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Ethylamine

Product characteristics Chemical properties Uses Production methods Hazards & Safety Information
Ethylamine
Ethylamine
CAS No.
75-04-7
Chemical Name:
Ethylamine
Synonyms
EA;R631;MEA-70;C2H5NH2;AMINE C2;An aMine;ai3-24228;Ethylamin;Etilamina;Ethamamine
CBNumber:
CB8205711
Molecular Formula:
C2H7N
Formula Weight:
45.08
MOL File:
75-04-7.mol

Ethylamine Properties

Melting point:
-81 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
17 °C
Density 
0.81 g/mL at 20 °C
vapor density 
1.56 (15 °C, vs air)
vapor pressure 
874 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.384
FEMA 
4236 | ETHYLAMINE
Flash point:
48 °F
storage temp. 
2-8°C
pka
10.7(at 25℃)
explosive limit
14%
Water Solubility 
miscible
Merck 
14,3762
BRN 
505933
Stability:
Stable. Highly flammable. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, acids, many reactive organic and inorganic compounds. Reacts with or disssolves most types of paint, plastic and rubber.
CAS DataBase Reference
75-04-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Ethylamine(75-04-7)
EPA Substance Registry System
Ethanamine(75-04-7)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  F+,Xi,T,F,Xn
Risk Statements  12-36/37-19-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-11-37-35-24-22-10-40
Safety Statements  26-29-16-45-36/37-7-36/37/39
RIDADR  UN 2733 3/PG 1
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  KH2100000
4.5-31
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  II
Hazardous Substances Data 75-04-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 orally in rats: 0.40 g/kg (Smyth)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H220 Extremely flammable gas Flammable gases Category 1 Danger P210, P377, P381, P403
H224 Extremely flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 1 Danger
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H280 Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated Gases under pressure Compressed gas
Liquefied gas
Dissolved gas
Warning P410+P403
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H311 Toxic in contact with skin Acute toxicity,dermal Category 3 Danger P280, P302+P352, P312, P322, P361,P363, P405, P501
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage Skin corrosion/irritation Category 1A, B, C Danger P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H332 Harmful if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 4 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness Specific target organ toxicity,single exposure; Narcotic effects Category 3 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H340 May cause genetic defects Germ cell mutagenicity Category 1A, 1B Danger
H351 Suspected of causing cancer Carcinogenicity Category 2 Warning P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H360 May damage fertility or the unborn child Reproductive toxicity Category 1A, 1B Danger
H370 Causes damage to organs Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure Category 1 Danger P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H371 May cause damage to organs Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure Category 2 Warning P260, P264, P270, P309+P311, P405,P501
H372 Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure Category 1 Danger P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure Category 2 Warning P260, P314, P501
H402 Harmful to aquatic life Hazardous to the aquatic environment, acute hazard Category 3
Precautionary statements:
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P233 Keep container tightly closed.
P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
P264 Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P311 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P314 Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.
P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P405 Store locked up.
P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P410+P403 Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place.
P501 Dispose of contents/container to..…

Ethylamine price More Price(21)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 301264 Ethylamine 97% 75-04-7 100g $148 2018-11-20 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 301264 Ethylamine 97% 75-04-7 400g $399 2018-11-20 Buy
TCI Chemical E0055 Ethylamine (ca. 33% in Water, ca. 6.7mol/L) 75-04-7 25mL $14 2017-11-08 Buy
TCI Chemical E0055 Ethylamine (ca. 33% in Water, ca. 6.7mol/L) 75-04-7 500mL $19 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar A15022 Ethylamine, 70% aq. soln. 75-04-7 500ml $18.3 2018-11-13 Buy

Ethylamine Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Product characteristics

Ethylamine, also known as aminoethane or ethylamine, is colorless transparent liquid and highly volatile. It has ammonia flavor and is flammable. Its relative molecular mass is 45.09; relative density 0.6829; melting point-80.6 ℃; boiling point 16.6℃; flash point-17℃(closed). It will spontaneously combust in air at 555℃. Its refractive index is 1.3663. It is miscible with water, ethanol and ether. It has strong alkaline and can react with mineral acid to form water-soluble salt. It can also react with acyl group to form acyl amide and react with nitrous acid to generate nitrosamines. It can be oxidized to form hydroxylamine or oxime. When burning in the air, the flame is light blue. It can react with phosgene to form carbonyl chloride and react with acrylonitrile to generate aminopropionitrile. It can strongly stimulate the skin and mucous membranes. Rat-oral LD50 is 400mg/kg. Storage should use stainless steel containers and stainless steel valves.
Ethylamine can be prepared by the reaction of ethyl iodide (ethyl chloride) with ammonia in liquid ammonia (ethanol solution) or by the high-pressure hydrogenation of acetonitrile in the catalyst of nickel. Ethylamine is mainly used as the raw materials of triazine herbicides to produce Atrazine (selective herbicides) and Simazine (pre-emergence herbicides of dry field). It can also be used as the raw materials of dyes, surfactants, detergents, lubricants and ion exchange resins, the stabilizer of resin and rubber slurry, antioxidants, the additives of oil refining, metallurgical mineral processing agents, pharmaceutical raw materials, solvents and extractants. The oxalates of the ethylamine can be used medicinally.

Chemical properties

colorless volatile liquid; ammonia smell; alkaline; miscible with water, ethanol and ether.

Uses

1. Used for the production of dyes, pharmaceuticals, surfactants, herbicides, rubber vulcanization accelerator and ion exchange resins.
2. Ethylamine is the intermediates of antiseptics of cymoxanil and ethirimol, pesticide of amphetamines, and herbicides of atrazine, west grass net, simazine, benthiocarb and napropamide.
3. Ethylamine can be used for the production of triazine herbicides, including atrazine and simazine. Both herbicides use cyanuric chloride as raw materials, and also have similar production processes. (also known as Terrazine) has wider range of applications than Simazine, but also can kill the anti-Simazin weeds. Atrazine is developed and produced by the Swiss Geigy company in 1985, and later developed into the world's largest production herbicide. Ethylamine is also used in the production of dyes, rubber accelerators, surfactants, antioxidants, ion exchange resins, aircraft fuels, solvents, detergents, lubricants, metallurgical mineral processing agent, as well as the production of cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.
4. Used for organic synthesis, and also used as dye intermediates, stabilizers and emulsifiers
5. Used for the synthesis of organic resins and dyes.

Production methods

1. ethanol (gas phase) amination method: feed ethanol and ammonia by the ratio of 4: 1, and make them react with the dehydration catalysis of alumina at the temperature of 350-400℃ and under the pressure of 2.45-2.94MPa. In addition to the formation of ethylamine, the side reaction also produce diethylamine, triethylamine, ether, acetonitrile and ethylene. The crude ethylamine obtained by the condensation of the reaction gas is then taken for distillation to gather ammonia, with the content of more than 95%. Generally 50% aqueous solution is used as the commodity, per ton of which consumes ethano (95%) of about 1400kg.
2. Acetaldehyde hydrogen aminiation method: the reaction of acetaldehyde, hydrogen and ammonia with the catalysis of nickel can produce ethylamine. Firstly, the structure catalyst with nickel as the main catalyst, reduced copper and reduced chromium as the cocatalyst and kaolin as the carrier is charged into the reactor. Then pass into acetaldehyde at the space velocity of 0.03-0.15L•h-1 and control the ratio of hydrogen and acetaldehyde being 5: 1 and the ratio of ammonia and acetaldehyde being 0.4-3:1. The feedstock is vaporized and fed to the reactor at 80℃. The reaction temperature is controlled between 105 and 200 °C. The resulting product is cooled at-5°C and separated into ethylamine, diethylamine and triethylamine. Ethylamine is more readily available because of the faster formation of ethylamine than diethylamine or triethylamine. When the primary product is diethylamine or triethylamine, the resulting ethylamine should be recycled to the system for reaction.
3. The preparation method is ethanol gas phase amination. The reaction of ethanol and ammonia with the catalysis at the temperature of 390-400 °C and under the pressure of 2.53~3.04 MPa can produce crude ethylamine, and then the finished products can be derived by further fractionation.
CH3CH2OH + NH3 [Al2O3]→CH3CH2NH2 + H2O

Hazards & Safety Information

Category: Flammable liquids
Toxicity classification: high toxicity
Acute Toxicity:  Inhalation-Rat LC50: 3000 PPM/4 hours; Oral-Rat LD50: 400 mg/kg
Stimulation Data: Eye-Rabbit  5mg  Severe; Skin-Rabbit  500 mg/24 h  Mild
Explosive hazardous characteristics :
Mixed with air to form explosive mixtures;
Flammability Hazardous characteristics :
Easily combust when meeting fire, high temperature or oxidants;
Release toxic nitrogen oxide smoke when combusting.
Storage and transportation characteristics :
Storehouse should be low-temperature, well-ventilated and dry;
Stored separately with oxidants and acids
Fire extinguishing agent: mist water; dry powder, carbon dioxide
Occupational Standard: TWA 18 mg/m3; STEL 37mg/m3

Chemical Properties

light yellow liquid

Definition

ChEBI: A two-carbon primary aliphatic amine.

General Description

A colorless liquid or a gas (boiling point 62°F) with an odor of ammonia. Flash point less than 0°F. Density of liquid 5.7 lb / gal. Corrosive to the skin and eyes. Vapors are heavier than air. Produces toxic oxides of nitrogen during combustion. Exposure of the closed container to intense heat may cause Ethylamine to rupture violently and rocket.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Water soluble.

Reactivity Profile

Sensitive to heat. Reacts vigorously with oxidizing agents. Incompatible with isocyanates, halogenated organics, peroxides, phenols (acidic), epoxides, anhydrides, and acid halides. Incompatible with cellulose nitrate. Flammable gaseous hydrogen is generated in combination with strong reducing agents, such as hydrides. Also incompatible with oxidizing agents. A chemical base. Neutralizes acids to form salts plus water in an exothermic reaction Dissolves most paints, plastics and rubber .

Health Hazard

Inhalation causes irritation of respiratory tract and lungs; pulmonary edema may result. Liquid causes severe irritation and burns of eyes and skin, and can permanently injure eyes after 15 seconds' contact. Ingestion causes severe burns of mouth and stomach; can be fatal.

Purification Methods

Condense it in an all-glass apparatus cooled by circulating ice-water, and store it with KOH pellets below 0o. [Beilstein 4 IV 307.]

Ethylamine Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Ethylamine Suppliers

Global( 171)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sales@mainchem.com CHINA 32764 55
Anhui Royal Chemical Co., Ltd.
+86-025-86736275
dana.jiang@royal-chem.com CHINA 789 55
Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD 021-20337333/400-620-6333
021-50323701 sale@aladdin-e.com China 25126 65
Nanjing Spcscientific Technology Co., Ltd. 18994006456
sales1@spcscientific.com China 683 58
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933 jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com China 96815 76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) sh@meryer.com China 40399 62
Alfa Aesar 400-610-6006; 021-67582000
021-67582001/03/05 saleschina@alfa-asia.com China 30308 84
TCI (Shanghai) Development Co., Ltd. 021-67121386 / 800-988-0390
021-67121385 Sales-CN@TCIchemicals.com China 24654 81
Beijing dtftchem Technology Co., Ltd. 13651141086; 86(10)60275028、60275820
86 (10) 60270825 dtftchem@sina.com China 3433 62
BeiJing Hwrk Chemicals Limted 4006990298;010-57411839;0757-86311057;021-51691807
010-87653215;0757-86311057;021-55236763 sales@hwrkchemical.com China 14687 55

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