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안티몬 펜타염화물

안티몬 펜타염화물
안티몬 펜타염화물 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
7647-18-9
한글명:
안티몬 펜타염화물
동의어(한글):
안티몬과염화물;안티몬펜타염화물;오염화안티몬;펜타클로로안티몬;오염화안티몬;안티모니 펜타클로라이드;안티모니 퍼클로라이드;안티몬(V)클로라이드;안티몬과클로라이드;안티몬펜타클로라이드;염화 안티모니;염화 안티모니 (SbCl5);염화 안티모니(V);오염화 안티모니;오염화 안티모니 (SbCl5);오염화 안티모니, 액체;펜타클로로스티보레인
상품명:
ANTIMONY(V) CHLORIDE
동의어(영문):
SbCl5;Antimoine;Antimonio;ANTIMONY CHLORIDE;Butter of antimony;Antimonpentachlorid;antimonyperchloride;Pentachloroantimony;pentachloro-stibine;Antimony petachride
CBNumber:
CB9472044
분자식:
Cl5Sb
포뮬러 무게:
299.02
MOL 파일:
7647-18-9.mol

안티몬 펜타염화물 속성

녹는점
2.8 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
92 °C30 mm Hg(lit.)
밀도
2.36 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
증기 밀도
>10.2 (vs air)
증기압
0.13 psi ( 55 °C)
굴절률
1.601
인화점
79°C/22mm
용해도
Soluble in HCl, chloroform, carbon tetrachlorideMiscible with chloroform, hydrochloric acid, tartaric acid, carbon disulfide and carbon tetrachloride.
물리적 상태
Liquid
Specific Gravity
2.336
색상
Red-yellow
냄새
offensive odor
수용성
Soluble in water (react), chloroform, hydrochloric acid, and carbon tetrachloride.
감도
Moisture Sensitive
Merck
14,695
안정성
Stable, but reacts with moisture and water. Releases highly toxic fumes if involved in a fire.
CAS 데이터베이스
7647-18-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA
Antimony pentachloride (7647-18-9)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T,N,C
위험 카페고리 넘버 34-51/53-40-23/24/25-14-62-48/20-63
안전지침서 26-45-61-36/37/39-23
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1731 8/PG 3
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 CC5075000
F 고인화성물질 10
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 8
포장분류 II
유해 물질 데이터 7647-18-9(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orl-rat: 1115 mg/kg HYSAAV 29(12),16,64
기존화학 물질 KE-01879
유해화학물질 필터링 97-1-176
함량 및 규제정보 물질구분: 유독물질; 혼합물(제품)함량정보: 무기 안티몬 화합물 및 이를 1% 이상 함유한 혼합물. 다만, 산화 안티몬(Antimony(Ⅴ) pentoxide, Antimony(Ⅳ) tetroxide), 황화안티몬(Antimony(Ⅴ) pentasulfide, Antimony(Ⅲ) trisulfide), 안티몬산(HSbO3) 염류(Antimonic(Ⅴ) acid, salts), 피그먼트 브라운 24(C.I. Pigment Brown 24), 피그먼트 옐로우 53 (C.I. Pigment Yellow 53) 및 이를 함유한 혼합물과 산화안티몬(Antimony(Ⅲ) trioxide)을 함유한 혼합물은 제외
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H411 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 2
예방조치문구:
P301+P330+P331 삼켰다면 입을 씻어내시오. 토하게 하려 하지 마시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
NFPA 704
0
3 1

안티몬 펜타염화물 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

colourless to light yellow oily liquid

화학적 성질

Antimony pentachloride is a noncombustible, colorless to reddish-yellow oily liquid with an offensive odor.

물리적 성질

Antimony pentachloride is prepared by passing chlorine gas into molten antimony trichloride:
SbCl3 + Cl2 →SbCl5
or by the reaction of the element with excess chlorine:
2 Sb + 5 Cl2 → 2 SbCl5.

용도

As catalyst when replacing a fluorine substituent with chlorine in organic compounds.

일반 설명

A reddish-yellow fuming liquid with a pungent odor. Fumes are irritating to the eyes and mucous membranes. Solidifies at 37°F. Corrosive to metals and tissue. Used to make other chemicals, and in chemical analysis.

공기와 물의 반응

Fumes in air to form hydrochloric acid. Reacts with water to yield heat and antimony pentaoxide (Sb2O5) and hydrochloric acid [Merck 11th ed. 1989].

반응 프로필

Acidic salts, such as ANTIMONY PENTACHLORIDE, are generally soluble in water. The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydrogen ions and have pH's of less than 7.0. They react as acids to neutralize bases. These neutralizations generate heat, but less or far less than is generated by neutralization of inorganic acids, inorganic oxoacids, and carboxylic acid. They usually do not react as either oxidizing agents or reducing agents but such behavior is not impossible. Many of these compounds catalyze organic reactions.

위험도

Corrosive, fumes in moist air, reacts strongly with organics.

건강위험

Inhalation causes irritation of nose and throat. Contact of liquid with eyes or skin causes severe burns. Ingestion causes vomiting and severe burns of mouth and stomach. Overexposure by any route can cause bloody stools, slow pulse, low blood pressure, coma, convulsions, cardiac arrest.

화재위험

Behavior in Fire: Irritating fumes of hydrogen chloride given off when water or foam is used to extinguish adjacent fire.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion. Corrosive. Mutation data reported. See ANTIMONY COMPOUNDS and ANTIMONYPII) CHLORIDE. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of Cland Sb.

잠재적 노출

It is used in dyeing, coloring metals and in many organic chemical reactions as a catalyst.

운송 방법

UN1730 (liquid) Antimony pentachloride, liquid, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material. UN1731 (solution) Antimony pentachloride, solutions, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material.

비 호환성

Decomposes on contact with heat, acids, alkalis, ammonia, water or other forms of moisture producing fumes of hydrogen chloride and antimony. Decomposes above 77 C forming chlorine and antimony trichloride. Attacks many metals in the presence of moisture forming explosive hydrogen gas. Reacts with air forming corrosive vapors.

폐기물 처리

Encapsulate and transfer to an approve landfill. If chemically treated and neutralized, the chemical is amenable to biological treatment at municipal sewage treatment plant. Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/ mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal.

안티몬 펜타염화물 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

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