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염화제이철무수물

염화제이철무수물
염화제이철무수물 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
7705-08-0
한글명:
염화제이철무수물
동의어(한글):
염화철;철이염화물;철프로토클로라이드;철(2+)염화물;페로스이염화물;라우렌시트;염화제2철,고체,무수;철(II)염화물(1:2)(IRON;페릭클로라이드;염화제2철,고체,무수;페릭 클로라이드
상품명:
Ferric chloride
동의어(영문):
DB03;FeCl3;Molysite;TDA REAGENT;floresmartis;Flores martis;IRON CHLORIDE;Iron(III) chL;FERRIC CHLORID;Molysite Cl3Fe
CBNumber:
CB5444364
분자식:
Cl3Fe
포뮬러 무게:
162.2
MOL 파일:
7705-08-0.mol

염화제이철무수물 속성

녹는점
304 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
316 °C
밀도
2,804 g/cm3
증기 밀도
5.61 (vs air)
증기압
1 mm Hg ( 194 °C)
굴절률
n20/D1.414
인화점
316°C
저장 조건
Store below +30°C.
용해도
H2O: soluble
물리적 상태
powder
색상
Yellow
Specific Gravity
2.804
수소이온지수(pH)
1 (200g/l, H2O, 20℃)
수용성
920 g/L (20 ºC)
감도
Hygroscopic
Merck
14,4019
안정성
Stable. Very sensitive to moisture. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents; forms explosive mixtures with sodium, potassium. Hygroscopic.
CAS 데이터베이스
7705-08-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Ferric chloride(7705-08-0)
EPA
Ferric chloride (7705-08-0)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 C,Xn,Xi
위험 카페고리 넘버 41-38-22-34-37/38-10-36
안전지침서 26-39-45-36/37/39
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2582 8/PG 3
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 LJ9100000
TSCA Yes
HS 번호 2827 39 20
위험 등급 8
포장분류 III
유해 물질 데이터 7705-08-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 316 mg/kg
기존화학 물질 KE-21134
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H226 인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 3 경고
H290 금속을 부식시킬 수 있음 금속 부식성물질 구분 1 경고 P234, P390, P404
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H411 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 2
예방조치문구:
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P309 노출되었거나 몸이 편치 않은 경우
P310 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오. 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 도움을 받으시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.

염화제이철무수물 MSDS


Iron(III) chloride

염화제이철무수물 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

용도

폐수처리, 부식제, 산화제, 응집침강제.

개요

Ferric chloride (iron(IH)chloride, FeCl3, CAS No. 7705-08-0) may be prepared from iron and chlorine or from ferric oxide and hydrogen chloride. The pure material occurs as hydroscopic, hexagonal, dark crystals. Ferric chloride hexahydrate (iron(III)chloride hexahydrate, FeCl3*6H2O, CAS No. 10025-77-1) is readily formed when ferric chloride is exposed to moisture.

화학적 성질

Ferric chloride,FeCl3, is a brown crystalline solid and is soluble in water,alcohol,and glycerol. It is also known as anhydrous ferric chloride,ferric trichloride, Flores martis,and iron chloride. Ferric chloride is used as a coagulant for sewage and industrial wastes, as an oxidizing and chlorinating agent,as a disinfectant, in copper etching, and as amordant. In addition, this compound is employed in the ferric chloride test,which is used to assess the relative corrosion resistance of stainless and nickel-base alloys. The ferric chloride test has been shown to be an appropriate measure of the suitability of such alloys for service in paper mill bleach plants and seawater.

화학적 성질

Ferric Chloride is a black-brown, dark-green, or black crystalline solid.

용도

Treatment of sewage and industrial wastes; etching agent for engraving, photography, and printed circuitry; condensation catalyst in FriedelCrafts reactions; mordant; oxidizing, chlorinating, and condensing agent; disinfectant; pigment; feed additive; wat

용도

Ferric Chloride is a nutrient and dietary supplement that serves as a source of iron.

일반 설명

Ferric chloride is an orange to brown-black solid. Ferric chloride is slightly soluble in water. Ferric chloride is noncombustible. When wet Ferric chloride is corrosive to aluminum and most metals. Pick up and remove spilled solid before adding water. Ferric chloride is used to treat sewage, industrial waste, to purify water, as an etching agent for engraving circuit boards, and in the manufacture of other chemicals.

공기와 물의 반응

Very hygroscopic. Slightly water soluble, where a 0.1M solution has a pH of 2.0.

반응 프로필

Alkali metal hydroxides, acids, anhydrous chlorides of iron, tin, and aluminum, pure oxides of iron and aluminum, and metallic potassium are some of the catalysts that may cause ethylene oxide to rearrange and polymerize, liberating heat, [J. Soc. Chem. Ind. 68:179(1949)]. Explosions occur , although infrequently, from the combination of ethylene oxide and alcohols or mercaptans, [Chem. Eng. News 20:1318(1942)]. Allyl chloride may polymerize violently under conditions involving an acid catalyst, such as sulfuric acid, Ferric chloride, aluminum chloride, Lewis acids, and Ziegler type catalysts (initiators), [Ventrone (1971)].

위험도

Toxic by ingestion, strong irritant to skin and tissue.

건강위험

Inhalation of dust may irritate nose and throat. Ingestion causes irritation of mouth and stomach. Dust irritates eyes. Prolonged contact with skin causes irritation and burns.

화재위험

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Irritating hydrogen chloride fumes may form in fire.

공업 용도

Ferric chloride (FeCl3) is obtained by an iron chlorination method at a temperature of 600–700 °C. Very limited data are available on the use of ferric chloride in the mineral processing industry. Ferric chloride has a depressing effect on barite and can be used in barite–celestite separation. It was also evaluated as a depressant during niobium– zirconium separation. In general, ferric and ferrous compounds are not selective depressants and in many cases are detrimental for flotation of oxidic and industrial minerals as in the case of anionic flotation, fatty acid, iron complexes or oleate iron complexes.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion and intravenous routes. Experimental reproductive effects. Corrosive. Probably an eye, skin, and mucous membrane irritant. Mutation data reported. Reacts with water to produce toxic and corrosive fumes. Catalyzes potentially explosive polymerization of ethylene oxide, chlorine + monomers (e.g., styrene). Forms shock sensitive explosive mixtures with some metals (e.g., potassium, sodium). Violent reaction with all$ chloride. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of HCl.

잠재적 노출

Iron chloride is used to treat sewage and industrial waste. It is also used as an etchant for photo engraving and rotogravure; in textiles; photography; as a disinfectant; as a feed additive.

운송 방법

UN1773 Ferric chloride, anhydrous, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material. UN2582 Ferric chlo ride, solution, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material

Purification Methods

Sublime it at 200o in an atmosphere of chlorine. It is an “iron-black” coloured powder with green irridescence. Store it in a weighing bottle inside a desiccator as it absorbs moisture from air to form the yellow hexahydrate (see next entry). [Tarr Inorg Synth III 191 1950, Pray Inorg Synth V 153 1957, Epperson Inorg Synth VII 163 1963.]

Structure and conformation

The crystalline solid has a semicovalent layer structure with hexagonal packing of chloride ions, each iron atom being surrounded octahedrally by six chlorines in a BiI3 type structure. The dimers in the vapour phase have a structure similar to that of Al2Cl6 with the iron atoms surrounded by chlorines in a roughly tetrahedral fashion. The magnetic properties of iron(III) chloride in its different environments have been investigated extensively. The magnetic moment at 290°K is 5-73 B.M. and is independent of the field strength. In aqueous hydrochloric acid the room temperature moment is 5-94 B.M. and the hexahydrate has a similar moment (5-95 B.M.).

비 호환성

Aqueous solutions are a strong acid. Violent reaction with bases, allyl chloride; sulfuric acid; water. Shock- and friction-sensitive explosive material forms with potassium, sodium and other active metals. Attacks metals when wet.

폐기물 처리

Neutralize with lime or soda ash and bury in an approved landfill.

염화제이철무수물 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


염화제이철무수물 공급 업체

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