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카보닐 황화합물

카보닐 황화합물
카보닐 황화합물 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
463-58-1
한글명:
카보닐 황화합물
동의어(한글):
카보닐설파이드;카보닐황화합물;카보닐황화합물
상품명:
CARBONYL SULFIDE
동의어(영문):
COS;thioformin;Oxothioxocarbon;CARBONYL SULFIDE;Oxomethanethione;oxycarbonsulfide;Thioxo-methanone;CARBON OXYSULFIDE;Carbonyl sulphide;Oxycarbon sulfide
CBNumber:
CB4759009
분자식:
COS
포뮬러 무게:
60.08
MOL 파일:
463-58-1.mol

카보닐 황화합물 속성

녹는점
−138 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
−50 °C(lit.)
밀도
1.274; 2.4849
증기 밀도
2.1 (20 °C, vs air)
증기압
9034 mm Hg ( 21 °C)
굴절률
n 1.3785
물리적 상태
gas
폭발한계
11.9-29%
수용성
mL/100mL H2O: 133.3 (0°C), 56.1 (20°C), 40.3 (30°C) [LAN05]; slowly decomposes in H2O [COT88]; soluble alcohol [HAW93]
안정성
Stable. Corrosive to common metals when moisture is present. Reacts vigorously with oxidants. Flammable. Suck-back into cylinder may cause rupture.
InChIKey
JJWKPURADFRFRB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 F,Xn
위험 카페고리 넘버 11-20-36/37/38
안전지침서 16-26-38
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2204 2.3
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 FG6400000
위험 등급 2.3
독성 LD50 i.p. in rats: 22.5 mg/kg; LC50 by inhalation (mg/m3): 2940 in mice (35 min); 2650 in rats (4 h) (Bartholomaeus, Haritos)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H220 극인화성 가스 인화성 가스 구분 1 위험 P210, P377, P381, P403
H280 고압가스; 가열시 폭발할 수 있음 고압가스 압축가스
액화가스
용존 가스
경고 P410+P403
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H331 흡입하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 3 위험 P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
예방조치문구:
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P311 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P410+P403 직사광선을 피하고 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 보관하시오.

카보닐 황화합물 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

colourless gas with an unpleasant smell; cylinder

화학적 성질

Carbonyl sulfide is a colorless gas or cold liquid.

출처

Carbonyl sulfide, COS, is now recognized as a component of the atmosphere at a tropospheric concentration of approximately 500 parts per trillion by volume, corresponding to a global burden of about 2.4 million tons. It is, therefore, a significant sulfur species in the atmosphere. It is possible that the HO• radicalinitiated oxidation of COS and carbon disulfide (CS2) would yield 8-12 million tons as S in atmospheric sulfur dioxide per year. Though this is a small yield compared to pollution sources, the HO•-initiated process could account for much of the SO2 burden in the remote troposphere.
Both COS and CS2 are oxidized in the atmosphere by reactions initiated by the hydroxyl radical. The initial reactions are
HO• + COS ® CO2 + HS• (11.10.1)
HO• + CS2 ® COS + HS• (11.10.2)
These reactions with hydroxyl radical initiate oxidation processes that occur through a series of atmospheric chemical reactions. The sulfur-containing products that are initially formed as shown by Reactions 11.10.1 and 11.10.2 undergo further reactions to sulfur dioxide and, eventually, to sulfate species.

용도

carbonyl sulfide is use as a fumigant for durable commodities and structures was patented worldwide by Australia in 1992. It is effective on a wide range of pests, including the common stored product species at reasonable concentrations (less than 50 gm-3) and exposure times (1-5 days) . However, the egg stage of several insects showed tolerance to the fumigant. The other problems associated with the use of carbonyl sulfide include its high tainting odour on the treated products and reduction in the germination of seeds. Hydrogen sulphide, an impurity, present in fumigant product supply was reported to be responsible for the off-odour problem. Selective removal of hydrogen sulphide using absorbents like tertiary amine may solve the tainting issues with this fumigant.

용도

Grain fumigant.

정의

ChEBI: A one-carbon compound in which the carbon atom is attached to an oxygen and a sulfur atom via double bonds.

일반 설명

CARBONYL SULFIDE is a colorless, poisonous, flammable gas with a distinct sulfide odor. The gas is toxic and narcotic in low concentrations and presents a moderate fire hazard. Under prolonged exposure to fire or intense heat the container may rupture violently or rocket. CARBONYL SULFIDE is used in the synthesis of organic thio compounds.

공기와 물의 반응

Highly flammable.

반응 프로필

CARBONYL SULFIDE is expected to react with vigor with strong oxidants.

위험도

Narcotic in high concentrations. Flammable, explosive limits in air 12–28.5%. Central nervous system impairment.

건강위험

TOXIC; may be fatal if inhaled or absorbed through skin. Contact with gas or liquefied gas may cause burns, severe injury and/or frostbite. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control may cause pollution.

화재위험

Flammable; may be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. May form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors from liquefied gas are initially heavier than air and spread along ground. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Some of these materials may react violently with water. Cylinders exposed to fire may vent and release toxic and flammable gas through pressure relief devices. Containers may explode when heated. Ruptured cylinders may rocket. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.

Safety Profile

Poison by intraperitoneal route. Mildly toxic by inhalation. Narcotic in high concentration. An irritant. May liberate highly toxic hydrogen sulfide upon decomposition. A very dangerous fire hazard and moderate explosion hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, stop flow of gas or use CO2, dry chemical, or water spray. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of CO. See also CARBONYLS and SULFIDES.

잠재적 노출

Carbon oxysulfide is an excellent source of usable atomic sulfur, therefore, it can be used in various chemical syntheses, such as the production of episulfides, alkenylthiols, and vinylicthiols. It is also used to make viscose rayon. It is probable that the largest source of carbon oxysulfide is as a by-product from various organic syntheses and petrochemical processes. Carbon oxysulfide is always formed when carbon, oxygen, and sulfur, or their compounds, such as carbon monoxide; carbon disulfide, and sulfur dioxide, are brought together at high temperatures. Hence, carbon, oxysulfide is formed as an impurity in various types of manufactured gases and as a by-product in the manufacture of carbon disulfide. Carbon oxysulfide is also often present in refinery gases.

응급 처치

Gas: Move victim to fresh air. Call emergency medical care. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a oneway valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult. Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes. In case of contact with liquefied gas, thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. Keep victim warm and quiet. Keep victim under observation for 24 to 48 hours. Effects of contact or inhalation may be delayed. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves. Refrigerated liquid: Move victims to fresh air. Call emergency medical care. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult. Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes. In case of contact with liquefied gas, thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. Keep victim warm and quiet. Keep victim under observation. Effects of contact or inhalation may be delayed. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves

운송 방법

UN2204 Carbonyl sulfide, Hazard Class: 2.3; Labels: 2.3-Poisonous gas, 2.1-Flammable gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone C. It is a violation of transportation regulations to refill compressed gas cylinders without the express written permission of the owner. Cylinders must be transported in a secure upright position, in a well-ventilated truck. Protect cylinder and labels from physical damage. The owner of the compressed gas cylinder is the only entity allowed by federal law (49CFR) to transport and refill them. It is a violation of transportation regulations to refill compressed gas cylinders without the express written permission of the owner.

Purification Methods

Purify the gas by scrubbing it through three consecutive fritted washing flasks containing conc NaOH at 0o (to remove HCN), and then through conc H2SO4 (to remove CS2) followed by a mixture of NaN3 and NaOH solution; or passed through traps containing saturated aqueous lead acetate, then through a column of anhydrous CaSO4. Then it is freeze-pumped repeatedly and distilled through a trap packed with glass wool and cooled to -130o (using an n-pentane slurry). It liquefies at 0o/12.5mm. Use stainless steel containers. The gas is stored over conc H2SO4. [Glemser in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 654 1963.] TOXIC

비 호환성

Carbon oxysulfide can form explosive mixture with air. Incompatible with strong bases. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides.

폐기물 처리

Return refillable compressed gas cylinders to supplier. Dissolve in a combustible solvent, such as alcohol, benzene, etc. Burn in a furnace with afterburner and scrubber to remove SO2 .

카보닐 황화합물 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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