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544-63-8

544-63-8 Structure

544-63-8 Structure
IdentificationMore
[Name]

Myristic acid
[CAS]

544-63-8
[Synonyms]

1-tridecanecarboxylic acid
C14:0 ACID
CARBOXYLIC ACID C14
FEMA 2764
MYRISTIC ACID
N-TETRADECANOIC ACID
RARECHEM AL BO 0367
TETRADECANOIC ACID
TETRADECYLIC ACID
acidemyristique
acidetetradecanoique
Crodacid
EdenorC14
Emery 654
Emery 655
emery655
Hydrofol acid 1495
hydrofolacid1495
Hystrene 9014
Hystrene 9514
[EINECS(EC#)]

208-875-2
[Molecular Formula]

C14H28O2
[MDL Number]

MFCD00002744
[Molecular Weight]

228.37
[MOL File]

544-63-8.mol
Chemical PropertiesBack Directory
[Appearance]

white solid
[mp ]

52-54 °C(lit.)
[bp ]

250 °C100 mm Hg(lit.)
[density ]

0.862
[FEMA ]

2764
[Fp ]

>230 °F
[storage temp. ]

−20°C
[Stability:]

Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, bases.
[Water Solubility ]

<0.1 g/100 mL at 18 ºC
[Merck ]

14,6333
[BRN ]

508624
[Uses]

Myristic Acid is a fatty acid obtained from coconut oil and other fats. it has poor water solubility but is soluble in alcohol, chloro- form, and ether. it is used as a lubricant, binder, and defoaming agent.
[Uses]

myristic acid is a surfactant and cleansing agent. When combined with potassium, myristic acid soap provides very good, abundant lather. This is a solid organic acid naturally occurring in butter acids such as nutmeg, oil of lovage, coconut oil, mace oil, and most animal and vegetable fats. Although some sources cite it as having no irritation potential, they do indicate comedogenicity potential.
[CAS DataBase Reference]

544-63-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
[NIST Chemistry Reference]

Tetradecanoic acid(544-63-8)
[EPA Substance Registry System]

544-63-8(EPA Substance)
Safety DataBack Directory
[Risk Statements ]

R36/37/38:Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin .
[Safety Statements ]

S24/25:Avoid contact with skin and eyes .
[WGK Germany ]

-
[RTECS ]

QH4375000
[HS Code ]

29159080
[Safety Profile]

Poison by intravenous route. Mutation data reported. An eye and human skin irritant. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.
[Hazardous Substances Data]

544-63-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
Raw materials And Preparation ProductsBack Directory
[Raw materials]

Coconut oil-->Metaclazepam-->FATTY ACID MIXTURE-->PALM KERNEL OIL-->7-ETHYL-2-METHYL-4-UNDECANOL
[Preparation Products]

alkoxy ethanolamido sulfosuccinate sodium salt-->FEMA 2763-->Orris oil-->1-Tetradecanol-->ETHOXYLATEDMONO-ANDDI-GLYCERIDES-->Ethyl myristate-->Isopropyl myristate -->METHYL MYRISTATE
Hazard InformationBack Directory
[General Description]

Oily white crystalline solid.
[Reactivity Profile]

TETRADECANOIC ACID(544-63-8) is a carboxylic acid. Carboxylic acids donate hydrogen ions if a base is present to accept them. They react in this way with all bases, both organic (for example, the amines) and inorganic. Their reactions with bases, called "neutralizations", are accompanied by the evolution of substantial amounts of heat. Neutralization between an acid and a base produces water plus a salt. Carboxylic acids with six or fewer carbon atoms are freely or moderately soluble in water; those with more than six carbons are slightly soluble in water. Soluble carboxylic acid dissociate to an extent in water to yield hydrogen ions. The pH of solutions of carboxylic acids is therefore less than 7.0. Many insoluble carboxylic acids react rapidly with aqueous solutions containing a chemical base and dissolve as the neutralization generates a soluble salt. Carboxylic acids in aqueous solution and liquid or molten carboxylic acids can react with active metals to form gaseous hydrogen and a metal salt. Such reactions occur in principle for solid carboxylic acids as well, but are slow if the solid acid remains dry. Even "insoluble" carboxylic acids may absorb enough water from the air and dissolve sufficiently in TETRADECANOIC ACID(544-63-8) to corrode or dissolve iron, steel, and aluminum parts and containers. Carboxylic acids, like other acids, react with cyanide salts to generate gaseous hydrogen cyanide. The reaction is slower for dry, solid carboxylic acids. Insoluble carboxylic acids react with solutions of cyanides to cause the release of gaseous hydrogen cyanide. Flammable and/or toxic gases and heat are generated by the reaction of carboxylic acids with diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, and sulfides. Carboxylic acids, especially in aqueous solution, also react with sulfites, nitrites, thiosulfates (to give H2S and SO3), dithionites (SO2), to generate flammable and/or toxic gases and heat. Their reaction with carbonates and bicarbonates generates a harmless gas (carbon dioxide) but still heat. Like other organic compounds, carboxylic acids can be oxidized by strong oxidizing agents and reduced by strong reducing agents. These reactions generate heat. A wide variety of products is possible. Like other acids, carboxylic acids may initiate polymerization reactions; like other acids, they often catalyze (increase the rate of) chemical reactions.
[Air & Water Reactions]

Insoluble in water.
[Fire Hazard]

This chemical is probably combustible.
Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)Back Directory
[msds information]

1-Tridecanecarboxylic acid(544-63-8).msds
Questions And AnswerBack Directory
[Chemical properties]

It appears as white to yellowish white solid, sometimes appearing as shiny crystalline solid, or white to yellowish white powder. It has a relative density of 0.8739 (80 ℃), melting point of 54.5 ℃ and the boiling point of 326.2 ℃. Its refractive index (nD60) is 1.4310. It is not soluble in water but soluble in ethanol, ether and chloroform.
Myristin contains about 70% to 80% while other kinds of coconut oil, palm kernel oil also contain it.
[Application]

  • It can be used as a chemical agent, also for the synthesis of spices and organic matter
  • It can be used in the manufacture of emulsifiers, waterproofing agents, curing agents, PVC heat stabilizers and plasticizers, and also used as the raw materials of spices and pharmaceutical.
  • It is mainly used as raw materials for the production of surfactants for the production of sorbitan fatty acid esters, glycerol fatty acid esters, ethylene glycol or propylene glycol fatty acid esters. It can also be used for the production of isopropyl myristate and so on. It can also be used for defoamers and flavoring agent. According to the provision of China GB2760-89, it can be used to prepare a variety of food spices.
[Preparation]

To prepare the myristic acid, the methyl ester of the mixed fatty acids or mixed fatty acid methyl ester obtained from the coconut oil or palm kernel oil is subject to vacuum fractionation, obtaining myristic acid. For laboratory preparation, glycerol tris (tetradecanoate) is subject to saponification with 10% sodium hydroxide solution, further being acidified with hydrochloric acid to obtain the free myristic acid. It can also be made from tetradecanol.
[Toxicity]

Natural fatty acids, non-toxic
Can be safely used for food (FDA, § 172.860; 2000).
LD50:43 mg/kg (mouse, transdermal).
[Use limit]

FEMA (mg/kg): soft drinks 5.3, cold drinks 2.6~10, candy 4.1, baked goods 5.3, pudding class 0.10.
Spectrum DetailBack Directory
[Spectrum Detail]

Myristic acid(544-63-8) 13C NMR
Myristic acid(544-63-8) MS
Myristic acid(544-63-8) Raman
Myristic acid(544-63-8) IR3
Myristic acid(544-63-8) IR1
Myristic acid(544-63-8) IR2
Well-known Reagent Company Product InformationBack Directory
[Acros Organics]

Myristic acid, 99.5+%(544-63-8)
[Alfa Aesar]

Tetradecanoic acid, 98%(544-63-8)
[Sigma Aldrich]

544-63-8(sigmaaldrich)
[TCI AMERICA]

Myristic Acid,>97.0%(GC)(544-63-8)
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