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75-25-2

75-25-2 Structure

75-25-2 Structure
IdentificationMore
[Name]

Bromoform
[CAS]

75-25-2
[Synonyms]

BROMOFORM
METHENYL TRIBROMIDE
tribromide
TRIBROMOMETHANE
Bromoforme
bromoforme(french)
Bromoformio
CHBr3
Formyltribromide
Methane,tribromo-
methyltribromide
NCI-C55130
Rcra waste number U225
rcrawastenumberu225
Tribrommethaan
Tribrommethan
Tribromometan
tribromo-methan
tribromomethane(bromoform)
BROMOFORM OEKANAL, AMYLENE STABILIZED, 1G
[EINECS(EC#)]

200-854-6
[Molecular Formula]

CHBr3
[MDL Number]

MFCD00000128
[Molecular Weight]

252.73
[MOL File]

75-25-2.mol
Chemical PropertiesBack Directory
[Appearance]

colourless to yellow liquid
[mp ]

8 °C
[bp ]

150 °C
[density ]

2.89 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
[vapor density ]

8.7 (vs air)
[vapor pressure ]

5 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
[refractive index ]

n20/D 1.595(lit.)
[Fp ]

148-150°C
[storage temp. ]

0-6°C
[Stability:]

Stability May be an explosion hazard, especially when heated. Stable, but light-sensitive. Non-flammable. Incompatible with chemically active metals, strong bases. May contain ca 1% ethanol or 1-pentene (amylene) as a stabilizer.
[Water Solubility ]

slightly soluble, 0.301 g/100 mL
[Sensitive ]

Light Sensitive
[Merck ]

14,1420
[BRN ]

1731048
[CAS DataBase Reference]

75-25-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
[NIST Chemistry Reference]

Methane, tribromo-(75-25-2)
[EPA Substance Registry System]

75-25-2(EPA Substance)
Safety DataBack Directory
[Hazard Codes ]

T,N,F
[Risk Statements ]

R23:Toxic by inhalation.
R36/38:Irritating to eyes and skin .
R51/53:Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment .
R22:Harmful if swallowed.
R39/23/24/25:Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed .
R23/24/25:Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed .
R11:Highly Flammable.
[Safety Statements ]

S28:After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of ... (to be specified by the manufacturer) .
S45:In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show label where possible) .
S61:Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions safety data sheet .
S36/37:Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves .
S16:Keep away from sources of ignition-No smoking .
S7:Keep container tightly closed .
[RIDADR ]

UN 2515 6.1/PG 3
[WGK Germany ]

3
[RTECS ]

PB5600000
[F ]

8-10
[HazardClass ]

6.1
[PackingGroup ]

III
[HS Code ]

29033990
[Safety Profile]

Suspected carcinogen with experimental neoplastigenic data. A human poison by ingestion. Moderately toxic by intraperitoneal and subcutaneous routes. Human mutation data reported. A lachrymator. It can damage the liver to a serious degree and cause death. It has anesthetic properties simdar to those of chloroform, but is not sufficiently volatile for inhalation purposes and is far too toxic for human use. As a sedative and antitussive its medicinal application has resulted in numerous poisonings. Inhalation of small amounts causes irritation, provoking the flow of tears and saliva, and reddening of the face. Abuse can lead to adhction and serious consequences. Explosive reaction with crown ethers or potassium hydroxide. Violent reaction with acetone or bases. Incompatible with Li or NaK alloys. When heated to decomposition it emits hghly toxic fumes of Br-. See also BROMIDES.
[Hazardous Substances Data]

75-25-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
Raw materials And Preparation ProductsBack Directory
[Raw materials]

Sodium hydroxide-->Sulfuric acid -->Sodium carbonate-->Bromine-->Potassium hydroxide -->Acetone-->Hydroxylamine hydrochloride-->Sodium thiosulfate-->Sodium thiosulfate pentahydrate-->BROMOACETONE-->Sodium bromite-->SODIUM HYPOBROMITE
[Preparation Products]

(1R-cis)-3-(2,2-dibromoethenyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid-->Dibromomethane
Hazard InformationBack Directory
[General Description]

A colorless liquid with a chloroform-like odor. Denser than water (density: 2.9 g/cm3 ) and slightly soluble in water. Hence sinks in water. Nonflammable. Toxic by ingestion, inhalation and skin absorption. A lachrymator. Used as a solvent and to make pharmaceuticals. Often stabilized with 1 to 3% ethanol.
[Reactivity Profile]

Heating BROMOFORM(75-25-2) to decomposition produces highly toxic fumes of carbon oxybromide (carbonyl bromide) and hydrogen bromide [Sax, 9th ed., 1996, p. 519]. Reaction with powdered potassium or sodium hydroxide, Li or Na/K alloys, is violently exothermic [Weizmann, C. et al., J. Am Chem. Soc., 1948, 70, p. 1189]. Explosive reaction with crown ethers in the presence of potassium hydroxide [Le Goaller, R. et al., Synth. Comm., 1982, 12, p. 1163].
[Air & Water Reactions]

Slightly soluble in water.
[Hazard]

A questionable carcinogen. By ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption. Liver damage, eye and upper respiratory tract irritant.
[Health Hazard]

Harmful if inhaled, swallowed, contacts skin or eyes or is absorbed through skin. It is a lachrymator, respiratory irritant, a narcotic and an hepatotoxin. Prolonged exposure may cause dermatitis. Inhalation causes irritation of nose and throat; provokes the flow of tears and saliva and reddening of the face. Ingestion may cause dizziness, disorientation and slurred speech, unconsciousness and death.
[Fire Hazard]

Behavior in Fire: May decompose to produce toxic gases and vapor such as hydrogen bromide and bromine.
Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)Back Directory
[msds information]

tribromomethane(75-25-2).msds
Spectrum DetailBack Directory
[Spectrum Detail]

Bromoform(75-25-2)IR1
Bromoform(75-25-2)1HNMR
Bromoform(75-25-2)13CNMR
Bromoform(75-25-2)MS
Well-known Reagent Company Product InformationBack Directory
[Acros Organics]

Bromoform, stabilized, 96%(75-25-2)
[Alfa Aesar]

Bromoform, 97%, stab. with ca 3% ethanol(75-25-2)
[Sigma Aldrich]

75-25-2(sigmaaldrich)
[TCI AMERICA]

Bromoform  (stabilized with Ethanol),>98.0%(GC)(75-25-2)
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