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Triphenyl phosphite

Secondary antioxidants Physical and chemical properties Chemical properties Uses Uses Production methods Toxic Effects
Triphenyl phosphite
Triphenyl phosphite structure
Chemical Name:
Triphenyl phosphite
TPO;p36;EFED;P 36;jp360;P(OPh)3;(PhO)3P;westontpp;adkstabtpp;advancetpp
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Triphenyl phosphite Properties

Melting point:
22-24 °C (lit.)
Boiling point:
360 °C (lit.)
1.184 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
vapor density 
10.7 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
5 mm Hg ( 205 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.59(lit.)
Flash point:
425 °F
storage temp. 
Store below +30°C.
methanol: 25 mg/mL, clear
Clear colorless to pale yellow
1 (200g/l, H2O, 20℃)
Water Solubility 
Air & Moisture Sensitive
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances
CAS DataBase Reference
101-02-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
EWG's Food Scores
NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms
NIST Chemistry Reference
Phosphorous acid, triphenyl ester(101-02-0)
EPA Substance Registry System
Triphenyl phosphite (101-02-0)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Signal word  Warning
Hazard statements  H400-H302-H315-H317-H319-H410
Precautionary statements  P273-P302+P352-P501a-P280-P301+P312+P330-P305+P351+P338
Hazard Codes  Xn,N,Xi
Risk Statements  36/38-50/53
Safety Statements  28-60-61-28A-26
RIDADR  UN 3077 9/PG 3
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  TH1575000
HazardClass  9
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  29209085
Toxicity LD50 oral in rat: 444mg/kg
NFPA 704
2 1

Triphenyl phosphite price More Price(13)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich T84654 Triphenyl phosphite 97% 101-02-0 5g $23.3 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 8.00551 Triphenyl phosphite for synthesis 101-02-0 100 mL $33.58 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 8.00551 Triphenyl phosphite for synthesis 101-02-0 1 L $71.5 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich T84654 Triphenyl phosphite 97% 101-02-0 3kg $216 2021-03-22 Buy
TCI Chemical T0510 Triphenyl Phosphite >97.0%(GC) 101-02-0 25g $22 2021-03-22 Buy

Triphenyl phosphite Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Secondary antioxidants

Triphenyl phosphite is called for short TPP, it is also known as triphenoxytitanium phosphine, it is phosphite-based compound, it is a secondary antioxidant, it has light stabilizing effect, it is applicable to polyvinyl chloride, polypropylene, polystyrene, poly acetate, ABS resin, epoxy resin and the like. Triphenyl phosphite is widely used as polyvinyl chloride chelating agent, when the metal soap is used as stabilizer, coordinating with this product can reduce the harm of the metal chlorides, it can keep transparency of product and inhibit the change in color. Further triphenyl phosphate is also used as flame retardant plasticizer.
Phosphite phenyl diisooctyl can be obtained by the transesterification reaction of triphenyl phosphite and isooctanol in the presence of catalyst, phosphite phenyl diisooctyl can be used as secondary antioxidant. It has good resistance to discoloration, it can increase oxidation resistance and light stability. It has chelating action in PVC, low toxicity, it can be used in plastic medical devices.
In addition, this product in the presence of sodium methoxide can proceed the transesterification reaction with methanol to form trimethyl phosphite.
Triphenyl phosphite is as raw material, it can react with octanol in the solution of sodium methoxide, octyl diphenyl phosphite can be prepared.
The above information are collated by Xiaonan edit Chemicalbook (2016-12-03).

Physical and chemical properties

It is colorless or pale yellow oily liquid. It has slightly with phenol odor. Molecular weight is 310. Color (APHA) <50. Acid value is <0.5mgKOH/g. Phosphorus content is 10%. The relative density is 1. 180~1.186 (25°/ 15.5℃). Viscosity is 12 mPa•s (38℃), 4.5mPa•s (99℃). The freezing point is 19~24℃. Melting point is 22~25℃. Boiling point is 220℃ (1333Pa). Flash point (open cup) is 218.3℃, ignition point is 243℃. Refractive index is 1.5880 ~1.5900 (25℃). Solubility (g/100g solvent): methanol> 10, benzene> 10 acetone> 10, it is insoluble in water. Triphenyl phosphate has irritating to the skin, rat oral LD50 is 2800mg/kg body weight, it is used as polymer antioxidant and stabilizer, it has better synergy effect with many phenolic antioxidants. By effect of phosphorus trichloride and phenol can get triphenyl phosphite.

Chemical properties

It is colorless to pale yellow monoclinic crystal below room temperature. It is colorless light yellow transparent oily liquid at room temperature or higher, it has pungent odor. It is insoluble in water, soluble in organic solvents such as ethanol, ethyl ether, acetone, benzene and the like.


(1) Triphenyl phosphite is used as chelating agents, plastics antioxidant, alkyd resin and pesticide intermediate raw material.
(2) It is used for synthetic rubber and resin stabilizer, PVC antioxidant, alkyd resin and pesticide intermediate raw material.
(3) Triphenyl phosphite is used as secondary antioxidants, it has effect of light stability, it is suitable for polyvinyl chloride, polypropylene, polystyrene, polyester, ABS resin, and epoxy resin. (4) It is used as chelating agent in PVC products, it can enable products to maintain transparency, and suppresse color change. It can also be used for the production of trimethyl phosphite.
(5) Antioxidants, stabilizers TPPi is mainly applied to polyvinyl chloride, polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, polyester, ABS resin, epoxy resin, synthetic rubber antioxidant stabilizer for PVC vinyl products as chelating agent, when the metal is as based stabilizer, coordinating with the product can reduce the harm of metal chloride
(6) Chelating agent. Plastic products antioxidant. The synthesis of alkyd resins and polyester resins.
(7) Chelating agent. Plastic products antioxidant. The synthesis of alkyd resins and polyester resins.
(8) Chelating agent, it is widely used in all kinds of PVC products, it can enable products to maintain its transparency and suppress color change, and it can increase the antioxidant and light and heat stability of the primary stabilizer. In addition, the product is also used for PE, PP, ABS, SBS and other products, and it can be used for pesticide intermediates. It can be used for synthetic alkyd resins and polyester materials and polyester resins.


Triphenyl phosphite (TPP) is the chemical compound with the formula P(OC6H5)3. This colourless viscous liquid is the ester of phosphorous acid and phenol. It is used as a ligand in organometallic chemistry. Nickel complexes of this ligand are homogeneous catalysts for the hydrocyanation of alkenes.

Production methods

It can be obtained from phenol and phosphorus trichloride. Raw material consumption (kg/t) phenol (freezing point ≥40.4 ℃) 940 phosphorus trichloride (99%) 480

Toxic Effects

The primary toxic effects of triphenyl phosphite are exerted on the nervous system of susceptible animals. The univeral signs of triphenyl phosphite neurotoxicity result from the irreversible inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) at cholinergic synapses in the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous system. Triphenyl phosphite is also capable of producing characteristic delayed neurotoxic effects that are manifested several days or weeks after even minimal drug exposure. Such actions are not related to AChE inhibition and the precise biochemical mechanism(s) leading to the delayed neurotoxicity symptoms are largely unresolved.

Chemical Properties

Water-white to pale-yellow solid or oily liquid; pleasant odor. Combustible.


Stabilizer/antioxidant for vinyl plastics and polyethylene, polypropylene, styrene copolymers, and rubber.


Chemical intermediate, stabilizer systems for resins, metal scavenger, diluent for epoxy resins.

Air & Water Reactions

Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Organophosphates, such as Triphenyl phosphite, are susceptible to formation of highly toxic and flammable phosphine gas in the presence of strong reducing agents such as hydrides. Partial oxidation by oxidizing agents may result in the release of toxic phosphorus oxides.

Health Hazard

Triphenyl phosphite (TPP) is a skin irritant and sensitizer in humans and is neurotoxic in laboratory animals.Systemic effects have not been reported in humans.

Safety Profile

Poison by intraperitoneal and subcutaneous routes. Moderately toxic by ingestion. An experimental eye and severe human skin irritant. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame. To fight fire, use CO2, mist, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of POx. See also PHENOL.

Purification Methods

Its ethereal solution is washed succesively with aqueous 5% NaOH, distilled water and saturated aqueous NaCl, then dried with Na2SO4 and distilled under vacuum after evaporating the diethyl ether. [Walsh J Am Chem Soc 81 3023 1959, Verkade & Coskren in Organo Phosphorus Compounds (Kosolapoff & Maier eds) Wiley Vol 6 pp 211-577 1973, Beilstein 6 IV 695.]

Triphenyl phosphite Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Triphenyl phosphite Suppliers

Global( 288)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Tianjin Zhongxin Chemtech Co., Ltd.
022-66880086 CHINA 537 58
Capot Chemical Co.,Ltd.
+86(0)13336195806 +86-571-85586718
+86-571-85864795 China 20010 60
Hangzhou FandaChem Co.,Ltd.
+86-571-56059825 CHINA 8881 55
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
86-0551-65418684 18949823763
86-0551-65418684 China 3001 55
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258 CHINA 29970 58
Hebei Zhuangkai Biotechnology Co.,Ltd.
0311-89850048 China 299 58
+86 18953170293
+86 0531-67809011 CHINA 2858 58
+86 532 83657313 CHINA 226 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
027-59599243 CHINA 28229 58
Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
+8619930503282 China 4896 58

Related articles

View Lastest Price from Triphenyl phosphite manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2021-09-07 Triphenyl phosphite
US $10.00 / KG/Tin 1KG 99% 5000tons per month Wuhan Mulei New Material Technology Co. Ltd
2021-08-03 JADEWIN TPP
2020-03-19 Triphenyl Phosphate(TPP) CAS: 101-02-0
US $1.00 / G 100G 99.9% 50000 tons Hebei Zhuangkai Biotechnology Co.,Ltd.

Triphenyl phosphite Spectrum

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