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2-Nitrophenol structure
Chemical Name:
Nsc 1552;o-Nitrofenol;o-nitro-pheno;2-nitro-pheno;2-NITROPHENOL;O-NITROPHENOL;2-Nitrylphemol;Phenol,2-nitro-;Phenol, o-nitro-;o-nitrophenol[qr]
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

2-Nitrophenol Properties

Melting point:
43-45 °C
Boiling point:
214-216 °C
vapor pressure 
1 mm Hg ( 49.3 °C)
refractive index 
Flash point:
108 °C
storage temp. 
Store in dark!
2 g/L (25°C)
7.17(at 25℃)
Clear pale yellow
PH Range
Colorless (5.0) to yellow (7.0)
Water Solubility 
2 g/L (25 ºC)
Light Sensitive
Stable. Incompatible with strong bases, strong oxidizing agents.
Major Application
High voltage capacitors, inks, energetic materials, corrosion inhibitors, fertilizer, food storage, enzyme assays, detecting microorganisms, immunotherapy, drugs
CAS DataBase Reference
88-75-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Phenol, 2-nitro-(88-75-5)
EPA Substance Registry System
Phenol, 2-nitro-(88-75-5)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  Xn,T,F
Risk Statements  22-36/37/38-52/53-33-20/21/22-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-11
Safety Statements  26-61-45-36/37-16-7-36-28
RIDADR  UN 1663 6.1/PG 3
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  SM2100000
Autoignition Temperature 550 °C
HazardClass  6.1
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  29089000
Hazardous Substances Data 88-75-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 orally in mice, rats: 1.297, 2.828 g/kg, K. C. Back et al., Reclassification of Materials Listed as Transportation Health Hazards (TSA-20-72-3; PB214-270, 1972)
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
H370 Causes damage to organs Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure Category 1 Danger P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure Category 2 Warning P260, P314, P501
H402 Harmful to aquatic life Hazardous to the aquatic environment, acute hazard Category 3
H412 Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 3 P273, P501
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P311 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: wash with plenty of soap and water.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.

2-Nitrophenol price More Price(11)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich N19702 2-Nitrophenol 98% 88-75-5 5g $26.2 2018-11-20 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich N19702 2-Nitrophenol 98% 88-75-5 1kg $78.3 2018-11-20 Buy
TCI Chemical N0219 2-Nitrophenol >98.0%(GC)(T) 88-75-5 25g $16 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical N0219 2-Nitrophenol >98.0%(GC)(T) 88-75-5 100g $33 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar A12333 2-Nitrophenol, 98% 88-75-5 1000g $77.3 2018-11-13 Buy

2-Nitrophenol Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

yellow crystalline solid


ChEBI: A member of the class of 2-nitrophenols that is phenol in which one of the hydrogens that is ortho to the hydroxy group has been replaced by a nitro group.


manufacture of dyes, paint colorings, rubber chemicals, and fungicides. Indicator in 2% alcohol solution. pH: 5.0 colorless, 7.0 yellow, but the color change is not sharp and cannot be used where CO2 is present; as reagent for glucose.

General Description

Yellow solid. Sinks in and mixes slowly with water.

Air & Water Reactions

Water insoluble.

Reactivity Profile

2-Nitrophenol is a yellow, crystalline material, moderately toxic, low melting point (45° C). When heated to decomposition 2-Nitrophenol emits toxic fumes of oxides of nitrogen. In molten form violent reaction with strong alkali (85 % potassium hydroxide) [491 M, 1975, p. 342]. Reaction product with chlorosulfuric acid decomposes violently at room temperature [Vervalin, C. H., Hydrocarbon Proc., 1976, 55(9), p. 321].


Toxic by ingestion.

Health Hazard

Inhalation or ingestion causes headache, drowsiness, nausea, and blue color in lips, ears, and fingernails (cyanosis). Contact with eyes causes irritation. Can be absorbed through the intact skin to give same symptoms as for inhalation.

Fire Hazard

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic and irritating fumes of unburned material and oxides of nitrogen can form in fire.

Purification Methods

Crystallise 2-nitrophenol from EtOH/water, water, EtOH, *benzene or MeOH/pet ether (b 70-90o). It can be steam distilled. Petrucci and Weygandt [Anal Chem 33 275 1961] crystallised it from hot water (twice), then EtOH (twice), followed by fractional crystallisation from the melt (twice), drying over CaCl2 in a vacuum desiccator and then in a drying pistol. The 4-nitrobenzoate had m 141o (from EtOH). [Beilstein 6 IV 1246.]

2-Nitrophenol Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

2-Nitrophenol Suppliers

Global( 215)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817 CHINA 22043 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 20786 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733 CHINA 32651 55
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51861608;;; CHINA 24118 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-188-71490254 CHINA 20229 58
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258 CHINA 19997 58
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933; China 96815 76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) China 40395 62
Alfa Aesar 400-610-6006; 021-67582000
021-67582001/03/05 China 30291 84
TAIYUAN RHF CO.,LTD. +86 351 7031519
+86 351 7031519 China 2362 56

View Lastest Price from 2-Nitrophenol manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-12-19 2-Nitrophenol
US $2.00 / kg 1kg 98% Ask career henan chemical co

2-Nitrophenol Spectrum

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