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Titanium tetrachloride

Physical Properties Uses Preparation
Titanium tetrachloride
Titanium tetrachloride structure
CAS No.
7550-45-0
Chemical Name:
Titanium tetrachloride
Synonyms
TiCl4;Titane;Titanio;Titanic chloride;Titantetrachlorid;TITANIUM CHLORIDE;Tetrachlorotitanium;Titaniumchloridemin;Titaantetrachloride;TITANIUM(+4)CHLORIDE
CBNumber:
CB7854231
Molecular Formula:
Cl4Ti
Formula Weight:
189.68
MOL File:
7550-45-0.mol

Titanium tetrachloride Properties

Melting point:
−25 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
135-136 °C(lit.)
Density 
1.73 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)
vapor pressure 
50 mm Hg ( 55 °C)
refractive index 
1.61
Flash point:
46 °F
storage temp. 
Flammables area
solubility 
H2O: soluble
form 
Solution
color 
Light yellow to dark brown
Specific Gravity
1.726
Water Solubility 
reacts
Sensitive 
Moisture Sensitive
Merck 
14,9478
Stability:
Stable. Reacts with water. Incompatible with moisture, ammonia, amines, alcohols, potassium and other chemically active metals.
CAS DataBase Reference
7550-45-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Titanium tetrachloride(7550-45-0)
EPA Substance Registry System
Titanium chloride (TiCl4) (T-4)-(7550-45-0)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Symbol(GHS) 
GHS02,GHS05,GHS06,GHS08,GHS07
Signal word  Danger
Hazard statements  H302-H318-H333-H225-H304-H314-H336-H361d-H373-H335-H351-H290-H371-H330-H370-H372
Precautionary statements  P260h-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a-P210-P261-P280-P301+P310-P305+P351+P338-P310-P260-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340+P310-P284
Hazard Codes  C,F,Xi,T
Risk Statements  36/37/38-67-65-63-48/20-34-14-11-23-40-37-48/23-39/23-20/21/22-36/38
Safety Statements  26-7/8-62-46-45-36/37/39-24/25-23-16-60
RIDADR  UN 3289 6.1/PG 2
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  XR1925000
21
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  8
PackingGroup  II
HS Code  28273990

NFPA 704

Diamond Hazard Value Description
0
3 2
W
Health   3 Short exposure could cause serious temporary or moderate residual injury (e.g. liquid hydrogen, sulfuric acid, calcium hypochlorite, hexafluorosilicic acid)
Flammability   0 Materials that will not burn under typical fire conditions, including intrinsically noncombustible materials such as concrete, stone, and sand. Materials that will not burn in air when exposed to a temperature of 820 °C (1,500 °F) for a period of 5 minutes.(e.g. Carbon tetrachloride)
Instability   2 Undergoes violent chemical change at elevated temperatures and pressures, reacts violently with water, or may form explosive mixtures with water (e.g. white phosphorus, potassium, sodium)
Special   W

(NFPA, 2010)

Titanium tetrachloride price More Price(26)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 208566 Titanium(IV) chloride 99.9% trace metals basis 7550-45-0 200g $66.4 2018-11-20 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 208566 Titanium(IV) chloride 99.9% trace metals basis 7550-45-0 1.5kg $232 2018-11-20 Buy
TCI Chemical T2052 Titanium(IV) Chloride (14% in Dichloromethane, ca. 1.0mol/L) 7550-45-0 100mL $40 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical T2052 Titanium(IV) Chloride (14% in Dichloromethane, ca. 1.0mol/L) 7550-45-0 500mL $120 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar 014713 Titanium(IV) chloride, 99.0% min typically 99.6% 7550-45-0 100ml $44 2018-11-20 Buy

Titanium tetrachloride Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Physical Properties

Colorless or yellow liquid; penetrating acid odor; absorbs moisture from air; produces dense white fumes; density 1.73 g/mL; freezes at –25°C; boils at 136.5°C; critical temperature 464.8°C; critical pressure 46.6 atm; critical volume 339 cm3/mol; reacts with water forming TiO2 and HCl; soluble in ethanol

Uses

Titanium tetrachloride is used to prepare titanium dioxide and most other titanium compounds. It also is used in making iridescent glass; arificial pearls; and smoke screens. The compound is a polymerization catalyst.

Preparation

Titanium tetrachloride is prepared by heating titanium dioxide or the ores ilmenite or rutile with carbon to red heat in a stream of chlorine. When ilmetite is used, ferric chloride also is produced. Titanium tetrachloride is separated from ferric chloride and other impurities by fractionation.

Chemical Properties

Description: Titanium tetrachloride is a noncombustible, colorless to light yellow liquid that fumes in air. Penetrating acrid odor.

Chemical Properties

Colorless liquid. Fumes strongly when exposed to moist air, forming a dense and persistent white cloud. Soluble in dilute hydrochloric acid; soluble in water with evolution of heat; concentrated aqueous solutions are stable and corrosive; dilute solutions precipitate insoluble basic chlorides.

Uses

Activates pyrrolidines for improved conversion, via a modified Bouveault reaction, to the corresponding α,α-dimethylamines.1

Uses

manufacture of titanium compounds, iridescent glass and artificial pearls. Formerly used with potassium bitartrate as a mordant in textile industry, and with dyewoods in dyeing leather; also as smoke-producing screen with ammonia.

Uses

Titanium (IV) tetrachloride (TiCl4) produces a dense white smoke-like vapor when exposed to moist air. It is used as smoke screens and for skywriting, as well in theatrical productions where fog or smoke is required for the scene.

General Description

A colorless fuming liquid with a pungent odor. Corrosive to metals and tissue. Very toxic by inhalation.

Reactivity Profile

Titanium tetrachloride acts as an acid in aqueous solution. During the reduction of Titanium tetrachloride to titanium metal with potassium, an explosion occurred. The system had been heated to 90°C [Walter and Mandell 1967]. Addition directly to tetrahydrofuran caused a violent exothermic reaction [Inorg. Syn., 1982, 21, 135]. Ethylene can polymerize at low pressure if catalyzed by titanium halides. (Sundaram, K. M, M. M. Shreehan, E. F. Olszewski. thylene. Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2001.)

Hazard

Toxic by inhalation, strong irritant to skin and tissue.

Health Hazard

Titanium tetrachloride is a highly corrosive, acute irritant to the skin, eyes, mucous membranes and the respiratory tract. It is capable of causing death or permanent injury due to exposures encountered in normal use. Even short contact may lead to eye inflammation which may result in corneal opacities.

Fire Hazard

Material will react with water to produce hydrochloric acid. Titanium tetrachloride may ignite other combustible materials (e.g., wood, oil, etc.). Flammable, poisonous gases may accumulate in tanks and hopper cars. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Reacts strongly with water to release hydrochloric acid and heat. Avoid water, moist air. Stable in concentrated aqueous solutions. Avoid contact with moisture; the chemical absorbs moisture from air and evolves dense white fumes.

Safety Profile

Poison by inhalation. A corrosive irritant to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. See also TITANIUM COMPOUNDS.

Potential Exposure

Used in the manufacture of titanium salts; mordant dye; titanium pigments; and used as a chemical intermediate for titanium metal; titanium dioxide; as an agent in smoke screens; polymerization catalyst; and iridescent agent in glass and pearl manufacturing.

Shipping

UN1838 Titanium tetrachloride, Hazard class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poison Inhalation Hazard, 8-Corrosive material, Inhalation Hazard Zone B.

Purification Methods

Reflux it with mercury or a small amount of pure copper turnings to remove the last traces of colour [due to FeCl3 and VCl4], then distil it under N2 in an all-glass system, taking precautions to exclude moisture. Clabaugh et al. [J Res Nat Bur Stand 55 261 1955] removed organic material by adding aluminium chloride hexahydrate as a slurry with an equal amount of water (the slurry being ca one-fiftieth the weight of TiCl4), refluxed it for 2-6hours while bubbling in chlorine, the excess of which is subsequently removed by passing a stream of clean dry air. The TiCl4 is then distilled, refluxed with copper and again distilled, taking precautions to exclude moisture. Volatile impurities are then removed using a technique of freezing, pumping and melting. The titanium tetrachloride 2-tetrahydrofuran complex [Beilstein 17/1 V 33.] M 333.9, has m 126-128o and is easier to handle than TiCl4 [Abrahamson et al. Organometallics 3 1379 1984]. [Baxter & Fertig J Am Chem Soc 45 1228 1923, Baxter & Butler J Am Chem Soc 48 3117 1926.] HARMFUL VAPOURS.

Incompatibilities

Violent reaction with water or steam, releasing heat and hydrogen chloride fumes. Contact with moist air releases hydrogen chloride. Attacks many metals in presence of moisture.

Titanium tetrachloride Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Titanium tetrachloride Suppliers

Global( 183)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Dalian Richfortune Chemicals Co., Ltd
86-411-84820922, 84821539
86-411-84821380 sales@richfortunechem.com China 360 57
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sales@mainchem.com CHINA 32447 55
career henan chemical co
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sales@coreychem.com CHINA 29979 58
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51086038
86-21-51861608 chemwill_asia@126.com;sales@chemwill.com;chemwill@hotmail.com;chemwill@gmail.com CHINA 23978 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-18871470254
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Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
86-531-88032799
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Cangzhou Wanyou New Material Technology Co.,Ltd
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Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
86-13657291602
027-59338440 sales@guangaobio.com CHINA 23049 58
Shandong chuangyingchemical Co., Ltd.
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Chongqing Chemdad Co., Ltd +86-13650506873
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View Lastest Price from Titanium tetrachloride manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2019-04-11 Titanium tetrachloride
7550-45-0
US $1.00 / g 10g 99% min 300 Metric Ton/Metric Tons per Month Cangzhou Wanyou New Material Technology Co.,Ltd
2019-07-10 Titanium tetrachloride
7550-45-0
US $1.00 / KG 1KG 98% 1kg,5kg,100kg career henan chemical co

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