, vitreous silica is used as a chromatographic substrate in the form of microparticles, capillary tubing, and open columns for high resolution gas chromatography.
Thermal Applications. The protection of precious-metal thermocouples in high temperature pyrometry is an important application of vitreous silica. Although satin tubing is usually employed, transparent tubes are superior for protecting couples when used in a reducing atmosphere.
Optical Applications. Vitreous silica is ideal for many optical applications because of its excellent uv transmission, resistance to radiation darkening, optical polishing properties, and physical and chemical stability. It is used for prisms, lenses, cells, windows, and other optical components where uv transmission is critical. Cuvettes used in scatter and spectrophotometer cells are manufactured from fused silica and fused quartz because of the transmissive properties and high purity.
Mechanical Applications. The volume of vitreous silica used for fibers is a very small part of the total consumption. However, some interesting and significant applications have been developed in the laboratory, particularly in the area of measurements.
Electronic Applications. In electronic systems, such as radar and computers, signal delay is sometimes necessary. A transducer converts electrical signals to ultrasonic elastic waves, which pass through a connecting medium to another transducer, where the waves are reconverted to electrical signals.
Space and Astronomy. Vitreous silica is used in several space-based applications because of static fatigue (slow crack growth), thermal stability, and radiation resistance. Every U.S. space vehicle having service personnel, including Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, and space shuttle vehicles, has been equipped with windows made of high optical-quality vitreous silica (Corning Code 7940 or 7980) in order to have the clarity needed for visual, photographic, and television-based observations. The space shuttle utilizes triple-layer windows that have outer and central panes of vitreous silica with a tempered aluminosilicate inner pane. The outer pane is thinner for thermal endurance, whereas the two inner panes are thicker to supply strength.

용도

Concrete, grouts, mortars, elastomers, refrac- tory and coating applications.

생산 방법

Modern manufacturing processes of vitreous typically involve the fusion or viscous sintering of silica particles; the particles can be derived from sand crystals or are produced through a chemical process, e.g., flame hydrolysis or sol–gel. In one practice of the flame hydrolysis process, the powder is produced and fused into glass a single step, without the isolation of a porous body. Dopant and additive profiles are concentration are then controlled by the deposition conditions. When a process involving a discrete porous silica body as an intermediate is used, subsequent processing steps can be used to control dopant levels and in particular, the hydroxyl level of the final glass. The choice of fabrication method is often dictated by the end-use specifications. Flame hydrolysis or similar chemical techniques that allow for the production of very high purity glass are the methods of choice for optical applications but may be economically wasteful for less demanding applications.
Translucent Vitreous Silica. Translucent vitreous silica is produced by fusion of high purity quartz sand crystals. Sand is packed around a graphite rod through which a current is passed. The resistance heating produces a plastic mass that can be blown into molds, drawn into tubing, or shaped by rolling or pressing. Separation from the graphite rod is facilitated by gaseous products formed by interfacial reaction. Because the outside is sandy, the product is known as sand-surface ware. A matte finish is obtained by mechanical buffing. A glazed surface is produced by fusing the outside surface with an electric carbon arc or flame.
Transparent Vitreous Silica. Clear, transparent, bubble-free vitreous silica may be obtained by melting natural quartz minerals by flame or plasma vapor deposition (synthetic fused silicas), and by sol–gel processing.

위험도

Questionable carcinogen.

Safety Profile

An inhalation hazard. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. Poison by intraperitoneal, intravenous, and intratracheal routes. See also other shca entries.

잠재적 노출

Amorphous fumed silica is used as a mineral, natural or synthetic fiber. A potential danger to those involved in the production and handling of fumed silica for paint pigments or catalysts. Diatomaceous earth is used in clarifying liquids, in manufacture of fire brick and heat insulators; used as a filtering agent; as a filler in construction materials; pesticides, paints, and varnishes. A potential danger to those involved in mining of diatomaceous earth or fabrication of products there from.

Purification Methods

Purification of silica for high technology applications uses isopiestic vapour distillation from concentrated volatile acids and is absorbed in high purity water. The impurities remain behind. Preliminary cleaning to remove surface contaminants uses dip etching in HF or a mixture of HCl, H2O2 and deionised water [Phelan & Powell Analyst 109 1299 1984].

비 호환성

Silica, amorphous is a noncombustible solid. Generally unreactive chemically. Incompatible with fluorine, oxygen difluoride, chlorine trifluoride. Soluble in molten alkalis and reacts with most metallic oxides at high temperature.

폐기물 처리

Sanitary landfill.

실리카, 무정형 용해된 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


실리카, 무정형 용해된 공급 업체

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