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PROPANE Suppliers list
Company Name: Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
Tel: +86-371-55531817
Products Intro: Product Name:PROPANE
Purity:99% Package:100g,500g,1kg,5kg,10kg
Company Name: Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
Tel: 0371-55170693
Products Intro: CAS:74-98-6
Purity:99% Package:500G;1KG;5KG;25KG
Company Name: Mainchem Co., Ltd.
Tel: +86-0592-6210733
Products Intro: Product Name:PROPANE
Company Name: Fluoropharm Co., Ltd.
Tel: +86 0571-85586753 +8613336034509
Products Intro: Product Name:Propane
Purity:98% Package:100g;1kg;5kg;25kg
Company Name: Energy Chemical  
Tel: 021-58432009 / 400-005-6266
Products Intro: Product Name:Propane
Purity:98% Package:300G
PROPANE Basic information
Product Name:PROPANE
Synonyms:HC290;HC-290;Hydrocarbon propellant;hydrocarbonpropellanta-108;Liquefied petroleum gas;Lpg;normalpropane;n-Propane
Product Categories:refrigerants;Organics;Burners;Labware;Chemical Synthesis;Compressed and Liquefied Gases;Synthetic Reagents;Chemical Synthesis;Specialty Gases;Synthetic Reagents
Mol File:74-98-6.mol
PROPANE Structure
PROPANE Chemical Properties
Melting point -188 °C(lit.)
Boiling point -42.1 °C(lit.)
density 0.564 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)
vapor density 1.5 (vs air)
vapor pressure 190 psi ( 37.7 °C)
refractive index 1.2861
Fp -104 °C
storage temp. -20°C
form liquid
explosive limit9.5%
Merck 13,7891
BRN 1730718
Stability:Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. Highly flammable. May form explosive mixtures with air.
CAS DataBase Reference74-98-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
Safety Information
Hazard Codes F+
Risk Statements 12
Safety Statements 9-16
RIDADR UN 1978 2.1
WGK Germany -
RTECS TX2275000
Autoignition Temperature842 °F
HazardClass 2.1
MSDS Information
SigmaAldrich English
PROPANE Usage And Synthesis
DescriptionPropane is colourless and odourless, with a mercaptan odour. Like all fossil fuels, propane is a non-renewable energy source. Propane is a gas derived from natural gas and petroleum. It is found mixed with natural gas and petroleum deposits. Propane is called a ‘fossil fuel’ because it was formed millions of years ago from the remains of tiny sea animals and plants. Propane is a clean-burning, versatile fuel. It is used by nearly everyone, in homes, on farms, by business, and in industry mostly for producing heat and operating equipment. Propane is one of the many fossil fuels included in the liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) family. Because propane is the type of LPG most commonly used in the United States, propane and LPG are often used synonymously. Butane is another LPG often used in lighters.
Chemical Propertiescolourless odourless gas (a small amount
Chemical PropertiesPropane is released to the living environment from automobile exhausts, burning furnaces, natural gas sources, and during combustion of polyethylene and phenolic resins. Propane is both highly inflammable and explosive and needs proper care and management of workplaces. Its use in industry includes as a source for fuel and propellant for aerosols. Occupational workers exposed to liquefi ed propane have demonstrated skin burns and frostbite. Propane also causes depression effects on the CNS.
Chemical PropertiesPropane is a colorless gas that is odorless when pure (a foul-smelling odorant is often added)
UsesAs fuel gas, sometimes mixed with butane. In organic syntheses. As refrigerant.
General DescriptionA colorless gas with a faint petroleum-like odor. PROPANE is shipped as a liquefied gas under its vapor pressure. For transportation PROPANE may be stenched. Contact with the unconfined liquid can cause frostbite by evaporative cooling. Easily ignited. The vapors are heavier than air and a flame can flash back to the source of leak very easily. The leak may be either a liquid or vapor leak. The vapors can asphyxiate by the displacement of air. Under prolonged exposure to fire or heat the containers may rupture violently and rocket.
Air & Water ReactionsHighly flammable.
Reactivity ProfilePROPANE is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
HazardAsphyxiant. Flammable, dangerous fire risk, explosive limits in air 2.4–9.5%. For storage, see butane (note).
Health HazardVaporizing liquid may cause frostbite. Concentrations in air greater than 10% cause dizziness in a few minutes. 1% concentrations give the same effect in 10 min. High concentrations cause asphyxiation.
Fire HazardBehavior in Fire: Containers may explode. Vapor is heavier than air and may travel a long distance to a source of ignition and flash back.
Safety ProfileCentral nervous system effects at high concentrations. An asphyxiant. Flammable gas. Highly dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame; can react vigorously with oxidizers. Explosive in the form of vapor when exposed to heat or flame. Explosive reaction with ClO2. Violent exothermic reaction with barium peroxide + heat. To fight fire, stop flow of gas. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.
Potential ExposureFlammable gas. May form explosive mixture with air. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explo- sions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides. Liquid attacks some plas- tics, rubber and coatings.
First aidIf this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, includ- ing resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medi- cal attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit. If frostbite has occurred, seek medical attention immediately; do NOT rub the affected areas or flush them with water. In order to prevent further tissue damage, do NOT attempt to remove frozen clothing from frostbitten areas. If frostbite has NOT occurred, immediately and thoroughly wash contaminated skin with soap and water.
ShippingUN1978 Propane, Hazard Class: 2.1; Labels: 2.1-Flammable gas. UN1075 Petroleum gases, liquefied or Liquefied petroleum gas, Hazard Class: 2.1; Labels: 2.1-Flammable gas. Cylinders must be transported in a secure upright position, in a well-ventilated truck. Protect cylinder and labels from physical damage. The owner of the compressed gas cylinder is the only entity allowed by federal law (49CFR) to transport and refill them. It is a violation of transportation regulations to refill compressed gas cylinders without the express written permission of the owner.
Purification MethodsPurify propane by bromination of the olefinic contaminants. Propane is treated with bromine for 30minutes at 0o. Unreacted bromine is quenched, and the propane is distilled through two -78o traps and collected at -196o [Skell et al. J Am Chem Soc 108 6300 1986]. It autoignites at 450o and the flash point is -104o. It is highly FLAMMABLE and is available in metal cylinders. [Beilstein 1 H 103, 1 I 33, 1 II 71, 1 III 204, 1 IV 175.]
Waste DisposalReturn refillable compressed gas cylinders to supplier. Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.
Tag:PROPANE(74-98-6) Related Product Information
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