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Chemical Name:
R170;C2H6;R-170;ETHANE;Bimethyl;Dimethyl;ETHANE, 99+%;ethylhydride;ETHANE 99.9%;Methylmethane
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

ETHANE Properties

Melting point:
−172 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
−88 °C(lit.)
0.362 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
1.05 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
37.95 atm ( 21.1 °C)
refractive index 
Flash point:
−211 °F
48(at 25℃)
explosive limit
Stable. Highly flammable. Readily forms explosive mixtures with air. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
CAS DataBase Reference
74-84-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  F+,F
Risk Statements  12
Safety Statements  9-16-33
RIDADR  UN 1035 2.1
WGK Germany  -
RTECS  KH3800000
Autoignition Temperature 881 °F
Hazard Note  Flammable
HazardClass  2.1
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H220 Extremely flammable gas Flammable gases Category 1 Danger P210, P377, P381, P403
H280 Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated Gases under pressure Compressed gas
Liquefied gas
Dissolved gas
Warning P410+P403
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P377 Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely.
P381 Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so.
P410+P403 Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place.

ETHANE price More Price(2)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 295302 Ethane ≥99% 74-84-0 110g $437 2018-11-20 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 539775 Ethane 99.99% 74-84-0 110g $571 2018-11-20 Buy

ETHANE Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

colourless gas

Chemical Properties

Ethane is a compressed, liquefied, colorless gas. Mild, gasoline-like odor. Odorless when pure


In the manufacture of chlorinated derivatives; as refrigerant in some two-stage refrigeration systems where relatively low temperatures are produced; as fuel gas (so called "bottled gas" or "suburban propane" contains about 90% propane, 5% ethane, and 5% butane).

General Description

A colorless odorless gas. ETHANE is easily ignited. The vapors are heavier than air. ETHANE can asphyxiate by the displacement of air. Under prolonged exposure to fire or intense heat the containers may rupture violently and rocket. Contact with the liquid may cause frostbite.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable.

Reactivity Profile

Saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons, such as ETHANE, may be incompatible with strong oxidizing agents like nitric acid. Charring of the hydrocarbon may occur followed by ignition of unreacted hydrocarbon and other nearby combustibles. In other settings, aliphatic saturated hydrocarbons are mostly unreactive. They are not affected by aqueous solutions of acids, alkalis, most oxidizing agents, and most reducing agents. Peroxidizable


Severe fire risk if exposed to sparks or open flame. Flammable limits in air 3–12%. An asphyxiant gas.

Health Hazard

In high vapor concentrations, can act as simple asphyxiant. Liquid causes severe frostbite.

Fire Hazard

EXTREMELY FLAMMABLE. Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Will form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors from liquefied gas are initially heavier than air and spread along ground. CAUTION: Hydrogen (UN1049), Deuterium (UN1957), Hydrogen, refrigerated liquid (UN1966) and METHANE (UN1971) are lighter than air and will rise. Hydrogen and Deuterium fires are difficult to detect since they burn with an invisible flame. Use an alternate method of detection (thermal camera, broom handle, etc.) Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Cylinders exposed to fire may vent and release flammable gas through pressure relief devices. Containers may explode when heated. Ruptured cylinders may rocket.

Safety Profile

A simple asphyxiant. See ARGON for properties of simple asphyxiants. A very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame; can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. Moderate explosion hazard when exposed to flame. To fight fire, stop flow of gas. Incompatible with chlorine, doxygenyl tetrafluoroborate, oxidizing materials, heat or flame. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

Potential Exposure

Ethane is used as a fuel, in making chemicals or as a freezing agent. The health effects caused by ethane exposure are much less serious than the fire and explosion risk posed by this chemical

First aid

Remove the person from exposure. Begin (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. If frostbite has occurred, seek medical attention immediately; do NOT rub the affected areas or flush them with water. In order to prevent further tissue damage, do NOT attempt to remove frozen clothing from frostbitten areas. If frostbite has NOT occurred, immediately and thoroughly wash contaminated skin with soap and water


UN1035 (compressed gas); UN1961 (refrigerated liquid): Ethane, Hazard Class: 2.1; Labels: 2.1-Flammable gas. Cylinders must be transported in a secure upright position, in a well-ventilated truck. Protect cylinder and labels from physical damage. The owner of the compressed gas cylinder is the only entity allowed by federal law (49CFR) to transport and refill them. It is a violation of transportation regulations to refill compressed gas cylinders without the express written permission of the owner.

Purification Methods

Ethylene can be removed by passing the gas through a sintered-glass disc into fuming H2SO4 then slowly through a column of charcoal saturated with bromine. Bromine and HBr are removed by passage through firebrick coated with N,N-dimethyl-p-toluidine. The ethane is also passed over KOH pellets (to remove CO2) and dried with Mg(ClO4)2. Further purification is by several distillations of liquified ethane, using a condensing temperature of -195o. Yang and Gant [J Phys Chem 65 1861 1961] treated ethane by standing it for 24hours at room temperature in a steel bomb with activated charcoal treated with bromine. They then immersed the bomb in a Dry-ice/acetone bath and transferred the ethane to an activated charcoal trap cooled in liquid nitrogen. (The charcoal had previously been degassed by pumping for 24hours at 450o.) By allowing the trap to warm slowly, the ethane distils, and only the middle third fraction is kept. Removal of methane is achieved using Linde type 13X molecular sieves (previously degassed by pumping for 24hours at 450o) in a trap which, after cooling in Dry-ice/acetone, is saturated with ethane. After pumping for 10minutes, the ethane is recovered by warming the trap to 25o. (The final gas contains less than 10-4 mole % of either ethylene or methane). [Beilstein 1 IV 108.]


Flammable gas; forms explosive mixture with air. Strong oxidizers may cause fire and explosions. May accumulate static electrical charges, and may cause ignition of its vapors.

Waste Disposal

Return refillable compressed gas cylinders to supplier. Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.

ETHANE Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

ETHANE Suppliers

Global( 35)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733 CHINA 32764 55
Energy Chemical 021-58432009 / 400-005-6266
021-58436166-800 China 44192 61
Shanghai Hanhong Scientific Co.,Ltd. 021-54306202,021-54308259
+86-21-54291107 China 43421 64
Spectrum Chemical Manufacturing Corp. 021-67601398,18616765336,QQ:3003443156
021-57711696 China 9821 60
Sigma-Aldrich 021-61415566 800-819-3336(Tel) 400-620-3333(Mobile)
021-61415567 China 28603 80
Shanghai wechem chemical co., ltd 021-5198 7501
021-6192 7501 China 290 58
AoboRui (Tianjin) Co., Ltd. 86 022 65675308 18310521067
86 022 65675308 China 162 55
Zibo Zeno Pharmaceutical Technology Co., Ltd. 0533-8800999 13515338377
0533-7544744 China 58 58
JinJinLe Chemical 10106090 China 9612 58
Aikon International Limited 025-66113011,18921922613//qq:2885670560
(4)02557626880 China 13969 58

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