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Camphor

Description Uses Dosage Interactions Side Effects Warning
Camphor
Camphor structure
CAS No.
76-22-2
Chemical Name:
Camphor
Synonyms
Camphor;camphre;Kampfer;lphanon;Formosa;Caladryl;Radian B;Alphanon;2-CAMPHOR;2-Kamfanon
CBNumber:
CB7159844
Molecular Formula:
C10H16O
Formula Weight:
152.23
MOL File:
76-22-2.mol

Camphor Properties

Melting point:
175-177 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
204 °C(lit.)
Density 
0.992
vapor density 
5.2 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
4 mm Hg ( 70 °C)
refractive index 
1.5462 (estimate)
FEMA 
4513 | dl-CAMPHOR
Flash point:
148 °F
storage temp. 
Store below +30°C.
solubility 
Soluble in acetone, ethanol, diethylether, chloroform and acetic acid.
form 
neat
optical activity
[α]20/D +0.15 to -0.15°, c = 10% in ethanol
explosive limit
0.6-4.5%(V)
Water Solubility 
0.12 g/100 mL (25 ºC)
Merck 
14,1732
JECFA Number
2199
BRN 
1907611
Henry's Law Constant
(x 10-5 atm?m3/mol): 3.00 at 20 °C (approximate - calculated from water solubility and vapor pressure)
Exposure limits
TLV-TWA 12 mg/m3 (2 ppm), STEL 18 mg/m3 (3 ppm) (ACGIH); IDLH 200 mg/m3 (NIOSH). .
Stability:
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, metallic salts, combustible materials, organics.
InChIKey
DSSYKIVIOFKYAU-MHPPCMCBSA-N
Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances
CAMPHOR
FDA 21 CFR
175.105; 310.545
CAS DataBase Reference
76-22-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
EWG's Food Scores
1-2
NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms
camphor
NIST Chemistry Reference
Camphor(76-22-2)
EPA Substance Registry System
Camphor (76-22-2)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Symbol(GHS) 
GHS02,GHS07,GHS08
Signal word  Warning
Hazard statements  H302-H315-H317-H319-H335-H360-H370-H373-H228-H302+H332-H371
Precautionary statements  P280g-P305+P351+P338-P501a-P201-P202-P240-P241-P264-P270-P271-P272-P280-P302+P352+P333+P313+P363-P304+P340+P312-P305+P351+P338+P337+P313-P307+P311-P403+P233-P405-P501-P210-P260-P301+P312+P330-P370+P378
Hazard Codes  F,Xn,Xi
Risk Statements  11-22-36/37/38-20/21/22
Safety Statements  16-26-37/39
RIDADR  UN 2717 4.1/PG 3
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  EX1225000
Autoignition Temperature 870 °F
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  4.1
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  29142910
Toxicity LD50 orally in mice: 1.3 g/kg (PB293505)
NFPA 704
2
2 0

Camphor price More Price(23)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 148075 Camphor 96% 76-22-2 100g $31.4 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 21293 (−)-Camphor analytical standard 76-22-2 1 g $58.6 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich CRM40393 (±)-Camphor solution certified reference material, 2000?μg/mL in methanol, ampule of 1?mL 76-22-2 1 mL $99 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 02070595 Camphor (dl) primary reference standard 76-22-2 100mg $126 2020-08-18 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1087508 Camphor United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard 76-22-2 1 g $366 2021-03-22 Buy

Camphor Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Description

Camphor is a white, waxy organic compound that is incorporated in lotions, ointments, and creams. Camphor is also an active ingredient that is integrated into a majority of over-the-counter medications for cold and cough relief. Camphor oil is obtained from camphor tree wood, where the extract is processed through steam distillation. It has a pungent odor and a strong taste, and it can be absorbed into the skin easily. Currently, synthetic camphor is extracted from turpentine, and it is considered safe for use as long as appropriate indications are upheld.

Uses

Camphor has a wide range of uses based on its anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, and anti-bacterial properties. It can be used for the treatment of certain skin conditions, enhance respiratory function and as a pain reliever.
Camphor may also be indicated for the treatment of low libido, muscle spasms, anxiety, depression, flatulence, and poor blood circulation, corns, symptoms of heart disease, cold sores, earaches, acne, and hair loss.
Camphor is considered effective for coughs, pain, skin irritation or itching relief, and osteoarthritis. However, there is insufficient evidence that reinforces its effectiveness as a treatment for hemorrhoids, warts, and low blood pressure and as a remedy for insect bites.

Dosage

The topical dose of camphor is 3-11% as an ointment. For skin irritation, itching and pain, 3-11% of the ointment should be applied to the skin 3-4times per day. For coughs and cold relief, a dense layer of 4.7-5.3% of Camphor ointment can be spread evenly onto the chest. For Osteoarthritis, a topical combination comprising 32mg/g of camphor, 50mg/g of chondroitin sulfate, and 30mg/g of glucosamine sulfate can be applied based on one’s requirements for about 8 weeks.
To relieve respiratory congestion through inhalation, 1 tablespoon of Camphor for every quart of water should be placed in a vaporizer 3 times per day. The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests that Camphor should not exceed 11% for topical products and disqualifies the oral use of camphor in children as it may result in toxicity and death.

Interactions

There are no known mild, moderate or severe drug interactions associated with Camphor. However, if a doctor or pharmacist suggests that one can use camphor while on certain medications, then they are aware of potential drug interactions and they could be putting the patient on observation. One should always notify their doctor or pharmacist if they have health concerns or questions related to camphor.

Side Effects

Common side effects associated with Camphor include skin irritation and redness, burning sensation in the throat and mouth, vomiting, nausea, Lip dryness, rashes, eczema, seizures, respiratory issues, toxicity, scalp issues and chest problems.
In pregnant or lactating mothers, camphor may result in physical and neurological damage to the developing fetus as it can be absorbed through the placenta. It can also be absorbed through the skin hence it can contaminate milk in lactating women. Camphor is considered exceptionally harmful for people with Parkinson’s disease as it interacts negatively with medications for Parkinson and it can result in high toxicity levels.

Warning

Cinnamomum camphora, Lodine and cemphire should not be prescribed to a person who is allergic to camphor or its constituent ingredients.
Camphor is safe when used appropriately hence one should confirm that its composition in camphor products does not exceed 11%. A skin patch test is highly recommended before application of camphor products onto the skin.
Camphor products should not be applied onto injured or broken skin as toxic levels of the product may be absorbed into the body. Camphor may also induce respiratory issues such as wheezing when inhaled.

Description

Camphor was recorded in the ancient books of traditional Chinese medicine, such as Pin Hui Jing Yao, Ben Cao Gang Mu, and Sheng Lian Fang. There has been a long history for traditional Chinese medicine to use camphor.

Chemical Properties

Both optical isomers are found widely in nature, with (+)-camphor being the more abundant. It is, for example, the main component of oils obtained from the camphor tree C. camphora. Camphor is produced by fractional distillation and crystallization of camphor oil or, synthetically, by dehydrogenation of isoborneol over a copper catalyst.
Due to its characteristic penetrating, slightly minty odor, camphor is only used in perfuming industrial products. It is far more important as a plasticizer.

Chemical Properties

Camphor, C1oH160, also known as d-2-camphanone, Japan camphor, laurel camphor,Formosa camphor,and gumcamphor,is a terpene ketone. It is colourless solid with a characteristic odour that is obtained from the wood and bark of the camphor tree and is soluble in water and alcohol. It has two optically active forms (dextro and levo) and an optically inactive mixture (racemic) of these two forms. Camphor is used in pharmaceuticals,in disinfectants, in explosives,and to harden nitrocellulose plastics.

Chemical Properties

Camphor is a colorless glassy solid. Penetrating, characteristic odor.

Physical properties

Colorless to white, flammable granules, crystals or waxy semi-solid with a strong, penetrating, fragrant or aromatic odor. Odor threshold concentration is 0.27 ppm (quoted, Amoore and Hautala, 1983).

History

The research and development process of camphor has gone through from the natural product extraction to the modern chemical drug synthesis. For a long time, the Chinese extracted camphor mainly from camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora), root bark of bodinier cinnamon, and Yunnan camphor tree. With the development of chemical industry, human beings started to use chemical synthesis methods to obtain a large amount of camphor. At present, the chemical synthesis process of camphor in China has been well developed. The synthetic camphor is divided into industrial and pharmaceutical grades. The industrial grade camphor has a content of up to 96% or higher, and the pharmaceutical grade camphor with high purity can meet the standard of pharmacopeia.

Uses

dl-Camphor is used as a plasticizer for celluloseesters and ethers; in the manufacture ofplastics and cymene; in cosmetics, lacquers,medicine, explosives, and pyrotechnics; andas a moth repellent.

Uses

Antipruritic.

Uses

camphor (Cinnamomum camphora) is credited with anesthetic, antiinflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, cooling, and refreshing properties, and thought to be slightly stimulating to blood circulation and function. once absorbed by the subcutaneous tissue, it combines in the body with glucoronic acid and is released through the urine. Camphor is effective for oily and acne skin treatment, and has a scent similar to eucalyptus. In high concentrations, it can be an irritant and numb the peripheral sensory nerves. natural camphor is derived from an evergreen tree indigenous to Asia, although now its synthetic substitute is often used.

Definition

A ketone occurring naturally in the wood of the cam- phor tree (Cinnamomum camphora).

Definition

A naturally- occurring white organic compound with a characteristic penetrating odor. It is a cyclic compound and a ketone, formerly obtained from the wood of the camphor tree but now made synthetically. Camphor is used as a platicizer for celluloid and as an insecticide against clothes moths.

Definition

camphor: A white crystalline cyclicketone, C10H16O; r.d. 0.99; m.p.179°C; b.p. 204°C. It was formerly obtainedfrom the wood of the Formosancamphor tree, but can now besynthesized. The compound has acharacteristic odour associated withits use in mothballs. It is a plasticizerin celluloid.

Indications

Camphor is a ketone which, when applied in 1% to 3% concentration, has mild antipruritic effects through its anesthetic and counterirritant properties. Counterirritants are substances that, by inducing other sensations such as coolness or warmth, ‘‘crowd out’’ the perception of pain or itch. Camphor is used in various OTC topical analgesic products in concentrations as high as 9%.

brand name

Anbesol;Cresophene;Dasin;Ddd;Endrine;Makatussin;Mentol sedans sulfamidad;Nasello;Resol;Root bark oil;Spirit of camphor;Tcp;Tetesept;Topic.

World Health Organization (WHO)

Camphor, an aromatic crystalline substance with mild local anaesthetic activity, is available in preparations for both external application and inhalation. The use of such preparations has precipitated convulsions in susceptible infants. This has led several regulatory authorities to require the inclusion of appropriate warnings on labelling.

Synthesis Reference(s)

The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 41, p. 3329, 1976 DOI: 10.1021/jo00882a030

General Description

A colorless or white colored crystalline powder with a strong mothball-like odor. About the same density as water. Emits flammable vapors above 150°F. Used to make moth proofings, pharmaceuticals, and flavorings.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Slightly soluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Naphthalene, Camphor, glycerol, or turpentine will react violently with chromic anhydride [Haz. Chem. Data 1967 p. 68].

Hazard

Evolves flammable and explosive vapors when heated. Eye and upper respiratory tract irri- tant, and anosmia. Questionable carcinogen.

Health Hazard

Vapors of camphor can irritate the eyes, nose,and throat. In humans, such irritation may be felt at >3 ppm concentration. Prolongedexposure can cause headache, dizziness, andloss of sense of smell. Ingestion can causeheadache, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea,and at high dosages can lead to convulsion,dyspnea, and coma. High dosages can beharmful to gastrointestinal tracts, kidney,and brain.
LD50 value, intraperitoneal (mice): 3000mg/kg.

Health Hazard

Fire may produce irritating and/or toxic gases. Contact may cause burns to skin and eyes. Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Runoff from fire control may cause pollution.

Fire Hazard

Flammable/combustible material. May be ignited by friction, heat, sparks or flames. Some may burn rapidly with flare burning effect. Powders, dusts, shavings, borings, turnings or cuttings may explode or burn with explosive violence. Substance may be transported in a molten form at a temperature that may be above its flash point. May re-ignite after fire is extinguished.

Pharmacology

Camphor is toxic to human. Overdose of camphor can cause irritability, drowsiness, muscle spasms, vomiting, convulsions, epilepsy, and other symptoms. The lethal dose of camphor is 50–500 mg/kg (oral administration). In general, 2 g of camphor can cause serious toxicity, and 4 g of camphor will produce fatal toxicity.
Camphor can cause a cold sensation similar to mint when applied to human skin. In addition, it has a slightly local anesthetic effect. It can act on the gastrointestinal mucosa to produce a certain degree of stimulating effect. An appropriate dose of camphor can make people feel warm and comfortable in the stomach, but high dose of camphor will cause nausea and vomiting reaction. The effect of camphor on the central nervous system is obvious. It can act on the motor area of cerebral cortex and brain stem to produce the epilepsy-like seizures.
It is generally believed that camphor may have some therapeutic effects on patients with acute heart failure or recurrent collapse. A low dose (50 mg) may treat mild heart fatigue and other illnesses. The oxidized camphor metabolite has a more obvious cardiotonic, hypertensive, and respiratory excitement effects.
Camphor can be absorbed by the body after oral administration easily through the mucous, subcutaneous, and muscle. The in vivo metabolism of camphor occurs mainly in the liver. It is firstly oxidized into camphorol and then goes through phase II metabolism to produce glucuronide conjugate with glucuronic acid. Finally, the vast majority of glucuronide conjugate is excreted from the urine.

Clinical Use

Camphor is mainly used for the treatment of pruritic skin diseases, fibrous tissue inflammation, neuralgia, and influenza.

Safety Profile

A human poison by ingestion and possibly other routes. An experimental poison by inhalation, subcutaneous, and intraperitoneal routes. A local irritant. Ingestion causes nausea, vomiting, dizziness, excitation, and convulsions. Mutation data reported. Used

Potential Exposure

Camphor, a natural product, is used as a plasticizer for cellulose esters and ethers; it is used in lacquers and varnishes; and in explosives and pyrotechnics formulations. It is used as a moth repellent and as a medicinal.

Carcinogenicity

Camphor was not teratogenic to rats or rabbits when administered orally during the fetal period of organogenesis at doses up to 1000mg/kg body weight (bw)/day or 681mg/kg bw/day, respectively.9 Signs of maternal toxicity included clonic convulsions, reduced motility, and reduced body weight gain in rats and reduced food consumption and body weight gain in rabbits.

Source

Major component in pine oil (quoted, Verschueren, 1983). Also present in a variety of rosemary shoots (330–3,290 ppm) (Soriano-Cano et al., 1993), anise-scented basil leaves (1,785 ppm) (Brophy et al., 1993), Iberian savory leaves (2,660 ppm) (Arrebola et al., 1994), African blue basil shoots (7,000 ppm), Greek sage (160–5,040 ppm), Montane Mountain mint (3,395–3,880 ppm), yarrow leaves (45–1,780 ppm), and coriander (100–1,300 ppm) (Duke, 1992).

Shipping

UN2717 Camphor, synthetic, Hazard Class: 4.1; Labels: 4.1-Flammable solid. UN1130 camphor oil, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid

Incompatibilities

May form explosive mixture with air. Violent, possibly explosive, reaction with strong oxidizers, especially chromic anhydride, potassium permanganate. May accumulate static electrical charges, and may cause ignition of its vapors.

Waste Disposal

ncineration of a solution in a flammable solven.

Camphor Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Camphor Suppliers

Global( 351)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 22607 55
Hangzhou FandaChem Co.,Ltd.
008615858145714
+86-571-56059825 fandachem@gmail.com CHINA 8882 55
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
86-0551-65418684 18949823763
86-0551-65418684 info@tnjchem.com China 3001 55
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258
sales@coreychem.com CHINA 29961 58
Chengdu GLP biotechnology Co Ltd
13350802083 028-87075086
scglp@glp-china.com CHINA 1824 58
SHANDONG ZHI SHANG CHEMICAL CO.LTD
+86 18953170293
+86 0531-67809011 sales@sdzschem.com CHINA 2858 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-18871470254
027-59599243 linda@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 28229 58
Hebei Jimi Trading Co., Ltd.
+86 319 5273535
bestoneforyou@sina.com CHINA 292 58
Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
+8619930503282
sales3@crovellbio.com China 5429 58
Chongqing Chemdad Co.,Ltd
+86-19923101450
sales@chemdad.com CHINA 4000 58

View Lastest Price from Camphor manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2021-10-21 Camphor
76-22-2
US $1.00-100.00 / KG 0.5KG >99% 20tons Anhui Rencheng Technology Co., Ltd
2021-10-20 Camphor
76-22-2
US $10.00 / KG 100g 99% 1000MT/Month Wuhan wingroup Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd
2021-10-19 Camphor
76-22-2
US $50.00 / ASSAYS 1ASSAYS 99% 500ton Shanghai Yunao International Trade Co., Ltd

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