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O-클로로페놀

O-클로로페놀
O-클로로페놀 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
95-57-8
한글명:
O-클로로페놀
동의어(한글):
2-클로로페놀;O-클로로페놀;2-클로로페놀;2-하이드록시클로로벤젠;1-클로로-2-하이드록시벤젠;o-클로로페놀(o-CHLOROPHENOL)
상품명:
2-Chlorophenol
동의어(영문):
septi-kleen;o-Chlorphenol;2-Chlorphenol;2-CHLOROPHENOL;chloro-2phenol;o-chloro-pheno;2-chloro-pheno;O-CHLOROPHENOL;Chlorophenolate;CHLOROPHENOL(O-)
CBNumber:
CB1325292
분자식:
C6H5ClO
포뮬러 무게:
128.56
MOL 파일:
95-57-8.mol

O-클로로페놀 속성

녹는점
8 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
175-176 °C(lit.)
밀도
1.241 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
증기압
13.3 hPa (50 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.558(lit.)
인화점
147 °F
저장 조건
0-6°C
용해도
alcohol: freely soluble
산도 계수 (pKa)
8.49(at 25℃)
물리적 상태
neat
수용성
28.5 g/L (20 ºC)
Merck
14,2154
BRN
1905114
Henry's Law Constant
6.44 x 10-6 atm?m3/mol at 20 °C (Sheikheldin et al., 2001)
안정성
Stable. Hygroscopic. Combustible. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, acid anhydrides, acid chlorides.
InChIKey
ISPYQTSUDJAMAB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
95-57-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
2-Chlorophenol(95-57-8)
EPA
Phenol, 2-chloro-(95-57-8)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xn,N,T,F
위험 카페고리 넘버 20/21/22-51/53-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-11
안전지침서 28-61-28A-45-36/37-16-7
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2021 6.1/PG 3
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 SK2625000
F 고인화성물질 9
자연 발화 온도 550 °C
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 6.1
포장분류 III
HS 번호 29081000
유해 물질 데이터 95-57-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in rats: 0.67 g/kg (Deichmann)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H227 가연성 액체 인화성 액체 구분 4 경고 P210, P280, P370+P378, P403+P235,P501
H300 삼키면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 1,2 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H312 피부와 접촉하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 4 경고 P280,P302+P352, P312, P322, P363,P501
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H332 흡입하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 4 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H360 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 생식독성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
H370 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴(노출되어도 특정 표적장기 독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로를 기재) 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H401 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 2 P273, P501
H411 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 2
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P202 모든 안전 조치 문구를 읽고 이해하기 전에는 취급하지 마시오.
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P270 이 제품을 사용할 때에는 먹거나, 마시거나 흡연하지 마시오.
P271 옥외 또는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에서만 취급하시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P311 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P391 누출물을 모으시오.
P301+P310 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P302+P352 피부에 묻으면 다량의 물로 씻으시오.
P307+P311 노출된 경우,독성 물질 센터 또는 의사에게 전화하기
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P403+P235 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 보관하고 저온으로 유지하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.

O-클로로페놀 MSDS


2-Chlorophenol

O-클로로페놀 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

colourless to light brown liquid

화학적 성질

All isomers have a characteristic odor.

물리적 성질

Pale amber liquid with a slight phenolic, floral, or musty-type odor. At 40 °C, the average and lowest odor concentrations detected were 0.36 and 0.088 μg/L, respectively. At 25 °C, the average taste threshold concentration and the lowest concentration at which a taste was detected were 0.97 and 0.94 μg/L, respectively (Young et al., 1996).

용도

Organic synthesis (dyes).

일반 설명

A colorless to amber liquid with an unpleasant, penetrating odor. Density 1.265 g / cm3. Sinks in water and slowly dissolves. Freezing point 7°C (46°F). Boiling point 175°C (347°F).

공기와 물의 반응

Very soluble in water

반응 프로필

2-Chlorophenol is a weak acid. Neutralizes bases in exothermic reactions. Incompatible with oxidizing agents. Incompatible with acid chlorides and acid anhydrides. Forms ethers, esters and salts with metals and amines .

위험도

Toxic by skin absorption, inhalation, or ingestion. Strong irritant to tissue.

건강위험

Poisonous; may be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through skin. Irritating to skin and eyes; direct contact may cause burns. Rats receiving lethal doses via oral, subcutaneous or intraperitoneal routes displayed similar symptoms: restlessness, increased breathing rate and motor weakness followed by tremors, chronic convulsions, dyspnea, coma and death.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion, intraperitoneal, and intravenous routes. Experimental reproductive effects. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. Mutation data reported. Flammable liquid when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizers. To fight fire, use alcohol foam. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. See also CHLOROPHENOLS and CHLORIDES.

잠재적 노출

Monochlorophenols are used in the manufacture of fungicides, slimicides, bactericides, pesticides, herbicides, disinfectants, wood and glue preservatives; in the production of phenolic resins; in the extraction of certain minerals from coal; as a denaturant for ethanol; as an antiseptic; as a disinfectant, and others.

환경귀착

Biological. Chloroperoxidase, a fungal enzyme isolated from Caldariomyces fumago, reacted with 2-chlorophenol yielding traces of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol, 2,4- and 2,6-dichlorophenols (Wannstedt et al., 1990). When 2-chlorophenol was statically incubated in the dark at 25 °C with yeast extract and settled domestic wastewater inoculum, significant biodegradation with rapid adaptation was observed. At concentrations of 5 and 10 mg/L, 86 and 83% biodegradation, respectively, were observed after 7 d (Tabak et al., 1981). Biodegradation rates of 10 and 8 μmol/L?d were reported for chlorophenol in saline water and acclimated sulfidogenic sediment cultures (H?ggblom and Young, 1990).
Soil. In laboratory microcosm experiments kept under aerobic conditions, half-lives of 7.2 and 1.7 d were reported for 2-chlorophenol in an acidic clay soil (<1% organic matter) and slightly basic sandy loam soil (3.25% organic matter) (Loehr and Matthews, 1992). In a nonsterile clay loam soil, a loss of 91% was reported when 2-chlorophenol was incubated in a nonsterile clay loam at 0 °C. Nondetectable levels of 2-chlorophenol was reported in sediments obtained from a stream at 20 °C after 10 to 15 d (Baker et al., 1980).
Surface Water. Hoigné and Bader (1983) reported 2-chlorophenol reacts with ozone at a rate constant of 1,100/M?sec at the pH range of 1.8 to 4.0.
Photolytic. Monochlorophenols exposed to sunlight (UV radiation) produced catechol and other hydroxybenzenes (Hwang et al., 1986). Titanium dioxide suspended in an aqueous solution and irradiated with UV light (λ = 365 nm) converted 2-chlorophenol to carbon dioxide at a significant rate (Matthews, 1986). In a similar experiment, irradiation of an aqueous solution containing 2- chlorophenol and titanium dioxide with UV light (λ >340 nm) resulted in the formation of chlorohydroquinone and trace amounts of catechol. Hydroxylation of both of these compounds forms the intermediate hydroxyhydroquinone, which degrades quickly to unidentified carboxylic acids and carbonyl compounds (D’Oliveira et al., 1990).
Chemical/Physical. Wet oxidation of 2-chlorophenol at 320 °C yielded formic and acetic acids (Randall and Knopp, 1980). Wet oxidation of 2-chlorophenol at elevated pressure and temperature yielded the following products: acetone, acetaldehyde, formic, acetic, maleic, oxalic, muconic, and succinic acids (Keen and Baillod, 1985).

운송 방법

UN 2020 (solid); UN2021 (liquid) Chlorophenols, solid and liquid, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials.

Purification Methods

Pass 2-chlorophenol at least twice through a gas chromatography column. It has also been purified by fractional distillation. [Beilstein 6 IV 782.]

비 호환성

May form explosive mixture with air. Contact with oxidizing agents can cause fire and explosion hazard. Heat produces hydrogen chloride and chlorine. Corrosive to aluminum, copper and other chemically active metals.

폐기물 처리

Incinerate in admixture with flammable solvent in furnace equipped with afterburner and scrubber.

O-클로로페놀 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


O-클로로페놀 공급 업체

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