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1,2-Dichlorethan Produkt Beschreibung

1,2-Dichloroethane  Struktur
107-06-2
CAS-Nr.
107-06-2
Bezeichnung:
1,2-Dichlorethan
Englisch Name:
1,2-Dichloroethane
Synonyma:
DCE;EDC;R150;R-150;HCC150;1,2-DCE;Brocide;borersol;dutchoil;ent1,656
CBNumber:
CB7295478
Summenformel:
C2H4Cl2
Molgewicht:
98.96
MOL-Datei:
107-06-2.mol

1,2-Dichlorethan Eigenschaften

Schmelzpunkt:
-35 °C
Siedepunkt:
83 °C(lit.)
Dichte
1.256 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
Dampfdichte
3.4 (20 °C, vs air)
Dampfdruck
87 mm Hg ( 25 °C)
Brechungsindex
n20/D 1.444(lit.)
Flammpunkt:
60 °F
storage temp. 
0-6°C
Löslichkeit
7.9g/l
Aggregatzustand
Liquid
Farbe
APHA: ≤10
Relative polarity
0.327
Explosionsgrenze
6.2-15.9%(V)
Wasserlöslichkeit
8.7 g/L (20 ºC)
Merck 
14,3797
BRN 
605264
Henry's Law Constant
11.24 at 30 °C (headspace-GC, Sanz et al., 1997)
Expositionsgrenzwerte
TLV-TWA 10 ppm (~40 mg/m3) (ACGIH), 1 ppm (NIOSH), 50 ppm (MSHA and OSHA); ceiling 2 ppm/15 min (NIOSH); carcinogenicity: Animal Sufficient Evidence, Human Limited Evidence (IARC).
CAS Datenbank
107-06-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST chemische Informationen
Ethane, 1,2-dichloro-(107-06-2)
EPA chemische Informationen
Ethane, 1,2-dichloro-(107-06-2)
Sicherheit
  • Risiko- und Sicherheitserklärung
  • Gefahreninformationscode (GHS)
Kennzeichnung gefährlicher F,T
R-Sätze: 45-11-22-36/37/38-23/25-23
S-Sätze: 53-45-24-16-7
RIDADR  UN 1184 3/PG 2
WGK Germany  3
RTECS-Nr. KI0525000
3-10
Selbstentzündungstemperatur 775 °F
TSCA  Yes
HS Code  2903 15 00
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  II
Giftige Stoffe Daten 107-06-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxizität LD50 orally in rats: 770 mg/kg (Smyth)
Bildanzeige (GHS)
Alarmwort Achtung
Gefahrenhinweise
Code Gefahrenhinweise Gefahrenklasse Abteilung Alarmwort Symbol P-Code
H225 Flüssigkeit und Dampf leicht entzündbar. Entzündbare Flüssigkeiten Kategorie 2 Achtung P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H302 Gesundheitsschädlich bei Verschlucken. Akute Toxizität oral Kategorie 4 Warnung P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H315 Verursacht Hautreizungen. Hautreizung Kategorie 2 Warnung P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 Verursacht schwere Augenreizung. Schwere Augenreizung Kategorie 2 Warnung P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H331 Giftig bei Einatmen. Akute Toxizität inhalativ Kategorie 3 Achtung P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H335 Kann die Atemwege reizen. Spezifische Zielorgan-Toxizität (einmalige Exposition) Kategorie 3 (Atemwegsreizung) Warnung
H350 Kann Krebs verursachen. Karzinogenität Kategorie 1A Achtung
H370 Schädigt die Organe. Spezifische Zielorgan-Toxizität (einmalige Exposition) Kategorie 1 Achtung P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
Sicherheit
P201 Vor Gebrauch besondere Anweisungen einholen.
P210 Von Hitze, heißen Oberflächen, Funken, offenen Flammen und anderen Zündquellenarten fernhalten. Nicht rauchen.
P260 Dampf/Aerosol/Nebel nicht einatmen.
P261 Einatmen von Staub vermeiden.
P280 Schutzhandschuhe/Schutzkleidung/Augenschutz tragen.
P305 + P351 + P338BEI KONTAKT MIT DEN AUGEN: Einige Minuten lang behutsam mit Wasser spülen. Vorhandene Kontaktlinsen nach Möglichkeit entfernen.
P311 GIFTINFORMATIONSZENTRUM/Arzt anrufen.
P301+P310 BEI VERSCHLUCKEN: Sofort GIFTINFORMATIONSZENTRUM/Arzt/... (geeignete Stelle für medizinische Notfallversorgung vom Hersteller/Lieferanten anzugeben) anrufen.
P303+P361+P353 BEI BERÜHRUNG MIT DER HAUT (oder dem Haar): Alle kontaminierten Kleidungsstücke sofort ausziehen. Haut mit Wasser abwaschen oder duschen.
P308+P313 BEI Exposition oder falls betroffen: Ärztlichen Rat einholen/ärztliche Hilfe hinzuziehen.
P370+P378 Bei Brand: zum Löschen verwenden.
P405 Unter Verschluss aufbewahren.
P403+P235 An einem gut belüfteten Ort aufbewahren. Kühl halten.

1,2-Dichlorethan Chemische Eigenschaften,Einsatz,Produktion Methoden

ERSCHEINUNGSBILD

FARBLOSE VISKOSE FLüSSIGKEIT MIT CHARAKTERISTISCHEM GERUCH. VERFäRBT SICH DUNKEL BEI KONTAKT MIT LUFT, FEUCHTIGKEIT UND LICHT.

PHYSIKALISCHE GEFAHREN

Die Dämpfe sind schwerer als Luft und können sich am Boden ausbreiten. Fernzündung möglich. Fließen, Schütten o.ä. kann zu elektrostatischer Aufladung führen.

CHEMISCHE GEFAHREN

Zersetzung beim Erhitzen und Verbrennen unter Bildung giftiger und ätzender Rauche mit Chlorwasserstoff (ICSC 0163) und Phosgen (ICSC 0007). Reagiert sehr heftig mit Aluminium, Alkalimetallen, Alkaliamiden, Ammoniak, Basen und starken Oxidationsmitteln. Greift viele Metalle in Gegenwart von Wasser an. Greift Kunststoff an.

ARBEITSPLATZGRENZWERTE

TLV: 10 ppm (als TWA); Krebskategorie A4 (nicht klassifizierbar als krebserzeugend für den Menschen); (ACGIH 2005).
MAK: Hautresorption; Krebserzeugend Kategorie 2; (DFG 2005).

AUFNAHMEWEGE

Aufnahme in den Körper durch Inhalation der Dämpfe, über die Haut und durch Verschlucken.

INHALATIONSGEFAHREN

Beim Verdampfen bei 20°C kann sehr schnell eine gesundheitsschädliche Kontamination der Luft eintreten.

WIRKUNGEN BEI KURZZEITEXPOSITION

WIRKUNGEN BEI KURZZEITEXPOSITION:
Der Dampf reizt die Augen, die Haut und die Atemwege. Inhalation des Dampfes kann zu Lungenödem führen (s.Anm.). Möglich sind Auswirkungen auf Zentralnervensystem, Nieren und Leber mit nachfolgenden Funktionsstörungen.

WIRKUNGEN NACH WIEDERHOLTER ODER LANGZEITEXPOSITION

Wiederholter oder andauernder Hautkontakt kann Dermatitis hervorrufen. Wahrscheinlich krebserzeugend für den Menschen.

LECKAGE

Gefahrenbereich verlassen! Ausgelaufene Flüssigkeit möglichst in abdichtbaren Behältern sammeln. Reste mit Sand oder inertem Absorptionsmittel aufnehmen und an einen sicheren Ort bringen. NICHT in die Kanalisation spülen. Persönliche Schutzausrüstung: Umgebungsluftunabhängiges Atemschutzgerät.

R-Sätze Betriebsanweisung:

R45:Kann Krebs erzeugen.
R11:Leichtentzündlich.
R22:Gesundheitsschädlich beim Verschlucken.
R36/37/38:Reizt die Augen, die Atmungsorgane und die Haut.
R23/25:Giftig beim Einatmen und Verschlucken.

S-Sätze Betriebsanweisung:

S53:Exposition vermeiden - vor Gebrauch besondere Anweisungen einholen.
S45:Bei Unfall oder Unwohlsein sofort Arzt zuziehen (wenn möglich, dieses Etikett vorzeigen).
S24:Berührung mit der Haut vermeiden.
S16:Von Zündquellen fernhalten - Nicht rauchen.
S7:Behälter dicht geschlossen halten.

Aussehen Eigenschaften

C2H4Cl2. Farblose, ölige Flüssigkeit mit chloroformartigem Geruch.

Gefahren für Mensch und Umwelt

Leichtentzündlich. Im Brandfall Bildung gefährlicher Gase. Bei Reaktion mit Leichtmetallen besteht Explosionsgefahr.
Reizt die Augen, Atmungsorgane und die Haut. Aufnahme über die Haut möglich. Gesundheitsschädlich beim Verschlucken. Wirkt narkotisch, verursacht Herz- und Kreislaufstörungen und wirkt toxisch auf Leber und Nieren.
Kann Krebs erzeugen.
Stark wassergefährdender Stoff (WGK 3).

Schutzmaßnahmen und Verhaltensregeln

Von Zündquellen fernhalten - Nicht rauchen.
Maßnahmen gegen elektrostatische Aufladung treffen.
Latex- und Neopren-Schutzhandschuhe sind nicht beständig gegen 1,2-Dichlorethan. Höchstens kurzzeitig als Spritzschutz verwenden.

Verhalten im Gefahrfall

Kleinstmengen im Abzug verdampfen lassen. Verschüttete größere Mengen mit Absorptionsmaterial (Rench-Rapid) aufnehmen und als Sondermüll entsorgen..
Brände mit CO2-Löscher bekämpfen.
Atemschutz: Kombinationsfilter ABEK.

Erste Hilfe

Nach Hautkontakt: Mit viel Wasser und Seife abwaschen.
Nach Augenkontakt: Mit viel Wasser mindestens 15 Minuten bei geöffnetem Augenlid spülen. Augenarzt!
Nach Einatmen: Frischluft. Arzt!
Nach Verschlucken: Paraffinöl(3 ml/kg Körpergewicht) trinken lassen. Keine Milch, kein Rhizinusöl. Sofort Arzt hinzuziehen.
Nach Kleidungskontakt: Kontaminierte Kleidung sofort ausziehen.
Ersthelfer: siehe gesonderten Anschlag

Sachgerechte Entsorgung

Als Sondermüll (halogenhaltige Lösungsmittel) entsorgen.

Chemische Eigenschaften

Ethylene dichloride is one of the highest volume chemicals used in the United States. It is a colorless oily liquid with a chloroform-like odor, detectable over the range of 6–40 ppm,with a sweet taste. Ethylene dichloride (1,2-dichloroethane), which has a carbon-carbon single bond, should be distinguished from 1,2-dichloroethene, which has a carbon-carbon double bond. It is a skin irritant. Ethylene dichloride is also used as an extraction solvent, as a solvent for textile cleaning and metal degreasing, in certain adhesives, and as a component in fumigants for upholstery, carpets, and grain. Other miscellaneous applications include paint, varnish, and fi nish removers, soaps and scouring compounds, wetting and penetrating agents, organic synthesis, ore fl otation, and as a dispersant for nylon, rayon, styrene-butadiene rubber, and other plastics.

Chemische Eigenschaften

1,2-Dichloroethane is a colorless, flammable liquid which has a pleasant, chloroform-like odor, and a sweetish taste. Decomposes slowly: turns dark and acidic on contact with air, moisture, and light. The Odor Threshold is 100 ppm.

Physikalische Eigenschaften

Clear, colorless, oily liquid with a pleasant, chloroform-like odor. The average least detectable odor threshold concentrations in water at 60 °C and in air at 40 °C were 12 and 52 mg/L, respectively (Alexander et al., 1982). Experimentally determined detection and recognition odor threshold concentrations were 25 mg/m3 (6 ppmv) and 165 mg/m3 (41 ppmv), respectively (Hellman and Small, 1974).

Verwenden

1,2-Dichloroethane is used in the manufacture of acetyl cellulose and vinyl chloride; inpaint removers; as a fumigant; as a degreaser;as a wetting agent; and as a solvent for oils,waxes, gums, resins, and rubber.

Verwenden

Ethylene dichloride (1,2-dichloroethane), otherwise known as EDC, is produced by reacting chlorine or anhydrous hydrochloric acid with ethylene. The largest single use for EDC is the production of vinyl chloride monomer, which is used to produce poly vinyl chloride (PVC). EDC can also be used in the manufacture of other organic compounds, and as a solvent. Ethylene dichloride is a colorless, oily liquid with a chloroform-like smell. It has many uses in industry, with principal ones being the following:
As an intermediate in the manufacture of methyl chloroform, perchloroethylene, ethylene amines, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), sulfide compounds, vinyl chloride, and trichloroethane.
As an additive in gasoline (used as a lead scavenger), pharmaceutical products, color film, and pesticides.
As a solvent for rubber, tobacco extract, paint, printing inks, and varnish.
Miscellaneous uses include as an ingredient in fingernail polish, for metal degreasing, in extracting spices, and as a dry cleaning agent.
Two of the major uses for this chemical are the manufacture of PVC and as a lead scavenger in gasoline. The process for making EDC begins with crude oil or natural gas and sodium chloride. The hydrocarbon raw materials are converted to ethene (ethylene), and sodium chloride is electrolyzed to pruduce chlorine.
2 NaCl + 2 H2O = Cl2 + 2 NaOH + H2
This electrochemical process is also the major industrial route for sodium hydroxide production, so essentially the only side product from this initial reaction is hydrogen gas, which is later converted to water. Once the ethylene is produced from the crude hydrocarbons, it is reacted with chlorine gas:
C2H4 + Cl2 - C2H4Cl (1,2-dichloroethane)
Although its common name would lead one to believe otherwise, EDC does not contain a double bond. In one of its major industrial processes, the manufacture of PVC, the following reaction is carried out:
C2H4Cl = C2H3Cl (vinyl chloride) + HC1
The HC1 produced in this reaction is recycled to be used in the first reaction by oxidation of the hydrogen-chlorine bond.
EDC is a carcinogen and a mutagen. Assessments of 1,2-dichloroethane are in progress under the authority of the Clean Air Act, Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), and the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). EDC is also listed under CERCLA as a hazardous material, and is required to be reported as such under Title III of SARA, otherwise known as the Community Right-to-Know Act.

Verwenden

manufacture of vinyl chloride, acetyl cellulose; solvent for fats, oils, waxes, gums, resins, and particularly for rubber. Has been used as insect and soil fumigant.

Definition

ChEBI: A member of the class of chloroethanes substituted by two chloro groups at positions 1 and 2.

Allgemeine Beschreibung

A clear colorless liquid with a chloroform-like odor. Flash point 56°F. Denser than water and insoluble in water. Vapors are heavier than air. Density 10.4 lb / gal.
Ethylene dichloride was also used as an extraction solvent, as a solvent for textile cleaning and metal degreasing, in certain adhesives, and as a component in fumigants for upholstery, carpets, and grain. Other miscellaneous applications include paint, varnish, and finish removers, soaps and scouring compounds, wetting and penetrating agents, organic synthesis, ore flotation, and as a dispersant for nylon, rayon, styrene-butadiene rubber, and other plastics. Reports indicate that ethylene dichloride has extensive industrial and other applications around the globe.

Air & Water Reaktionen

Highly flammable. Slightly water soluble.

Reaktivität anzeigen

Liquid ammonia and 1,2-Dichloroethane can cause an explosion when mixed, NFPA 491M, 1991. A tank of dimethyl amino propyl amine exploded violently when 1,2-Dichloroethane reacted with wet 1,2-Dichloroethane which had been the tank's previous contents [Doyle 1973]. Halogenated aliphatic compounds, such as 1,2-Dichloroethane , are moderately or very reactive. Reactivity generally decreases with increased degree of substitution of halogen for hydrogen atoms. Materials in this group are incompatible with strong oxidizing and reducing agents. Also, they are incompatible with many amines, nitrides, azo/diazo compounds, alkali metals, epoxides, aluminum

Hazard

Toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption; strong irritant to eyes and skin; a carcinogen. Flammable, dangerous fire risk, explosive limits in air 6–16%. Possible carcinogen.

Health Hazard

The toxic symptoms from exposure to 1,2-dichloroethane include depression of the cen tral nervous system, irritation of the eyes,corneal opacity, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea,ulceration, somnolence, cyanosis, pulmonaryedema, and coma. Repeated exposure mayproduce injury to the kidney and liver. Inges tion of the liquid can cause death. A fataldose in humans may range between 30 and50 mL. The liquid is an irritant to the skinand damaging to the eyes.
LC50 value, inhalation (rats): 1000 ppm/7 hLD50 value, oral (rabbits): 860 mg/kg
1,2-Dichloroethane tested positive to thehistidine reversion–Ames test and othermutagenic tests. The compound is carcino genic to animals. Inhalation or oral adminis tration caused lung, gastrointestinal, and skincancers in mice and rats.

Brandgefahr

Flammable liquid; burns with a smoky flame; flash point (closed cup) 13°C (56°F), (open cup) 18°C (65°F); vapor pressure 62 torr at 20°C (68°F); the vapor is heavier than air and can travel a considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back; autoignition tem perature 413°C (775°F); fire-extinguishing agent: dry chemical, CO2, or foam; water may be used to keep fire-exposed contain ers cool and to disperse the vapors and flush away any spill.
1,2-Dichloroethane forms explosive mix tures with air, with LEL and UEL val ues of 6.2% and 16.0% by volume in air, respectively. Its reactions with alkali met als, powdered aluminum, or magnesium can be violent. It forms explosive mixtures with nitrogen tetroxide.

Landwirtschaftliche Anwendung

Fumigant, Insecticide: Not approved for use in EU countries. Not registered for use in the U.S. When mixed with carbon tetrachloride, ethylene dichloride is used as a grain fumigant for bulk storage in bags, sealed containers, bins or on floors. In recent years, 1,2-dichloroethane has found wide use in the manufacture of ethylene glycol, diaminoethylene, polyvinyl chloride, nylon, viscose rayon, styrenebutadiene rubber, and various plastics. It is a solvent for resins, asphalt, bitumen, rubber, cellulose acetate, cellulose ester, and paint; a degreaser in the engineering, textile and petroleum industries; and an extracting agent for soybean oil and caffeine. It is also used as an antiknock agent in gasoline, a pickling agent and a dry-cleaning agent. It has found use in photography, xerography, water softening, and also in the production of adhesives, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and varnishes.

Handelsname

BORER SOL®; BROCIDE®; DESTRUXOL BORER-SOL®; DOWFUME®[C]; DUTCH LIQUID®; DUTCH OIL®

Sicherheitsprofil

Confirmed carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic, neoplastigenic, and tumorigenic data. An experimental transplacental carcinogen. A human poison by ingestion. Poison experimentally by intravenous and subcutaneous routes. Moderately toxic by inhalation, skin contact, and intraperitoneal routes. Human systemic effects by ingestion and inhalation: flaccid paralysis without anesthesia (usually neuromuscular blockage), somnolence, cough, jaundce, nausea or vomiting, hypermoulity, diarrhea, ulceration or bleeding from the stomach, fatty liver degeneration, change in cardiac rate, cyanosis, and coma. It may also cause dermatitis, edema of the lungs, toxic effects on the kidneys, and severe corneal effects. A strong narcotic. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. A skin and severe eye irritant, and strong local irritant. Its smell and irritant effects warn of its presence at relatively safe concentrations. Human mutation data reported. if exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizers. Moderately explosive in the form of vapor when exposed to flame. Violent reaction with Al, N2O4, NH3, dimethylaminopropylamine. Can react vigorously with oxidzing materials and emit vinyl chloride and HCl. To fight fire, use water, foam, Co2, dry chemicals. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of Cland phosgene. See also CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS, ALIPHATIC . Flammable liquid. A dangerous fire hazard

mögliche Exposition

In recent years, 1,2-dichloroethane is used in the production of vinyl chloride and as a leadscavenging agent in petrol; it has found wide use in the manufacture of ethylene glycol, diaminoethylene, polyvinyl chloride; nylon, viscose rayon; styrenebutadiene rubber, and various plastics. It is a solvent for resins, asphalt, bitumen, rubber, cellulose acetate; cellulose ester; and paint; a degreaser in the engineering, textile, and petroleum industries; and an extracting agent for soybean oil and caffeine. It is also used as an antiknock agent in gasoline; a pickling agent; a fumigant; and a dry-cleaning agent. It has found use in photography, xerography, and water softening; and also in the production of adhesives, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and varnishes.

Carcinogenicity

1,2-Dichloroethane is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in experimental animals.

Source

Improper use of insecticidal fumigant formulation containing 1,2-dichloropropane and carbon tetrachloride (Granosan).

Environmental Fate

Biological. Methanococcus thermolithotrophicus, Methanococcus deltae, and Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum metabolized 1,2-dichloroethane releasing methane and ethylene (Belay and Daniels, 1987). 1,2-Dichloroethane showed slow to moderate biodegradative activity with concomitant rate of volatilization in a static-culture flask-screening test (settled domestic wastewater inoculum) conducted at 25 °C. At concentrations of 5 and 10 mg/L, percent losses after 4 wk of incubation were 63 and 53, respectively. At a substrate concentration of 5 mg/L, 27% was lost due to volatilization after 10 d (Tabak et al., 1981).
Photolytic. Titanium dioxide suspended in an aqueous solution and irradiated with UV light (λ = 365 nm) converted 1,2-dichloroethane to carbon dioxide at a significant rate (Matthews, 1986).
The rate constant for the reaction of 1,2-dichloroethane and OH radicals in the atmosphere at 300 K is 1.3 x 10-11 cm3/molecule?sec (Hendry and Kenley, 1979). At 296 K, a photooxidation rate constant of 2.2 x 10-13 cm3/molecule?sec was reported for the reaction with OH radicals resulting in a half-life of 1.7 months (Howard and Evenson, 1976).
Chemical/Physical. Anticipated products from the reaction of 1,2-dichloroethane with ozone or OH radicals in the atmosphere are chloroacetaldehyde, chloroacetyl chloride, formaldehyde, and ClHCHO (Cupitt, 1980).

Stoffwechselwegen

Resting cell suspensions of the soil methylotroph Methylosinus trichosporium OB-3b rapidly dehalogenate 1,2-dichloroethane, resulting in the formation of chloroethanol via direct hydroxylation of one of the C-Cl bonds, and this ethanol is rapidly oxidized to yield chloroacetic acid.

Lager

Ethylene dichloride should be kept protected against physical damage. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated location, away from any area where the fi re hazard may be acute. Outside or detached storage is preferred. Separate from incompatibles. Containers should be bonded and grounded for transfer to avoid static sparks.

Versand/Shipping

UN1184 Ethylene dichloride, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid, 6.1-Poisonous materials. Note: United States DOT 49CFR172.101, Inhalation Hazardous Chemical as 1,2-Dichloroethane

läuterung methode

It is usually prepared by chlorinating ethylene, so that likely impurities include higher chloro derivatives and other chloro compounds depending on the impurities originally present in the ethylene. It forms azeotropes with water, MeOH, EtOH, trichloroethylene, CCl4 and isopropanol. Its azeotrope with water (containing 8.9% water, and b 77o) can be used to remove gross amounts of water prior to final drying. As a preliminary purification step, it can be steam distilled, and the lower layer is treated as below. Shake it with conc H2SO4 (to remove alcohol added as an oxidation inhibitor), wash with water, then dilute KOH or aqueous Na2CO3 and again with water. After an initial drying with CaCl2, MgSO4 or by distillation, it is refluxed with P2O5, CaSO4 or CaH2 and fractionally distilled. Carbonyl-containing impurities can be removed as described for chloroform. [Beilstein 1 IV 131.]

Inkompatibilitäten

May form explosive mixture with air. Reacts violently with strong oxidizers and caustics; chemically active metals, such as magnesium or aluminum powder, sodium and potassium; alkali metals; alkali amides; liquid ammonia. Decomposes to vinyl chloride and HCl above 600℃. Attacks plastics, rubber, coatings. Attacks many metals in presence of water.

Waste disposal

Incineration, preferably after mixing with another combustible fuel. Care must be exercised to assure complete combustion to prevent the formation of phosgene. An acid scrubber is necessary to remove the halo acids produced

Vorsichtsmaßnahmen

Occupational workers should avoid use of ethylene dichloride along with oxidizing agents, strong alkalis, strong caustics, magnesium, sodium, potassium, active amines, ammonia List of Chemical Substances

Verordnung (Regulations)

Coast Guard, Department of Homeland Security
Minimum requirements have been established for safe transport of 1,2-dichloroethane on ships and barges.
Department of Transportation (DOT)
1,2-Dichloroethane is considered a hazardous material, and special requirements have been set for marking, labeling, and transporting this material.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Clean Air Act
National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Listed as a hazardous air pollutant. New Source Performance Standards: Manufacture of 1,2-dichloroethane is subject to certain provisions for the control of volatile organic compound emissions. Urban Air Toxics Strategy: Identified as one of 33 hazardous air pollutants that present the greatest threat to public health in urban areas.
Clean Water Act
Effluent Guidelines: Listed as a toxic pollutant.
?Designated a hazardous substance.
?Water Quality Criteria: Based on fish or shellfish and water consumption = 0.38 μg/L; based on fish or shellfish consumption only = 37 μg/L.
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act Reportable quantity (RQ) = 100 lb.
Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act Toxics Release Inventory: Listed substance subject to reporting requirements.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
Characteristic Hazardous Waste: Toxic characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) threshold = 0.5 mg/L. Listed Hazardous Waste: Waste codes for which the listing is based wholly or partly on the presence of 1,2-dichloroethane = U077, F024, F025, K018, K019, K020, K029, K030, K096. Listed as a hazardous constituent of waste.
Safe Drinking Water Act
Maximum contaminant level (MCL) = 0.005 mg/L.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

1,2-Dichlorethan Upstream-Materialien And Downstream Produkte

Upstream-Materialien

Downstream Produkte


1,2-Dichlorethan Anbieter Lieferant Produzent Hersteller Vertrieb Händler.

Global( 270)Lieferanten
Firmenname Telefon Fax E-Mail Land Produktkatalog Edge Rate
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817
info@dakenchem.com CHINA 21701 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 20672 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sales@mainchem.com CHINA 32447 55
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258
sales@coreychem.com CHINA 29979 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-18871470254
027-59599243 sales@jushengtech.com CHINA 28236 58
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
+86 592-605 1114
sales@amoychem.com CHINA 6369 58
Kono Chem Co., Ltd
+86-132 8924 6953(Whatsapp/Wechat)
+86-29-86107037 info@konochemical.com CHINA 2997 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
86-13657291602
027-59338440 sales@guangaobio.com CHINA 23049 58
Shandong chuangyingchemical Co., Ltd.
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107-06-2(1,2-Dichlorethan)Verwandte Suche:


  • 1,2-Dichloroethane( 99.5%, HyDry, Water≤50 ppm (by K.F.))
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane( 99.5%, HyDry, with molecular sieves, Water≤50 ppm (by K.F.))
  • 1,2-Bichloroethane
  • 1,2-DCE
  • 1,2-Dichloorethaan
  • 1,2-Dichlor-aethan
  • 1,2-Dichlorethan
  • 1,2-Dichlorethane
  • 1,2-dichloro-ethan
  • 1,2-dichloroethane (ethylene dichloride)
  • 1,2-dichloroethane,anhydrous
  • 1,2-Dichlorαthan
  • 1,2-Dichlorαthan(Hochtemperaturform)
  • 1,2-Dicloroetano
  • 1,2-Ethylene dichloride
  • Glycol dicholride
  • ethylene dichloride (eDC)
  • 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE ACS REAGENT
  • 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE, FOR PROTEIN SEQUENCE ANALYSIS
  • 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE, REAGENTPLUS, 99%
  • 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE, 500MG,NEAT
  • 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE, STANDARD FOR GC
  • 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE, 99+%, SPECTROPHOTO-M ETRIC GRADE
  • 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE, 99+%, A.C.S. REAGENT
  • 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE, ACS
  • 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE, ABS., OVER MOLECULAR SIEVE (H2O <0.005%)
  • 1 2-DICHLOROETHANE 99+% A.C.S. REAGEN&
  • 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE EXTRA PURE
  • 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE, 99.8%, HPLC GRADE
  • 1,2 DICHLOROETHANE, 1X1ML, MEOH, 200UG/M L
  • 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE, FOR HPLC
  • 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE, ANHYDROUS, 99.8%
  • 1 2-DICHLOROETHANE DIST. 5 L
  • 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE OEKANAL
  • 1 2-DICHLOROETHANE DIST. 1 L
  • 1 2-DICHLOROETHANE ACS FOR &
  • 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE, FOR LUMINESCENCE
  • 1 2-DICHLOROETHANE CHROMASOLV PLUS F
  • ACETONITRILE SPECTRANAL
  • 1.2-DICHLOROETHANE GC STANDARD
  • N-Decane,Certified
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane(EthyleneChloride)
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane,Certified
  • 1,2-DichloroethaneGr(EthyleneChloride)
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane, 99.8+%, extra pure
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane, 99.8%, water <50 ppm, extra dry
  • 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE, 99.5%, RESIDUE FREE, FOR ELECTRONIC USE
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane, pure
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane, 99+%, laser grade, for spectroscopy
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane, 99+%, for analysis ACS
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane, for spectroscopy
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane, AcroSeal, Extra Dry
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane, residue free, for electronic use
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane, laser grade, for spectroscopy
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane, for analysis ACS
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane, ACS reagent, for spectroscopy
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane (1mg/ml in Methanol) [for Water Analysis]
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane [for HPLC Solvent]
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