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오산화 바나듐

오산화 바나듐
오산화 바나듐 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
1314-62-1
한글명:
오산화 바나듐
동의어(한글):
바나듐(V)산화물;디바나듐펜타산화물;바나듐산화물;바나듐펜타산화물;바나드무수물;바나드산무수물;오산화바나듐;산화바나듐;바나듐펜타옥사이드;바다듐오산화물;바나드무수물;바나듐펜타산화;다이바나듐펜타옥사이드;바나듐 펜톡사이드
상품명:
Vanadium(V) oxide
동의어(영문):
V2-O5;Vandia;Vanadia;/span>C.I. 77938;vanadiumdust;vanadiumfume;VANADIUM METAL;font-size:24px;VANADIN(V)OXIDE
CBNumber:
CB7265055
분자식:
O5V2
포뮬러 무게:
181.88
MOL 파일:
1314-62-1.mol

오산화 바나듐 속성

녹는점
690 °C
끓는 점
3380 °C(lit.)
밀도
3.35 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
증기압
8 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
인화점
1750°C
저장 조건
Poison room
용해도
H2O: soluble
물리적 상태
turnings
색상
Orange
Specific Gravity
3.357
수소이온지수(pH)
4 (50g/l, H2O, 20℃)(slurry)
수용성
1 g/125 mL
Merck
14,9921
안정성
Stable. Incompatible with chlorine, chlorates, acids, alkali metals, interhalogens.
CAS 데이터베이스
1314-62-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
IARC
2B (Vol. 86) 2006
NIST
Vanadium(v) oxide(1314-62-1)
EPA
Vanadium pentoxide (1314-62-1)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xi,N,T,C,T+
위험 카페고리 넘버 36/38-68-63-51/53-48/23-37-20/22-41-48/20-34-40-26/27/28
안전지침서 26-61-45-38-36/37-36-36/37/39-23
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3289 6.1/PG 2
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 YW1355000
F 고인화성물질 10
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 8
포장분류 III
HS 번호 28253010
유해 물질 데이터 1314-62-1(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 400 - 500 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rat > 2000 mg/kg
기존화학 물질 KE-12750
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H332 흡입하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 4 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H341 유전적인 결함을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 생식세포 유전독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 생식세포 변이원성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201,P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H361 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 생식독성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H372 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H411 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 2
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P304+P340 흡입하면 신선한 공기가 있는 곳으로 옮기고 호흡하기 쉬운 자세로 안정을 취하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.
NFPA 704
0
3 1

오산화 바나듐 MSDS


Divanadium pentaoxide

오산화 바나듐 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

Vanadium pentoxide is a yellow to red colour solid and is odourless. Vanadium pentoxide dust is the particulate form of a non-combustible, odourless, yellow-orange or dark grey crystalline solid.
On decomposition by heating, vanadium pentoxide produces toxic fumes. Vanadium is widely distributed in the Earth’s crust in a wide range of minerals and in fossil fuels. Vanadium pentoxide, the major commercial product of vanadium, is mainly used in the production of alloys with iron and aluminium. It is also used as an oxidation catalyst in the chemical industry and in a variety of minor applications.

화학적 성질

Vanadium pentoxide dust is an odorless, yellow to red crystal, or powder; or fume (when vanadium is heated). Vanadium pentoxide fume is a finely divided particulate dispersed in air.

화학적 성질

A yellow to rust-brown or orange crystals or powder. Slightly soluble in water and denser than water. Contact may cause severe irritation to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. May be toxic by ingestion, inhalation and skin absorption.

용도

As catalyst in the oxidation of SO2 to SO3, alcohol to acetaldehyde, etc.; for the manufacture of yellow glass; inhibiting ultraviolet light transmission in glass; depolarizer; as developer in photography; in form of ammonium vanadate as mordant in dyeing and printing fabrics and in manufacture of aniline black.

용도

Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is a reddish-yellow powder extracted from minerals using strong acids or alkalies. In addition to being used as a catalyst for many organic chemical reactions, it is used in photography and in UV-protected windowpanes and to color ceramics and dye cloth.

용도

In the production of high-strength steel alloys; catalyst in oxidation reactions; in pesticides; in dyes and inks.

용도

Vanadium(V) oxide is used in Vacuum deposition, catalysts for conversion of toluene to benzonitrile or propylene to acrylonitrile, as a detector material in bolometers and microbolometer arrays for thermal imaging.

정의

vanadium pentoxide: A crystalline compound,V2O5, used extensively as a catalyst inindustrial gas-phase oxidationprocesses.

반응 프로필

Vanadium pentoxide is acidic in many reactions. Hence, soluble in bases. [Kirk-Othmer]. Can react with ClF3, Li, peroxyformic acid and (Ca+S+H2O). Also reacts with strong acids.

위험도

The compound is toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and contact. Inhalation can cause asthma, cough, dyspnea, and bronchial constriction. Ingestion can cause gastrointestinal tract disturbances. Other toxic symptoms are skin pallor, greenish-black tongue, and papular skin rash (Lewis, R.J. (Sr) 1996. Sax’s Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials, 9thed. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold).
The oral LD50 for V2O5 dust in rats is 10 mg/kg and the inhalation LCLO in rats is 70 mg/m3/2hr.

건강위험

Probable oral lethal dose for humans is between 5 and 50 mg/kg or between 7 drops and 1 teaspoonful for a 70 kg (150 lb.) person. Toxicity is about the same magnitude as pentavalent arsenic. A person with chronic respiratory disease is at greater risk when exposed to this substance.

화재위험

Container may explode in heat of fire. When heated to decomposition, Vanadium pentoxide emits acrid smoke and fumes of vanadium oxides. Material is not flammable but Vanadium pentoxide may increase the intensity of the fire when in contact with combustible materials. Avoid chlorine trifluoride; lithium; peroxyformic acid; and calcium, sulfur, water complexes. Hazardous polymerization may not occur.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion, inhalation, intraperitoneal, subcutaneous, intratracheal, and intravenous routes. An experimental teratogen. Human systemic effects by inhalation: bronchiolar constriction, including asthma, cough, dpspnea, sputum, and conjunctiva irritation. Experimental reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. A respiratory irritant; causes skin pallor, greenish-black tongue, chest pain, cough, dyspnea, palpitation, lung changes. When ingested it causes gastrointestinal tract disturbances. May also cause a papular skin rash. Mixtures with calcium + sulfur + water may ignite spontaneously. The absorption of V2O5 by inhalation is nearly 100%. Incompatible with ClF3, Li, peroxyformic acid. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes of VOx. See also VANADIUM COMPOUNDS.

잠재적 노출

(dust); Suspected reprotoxic hazard, Suspected of causing genetic defects, Primary irritant (w/o allergic reaction), (fume) Possible risk of forming tumors, Vanadium pentoxide is an industrial catalyst in oxidation reactions; is used in glass and ceramic glazes; is a steel additive; and is used in welding electrode coatings.

Carcinogenicity

Vanadium pentoxide was not mutagenic in Salmonella strains and did not increase the frequency of micronucleated erythrocytes in mice.9 In other studies vanadium compounds have produced clear evidence of aneuploidy in somatic cells after exposure by several different routes.

운송 방법

UN2862 Vanadium pentoxide, nonfused form, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials.

비 호환성

Strong acids; lithium, chlorine trifluoride; peroxyformic acid; combustible substances.

폐기물 처리

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform to EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal. Vanadium pentoxide may be salvaged or disposed of in a sanitary landfill.

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