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캄파(인조)

캄파(인조)
캄파(인조) 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
76-22-2
한글명:
캄파(인조)
동의어(한글):
캄파(인조);캄파;캄포르;캠퍼
상품명:
Camphor
동의어(영문):
Camphor;camphre;Kampfer;lphanon;Formosa;Caladryl;Radian B;Alphanon;2-CAMPHOR;2-Kamfanon
CBNumber:
CB7159844
분자식:
C10H16O
포뮬러 무게:
152.23
MOL 파일:
76-22-2.mol

캄파(인조) 속성

녹는점
175-177 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
204 °C(lit.)
밀도
0.992
증기 밀도
5.2 (vs air)
증기압
4 mm Hg ( 70 °C)
굴절률
1.5462 (estimate)
FEMA
4513 | dl-CAMPHOR
인화점
148 °F
저장 조건
Store below +30°C.
용해도
Soluble in acetone, ethanol, diethylether, chloroform and acetic acid.
물리적 상태
neat
optical activity
[α]20/D +0.15 to -0.15°, c = 10% in ethanol
폭발한계
0.6-4.5%(V)
수용성
0.12 g/100 mL (25 ºC)
Merck
14,1732
JECFA Number
2199
BRN
1907611
Henry's Law Constant
(x 10-5 atm?m3/mol): 3.00 at 20 °C (approximate - calculated from water solubility and vapor pressure)
노출 한도
TLV-TWA 12 mg/m3 (2 ppm), STEL 18 mg/m3 (3 ppm) (ACGIH); IDLH 200 mg/m3 (NIOSH). .
안정성
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, metallic salts, combustible materials, organics.
InChIKey
DSSYKIVIOFKYAU-MHPPCMCBSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
76-22-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Camphor(76-22-2)
EPA
Camphor (76-22-2)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 F,Xn,Xi
위험 카페고리 넘버 11-22-36/37/38-20/21/22
안전지침서 16-26-37/39
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2717 4.1/PG 3
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 EX1225000
자연 발화 온도 870 °F
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 4.1
포장분류 III
HS 번호 29142910
유해 물질 데이터 76-22-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in mice: 1.3 g/kg (PB293505)
기존화학 물질 KE-34423
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Warning
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H228 인화성 고체 인화성 고체 구분 1
구분 2
위험
경고
P210, P240,P241, P280, P370+P378
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H317 알레르기성 피부 반응을 일으킬 수 있음 피부 과민성 물질 구분 1 경고 P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H360 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 생식독성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
H370 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴(노출되어도 특정 표적장기 독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로를 기재) 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H371 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음(노출되어도 특정 표적장기 독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로를 기재) 특정 표적장기 독성 - 2회 노출 구분 2 경고 P260, P264, P270, P309+P311, P405,P501
H373 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 2 경고 P260, P314, P501
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P202 모든 안전 조치 문구를 읽고 이해하기 전에는 취급하지 마시오.
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P240 용기와 수용설비를 접지 및 접합시키시오.
P241 폭발 방지용 장비[전기적/환기/조명/...]을(를) 사용하시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P270 이 제품을 사용할 때에는 먹거나, 마시거나 흡연하지 마시오.
P271 옥외 또는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에서만 취급하시오.
P272 작업장 밖으로 오염된 의복을 반출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P307+P311 노출된 경우,독성 물질 센터 또는 의사에게 전화하기
P370+P378 화재 시 불을 끄기 위해 (Section 5. 폭발, 화재시 대처방법의 적절한 소화제)을(를) 사용하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.
NFPA 704
2
2 0

캄파(인조) C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

용도

훈향,향장품,의류의방충제.

개요

Camphor was recorded in the ancient books of traditional Chinese medicine, such as Pin Hui Jing Yao, Ben Cao Gang Mu, and Sheng Lian Fang. There has been a long history for traditional Chinese medicine to use camphor.

화학적 성질

Both optical isomers are found widely in nature, with (+)-camphor being the more abundant. It is, for example, the main component of oils obtained from the camphor tree C. camphora. Camphor is produced by fractional distillation and crystallization of camphor oil or, synthetically, by dehydrogenation of isoborneol over a copper catalyst.
Due to its characteristic penetrating, slightly minty odor, camphor is only used in perfuming industrial products. It is far more important as a plasticizer.

화학적 성질

Camphor, C1oH160, also known as d-2-camphanone, Japan camphor, laurel camphor,Formosa camphor,and gumcamphor,is a terpene ketone. It is colourless solid with a characteristic odour that is obtained from the wood and bark of the camphor tree and is soluble in water and alcohol. It has two optically active forms (dextro and levo) and an optically inactive mixture (racemic) of these two forms. Camphor is used in pharmaceuticals,in disinfectants, in explosives,and to harden nitrocellulose plastics.

화학적 성질

Camphor is a colorless glassy solid. Penetrating, characteristic odor.

물리적 성질

Colorless to white, flammable granules, crystals or waxy semi-solid with a strong, penetrating, fragrant or aromatic odor. Odor threshold concentration is 0.27 ppm (quoted, Amoore and Hautala, 1983).

역사

The research and development process of camphor has gone through from the natural product extraction to the modern chemical drug synthesis. For a long time, the Chinese extracted camphor mainly from camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora), root bark of bodinier cinnamon, and Yunnan camphor tree. With the development of chemical industry, human beings started to use chemical synthesis methods to obtain a large amount of camphor. At present, the chemical synthesis process of camphor in China has been well developed. The synthetic camphor is divided into industrial and pharmaceutical grades. The industrial grade camphor has a content of up to 96% or higher, and the pharmaceutical grade camphor with high purity can meet the standard of pharmacopeia.

용도

dl-Camphor is used as a plasticizer for celluloseesters and ethers; in the manufacture ofplastics and cymene; in cosmetics, lacquers,medicine, explosives, and pyrotechnics; andas a moth repellent.

용도

Antipruritic.

용도

camphor (Cinnamomum camphora) is credited with anesthetic, antiinflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, cooling, and refreshing properties, and thought to be slightly stimulating to blood circulation and function. once absorbed by the subcutaneous tissue, it combines in the body with glucoronic acid and is released through the urine. Camphor is effective for oily and acne skin treatment, and has a scent similar to eucalyptus. In high concentrations, it can be an irritant and numb the peripheral sensory nerves. natural camphor is derived from an evergreen tree indigenous to Asia, although now its synthetic substitute is often used.

정의

A ketone occurring naturally in the wood of the cam- phor tree (Cinnamomum camphora).

정의

A naturally- occurring white organic compound with a characteristic penetrating odor. It is a cyclic compound and a ketone, formerly obtained from the wood of the camphor tree but now made synthetically. Camphor is used as a platicizer for celluloid and as an insecticide against clothes moths.

정의

camphor: A white crystalline cyclicketone, C10H16O; r.d. 0.99; m.p.179°C; b.p. 204°C. It was formerly obtainedfrom the wood of the Formosancamphor tree, but can now besynthesized. The compound has acharacteristic odour associated withits use in mothballs. It is a plasticizerin celluloid.

Indications

Camphor is a ketone which, when applied in 1% to 3% concentration, has mild antipruritic effects through its anesthetic and counterirritant properties. Counterirritants are substances that, by inducing other sensations such as coolness or warmth, ‘‘crowd out’’ the perception of pain or itch. Camphor is used in various OTC topical analgesic products in concentrations as high as 9%.

상표명

Anbesol;Cresophene;Dasin;Ddd;Endrine;Makatussin;Mentol sedans sulfamidad;Nasello;Resol;Root bark oil;Spirit of camphor;Tcp;Tetesept;Topic.

World Health Organization (WHO)

Camphor, an aromatic crystalline substance with mild local anaesthetic activity, is available in preparations for both external application and inhalation. The use of such preparations has precipitated convulsions in susceptible infants. This has led several regulatory authorities to require the inclusion of appropriate warnings on labelling.

Synthesis Reference(s)

The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 41, p. 3329, 1976 DOI: 10.1021/jo00882a030

일반 설명

A colorless or white colored crystalline powder with a strong mothball-like odor. About the same density as water. Emits flammable vapors above 150°F. Used to make moth proofings, pharmaceuticals, and flavorings.

공기와 물의 반응

Highly flammable. Slightly soluble in water.

반응 프로필

Naphthalene, Camphor, glycerol, or turpentine will react violently with chromic anhydride [Haz. Chem. Data 1967 p. 68].

위험도

Evolves flammable and explosive vapors when heated. Eye and upper respiratory tract irri- tant, and anosmia. Questionable carcinogen.

건강위험

Vapors of camphor can irritate the eyes, nose,and throat. In humans, such irritation may be felt at >3 ppm concentration. Prolongedexposure can cause headache, dizziness, andloss of sense of smell. Ingestion can causeheadache, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea,and at high dosages can lead to convulsion,dyspnea, and coma. High dosages can beharmful to gastrointestinal tracts, kidney,and brain.
LD50 value, intraperitoneal (mice): 3000mg/kg.

건강위험

Fire may produce irritating and/or toxic gases. Contact may cause burns to skin and eyes. Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Runoff from fire control may cause pollution.

화재위험

Flammable/combustible material. May be ignited by friction, heat, sparks or flames. Some may burn rapidly with flare burning effect. Powders, dusts, shavings, borings, turnings or cuttings may explode or burn with explosive violence. Substance may be transported in a molten form at a temperature that may be above its flash point. May re-ignite after fire is extinguished.

Pharmacology

Camphor is toxic to human. Overdose of camphor can cause irritability, drowsiness, muscle spasms, vomiting, convulsions, epilepsy, and other symptoms. The lethal dose of camphor is 50–500 mg/kg (oral administration). In general, 2 g of camphor can cause serious toxicity, and 4 g of camphor will produce fatal toxicity.
Camphor can cause a cold sensation similar to mint when applied to human skin. In addition, it has a slightly local anesthetic effect. It can act on the gastrointestinal mucosa to produce a certain degree of stimulating effect. An appropriate dose of camphor can make people feel warm and comfortable in the stomach, but high dose of camphor will cause nausea and vomiting reaction. The effect of camphor on the central nervous system is obvious. It can act on the motor area of cerebral cortex and brain stem to produce the epilepsy-like seizures.
It is generally believed that camphor may have some therapeutic effects on patients with acute heart failure or recurrent collapse. A low dose (50 mg) may treat mild heart fatigue and other illnesses. The oxidized camphor metabolite has a more obvious cardiotonic, hypertensive, and respiratory excitement effects.
Camphor can be absorbed by the body after oral administration easily through the mucous, subcutaneous, and muscle. The in vivo metabolism of camphor occurs mainly in the liver. It is firstly oxidized into camphorol and then goes through phase II metabolism to produce glucuronide conjugate with glucuronic acid. Finally, the vast majority of glucuronide conjugate is excreted from the urine.

Clinical Use

Camphor is mainly used for the treatment of pruritic skin diseases, fibrous tissue inflammation, neuralgia, and influenza.

Safety Profile

A human poison by ingestion and possibly other routes. An experimental poison by inhalation, subcutaneous, and intraperitoneal routes. A local irritant. Ingestion causes nausea, vomiting, dizziness, excitation, and convulsions. Mutation data reported. Used

잠재적 노출

Camphor, a natural product, is used as a plasticizer for cellulose esters and ethers; it is used in lacquers and varnishes; and in explosives and pyrotechnics formulations. It is used as a moth repellent and as a medicinal.

Carcinogenicity

Camphor was not teratogenic to rats or rabbits when administered orally during the fetal period of organogenesis at doses up to 1000mg/kg body weight (bw)/day or 681mg/kg bw/day, respectively.9 Signs of maternal toxicity included clonic convulsions, reduced motility, and reduced body weight gain in rats and reduced food consumption and body weight gain in rabbits.

Source

Major component in pine oil (quoted, Verschueren, 1983). Also present in a variety of rosemary shoots (330–3,290 ppm) (Soriano-Cano et al., 1993), anise-scented basil leaves (1,785 ppm) (Brophy et al., 1993), Iberian savory leaves (2,660 ppm) (Arrebola et al., 1994), African blue basil shoots (7,000 ppm), Greek sage (160–5,040 ppm), Montane Mountain mint (3,395–3,880 ppm), yarrow leaves (45–1,780 ppm), and coriander (100–1,300 ppm) (Duke, 1992).

운송 방법

UN2717 Camphor, synthetic, Hazard Class: 4.1; Labels: 4.1-Flammable solid. UN1130 camphor oil, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid

비 호환성

May form explosive mixture with air. Violent, possibly explosive, reaction with strong oxidizers, especially chromic anhydride, potassium permanganate. May accumulate static electrical charges, and may cause ignition of its vapors.

폐기물 처리

ncineration of a solution in a flammable solven.

캄파(인조) 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


캄파(인조) 공급 업체

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