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Barium hydroxide

Description Chemical Properties Uses Production Methods References
Barium hydroxide
Barium hydroxide structure
Chemical Name:
Barium hydroxide
Ba(OH)2;Aetzbaryt;Chebi:32592;BARIUM HYDRATE;baryta hydrate;Bariumhydroxid;BARIUM HYDROXIDE;bariumdihydroxide;Barium dihydoxide;Barium(2+) hydroxide
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Barium hydroxide Properties

Melting point:
>300 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
decomposes at 1032 (calculated) [KNA91]
2.2 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
no odor
Water Solubility 
Soluble in water.
Air Sensitive & Hygroscopic
Stable. Incompatible with acids, carbon dioxide, moisture.
Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances
CAS DataBase Reference
17194-00-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
EWG's Food Scores
NIST Chemistry Reference
Barium dihydroxide(17194-00-2)
EPA Substance Registry System
Barium hydroxide (Ba(OH)2) (17194-00-2)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Signal word  Danger
Hazard statements  H318-H332-H314-H302
Precautionary statements  P260-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340+P310-P305+P351+P338-P301+P312+P330-P305+P351+P338+P310-P260h-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a
Hazard Codes  C,Xi,Xn
Risk Statements  36/37/38-34-20/22-36/38-41-35-22
Safety Statements  26-36/37/39-45-36/37
RIDADR  UN 3262 8/PG 2
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  CQ9200000
HazardClass  8
PackingGroup  III
Toxicity LD50 ipr-mus: 255 mg/kg GTPZAB 28(6),45,84
NFPA 704
3 0

Barium hydroxide price More Price(8)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 433373 Barium hydroxide technical grade, ~95% 17194-00-2 250g $41.2 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 433373 Barium hydroxide technical grade, ~95% 17194-00-2 1kg $96.8 2021-03-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar 012195 Barium hydroxide, anhydrous, 94-98% 17194-00-2 1kg $85.4 2021-03-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar 012195 Barium hydroxide, anhydrous, 94-98% 17194-00-2 50g $22.3 2021-03-22 Buy
Strem Chemicals 93-5616 Barium hydroxide, anhydrous, min. 95% 17194-00-2 100g $28 2021-03-22 Buy

Barium hydroxide Chemical Properties,Uses,Production


Barium hydroxide is a kind of barium base. It has many kinds of applications. It can be used as the precursor for the preparation of other barium compounds. Its monohydrate form can be used to dehydrate and remove sulfate in many products. In laboratory, it can be used in analytic chemistry for the titration assay of organic acid. In organic synthesis, it is a strong base used for the hydrolysis of esters and nitriles. It is also a useful catalyst of organic synthesis. Other applications also include acting as an interlayer between zinc oxide and a luminescent conjugated polymer for light-emitting diodes, extracting pure arabinoxylans from water-insoluble cell wall material of wheat flour, removing sulfate and metals from the water and acting as a selective precipitating agent for hemicelluloses.

Chemical Properties

barium hydroxide is a white or colorless, poisonous powder or crystalline substance, Ba(OH)2, used for example, in the saponification of fats and the fusing of silicates. Barium hydroxide forms a strong caustic base in aqueous solution. It has many uses, e.g., as a test for sulfides; in pesticides; in the manufacture of alkali and glass.
barium hydroxide, anhydrous
barium hydroxide, anhydrous. the commercially available preparation usually contains 92-95% of the monohydrate and is poisonous. barium hydroxide, monohydrate (barium monohydrate). a white, poisonous, slightly water-soluble, powder, Ba(OH)2.H2O; it is soluble in dilute acids. barium hydroxide, octahydrate is a poisonous white powder, Ba(OH)2.8H2O, that is soluble in water, ethanol, and ether; it absorbs CO2 from the atmosphere. It is used chiefly in organic preparations and analytical chemistry. barium hydroxide,pentahydrate. toxic white fakes, Ba(OH)2.5H2O; uses are the same as those of the octahydrate.


Barium hydroxide, especially the monohydrate, is used to produce organic barium compounds such as additives for oil and stabilizers for plastics. In addition, barium hydroxide is used for. dehydration and deacidification, especially for removing sulfuric acid from fats, oils, waxes, and glycerol. In some applications, e.g., removal of sulfate from water and as starting material for other barium compounds, barium hydroxide to some ex1ent replaces barium carbonate. The earlier use of the hydroxide in some countries forextracting the residual sucrose from molasses is no longer of much significance. The re- cent patent literature describes a procedure in which barium hydroxide is reacted with hydrogen peroxide to produce barium peroxide monohydrate.

Production Methods

The anhydrous hydroxide has only a secondary industrial importance; the monohydrate and octahydrate are used in industry on a far larger scale.
Barium hydroxide octahydrate is produced by hydration of barium oxide. The barium oxide is suspended in recycled mother lye and heated for several hoursto destroy peroxides. The insolubles, e.g., BaC03 , are separated, and the hydroxide is precipitated by crystallization at low temperatures in stainless steel vessels. The crystals are removed from the mother lye by centrifugation.
Another industrial method is based on the oxidation of a barium sulfide solution. Air is passed into the stirred solution containing barium hydroxide and barium hydrosulfide, the hydrolysis products of barium sulfide, until the hydrosulfide is oxidized to form polysulfide. Then the barium hydroxide octahydrate is crystallized atlow temperatures and separated with a centrifuge. The Polysulfide mother lye is partly recycled, the rest usually processed for other barium compounds.
The monohydrate is generally produced on a commercial scale by dehydration of the octahydrate in heated vacuum driers. A monohydrate of especially high reactivity is obtained with drum driers. This highly reactive monohydrate is particularly suitable for the production of oil additives.


[1]Wu, Mingmei, et al. "Hydrothermal Synthesis of Tetragonal Barium Titanate from Barium Hydroxide and Titanium Dioxide under Moderate Conditions." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 82.11 (2010):3254-3256.
[2]Meier, Hans, et al. "Barium Hydroxide as a Selective Precipitating Agent for Hemicelluloses." Acta Chemica Scandinavica 12.1(1958):144-146.
[3]Gruppen, H., R. J. Hamer, and A. G. J. Voragen. "Barium hydroxide as a tool to extract pure arabinoxylans from water- insoluble cell wall material of wheat flour." Journal of Cereal Science 13.3(1991):275-290.
[4]Li, Ping Lu, D. Kabra, and R. H. Friend. "Barium Hydroxide as an Interlayer Between Zinc Oxide and a Luminescent Conjugated Polymer for Light-Emitting Diodes." Advanced Functional Materials 22.19(2012):4165–4171.
[5]Bologo, V., J. P. Maree, and F. Carlsson. "Application of magnesium hydroxide and barium hydroxide for the removal of metals and sulphate from mine water." Water Sa 38.1(2012):23-28.
[6]Sinisterra, J. V., A. Fuentes, and J. M. Marinas. "Barium hydroxide as catalyst in organic reactions. 17. Interfacial solid- liquid Wittig-Horner reaction under sonochemical conditions." (1987).


Barium Hydroxide occurs as an anhydrate whose prismatic, colorless crystals are very deliquescent. Barium hydroxide can be prepared by dissolving barium oxide (BaO) in water:
BaO+ 9H2O→Ba(OH)2·8H2O
It crystallizes as the octahydrate, which converts to the monohydrate upon heating in air. Barium oxide has been found to react with water vapor at temperatures from 1443 to 1593 K to form gaseous Ba(OH)2 according to the reaction:
A better method of preparation involves addition of NaOH to the nitrate. Since barium hydroxide is fairly soluble, it is necessary to evaporate the solution to crystallize Ba(OH)2·8H2O. Ethanol is added to aid in this crystallization. The crystals are washed in cold ethanol to remove sodium ions and then dried.

Chemical Properties

Barium hydroxide,Ba(OH)2·8H20, is a white crystalline powder, colorless solid composed of monoclinic crystals. It has a melting point of 78°C and is soluble in water and insoluble in acetone. It is used in the fusion of silicates and fat saponification.

Physical properties

Monohydrate, Ba(OH)2?H2O is a white powder; density 3.743 g/cm3; slightly soluble in water; soluble in dilute mineral acids. Octahydrate, Ba(OH)2?8H2O is a colorless monoclinic crystal; density 2.18 g/cm3 at 16°C; refractive index 1.50; melts at 78°C; vapor pressure 227 torr; loses seven molecules of water of crystallization when its solution is boiled in the absence of atmospheric CO2 forming solid monohydrate; further heating produces anhydrous Ba(OH)2 melting at 407°C; readily dissolves in water (3.76 g/100 g at 20°C and 11.7 g/100 g at 50°C); aqueous solution highly alkaline; also soluble in methanol; slightly soluble in ethanol; insoluble in acetone.


Carbon dioxide absorbant.


Barium hydroxide is used in analytical chemistry to titrate weak acids, particularly organic acids. It forms clear aqueous solutions that are free from carbonate, unlike those of the alkali hydroxides, since barium carbonate is insoluble in water. This allows the use of indicators such as phenolphthalein or thymophthalein (with alkaline color changes) without the risk of titration errors due to the presence of weakly basic CO32- ions.Barium hydroxide is used in organic synthesis as a strong base, for example for the hydrolysis of esters and nitriles.It has been used to hydrolyze one of the two equivalent ester groups in dimethyl endecanedioate. It is also used in the preparation of cyclopentanone, diacetone alcohol and d-Gluonic g-lactone.
Barium hydroxide is used as an additive in thermoplastics (such as phenolic resins), rayon and PVC stabilizers to improve plastic properties. This material is used as a general-purpose additive for lubricants and greases. Other industrial applications for barium hydroxide include sugar fabrication, manufacturing soaps, fat saponification, fusing of silicates and chemical synthesis of other barium compounds and organic compounds.
Barium hydroxide is offered for sale both as the octahydrate and the monohydrate. It is available in large quantities commercially.


Barium hydroxide is made by dissolving barium oxide in hot water. The octahydrate, Ba(OH)2?8H2O, crystallizes upon cooling. It also is prepared by precipitation with caustic soda from an aqueous solution of barium sulfide:
BaS + 2NaOH → Ba(OH)2 + Na2S.


An acute poison; toxic symptoms are similar to other soluble salts of barium (see Barium).

Safety Profile

A poison by ingestion andintraperitoneal routes. Incompatible with chlorinated rubber.

Barium hydroxide Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Barium hydroxide Suppliers

Global( 194)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-66670886 China 20898 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 22607 55
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
027-59599243 CHINA 28229 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
027-59338440 CHINA 23035 58
Shenyang Xianchuang Chemical Co., Ltd.
+8615040101888 +86-024-23769576
024-23769576 China 152 58
86-18523575427 CHINA 47498 58
career henan chemical co
13203830695 0086-371-86658258
0086-371-86658258 CHINA 29864 58
Zhengzhou Alfa Chemical Co.,Ltd
+8613343822234 +86-0371-55052911;; China 12031 58
Hebei Mojin Biotechnology Co., Ltd
0086 15533627333 CHINA 1012 58
Hebei Yanxi Chemical Co., Ltd.
+8618633081222 CHINA 689 58

View Lastest Price from Barium hydroxide manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2021-12-01 Barium Hydroxide
US $2.60 / KG 1KG 99% 5000kg Hebei Crovell Biotech Co Ltd
2021-11-08 Barium hydroxide
US $10.00 / KG 1KG 99.9% 3000kg Wuhan wingroup Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd
2021-10-14 barium dihydroxide
US $50.00 / T 25KG 99.99% 20 tons Hebei Dongdu Import and Export Co. LTD

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