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Fenitrothion

Description History Toxicity Effects
Fenitrothion
Fenitrothion structure
CAS No.
122-14-5
Chemical Name:
Fenitrothion
Synonyms
MEP;Cyten;oms43;s112a;s5660;Cyfen;cytel;Dybar;Macbar;OMS 43
CBNumber:
CB5406210
Molecular Formula:
C9H12NO5PS
Formula Weight:
277.23
MOL File:
122-14-5.mol

Fenitrothion Properties

Melting point:
3.4°C
Boiling point:
140-145°C (0.05 torr)
Density 
1.3227
refractive index 
nD25 1.5528
Flash point:
>100 °C
storage temp. 
APPROX 4°C
form 
neat
Specific Gravity
1.328 (20℃)
Water Solubility 
0.003 g/100 mL
Merck 
13,4003
BRN 
8983553
CAS DataBase Reference
122-14-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Fenitrothion(122-14-5)
EPA Substance Registry System
Phosphorothioic acid, O,O-dimethyl O-(3-methyl-4-nitrophenyl) ester(122-14-5)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  Xn;N,N,Xn,T,F,T+
Risk Statements  22-50/53-23-21/22-67-65-38-11-26
Safety Statements  2-60-61-45-36/37-62-28-16
RIDADR  3018
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  TG0350000
HazardClass  6.1(b)
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  29201900
Hazardous Substances Data 122-14-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 orally in rats: 250 mg/kg (Schrader)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H301 Toxic if swalloed Acute toxicity,oral Category 3 Danger P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H304 May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways Aspiration hazard Category 1 Danger
H312 Harmful in contact with skin Acute toxicity,dermal Category 4 Warning P280,P302+P352, P312, P322, P363,P501
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H330 Fatal if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 1, 2 Danger P260, P271, P284, P304+P340, P310,P320, P403+P233, P405, P501
H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness Specific target organ toxicity,single exposure; Narcotic effects Category 3 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 1 Warning P273, P391, P501
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P331 Do NOT induce vomiting.
P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P501 Dispose of contents/container to..…

Fenitrothion price More Price(1)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 45487 Fenitrothion PESTANAL 122-14-5 250mg $71.6 2018-11-20 Buy

Fenitrothion Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Description

Fenitrothion is a selective acaricide and contact insecticide of low ovicidal properties. It is a brown to yellow liquid with a characteristic odour. Fenitrothion belongs to the organophosphate family of insecticides. It acts by inhibiting cholinesterase, thus it is an effective pesticide against a wide range of pests such as chewing, penetrating, and sucking insect pests. These pests include locusts, coffee leaf miners, wheat bugs, rice stem borers, grain weevils, and grain beetles on orchard fruits, cereals, cotton, forests, and vegetables. Fenitrothion is also an effective household insecticide as well as vector control agent for malaria.

History

Both Bayer Leverkusen and Sumitomo Chemical Company introduced Fenitrothion in 1959. Fenitrothion has minimal toxicity as compared to parathion, albeit with a range of insecticidal activity that is very similar. Fenitrothion is marketed in emulsifiable concentrate, dust, fogging concentrate, flowable, wettable powder formulations, and oil-based liquid spray.

Toxicity Effects

Acute Toxicity
Fenitrothion has acute toxicity to mammals, which is normally considered to be low. However, tests done on rats with doses considerably higher than those of applied for parathion reveal typical symptoms of acute poisoning. It also reduced the energy of birds in acute doses. Acute toxicity reported for a human female was a TDIo of 800 mg/kg.
Chronic Toxicity
In humans, chronic symptoms include fatigue, general malaise, headache, anorexia, and loss of memory, thirst, cramps, loss of weight, tremors, and muscular weakness. Half of the fenitrothion minimally effective dose changed the thyroid structure of a freshwater murrel.

Chemical Properties

Clear Yellow Oil

Chemical Properties

Pure fenitrothion is a yellowish brown liquid with an unpleasant odor. It is insoluble in water, but readily soluble in common organic solvents, such as acetone, alcohol, benzene, chlorinated hydrocarbons, dichloromethane, 2-propanol, toluene, in ethers, methanol, and xylene. It decomposes explosively. Fenitrothion is a contact insecticide and a selective acaricide of low ovicidal properties. Fenitrothion is effective against a wide range of pests, namely, penetrating, chewing, and sucking insect pests (coffee leaf-miners, locusts, rice stem borers, wheat bugs, fl our beetles, grain beetles, grain weevils) on cereals, cotton, orchard fruits, rice, vegetables, and forests. It may also be used as a fl y, mosquito, and cockroach residual contact spray for farms and public health programs. Fenitrothion is also effective against household insects and all nuisance insects. WHO confi rmed its effectiveness as a vector control agent for malaria. It is extensively used in other countries, including Japan, where parathion has been banned. Occupational workers are exposed to fenitrothion during mixing, loading/transportation, and fi eld applications.

Chemical Properties

Fenitrothion is a volatile brownish-yellow oil.

Uses

Insecticide.

Definition

ChEBI: An organic thiophosphate that is O,O-dimethyl O-phenyl phosphorothioate substituted by a methyl group at position 3 and a nitro group at position 4.

General Description

Brownish-yellow oil. Used as a selective acaricide and a contact and stomach insecticide against chewing and sucking insects on rice, orchard fruits, vegetables, cereals, cotton and forest. Also used against flies, mosquitoes, and cockroaches.

Reactivity Profile

Organophosphates, such as Fenitrothion, are susceptible to formation of highly toxic and flammable phosphine gas in the presence of strong reducing agents such as hydrides. Partial oxidation by oxidizing agents may result in the release of toxic phosphorus oxides.

Hazard

Cholinesterase inhibitor, use may be restricted.

Health Hazard

Fenitrothion is toxic to animals and humans. After prolonged periods of exposures to high concentrations of fenitrothion, occupational workers show poisoning. The symptoms include, but are not limited to, general malaise, fatigue, headache, loss of memory and ability to concentrate, anorexia, nausea, thirst, loss of weight, cramps, muscular weakness, and tremors, and at suffi ciently high dosage produce typical cholinergic poisoning. The formulation product, sumithion 50EC, causes delayed neurotoxicity in adult rats, as well as humans.

Health Hazard

Fenitrothion is an organophosphate insecticide. It is a highly toxic cholinesterase inhibitor, that acts on the nervous system. Does not cause delayed neurotoxicity and contact produces little irritation.

Fire Hazard

When heated to decomposition, Fenitrothion emits very toxic fumes of oxides of nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur. Decomposition at 212-284F produces a mixture of organophosphorus polymers. Unstable in alkaline media. Stable for 2 years if stored at 68-77F. Do not store above 104F.

Agricultural Uses

Insecticide, Acaracide: Not approved for use in EU countries. Registered for use in the U.S. This is a selective acaricide and a contact and stomach insecticide. Fenitrothion is a contact insecticide and selective acaricide of low ovicidal properties. It is considered an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. Fenitrothion is effective against a wide range of pests, i.e. penetrating, chewing and sucking insect pests (coffee leafminers, locusts, rice stem borers, wheat bugs, flour beetles, grain beetles, grain weevils) on cereals, cotton, orchard fruits, rice, vegetables, and forests. It may also be used as a fly, mosquito, and cockroach residual contact spray for farms and public health programs. Fenitrothion is also effective against household insects and all of the nuisance insects listed by the World Health Organization. Its effectiveness as a vector control agent for malaria is confirmed by the World Health Organization. Fenitrothion is non-systemic, and non-persistent. Fenitrothion was introduced in 1959 by both Sumitomo Chemical Company and Bayer Leverkusen and later by American Cyanamid Company. Fenitrothion is far less toxic than parathion with a range of insecticidal activity that is very similar and is similar enough in structure to be produced in the same factories. The difference in precursor chemicals might make it somewhat more expensive, but it is heavily used in other countries, including Japan, where parathion has been banned. Fenitrothion comes in dust, emulsifiable concentrate, flowable, fogging concentrate, granules, ULV, oil-based liquid spray, and wettable powder formultaions. It is compatible with other neutral insecticides.

Trade name

ACCOTHION®; ACEOTHION®; AGRIA 1050®; AGRIYA 1050®; AGROTHION®; AMERICAN CYANAMID CL-47,300®; ARBOGAL®; BAY 41831®; BAYER 41831®; BAYER S 5660®; CEKUTROTHION®; CL 47300®; CP47114®; CYFEN®; CYTEL®; CYTEN®; DICATHION®; DICOFEN®; DYBAR®; EI 47300®; FALITHION®; FENITEX®; FENITOX®; FENSTAN®; FOLETHION®; FOLITHION®; H-35-F 87 (BVM)®; 8057HC®; KALEIT®; KEEN SUPERKILL ANT AND ROACH EXTERMINATOR®; KILLGERM TETRACIDE INSECTICIDAL SPRAY®; KOTION®; MEP (PESTICIDE)®; METATHION®; METATHIONE®; METATION®; MICROMITE®; MONSANTO CP 47114®; NITROPHOS®; NOVATHION®; NUVAND®; NUVANOL®; OLEOSUMIFENE®; OMS 43®; OVADOFOS®; PENNWALT C-4852; PESTROY®; S 112A®; S 5660®; SMT®; SUMITHION®[C]; TURBAIR GRAIN STORAGE INSECTICIDE®; VERTHION®

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion, inhalation, intravenous, and intraperitoneal routes. Moderately toxic by skin contact, intratracheal, and subcutaneous routes. Human systemic effects: coma, diarrhea, dyspnea, gastrointestinal changes, hypermodtty, nausea or vomiting, respiratory depression. Mutation data reported. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of NOx, POx, and sox

Potential Exposure

A potential danger to those involved in the manufacture, formulation, and application of this insecticide. It is a selective acaricide; and a contact and stomach insecticide. Used to control chewing and sucking insects on rice, orchard fruit; vegetables, cereals, cotton, and in forests. Also protects against flies, mosquitoes, and cockroaches

Shipping

UN3017 Organophosphorus pesticides, liquid, toxic, flammable, flash point not ,23C, Hazard class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, 3-Flammable liquid. UN2810 Toxic liquids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required

Incompatibilities

Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases,strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides. Strong oxidizers may cause release of toxic phosphorus oxides. Organophosphates, in the presence of strong reducing agents such as hydrides, may form highly toxic and flammable phosphine gas. Keep away from alkaline materials

Waste Disposal

Incineration (for large amounts); alkaline hydrolysis and landfill (for small amounts). In accordance with 40CFR165, follow recommendations for the disposal of pesticides and pesticide containers. Must be disposed properly by following package label directions or by contacting your local or federal environmental control agency, or by contacting your regional EPA office.

Fenitrothion Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Fenitrothion Suppliers

Global( 121)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sales@mainchem.com CHINA 32452 55
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258
sales@coreychem.com CHINA 25796 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-188-71490254
peter@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 20084 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
13657299721
zhangyuzhu@xhlchem.com CHINA 17424 58
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933 jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com China 96815 76
TAIYUAN RHF CO.,LTD. +86 351 7031519
+86 351 7031519 sales@RHFChem.com China 2349 56
BeiJing Hwrk Chemicals Limted 4006990298;010-57411839;0757-86311057;021-51691807
010-87653215;0757-86311057;021-55236763 sales@hwrkchemical.com China 14686 55
Capot Chemical Co., Ltd +86 (0) 571 85 58 67 18
0086-571-85864795 sales@capotchem.com China 18230 66
Pure Chemistry Scientific Inc. 001-857-928-2050 or 1-888-588-9418
001-617-206-9595 sales@chemreagents.com United States 9921 62
Wuhan Wei Shunda Technology Development Co., Ltd. 86-027-88774375
86-027-88416321 mwmwhot@163.com China 231 65

View Lastest Price from Fenitrothion manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-12-20 Fenitrothion
122-14-5
US $1.00 / kg 1kg 99% Customized career henan chemical co

Fenitrothion Spectrum


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