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7646-69-7

7646-69-7 Structure

7646-69-7 Structure
IdentificationMore
[Name]

Sodium hydride
[CAS]

7646-69-7
[Synonyms]

SODIUM HYDRIDE
SODIUM HYDRIDE DISPERSION
NAH 80
nah80
Sodium hydride (NaH)
sodiumhydride(nah)
sodiumhydride[nah]
sodiummonohydride
Sodium hydride dispersionin mineral oil
Sodium hydride inoil gray powder
SODIUM HYDRIDE (60% DISPERSION)
SODIUM HYDRIDE, 60% DISPERSION IN MINERA L OIL
SODIUM HYDRIDE, 55-65% (GASVOLUMETRIC)
NATRIUMHYDRID 60 %IGE SUSPENSION IN OEL
SODIUM HYDRIDE, DRY, 95%
SodiumHydrideSuspension(60%InParaffinOil)
Sodiumhydride,57-63%oildispersion
Sodium hydride, 60% dispersion in mineral oil, in resealable cans
Sodium hydride, 60%disp. in oil. In toluene or DMF solub. Bags
Sodiumhydride,60%inoil
[EINECS(EC#)]

231-587-3
[Molecular Formula]

HNa
[MDL Number]

MFCD00003471
[Molecular Weight]

24
[MOL File]

7646-69-7.mol
Chemical PropertiesBack Directory
[Appearance]

Grey solid
[mp ]

800 °C (dec.)(lit.)
[density ]

1.2
[Fp ]

185°C
[storage temp. ]

Store at RT.
[form ]

powder (moistened with oil)
[Water Solubility ]

REACTS
[Sensitive ]

Air & Moisture Sensitive
[Merck ]

14,8625
[CAS DataBase Reference]

7646-69-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
[NIST Chemistry Reference]

Sodium hydride(7646-69-7)
[Storage Precautions]

Moisture sensitive;Store under nitrogen
[EPA Substance Registry System]

7646-69-7(EPA Substance)
Safety DataBack Directory
[Hazard Codes ]

F
[Risk Statements ]

R15:Contact with water liberates extremely flammable gases.
R36:Irritating to the eyes.
[Safety Statements ]

S26:In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice .
S43:In case of fire, use ... (indicate in the space the precise type of fire-fighting equipment. If water increases the risk add-Never use water) .
S7/8:Keep container tightly closed and dry .
S24/25:Avoid contact with skin and eyes .
S7:Keep container tightly closed .
[RIDADR ]

UN 1427 4.3/PG 1
[WGK Germany ]

3
[RTECS ]

WB3910000
[F ]

10-21
[HazardClass ]

4.3
[PackingGroup ]

I
[HS Code ]

28500090
[Safety Profile]

The powder ignites spontaneously in air. Flammable when exposed to heat or flame. Potentially explosive reaction with water, diethyl succinate + ethyltrifluoroacetate (above 60℃), dimethyl sulfoxide + heat, sulfur dioxide. Ignition or violent reaction with dimethylformamide (above 50℃), ethyl 2,2,3-trifluoropropionate, oxygen (at 230℃). Incompatible with acetylene + moisture, glycerin, halogens, sulphur. Normal fire extinguishers are unsuitable, use sand, ashes, solurn chloride. The commercial material may contain traces of sodium. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Na2O. See also HYDRIDES.
[Hazardous Substances Data]

7646-69-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
Raw materials And Preparation ProductsBack Directory
【Raw materials】

Methanol-->Sodium-->Hydrogen-->Orthoboric acid
【Preparation Products】

6-(1H-PYRAZOL-1-YL)NICOTINONITRILE-->N-(4,6-DIMETHYLPYRIMIDIN-2-YL)-N-METHYLBENZENE-1,4-DIAMINE-->2-(TETRAHYDRO-PYRAN-4-YL)-ETHANOL-->CYCLOOCTANONE-->5-FLUORO-2-METHYLBENZOTHIAZOLE-->TEMAFLOXACIN-->Sarafloxacin-->Ofloxacin-->5-Fluoro-2-oxindole-->(6-(1H-Pyrazol-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)methanol-->5-BROMO-2-ETHOXY-PYRIMIDINE-->1-BENZYL-2-IMIDAZOLECARBOXYLIC ACID-->(R)-(-)-Benzyl glycidyl ether-->Spermidine-->ETHYL 3-AMINOBENZOFURAN-2-CARBOXYLATE-->4-(TRIMETHYL-UREIDO)-BENZENESULFONYL CHLORIDE-->3-(3,5-DIMETHYL-PYRAZOL-1-YL)-PROPYLAMINE-->4-HYDROXY-2-METHYLPYRIMIDINE-->3-AMINO-2,2-DIMETHYL-1-PROPANOL-->4-BROMO-PYRAN-2-ONE-->3,5-DIMETHYL-3H-IMIDAZOLE-4-CARBOXYLIC ACID ETHYL ESTER-->N-METHYL-6-(1H-PYRAZOL-1-YL)NICOTINAMIDE-->7-METHYL-1,6-OCTADIENE-->CIS-9-TETRADECENYL ACETATE-->Sertaconazole nitrate-->Methyl 3-amino-4-methylthiophene-2-carboxylate-->2 , 4-BIS(BENZYLOXY)-5-BROMOPYRIMIDINE-->1-BOC-4-HYDROXY-4-(HYDROXYMETHYL)-PIPERIDINE-->ETHYL 4-METHOXY-3-OXO-BUTANOATE-->6-(1H-PYRAZOL-1-YL)NICOTINIC ACID-->Furo[2,3-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid, 3-amino-, ethyl ester (9CI)-->2,2-DIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANONE-->1-Benzyl-2-methyl-1H-imidazole-->Methyl cedryl ether-->Methyl 6-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-3-carboxylate-->3,5-Difluorophenylacetic acid-->TPTZ-->FLOSEQUINAN-->CROCONAZOLE-->Methyl nicotinoylacetate
Hazard InformationBack Directory
[General Description]

A silvery to whitish powder or slurry in oil. Used to make other chemicals.
[Reactivity Profile]

SODIUM HYDRIDE(7646-69-7) is a powerful reducing agent. Attacks SiO2 in glass. Ignites on contact with gaseous F2, Cl2, Br2, and I2 (the last at temperatures exceeding 100°C), especially in the presence of moisture, to form HF, HCl, HBr, and HI [Mellor 2:483 1946-47]. Reacts with sulfur to give Na2S and H2S [Bretherick 1979 p. 107]. Can react explosively with dimethyl sulfoxide [Chem. Eng. News 44(24):7 1966]. Reacts vigorously with acetylene, even at-60°C [Mellor 2:483 1946-47]. Spontaneously flammable in fluorine. Reaction with dimethylformamide, when heated, runs away [Chem. Eng. News, 1982, 60(28), 5]. Initiates a polymerization reaction in ethyl-2,2,3-trifluoropropionate such that the ester decomposed violently [Bretherick 5th ed. 1995]. Presence in the reaction of diethyl succinate and ethyl trifluoroacetate, has twice caused explosions [Chem. Brit., 1983, 19, 645].
[Air & Water Reactions]

Highly flammable. Ignites or explodes in contact with air of high humidity [Bretherick 1979 p. 107]. Reacts violently with water producing a caustic solution (NaOH) and hydrogen (H2). Heat of reaction may ignite the hydrogen.
[Hazard]

Dangerous fire risk, reacts violently with water evolving hydrogen. Irritant.
[Health Hazard]

SOLID: Will burn skin and eyes. Harmful if swallowed.
[Fire Hazard]

FLAMMABLE. MAY EXPLODE ON CONTACT WITH WATER. Accidental contact with water used to extinguish surrounding fire will result in the release of hydrogen gas and possible explosion.
Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)Back Directory
[msds information]

sodium hydride(7647-69-7).msds
Questions And AnswerBack Directory
[Physical properties]

Sodium hydride belongs to ionic crystals, salt compounds in which the hydrogen is negative monovalent ions. When heating, it is unstable, decomposition without melting, hydrolysis reaction of sodium hydride with water to prepare sodium hydroxide and hydrogen.
Pure sodium hydride is silver needle-like crystals, commercially available sodium hydride merchandise usually is subtle gray crystalline powder, the proportion of sodium hydride is 25% to 50% dispersed in oil. The relative density is 0.92. Sodium hydride is crystalline rock salt type structure (lattice constant a = 0.488nm), and as lithium hydride in ionic crystalline, hydrogen ion is existent in anion form. Heat of formation is 69.5kJ · mol-1, at the high temperature of 800 ℃, it decomposes into metallic sodium and hydrogen; decomposes explosively in water; reacts violently with lower alcohols;dissolves in molten sodium and molten sodium hydroxide; insoluble in liquid ammonia, benzene, carbon tetrachloride and carbon disulfide.
[Related chemical reaction]

Sodium hydride is a strong reducing agent, For example, titanium tetrachloride can reduced to metallic titanium at 400 ℃: TiCl4 == 4NaH + Ti + 4NaCl + 2H2.
At atmospheric pressure and heated to 425 ℃, it decomposes to generate hydrogen gas. And it can violently react with water, even causes a fire, and produces sodium hydroxide and hydrogen. It reacts with liquild ammonia to prepare amine salt (sodium amide) and hydrogen. NaH + NH3-(H2) → NaNH2 + H2.
At a high temperature, sodium hydride also reacts with halogen, sulfur vapor, sulfur dioxide and carbon dioxide. It is highly reductive, liberates the metal from metal oxides, metal chlorides.
TiCl4 + 4NaH → Ti + NaCl + 2H2.
Sodium hydride reacts with boron trifluoride to generate diborane.
2BF3 + 6NaH → B2H6 + 6NaF.
Sodium hydride is stable in dry air below 230 ℃, over this temperature it will burn into sodium oxide. If there is the presence of trace amounts of sodium, even at low temperatures it is also easy to fire. When firing, water and organic fire extinguishing agent must not be used.
[Uses]

Sodium hydride can be used for condensation and alkylation reaction and can be used as a polymerization catalyst, used for the manufacture of drug synthetic and used in fragrance industry, used for manufacturing boron hydrides, used as metal surface rust, reducing agents, condensing agent, desiccant and Clay Johnson's reagents.
Used as a condensing agent, an alkylating agent and a reducing agent, etc.
It is an important reductant for Pharmaceutical, perfumes, dyes, but also as a drying agent, an alkylating agent, etc.
[Preparation]

Sodium hydride is prepared by passing hydrogen gas into molten sodium metal dispersed in oil. Alternatively, the hydride can be made by passing hydrogen into sodium dispersed over the surface of an inert solid, such as, hydrocarbon above 200°C
2Na + H2 → 2NaH
[Flammability hazard characteristics]

Encountering Water or moist air to emit hydrogen and can be combustible
[Storage Characteristics]

Treasury ventilation low-temperature drying, stored separately from oxidants, halogens, strong acids.
Well-known Reagent Company Product InformationBack Directory
[Acros Organics]

Sodium hydride, dispersion in mineral oil, 75%(7646-69-7)
[Alfa Aesar]

Sodium hydride, 57-63% oil dispersion(7646-69-7)
[Sigma Aldrich]

7646-69-7(sigmaaldrich)
[TCI AMERICA]

Sodium Hydride  (60%, dispersion in Paraffin Liquid)(7646-69-7)
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