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75-31-0

75-31-0 Structure

75-31-0 Structure
IdentificationMore
[Name]

Isopropylamine
[CAS]

75-31-0
[Synonyms]

2-AMINOPROPANE
2-Propanamine
ISOPROPYLAMINE
MIPA
MIPA-70
MONOISOPROPYLAMINE
sec-propylamine
1-Methylethylamine
2-Amino-propaan
2-Aminopropan
2-amino-propan
2-amino-propana
2-Amino-propano
2-propaneamine
2-Propylamine
iso-C3H7NH2
Isopropilamina
Isopropylamin
iso-Propylamine gas
isopropylamine(2-aminopropane)
[EINECS(EC#)]

200-860-9
[Molecular Formula]

C3H9N
[MDL Number]

MFCD00008082
[Molecular Weight]

59.11
[MOL File]

75-31-0.mol
Chemical PropertiesBack Directory
[Appearance]

colourless liquid
[Melting point ]

-101 °C
[Boiling point ]

32-35 °C 33-34 °C (lit.)
[density ]

0.69
[vapor density ]

2.04 (vs air)
[vapor pressure ]

9.2 psi ( 20 °C)
[FEMA ]

4238
[refractive index ]

n20/D 1.374(lit.)
[Fp ]

−26 °F
[storage temp. ]

2-8°C
[solubility ]

1000g/l
[pka]

10.63(at 25℃)
[form ]

Crystalline Powder, Needles or Crystals
[color ]

APHA: ≤50
[Stability:]

Stable. Extremely flammable-note low boiling point and low flash point. Readily forms explosive mixtures with air. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, acids, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides, perchloryl fluoride.
[Odor]

Strong ammoniacal; pungent, irritating, typical amine.
[PH]

13 (700g/l, H2O, 20℃)
[explosive limit]

2-10.4%(V)
[Odor Threshold]

0.025ppm
[Water Solubility ]

soluble
[Sensitive ]

Air Sensitive
[Merck ]

14,5209
[JECFA Number]

1581
[BRN ]

605259
[Exposure limits]

TLV-TWA 5 ppm (~12 mg/m3) (ACGIH, MSHA, and OSHA); TLV-STEL 10 ppm(~24 mg/m3) (ACGIH); IDLH 4000 ppm (NIOSH).
[Uses]

Solvent, intermediate in synthesis of rubber accelerators, pharmaceuticals, dyes, insecticides, bactericides, textile specialties, and surface-active agents, dehairing agent, solubilizer for 2,4-D acid.
[CAS DataBase Reference]

75-31-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
[NIST Chemistry Reference]

2-Propanamine(75-31-0)
[EPA Substance Registry System]

75-31-0(EPA Substance)
Safety DataBack Directory
[Hazard Codes ]

F+,Xi
[Risk Statements ]

R12:Extremely Flammable.
R36/37/38:Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin .
[Safety Statements ]

S16:Keep away from sources of ignition-No smoking .
S26:In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice .
S29:Do not empty into drains .
[RIDADR ]

UN 1221 3/PG 1
[WGK Germany ]

1
[RTECS ]

NT8400000
[F ]

34
[Autoignition Temperature]

755 °F
[TSCA ]

Yes
[HazardClass ]

3
[PackingGroup ]

I
[HS Code ]

29211920
[Hazardous Substances Data]

75-31-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
[Toxicity]

LD50 orally in rats: 820 mg/kg (Smyth)
[IDLA]

750 ppm
Raw materials And Preparation ProductsBack Directory
[Raw materials]

Acetone-->Ammonia-->Isopropyl alcohol-->Diisopropylamine-->Barium hydroxide-->KAOLIN-->RANEY NICKEL
[Preparation Products]

Diisopropylamine-->N-Isopropylacrylamide-->(-)-2-BETA-CARBOMETHOXY-3-BETA-(4-FLUOROPHENYL)TROPANE-->Buprofezin-->Bentazone-->N-(2-METHOXYETHYL)METHYLAMINE-->ISOFENPHOS-METHYL-->Lorcainide-->1-ISOPROPYL-5-HYDROXYPYRAZOL-->3-MORPHOLIN-4-YL-PROPIONIC ACID-->Prometryn-->Iprodione-->Atrazine-->ISOFENPHOS-->8-isopropyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl endo-(±)-formylphenylacetate-->2-BROMO-3-FORMYLPYRIDINE-->Ametryn-->Fenamiphos-->U-47319-->Befunolol-->N-ISOPROPYLNORTROPINYL A HYDROXYMETHYL)PHENYLACETATE-->N-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-isopropylpiperidin-4-amine-->4-(BROMOMETHYL)-N-(L-METHYLETHYL)BENZAMIDE-->1-Isopropyl-4-piperidone-->DIPROPETRYN-->Propyl isocyanate-->4-(4-(Chlorophenyl)imino)-1-isopropyl piperidine-->Clorprenaline-->AMIPROFOS METHYL-->N-T-BUTYL-N'-ISOPROPYLTHIOUREA-->CARAZOLOL HCL-->Orciprenaline-->3-ISOPROPYLAMINO-PROPIONIC ACID ETHYL ESTER X HCL >98%-->Pindolol-->Solvent Blue 36-->1-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-[(1-methylethyl)amino]ethan-1-one-->Nilutamide
Hazard InformationBack Directory
[General Description]

A clear colorless liquid with an ammonia-like odor. Flash point-35°F. Boiling point 90°F. Less dense than water Vapors heavier than air. Produces toxic oxides of nitrogen during combustion. Used as a solvent and to make other chemicals.
[Reactivity Profile]

ISOPROPYLAMINE(75-31-0) is a colorless, alkaline liquid, very volatile, moderately toxic, highly flammable. Dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, sparks, or strong oxidizers. When heated to decomposition ISOPROPYLAMINE(75-31-0) emits toxic fumes of oxides of nitrogen [M. K.]. A mixture of ISOPROPYLAMINE(75-31-0) and perchloryl fluoride resulted in an uncontrolled oxidation and/or explosion, [J. Org. Chem., 1980, 45, 4036]. The reaction of 1-chloro-2,3-epoxypropane and the amine and most probably other nitrogen bases, yields a violent exotherm, [Chem. & Ind., 1971, 994].
[Air & Water Reactions]

Highly flammable. Water soluble.
[Hazard]

Highly flammable, dangerous fire risk. Strong irritant to tissue.
[Health Hazard]

Inhalation causes nose and throat irritation, severe coughing, and chest pain due to irritation of air passages; can cause lung edema and loss of consciousness. Ingestion causes nausea, salivation and severe irritation of mouth and stomach. Contact with eyes causes severe irritation and possible edema of the cornea. Contact with skin causes severe irritation.
[Description]

Isopropylamine (propan-2-amine, IUPAC) is a colorless, volatile liquid. It is highly flammable, with a flammable range of 2%–10.4% in air. Boiling point is 93°F (33°C), flash point is ?15°F (?26°C), and ignition temperature is 756°F (402°C).
It is miscible with water, with a specific gravity of 0.69, which is lighter than water. Vapor density is 2.04, which is heavier than air. In addition to flammability, isopropylamine is a strong irritant to tissue and has a TLV of 5 ppm in air. The four-digit UN identification number is 1221. The NFPA 704 designation for isopropylamine is health 3, flammability 4, and reactivity 0. Primary uses for isopropylamine are pharmaceuticals, dyes, insecticides, and as a dehairing agent.
[Chemical Properties]

Isopropylamine is a colorless, flammable liquid. Isopropylamine is miscible with water, alcohol, and ether.The odor threshold reportedly ranges from 0.21 to 0.70 ppm; the pungent, ammoniacal odor becomes irritating at 24mg/m3 (110).
[Physical properties]

Colorless liquid with a penetrating, ammonia-like odor. Experimentally determined detection and recognition odor threshold concentrations were 500 μg/m3 (210 ppbv) and 1.7 mg/m3 (700 ppbv), respectively (Hellman and Small, 1974). An odor threshold concentration of 25 ppbv was reported by Nagata and Takeuchi (1990).
[Occurrence]

Not reported found in natu
[Definition]

ChEBI: A member of the class of alkylamines that is propane carrying an amino group at position 2.
[Production Methods]

Isopropylamine can be produced from the corresponding alcohol by reacting with ammonia in the presence of a dehydrating catalyst, or from the chloride by reacting with ammonia under pressure. It is also reported that this amine can be produced from acetone and ammonia or from the acetone oxime (HSDB 1989).
[Aroma threshold values]

High strength odor; fishy type; recommend smelling in a 0.10% solution or less.
[Chemical Reactivity]

Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reactions; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.
[Industrial uses]

Isopropylamine can be used as a dehairing agent and as a solvent. It also finds use as an intermediate in the production of insecticides, herbicides and bactericides and in the production of pharmaceuticals, dyes and rubber accelerators (HSDB 1989).
[Environmental Fate]

Photolytic. Low et al. (1991) reported that the photooxidation of aqueous primary amine solutions by UV light in the presence of titanium dioxide resulted in the formation of ammonium and nitrate ions.
Chemical/Physical. Releases toxic nitrogen oxides when heated to decomposition (Sax and Lewis, 1987). Forms water-soluble salts with acids.
[Metabolism]

One would expect isopropylamine to be readily absorbed from the gut and respiratory tract. Shorter chain aliphatic amines such as isopropylamine also are efficiently absorbed through the skin (Beard and Noe 1981). When administered intravenously, isopropylamine distributed rapidly into tissue compartments with tissue/plasma ratios ranging from 1.8 in the atrium to 16.7 in the renal medulla (Privitera et al 1982). During the elimination phase, a half-life of 146 min was observed in plasma. There do not appear to be any definitive metabolic studies with this compound, however through a comparison with other substrates, one might expect oxidation to acetone and ammonia through the action of monoamine oxidase (Tipton 1980).
Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)Back Directory
[msds information]

isopropylamine(75-31-0).msds
Spectrum DetailBack Directory
[Spectrum Detail]

Isopropylamine(75-31-0)MS
Isopropylamine(75-31-0)1HNMR
Isopropylamine(75-31-0)13CNMR
Isopropylamine(75-31-0)IR1
Isopropylamine(75-31-0)IR2
Isopropylamine(75-31-0)Raman
Well-known Reagent Company Product InformationBack Directory
[Acros Organics]

Isopropylamine, 99%(75-31-0)
[Alfa Aesar]

Isopropylamine, 99+%(75-31-0)
[Sigma Aldrich]

75-31-0(sigmaaldrich)
[TCI AMERICA]

Isopropylamine,>99.0%(GC)(75-31-0)
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