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O-크레졸

O-크레졸
O-크레졸 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
95-48-7
한글명:
O-크레졸
동의어(한글):
O-크레졸;O-크레솔;1-메틸-2-하이드록시벤젠;1-하이드록시-2-메틸벤젠;2-메틸페놀;2-크레졸;2-하이드록시-1-메틸벤젠;2-하이드록시톨루엔;O-메틸페놀;O-옥시톨루엔;O-크레실산;o-하이드록시톨루엔;오쏘-크레솔;크레솔, 오쏘;페놀, 2-메틸-
상품명:
o-Cresol
동의어(영문):
o-Creso;O-CRESOL;2-Cresol;o-Kresol;o-toluol;FEMA 3480;ORTHO CRESO;Orthocresol;o-Oxytoluene;ortho-cresol
CBNumber:
CB4854694
분자식:
C7H8O
포뮬러 무게:
108.14
MOL 파일:
95-48-7.mol

O-크레졸 속성

녹는점
29-31 °C (lit.)
끓는 점
191 °C (lit.)
밀도
1.048 g/mL at 25 °C
증기 밀도
3.72 (vs air)
증기압
0.3 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
굴절률
1.5361
FEMA
3480 | O-CRESOL
인화점
178 °F
저장 조건
under inert gas
용해도
20g/l
물리적 상태
Liquid or Low Melting Solid
산도 계수 (pKa)
10.2(at 25℃)
색상
white to brown
수소이온지수(pH)
4.8 (20g/l, H2O, 20℃)
폭발한계
1.47%, 148°F
Odor Threshold
0.00028ppm
수용성
20 g/L (20 ºC)
Merck
14,2579
JECFA Number
691
BRN
506917
Henry's Law Constant
0.34 at 5.25 °C, 0.61 at 10.00 °C, 1.57 at 20.00 °C, 2.33 at 25.00 °C (dynamic equilibrium system- GC, Feigenbrugel et al., 2004a)
노출 한도
NIOSH REL: TWA 2.3 ppm (10 mg/m3), IDLH 250 ppm; OSHA PEL: TWA 5 ppm (22 mg/m3); ACGIH TLV: TWA for all isomers 5 ppm (adopted).
안정성
Stable, but light and air sensitive. Combustible. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, bases.
InChIKey
QWVGKYWNOKOFNN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
95-48-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Phenol, 2-methyl-(95-48-7)
EPA
o-Cresol (95-48-7)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T
위험 카페고리 넘버 24/25-34-39/23/24/25-23/24/25
안전지침서 36/37/39-45-36/37
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3455 6.1/PG 2
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 GO6300000
F 고인화성물질 8-23
자연 발화 온도 555 °C
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 6.1
포장분류 II
HS 번호 29071200
유해 물질 데이터 95-48-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in rats: 1.35 g/kg (Deichmann, Witherup)
기존화학 물질 KE-24792
유해화학물질 필터링 97-1-268
함량 및 규제정보 물질구분: 유독물질; 혼합물(제품)함량정보: 크레졸 및 이를 5% 이상 함유한 혼합물
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H301 삼키면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 3 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H311 피부와 접촉하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 3 위험 P280, P302+P352, P312, P322, P361,P363, P405, P501
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H361 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 생식독성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H370 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴(노출되어도 특정 표적장기 독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로를 기재) 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H372 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H401 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 2 P273, P501
H411 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 2
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P202 모든 안전 조치 문구를 읽고 이해하기 전에는 취급하지 마시오.
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P270 이 제품을 사용할 때에는 먹거나, 마시거나 흡연하지 마시오.
P271 옥외 또는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에서만 취급하시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P310 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오. 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 도움을 받으시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.
NFPA 704
2
3 0

O-크레졸 MSDS


2-Hydroxytoluene

O-크레졸 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

colourless to light yellow liquid

화학적 성질

Cresol is a mixture of the three isomeric cresols, o-, m-, and p-cresol. Cresols are slightly soluble in water. m-Isomer: Colorless or yellow liquid with characteristic odor.

화학적 성질

o-Cresol has a musty, phenolic aftertaste.

물리적 성질

Colorless solid or liquid with a phenolic odor; darkens on exposure to air. An odor threshold concentration of 0.28 ppbv was reported by Nagata and Takeuchi (1990).

출처

Reported in Acacial farnesiana, ylang-ylang oil (probably as p-cresyl acetate), jasmine absolute, orange oil from leaves, the essence from flowers of Lilium candidum, anise seed oil, the essence of Artemisia santolinoflia, and some sea algae. Also reported found in asparagus, peppermint oil, cheddar cheese, provolone cheese, butter, milk, lean fish, boiled egg, smoked pork, rum, Scotch whiskey, red wine, white wine, coffee and mango.Reported found in cinnamon, coffee, Oriental tobacco, rum, sherry, tea, tomato and whiskey.

용도

Disinfectant; phenolic resins; tricresyl phosphate; ore flotation; textile scouring agent; organic intermediate; manufacturing salicylaldehyde, coumarin, and herbicides; surfactant; synthetic food flavors (para isomer only); food antioxidant; dye, perfume, plastics, and resins manufacturing.

용도

o-Cresol is used as a disinfectant and solvent. Lysol disinfectant is a 50% (v/v) mixed-cresol isomer in a soap emulsion formed on mixing with water. Besides disinfection products at solutions of 1–5%, the cresols are used as degreasing compounds, paintbrush cleaners, and additives in lubricating oils. Cresols were previously widely used for disinfection of poultry houses, but this use was discontinued because of their toxicity; they cause respiratory problems and abdominal edema in young chicks. o-Cresol has been used in synthetic resins, explosives, petroleum, photographic, paint, and agricultural industries.

용도

Antiseptics; disinfectants; solvent; insecticides; resins; flame-retardant plasticizers

생산 방법

The cresols (cresylic acids) are methyl phenols and generally appear as a mixture of isomers. o-Cresol is a 2-methyl derivative of phenol and is prepared from o-toluic acid or obtained from coal tar or petroleum. Crude cresol is obtained by distilling “gray phenic acid” at a temperature of ≈180–201°C. o-Cresol may be separated from the crude or purified mixture by repeated fractional distillation in vacuo. It can also be prepared synthetically by diazotization of the specific toluidine or by fusion of the corresponding toluenesulfonic acid with sodium hydroxide.

정의

ChEBI: A cresol that is phenol substituted by a methyl group at position 2. It is a minor urinary metabolite of toluene.

Aroma threshold values

Aroma characteristics at 1.0%: phenolic, medicinal, sweet spicy, smoky with a methyl salicylate nuance.

Taste threshold values

Taste characteristics at 2.0 ppm: sweet medicinal, phenolic and tarlike.

Synthesis Reference(s)

Tetrahedron Letters, 30, p. 5215, 1989 DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(01)93745-1
Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 27, p. 816, 1979 DOI: 10.1248/cpb.27.816
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 107, p. 2571, 1985 DOI: 10.1021/ja00294a073

일반 설명

Colorless or yellow to brown-yellow or pinkish colored liquid with a phenol-like odor. Toxic by ingestion and/or skin absorption. May have a flash point between 100 and 199°F. Causes burns to skin, eyes and mucous membranes. Insoluble in water.

공기와 물의 반응

Sensitive to light and air. Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

o-Cresol is incompatible with oxidizing agents and bases. Mixing o-Cresol with chlorosulfonic acid, nitric acid and oleum in a closed contained caused the temperature and pressure to increase.

위험도

Questionable carcinogen.

건강위험

The chemical is rated as a very toxic compound with a probable oral lethal dose in humans of 50-500 mg/kg, or between 1 teaspoon and 1 ounce for a 70 kg (150 lb.) person. It is a strong dermal irritant and frequently causes dermatitis. Serious or fatal poisoning may result if large areas of skin are wet with cresol, o- and the substance is not removed immediately. Ingestion of even a small amount may cause paralysis and coma. It is corrosive to body tissues, with toxicity similar to phenol.

화재위험

Fire may produce irritating or poisonous gases. Runoff from fire control water may give off poisonous gases. o-Cresol may burn but does not ignite readily. Container may explode in heat of fire. Slight explosion and fire hazard in the form of vapor when exposed to heat or flame. When heated to decomposition, o-Cresol emits highly toxic fumes. Reacts violently with nitric acid, oleum, and chlorosulfonic acid. Hazardous polymerization may not occur.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion, inhalation, subcutaneous, intravenous, and intraperitoneal routes. Moderately toxic by skin contact. A severe eye and skin irritant. Human mutation data reported. Questionable carcinogen with experimental neoplastigenic data. Flammable when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidants. To fight fire, water may be used to blanket fire; foam, fog, mist, dry chemical. See also other cresol entries and PHENOL.

잠재적 노출

Cresol is used as a disinfectant and fumigant; as an ore flotation agent, and as an intermediate in the manufacture of chemicals, dyes, plastics, and antioxidants. A mixture of isomers is generally used; the concentrations of the components are determined by the source of the cresol.

Source

Detected in distilled water-soluble fractions of 87 octane gasoline (6.61 mg/L), 94 octane gasoline (0.57 mg/L), Gasohol (1.17 mg/L), No. 2 fuel oil (2.64 mg/L), jet fuel A (0.72 mg/L), diesel fuel (1.36 mg/L), and military jet fuel JP-4 (1.51 mg/L) (Potter, 1996). o-Cresol was also detected in 82% of 65 gasoline (regular and premium) samples (62 from Switzerland, 3 from Boston, MA). At 25 °C, concentrations were from 1.1–99 mg/L in gasoline and 70–6,600 μg/L in water-soluble fractions. Average concentrations were 18 mg/L in gasoline and 1.2 mg/L in watersoluble fractions (Schmidt et al., 2002).
A high-temperature coal tar contained 2-methylphenol at an average concentration of 0.25 wt % (McNeil, 1983).
Occurs naturally in white sandlewood, sour cherries, peppermint leaves (1–10 ppb), tarragon, asparagus shoots, tea leaves, coffee beans, Japanese privet, tomatoes, licorice roots, and African palm oil (Duke, 1992).
Schauer et al. (2001) measured organic compound emission rates for volatile organic compounds, gas-phase semi-volatile organic compounds, and particle phase organic compounds from the residential (fireplace) combustion of pine, oak, and eucalyptus. The gas-phase emission rates of 2-methylphenol were 89.6 mg/kg of pine burned, 47.7 mg/kg of oak burned, and 37.8 mg/kg of eucalyptus burned. The particle-phase emission rates were 0.018 mg/kg of oak burned and 0.006 mg/kg of eucalyptus burned.

환경귀착

Biological. Bacterial degradation of 2-methylphenol may introduce a hydroxyl group producing 3-methylcatechol (Chapman, 1972). In phenol-acclimated activated sludge, metabolites identified include 3-methylcatechol, 4-methylresorcinol, methylhydroquinone, α-ketobutyric acid, dihydroxybenzaldehyde, and trihydroxytoluene (Masunaga et al., 1986).
Chloroperoxidase, a fungal enzyme isolated from Caldariomyces fumago, reacted with 2- methylphenol forming 2-methyl-4-chlorophenol (38% yield) and 2-methyl-6-chlorophenol (Wannstedt et al., 1990).
Heukelekian and Rand (1955) reported a 5-d BOD value of 1.70 g/g which is 67.5% of the ThOD value of 2.72 g/g. In activated sludge inoculum, 95.0% COD removal was achieved. The average rate of biodegradation was 54.0 mg COD/g?h (Pitter, 1976).
Soil. In laboratory microcosm experiments kept under aerobic conditions, half-lives of 5.1 and 1.6 d were reported for 2-methylphenol in an acidic clay soil (<1% organic matter) and slightly basic sandy loam soil (3.25% organic matter) (Loehr and Matthews, 1992).
Surface Water. In river water, the half-life of 2-methylphenol was 2 and 4 d at 20 and 4 °C, respectively (Ludzack and Ettinger, 1960).
Groundwater. Nielsen et al. (1996) studied the degradation of 2-methylphenol in a shallow, glaciofluvial, unconfined sandy aquifer in Jutland, Denmark. As part of the in situ microcosm study, a cylinder that was open at the bottom and screened at the top was installed through a cased borehole approximately 5 m below grade. Five liters of water was aerated with atmospheric air to ensure aerobic conditions were maintained. Groundwater was analyzed weekly for approximately 3 months to determine 2-methylphenol concentrations with time. The experimentally determined first-order biodegradation rate constant and corresponding half-life were 0.2/d and 3.5 d, respectively. Groundwater contaminated with phenol and other phenols degraded in a methanogenic aquifer to methane and carbon dioxide. These results could not be duplicated in the laboratory utilizing an anaerobic digester (Godsy et al., 1983).
Photolytic. Sunlight irradiation of 2-methylphenol and nitrogen oxides in air yielded the following gas-phase products: acetaldehyde, formaldehyde, pyruvic acid, peroxyacetyl nitrate, nitrocresols, and trace levels of nitric acid and methyl nitrate. Particulate phase products were also identified and these include 2-hydroxy-3-nitrotoluene, 2-hydroxy-5-nitrotoluene, 2-hydroxy-3,5- dinitrotoluene, and tentatively identified nitrocresol isomers (Grosjean, 1984). Absorbs UV light at a maximum wavelength of 270 nm (Dohnal and Fenclová, 1995).
Chemical/Physical. Ozonation of an aqueous solution containing 2-methylphenol (200 to 600 mg/L) yielded formic, acetic, propionic, glyoxylic, oxalic, and salicylic acids (Wang, 1990). In a different experiment, however, an aqueous solution containing 2-methylphenol (1 mM) reacted with ozone (11.7 mg/min) forming 2-methylmuconic acid and hydrogen peroxide as end products. The proposed pathway of degradation involved electrophilic aromatic substitution by the first ozone molecule followed by a 1,3-dipolar addition of the second ozone molecule to the cleaved ring (Beltran et al., 1990).

운송 방법

UN2076 Cresols, liquid, Hazard class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, 8-Corrosive material. UN3455 Cresols, solid, Hazard class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1- Poisonous materials, 8-Corrosive material.

Purification Methods

It can be freed from m-and p-isomers by repeated fractional distillation, It crystallises from *benzene by addition of pet ether. It has been fractionallly crystallised by partial freezing of its melt. The 3,5-dinitrobenzoate (prepared with 3,5-dinitrobenzoyl chloride in dry pyridine, and recrystallised from EtOH or aqueous Me2CO) has m 138o. [Beilstein 6 IV 1940.]

비 호환성

Vapors may form explosive mixture with air. Incompatible with strong acids; oxidizers, alkalies, aliphatic amines; amides, chlorosulfonic acid; oleum. Decomposes on heating, producing strong acids and bases, causing fire and explosion hazard. Liquid attacks some plastics and rubber. Attacks many metals.

폐기물 처리

Wastewaters may be subjected to biological treatment. Concentrations may be further reduced by ozone treatment. High concentration wastes may be destroyed in special waste incinerators.

O-크레졸 준비 용품 및 원자재

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