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1-Pentanol

1-Pentanol
1-Pentanol structure
CAS No.
71-41-0
Chemical Name:
1-Pentanol
Synonyms
Amylol;Pentasol;FUSEL OIL;FEMA 2056;n-C5H11OH;1-Pentano1;1-PENTANOL;ALCOHOL C5;Pentanol-1;petan-1-ol
CBNumber:
CB7158872
Molecular Formula:
C5H12O
Formula Weight:
88.15
MOL File:
71-41-0.mol

1-Pentanol Properties

Melting point:
-78 °C (lit.)
Boiling point:
136-138 °C (lit.)
Density 
0.811 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
vapor density 
3 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
1 mm Hg ( 13.6 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.409(lit.)
FEMA 
2056 | AMYL ALCOHOL
Flash point:
120 °F
storage temp. 
Store below +30°C.
solubility 
water: soluble22.8g/L at 25°C
form 
Liquid
pka
15.24±0.10(Predicted)
color 
APHA: ≤30
Relative polarity
0.568
Odor
Pleasant 0.1 ppm
PH Range
7
Odor Threshold
0.1ppm
Relative density, gas (air=1)
3.04
explosive limit
10%, 100°F
Water Solubility 
22 g/L (22 ºC)
Merck 
14,7118
JECFA Number
88
BRN 
1730975
Stability:
Stable. Flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
CAS DataBase Reference
71-41-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS)
AMYL ALCOHOL
FDA UNII
M9L931X26Y
NIST Chemistry Reference
1-Pentanol(71-41-0)
EPA Substance Registry System
1-Pentanol (71-41-0)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Symbol(GHS) 
GHS02,GHS07,GHS08
Signal word  Warning
Hazard statements  H302+H332-H371-H226-H315-H319-H332-H335
Precautionary statements  P210-P261-P280-P304+P340+P312-P337+P313-P403+P235-P305+P351+P338-P370+P378-P233-P240-P241+P242+P243-P260-P264-P270-P271-P301+P312+P330-P302+P352+P332+P313+P362+P364-P305+P351+P338+P337+P313-P308+P311-P403+P233-P405-P501-P280a-P303+P361+P353-P501a
Hazard Codes  Xn,F,Xi
Risk Statements  10-20-37-66-37/38
Safety Statements  46-36/37
RIDADR  UN 1105 3/PG 3
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  SB9800000
Autoignition Temperature 572 °F
Hazard Note  Irritant/Flammable
TSCA  Yes
HS Code  2905 19 00
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  II
Toxicity LD50 orally in Rabbit: 3670 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit 2306 mg/kg
NFPA 704
3
1 0

1-Pentanol price More Price(48)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich W205605 Amyl alcohol ≥99%,FG 71-41-0 1 SAMPLE $50 2021-12-16 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 77597 1-Pentanol analytical standard 71-41-0 1 mL $33.2 2021-12-16 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 8.07500 n-Amyl alcohol for synthesis 71-41-0 1 L $62.44 2021-12-16 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 138975 1-Pentanol ReagentPlus , ≥99% 71-41-0 1l $73.3 2021-12-16 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 8.07500 n-Amyl alcohol for synthesis 71-41-0 100 mL $9.34 2021-12-16 Buy

1-Pentanol Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Description

1-Pentanol is a monohydroxy alcohol. It is a colorless liquid with a characteristic odor. Its combustion properties have been studied as it shows promising features to be an alternative to gasoline and diesel fuels. The conversion of 1-pentanol to di-n-pentyl ether (DNPE) in liquid phase at 423K in a batch reactor using ion exchange resins as catalysts.?

Chemical Properties

1-Pentanol is a clear, colorless liquid at ambient temperatures.The air odor detection level (lowest perceptible level) was reported as 10 ppm for 1-pentanol .

Chemical Properties

Amyl alcohols (pentanols) have eight isomers. All are flammable, colorless liquids, except the isomer 2,2- dimethyl-1-propanol, which is a crystalline solid.
Amyl alcohol has a characteristic fusel-like sweet and pleasant odor and burning taste. It is somewhat more toxic than ethyl alcohol.

Occurrence

Reported found in banana, sweet cherry, cranberry, bourbon, vanilla, rice bran and Brazil nut.

Uses

Raw material for pharmaceutical preparations;organic synthesis solvent.
1-Pentanol is used as a key starting material in the production of dichloro-acetic acid pentyl ester, 2-methyltetrahydrofuran, di-n-penyl ether (DNPE), pentyl butyrate and amyl acetate. As a solvent, it is used for coating CDs and DVDs. It has been considered to be a replacement for gasoline and diesel fuels due to its combustion properties. Further, it is used as a reagent to prepare derivatives of ferulic acid and caffeic acid, which shows anticancer properties.

Uses

1-Pentanol may be used as a cosurfactant in the water-in-oil mixed surfactant microemulsions.

Production Methods

1-Pentanol is made primarily by the oxo process, which involves the reaction of butenes with carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst, followed by hydrogenation. 1-Pentanol is used as a solvent, as a chemical intermediate for esters, and as a food additive and flavoring substance. The primary routes of industrial exposure are by dermal contact and inhalation.

Definition

ChEBI: An alkyl alcohol that is pentane in which a hydrogen of one of the methyl groups is substituted by a hydroxy group. It has been isolated from Melicope ptelefolia.

Aroma threshold values

Detection at 1.6 to 70 ppm

Taste threshold values

Taste characteristics at 50 ppm: intense fusel, fermented, bready and cereal with a fruity undertone

General Description

A colorless liquid with a mild to moderately strong odor. Less dense than water. Flash point 91°F. Boiling point 280°F. Vapors heavier than air. Moderately toxic by ingestion. Vapors may irritate skin and eyes. Used as a solvent and to make other chemicals.
Pentanol is incompatible with strong oxidising agents, alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, halogens, hydrogen trisulphide, acids, acetaldehyde, acid anhydrides, acid chlorides, lithium aluminium hydride, isocyanates, dialkylmagnesiums, n-halomides, ethylene oxide, hypochlorous acid, hydrogen peroxide and sulphuric acid, nitrogen tetraoxide, nitryl hypochlorite, permonosulphuric acid, and tri-isobutyl aluminium.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Soluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Moderately toxic, flammable if exposed to powerful oxidizers. Incompatible with oxidizing materials, hydrogen trisulfide [Sax, 9th ed., 1996, p. 224].

Hazard

Lower explosive level in air 1.2% by volume. Moderate fire risk.

Health Hazard

Irritation of skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; headache and vertigo; dyspnea and cough; nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Double vision, deafness, delirium, and occasionally fatal poisoning, preceded by severe nervous symptoms, have been reported. Coma, glycosuria, and methemoglobinemia can occur.

Fire Hazard

HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion and skin contact. An eye and upper respiratory irritant by inhalation. A severe skin and eye irritant. Ingestion can cause headache, nausea, vomiting, delirium, and methemoglobin formation. Mutation data reported. Extremely flammable if exposed to heat, flame, or powerful oxiduers. Moderately explosive when exposed to flame. Incompatible with oxidzing materials, hydrogen trisulfide. To fight fire, use alcohol foam, dry chemical.

Potential Exposure

(n-isomer); Suspected reprotoxic hazard, Primary irritant (w/o allergic reaction), (iso-, primary): Possible risk of forming tumors, Primary irritant (w/o allergic reaction), (sec-, active primary-, and other isomers) Primary irritant (w/o allergic reaction). Used as a solvent in organic synthesis and synthetic flavoring, pharmaceuticals, corrosion inhibitors; making plastics and other chemicals; as a flotation agent. The (n-isomer) is used in preparation of oil additives, plasticizers, synthetic lubricants, and as a solvent.

Shipping

UN2811 Pentanols, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3- Flammable liquid. UN1987 Alcohols, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid.

Purification Methods

Dry 1-pentanol with anhydrous K2CO3 or CaSO4, filter and fractionally distil it. It has also been treated with 1-2% of sodium and heated at reflux for 15hours to remove water and chlorides. Traces of water can be removed from the near-dry alcohol by refluxing it with a small amount of sodium in the presence of 2-3% n-amyl phthalate or succinate followed by distillation (see ethanol). Small amounts of amyl alcohol have been purified by esterifying with p-hydroxybenzoic acid, recrystallising the ester from CS2, saponifying with ethanolic-KOH, drying with CaSO4 and fractionally distilling [Olivier Recl Trav Chim Pays-Bas 55 1027 1936]. [Beilstein 1 IV 1640.]

Incompatibilities

Forms an explosive mixture with air. Contact with strong oxidizers and hydrogen trisulfide may cause fire and explosions. Incompatible with strong acids. Violent reaction with alkaline earth metals forming hydrogen, a flammable gas.

Waste Disposal

Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.

1-Pentanol Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


1-Pentanol Suppliers

Global( 277)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-66670886
info@dakenchem.com China 15418 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com China 22607 55
Shanghai Time Chemicals CO., Ltd.
+8618017249410 +86-021-57951555
+86-021-57951555 jack.li@time-chemicals.com China 1807 55
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
+86-0551-65418679
86-0551-65418697 info@tnjchem.com China 3000 55
career henan chemical co
+86-0371-55982848
sales@coreychem.com China 29953 58
SHANDONG ZHI SHANG CHEMICAL CO.LTD
+86 18953170293
+86 0531-67809011 sales@sdzschem.com CHINA 2940 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-18871470254
027-59599243 linda@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 28229 58
Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
+8619930503282
alice@crovellbio.com China 5941 58
hdzhl biotechnology co., ltd
86-13032617415
sales@luchibiology.com CHINA 1275 58
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
+86 592-605 1114
sales@amoychem.com CHINA 6369 58

View Lastest Price from 1-Pentanol manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2022-01-21 Pentanol
71-41-0
US $20.00 / Kg/Drum 25Kg/Drum 99.99% 1 ton per week Wuhan Mulei New Material Technology Co. Ltd
2021-07-13 pentanol
71-41-0
US $15.00-10.00 / KG 1KG 99%+ HPLC Monthly supply of 1 ton Zhuozhou Wenxi import and Export Co., Ltd
2021-07-10 pentanol
71-41-0
US $15.00-10.00 / KG 1KG 99%+ HPLC Monthly supply of 1 ton Zhuozhou Wenxi import and Export Co., Ltd

1-Pentanol Spectrum


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