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포름산 칼슘

포름산 칼슘
포름산 칼슘 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
544-17-2
한글명:
포름산 칼슘
동의어(한글):
포름산칼슘;개미산칼슘;포름산칼슘(CALCIUMFORMATE)
상품명:
Calcium formate
동의어(영문):
Cafo;SETAKY;544-17-2;calcoform;Ca-formate;cium formate;Bayer Latibon;Calciumformiat;Calcium Format;Calcium Forate
CBNumber:
CB1415854
분자식:
C2H2CaO4
포뮬러 무게:
130.11
MOL 파일:
544-17-2.mol

포름산 칼슘 속성

녹는점
300 °C
밀도
2,02 g/cm3
저장 조건
Inert atmosphere,Room Temperature
용해도
H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
물리적 상태
orthorhombic crystals
Specific Gravity
2.02
수소이온지수(pH)
6.0-8.0 (25℃, 1M in H2O)
수용성
SOLUBLE
Hydrolytic Sensitivity
0: forms stable aqueous solutions
최대 파장(λmax)
λ: 260 nm Amax: ≤0.04
λ: 280 nm Amax: ≤0.03
Merck
13,1670
BRN
3624099
InChIKey
CBOCVOKPQGJKKJ-UHFFFAOYSA-L
CAS 데이터베이스
544-17-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA
Formic acid, calcium salt (544-17-2)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xi
위험 카페고리 넘버 36/37/38-41
안전지침서 26-37/39-39-24/2526
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 LQ5600000
TSCA Yes
HS 번호 29151200
유해 물질 데이터 544-17-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
기존화학 물질 KE-04541
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H303 삼키면 유해할 수 있음 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 5 P312
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
예방조치문구:
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P304+P340 흡입하면 신선한 공기가 있는 곳으로 옮기고 호흡하기 쉬운 자세로 안정을 취하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.

포름산 칼슘 MSDS


Calcium formate

포름산 칼슘 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

Calcium formate is a white to almost white fine crystalline powder. It can be used an accelerator for the pozzolanic cement pastes. On the one hand, it shortens the initial and final setting times and increases the compressive strength and combined water content as well as gel/space ratio at all ages of hydration. On the other hand, it decreases the total porosity. It has been shown that it has a growth-promoting effect in weanling pigs challenged with E. coli, independently of their susceptibility to the intestinal adhesion of this strain. More importantly, calcium formate can be used as a nutrient supplement to the feed of young growing pigs or fattening poultry, further boosting the growth of animals and the feed utilization. At the same time, it causes a reduction of the occurrence of piglet diarrhea.
Calcium formate

화학적 성질

Calcium formate, Ca(HCOO)2, is the calcium salt of formic acid, HCOOH. It is also known as food additive E238 in food industry. The mineral form is very rare and called formicaite. It is known from a few boron deposits. It may be produced synthetically by reacting calcium oxide or calcium hydroxide with formic acid.

화학적 성질

Calcium formate is white solid, solubility at 0 °C 13.90 g, at 40 °C 14.56 g, at 80 °C 15.22 g of anhydrous salt per 100 g saturated solution, formed by reaction of calcium carbonate or hydroxide and formic acid. Calcium formate, when heated with a calcium salt of a carboxylic acid higher in the series, yields an aldehyde.

용도

Preservative for food, silage; as binder for fine-ore briquets; in drilling fluids and lubricants.
Calcium formate is an organic salt suitable for use in pig and poultry diets. It acts as a feedstock preservative and has an acidifying effect on the gastro-intestinal tract, which promotes good gut-health. The efficiency of pig and poultry feedstock digestion is dependent on the indigenous micro-organism concentration in the gastro-intestinal tract. With the approaching ban on the use of prophylactic antibiotics in animal feed as a means to control disease and promote growth, alternatives are needed to limit the proliferation of pathogenic bacteria in the gut which can impair feedstock digestion as well as cause enteric diseases such as E. Coli and Salmonella. Acidifiers such as calcium formate preserve the feedstock before consumption and lower the pH in the gastro-intestinal tract, creating unfavourable conditions for these bacteria to grow.
Calcium formate is used extensively in the leather industry as a masking agent in the chrome-tanning process. The addition of calcium formate to the tannage formulation promotes faster, more efficient penetration of the chrome in the leather. Calcium formate can also be used as a replacement for formic acid in the pickling operation.

화학 반응

Calcium formate can be used to prepare solutions of other water-soluble formate salts. For example, the addition of nickel (II) sulfate to a solution of calcium formate results in the precipitation of insoluble calcium sulfate, leaving nickel (II) formate in solution:
Ca(OOCH)2 + NiSO1 → CaSO4 + Ni(OOCH)2
In a similar reaction, sulfuric acid reacts with calcium formate to provide low-cost solutions of formic acid:
Ca(OOCH)2 + H2 SO4 → CaSO4 + 2HCOOH
When heated, calcium formate decomposes to calcium carbonate and formaldehyde:
Ca(OOCH)2 → CaCO3 + HCHO
Calcium formate can be used as a low-cost reducing agent in the conversion of carboxylic acids to aldehydes. This process is an effective substitute for the troublesome Rosenmund reduction.
(RCOO)2Ca + (HCOO)2CA → 2RCH + 2CaCO3

Safety Profile

Poison by intravenous route. Moderately toxic by ingestion. An eye irritant. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and fumes. See also CALCIUM COMPOUNDS.

Purification Methods

Recrystallise it from water (5mL/g) by partial evaporation in a desiccator. [Beilstein 2 IV 16.]

Toxicity evaluation

Calcium formate has a low order of toxicity. In rats, the acute oral LD50 is 2650mg/kg; by intravenous injection, the LD50 is 154mg/kg.
In a study with rats, calcium formate added to the drinking water at 0.2% for 3 years or 0.4% for 2 years didn't affect growth, fertility or function in up to 5 generations.
Calcium formate would be expected to be irritating to the eyes and skin. In case of eye contact, immediately flush the eyes with water for 15 minutes. Avoid prolonged or repeated exposure of the skin.

참고 문헌

Heikal, Mohamed. "Effect of calcium formate as an accelerator on the physicochemical and mechanical properties of pozzolanic cement pastes." Cement & Concrete Research 34.6(2004):1051-1056.
Bosi, P, et al. "The influence of fat protection of calcium formate on growth and intestinal defense in Escherichia coli K88-challenged weanling pigs." Animal Feed Science & Technology 139.3–4(2007):170-185.
Bolze, Rudolf, et al. "Agent for increasing the performance of pigs and poultry." EP, EP0260391. 1988.

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