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Ferric chloride

Physical properties Uses Production Methods
Ferric chloride
Ferric chloride
CAS No.
7705-08-0
Chemical Name:
Ferric chloride
Synonyms
DB03;FeCl3;Molysite;TDA REAGENT;floresmartis;Flores martis;IRON CHLORIDE;FERRIC CHLORID;Molysite Cl3Fe;ironperchloride
CBNumber:
CB5444364
Molecular Formula:
Cl3Fe
Formula Weight:
162.2
MOL File:
7705-08-0.mol

Ferric chloride Properties

Melting point:
304 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
316 °C
Density 
2,804 g/cm3
vapor density 
5.61 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
1 mm Hg ( 194 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D1.414
Flash point:
316°C
storage temp. 
2-8°C
solubility 
H2O: soluble
form 
powder
color 
Yellow
PH
1 (200g/l, H2O, 20℃)
Water Solubility 
920 g/L (20 ºC)
Sensitive 
Hygroscopic
Merck 
14,4019
Stability:
Stable. Very sensitive to moisture. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents; forms explosive mixtures with sodium, potassium. Hygroscopic.
CAS DataBase Reference
7705-08-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Ferric chloride(7705-08-0)
EPA Substance Registry System
Iron chloride (FeCl3)(7705-08-0)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  C,Xn,Xi
Risk Statements  41-38-22-34-37/38-10-36
Safety Statements  26-39-45-36/37/39
RIDADR  UN 2582 8/PG 3
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  LJ9100000
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  8
PackingGroup  III
Hazardous Substances Data 7705-08-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H226 Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 3 Warning
H290 May be corrosive to metals Corrosive to Metals Category 1 Warning P234, P390, P404
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage Skin corrosion/irritation Category 1A, B, C Danger P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 Causes serious eye damage Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 Danger P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 2
Precautionary statements:
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P309 IF exposed or if you feel unwell:
P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.

Ferric chloride price More Price(27)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 12322 Iron(III) chloride solution purum, 45% FeCl 7705-08-0 2.5l $151.4 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 12322 Iron(III) chloride solution purum, 45% FeCl 7705-08-0 4x2.5l $523 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 12357 Iron(III) chloride, anhydrous, 98% 7705-08-0 1kg $39 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 12357 Iron(III) chloride, anhydrous, 98% 7705-08-0 5kg $63.6 2017-11-08 Buy
Strem Chemicals 93-2607 Iron(III) chloride, anhydrous, 98% 7705-08-0 5kg $88 2017-11-27 Buy

Ferric chloride Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Physical properties

Dark brown hexagonal crystals; hygroscopic; density 2.898g/cm3; melts at 306°C; decomposes at 315°C; highly soluble in water (74.4g/100g water at 0°C); very soluble in alcohol, ether and acetone. The hexahydrate is brownish-yellow crystalline mass; deliquesces; melts at 37°C; vaporizes around 280°C; highly soluble in water (92g/100g water at 20°C); very soluble in organic solvents such as ethanol, ether and acetone.

Uses

Iron(III) chloride occurs naturally as the mineral molysite. The compound is widely used to prepare a number of iron(III) salts. Also, it is applied in sewage and industrial waste treatment processes. It also is used in the manufacture of dyes, pigments and inks; as a chlorinating agent; and as a catalyst in chlorination reactions of aromatics.

Production Methods

Iron(III) chloride forms passing chlorine gas over iron filings at 350°C:
2Fe + 3Cl2 → 2FeCl3
It also forms heating iron(III) oxide with HCl at elevated temperatures:
Fe2O3 + 6HCl → 2FeCl3 + 3H2O
The product may be sublimed in a stream of chlorine to give high purity grade iron(III) chloride.
The anhydrous chloride also may be made by heating the hexahydrate, FeCl3•6H2O, with thionyl chloride:
FeCl3•6H2O + 6SOCl2 → FeCl3 + 12HCl + SO2

Chemical Properties

black crystalline powder

General Description

Ferric chloride is an orange to brown-black solid. Ferric chloride is slightly soluble in water. Ferric chloride is noncombustible. When wet Ferric chloride is corrosive to aluminum and most metals. Pick up and remove spilled solid before adding water. Ferric chloride is used to treat sewage, industrial waste, to purify water, as an etching agent for engraving circuit boards, and in the manufacture of other chemicals.

Air & Water Reactions

Very hygroscopic. Slightly water soluble, where a 0.1M solution has a pH of 2.0.

Reactivity Profile

Alkali metal hydroxides, acids, anhydrous chlorides of iron, tin, and aluminum, pure oxides of iron and aluminum, and metallic potassium are some of the catalysts that may cause ethylene oxide to rearrange and polymerize, liberating heat, [J. Soc. Chem. Ind. 68:179(1949)]. Explosions occur , although infrequently, from the combination of ethylene oxide and alcohols or mercaptans, [Chem. Eng. News 20:1318(1942)]. Allyl chloride may polymerize violently under conditions involving an acid catalyst, such as sulfuric acid, Ferric chloride, aluminum chloride, Lewis acids, and Ziegler type catalysts (initiators), [Ventrone (1971)].

Health Hazard

Inhalation of dust may irritate nose and throat. Ingestion causes irritation of mouth and stomach. Dust irritates eyes. Prolonged contact with skin causes irritation and burns.

Fire Hazard

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Irritating hydrogen chloride fumes may form in fire.

Ferric chloride Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Ferric chloride Suppliers

Global( 221)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Shanghai Time Chemicals CO., Ltd.
+86-021-57951555
+86-021-57951555 jack.li@time-chemicals.com CHINA 1374 55
Tianjin Zhongxin Chemtech Co., Ltd.
022-89880739
sales@tjzxchem.com CHINA 551 58
Alfa Aesar 400-610-6006; 021-67582000
021-67582001/03/05 saleschina@alfa-asia.com China 30309 84
Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD 021-20337333/400-620-6333
021-50323701 sale@aladdin-e.com China 25120 65
Tianjin Zhongxin Chemtech Co., Ltd. 86(0)22-89880739
86(0)22-89880739 ext 8030 / 86-22-66880086 sales@tjzxchem.com China 553 60
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933 jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com China 96817 76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) sh@meryer.com China 40398 62
Beijing dtftchem Technology Co., Ltd. 13651141086; 86(10)60275028、60275820
86 (10) 60270825 dtftchem@sina.com China 1443 62
BeiJing Hwrk Chemicals Limted 4006990298;010-57411839;0757-86311057;021-51691807
010-87653215;0757-86311057;021-55236763 sales@hwrkchemical.com China 14833 55
Energy Chemical 021-58432009 / 400-005-6266
021-58436166-800 info@energy-chemical.com China 44192 61

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