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Propyl acetate

Description References
Propyl acetate
Propyl acetate structure
Chemical Name:
Propyl acetate
FEMA 2925;octanpropylu;PROPYLACETAT;Octan propylu;PROPYL ACETATE;Acetic acid-n-;n-Propylacetat;1-propylacetate;CH3COOCH2CH2CH3;1-Propyl acetate
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Propyl acetate Properties

Melting point:
-95 °C (lit.)
Boiling point:
102 °C (lit.)
0.888 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
vapor density 
3.5 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
25 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.384(lit.)
Flash point:
55 °F
storage temp. 
Store below +30°C.
water: soluble
APHA: ≤15
Specific Gravity
0.889 (20/4℃)
Mild fruity.
explosive limit
1.7%, 37°F
Odor Threshold
Water Solubility 
2g/100 mL (20 ºC)
JECFA Number
Henry's Law Constant
5.54 at 37 °C (static headspace-GC, van Ruth et al., 2001)
Exposure limits
TLV-TWA 200 ppm (~840 mg/m3) (ACGIH, MSHA, and OSHA); TLV-STEL 250 ppm (~1050 mg/m3) (ACGIH); IDLH 8000 ppm (NIOSH).
Stable. Highly flammable. May react violently with oxidizing agents. May form explosive mixtures with air. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, acids, bases.
CAS DataBase Reference
109-60-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS)
172.515; 177.1200
EWG's Food Scores
NIST Chemistry Reference
n-Propyl acetate(109-60-4)
EPA Substance Registry System
Propyl acetate (109-60-4)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Signal word  Danger
Hazard statements  H225-H319-H336
Precautionary statements  P210-P261-P305+P351+P338-P370+P378-P403+P235-P303+P361+P353-P405-P501a
Hazard Codes  F,Xi
Risk Statements  11-36-66-67
Safety Statements  16-26-29-33
RIDADR  UN 1276 3/PG 2
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  AJ3675000
Autoignition Temperature 842 °F
Hazard Note  Irritant/Highly Flammable
HS Code  2915 39 00
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  II
Toxicity LD50 in rats, mice (mg/kg): 9370, 8300 orally (Jenner)
NFPA 704
1 0

Propyl acetate price More Price(28)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 40858 Propyl acetate analytical standard 109-60-4 1ml $23.4 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 133108 Propyl acetate 99% 109-60-4 5 mL $26.8 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 8.03183 Propyl acetate for synthesis 109-60-4 100 mL $29.04 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 8.03183 Propyl acetate for synthesis 109-60-4 1 L $65.4 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich W292508 Propyl acetate ≥98%, FG 109-60-4 1 kg $67 2021-03-22 Buy

Propyl acetate Chemical Properties,Uses,Production


Propyl acetate, also known as propyl ethanoate, is an organic compound with a molecular formula of C5H10O2. It is a clear and colourless liquid with with a mild fruity odor. It is highly flammable with a flash point of 14°C and a flammability rating of 3. It is highly miscible with all common organic solvents (alcohols, ketones, glycols, esters) but has only slight miscibility in water. Propyl acetate is found in apple and formed by the esterification of acetic acid and 1-propanol (known as acondensation reaction), often via Fischer–Speier esterification, with sulfuric acid as a catalyst and water produced as a byproduct. It is primarily intended as a solvent in the coatings and printing inks industries. It is widely used in fragrances and as a flavor additive due to its odor. It also acts as a good solvent for cellulose nitrate, acrylates, alkyd resins, rosin, plasticizers, waxes, oils and fats.



Chemical Properties

Propyl acetate has a fruity (pear–raspberry) odor with a pleasant, bittersweet flavor reminiscent of pear on dilution.

Chemical Properties

colourless liquid with a strong odour

Chemical Properties

n-Propyl acetate is a colorless liquid with a mild, fruity odor. The Odor Threshold is 70 milligram per cubic meter and 2.8 milligram per cubic meter (New Jersey Fact Sheet).

Physical properties

Clear, colorless, flammable liquid with a pleasant, pear-like odor. Experimentally determined detection and recognition odor threshold concentrations were 200 μg/m3 (48 ppbv) and 600 μg/m3 (140 ppbv), respectively (Hellman and Small, 1974). An odor threshold concentration of 240 ppbv was determined by a triangular odor bag method (Nagata and Takeuchi, 1990). Cometto-Mu?iz and Cain (1991) reported an average nasal pungency threshold concentration of 17,575 ppmv.


Reported found in apple, apple juice, apricot, banana, black currants, guava, grapes, melon, peach, pears, pineapple, plum, strawberry, tomato, vinegar, wheat and rye bread, feta cheese, Gruyere cheese, domiati cheese, yogurt, beef fat, beer, cognac, bourbon and malt whiskey, cider, grape wines, cocoa, potato chips, honey, passion fruit, starfruit, fig, prickly pear, jackfruit, litchi, sake, loquat, mountain papaya, arrack, nectarine and pepino fruit.


Solvent; in flavoring agents and perfumes.


n-Propyl acetate is used as a solvent forcellulose derivatives, plastics, and resins;in flavors and perfumes; and in organicsynthesis.


manufacturing flavors, perfumes. Solvent for resins, cellulose derivatives, plastics.


ChEBI: An acetate ester obtained by the formal condensation of acetic acid with propanol.

Production Methods

n-Propyl acetate is manufactured from acetic acid and a mixture of propene and propane in the presence of a zinc chloride catalyst. It is used as a solvent for nitrocellulose- based lacquers, waxes, polyamide inks, acrylic inks, and insecticide formulations .
Manufacturers include Eastman Chemical Company, Hoechst Celanese Corporation, and Union Carbide Corporation.


By direct acetylation of propyl alcohol.

Aroma threshold values

Detection: 2.7 to 11 ppm. Aroma characteristics at 1.0%: pungent, solventlike ethereal, fruity lift, green banana sweet with an apple and tropical fruit nuance.

Taste threshold values

Taste characteristics at 10 to 15 ppm: bubble gum estery, fruity, ethereal, tutti-frutti, banana and honey.

General Description

A clear colorless liquid with a pleasant odor. Flash point 58°F. Less dense than water, Vapors are heavier than air.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Slightly soluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Propyl acetate is an ester. Propyl acetate is colorless, highly flammable liquid, moderately toxic. Dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, sparks, or strong oxidizers. When heated to decomposition Propyl acetate emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes [Lewis, 3rd ed., 1993, p. 1093].


Flammable, dangerous fire risk, explosive limits in air 2–8%. Eye and upper respiratory tract irritant.

Health Hazard

Contact with skin and eyes causes no serious injury. High vapor concentrations will be irritating and will cause nausea, vomiting, and dizziness, with final loss of consciousness.

Health Hazard

The acute toxicity of n-propyl acetate islow in test animals. The toxicity, however,is slightly greater than ethyl acetate andisopropyl acetate. Exposure to its vaporsproduces irritation of the eyes, nose, andthroat and narcotic effects. A 5-hour expo sure to 9000- and 6000-ppm concentrationsproduced narcotic symptoms in cats andmice, respectively (Flury and Wirth 1933).A 4-hour exposure to 8000 ppm was lethalto rats. Ingestion of the liquid can cause narcotic action. A high dose can cause death. Adose of 3000 mg/kg by subcutaneous admin istration was lethal to cats. The liquid maycause mild irritation upon contact with skin
LD50 value, oral (mice): 8300 mg/kg.

Fire Hazard

HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.

Chemical Reactivity

Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reactions; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by intraperitoneal and subcutaneous routes. Mildly toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Human systemic effects by inhalation: lachrymation, cough. A skin irritant. A narcotic at high concentrations. Isopropyl acetate is slightly less narcotic than normal propyl acetate. A flammable liquid and dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizers. Explosive in the form of vapor when exposed to heat or flame. Can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use alcohol foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

Potential Exposure

Propyl acetate is a used as a solvent for plastics and cellulose ester resins; perfume ingredient; component of food flavoring. It is also used as a chemical intermediate.

Environmental Fate

Photolytic. Reported rate constants for the reaction of n-propyl acetate and OH radicals in the atmosphere and aqueous solution are 2.7 x 10-12 cm3/molecule?sec (Hendry and Kenley, 1979) and 2.30 x 10-13 cm3/molecule?sec (Wallington et al., 1988b).
Chemical/Physical. Slowly hydrolyzes in water forming acetic acid and 1-propanol.
At an influent concentration of 1,000 mg/L, treatment with GAC resulted in an effluent concentration of 248 mg/L. The adsorbability of the carbon used was 149 mg/g carbon (Guisti et al., 1974).


UN1276 n-Propyl acetate, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid.

Purification Methods

Wash the ester with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 until neutral, then with saturated aqueous NaCl. Dry it with MgSO4 and fractionally distil it. [Beilstein 2 IV 138.]


Contact with nitrates, strong oxidizers; strong alkalis; strong acids; may pose risk of fire and explosions. Attacks plastic.

Waste Disposal

Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.

Propyl acetate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Propyl acetate Suppliers

Global( 327)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Shandong Yanshuo Chemical Co., Ltd.
+86-533-7077568 China 60 58
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258 CHINA 29961 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
027-59599243 CHINA 28229 58
Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
+8619930503282 China 5361 58
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
+86 592-605 1114 CHINA 6369 58
Henan Xiangtong Chemical Co., Ltd.
86-371-86017988 CHINA 293 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
027-59338440 CHINA 23035 58
Standardpharm Co. Ltd.
86-714-3992388 United States 14344 58
Shanghai Longyu Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
+8615821988213 CHINA 2462 58
Chongqing Chemdad Co., Ltd
+86-13650506873 CHINA 37282 58

View Lastest Price from Propyl acetate manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2021-09-18 n-Propyl Acetate
US $450.00 / Kg/Drum 14400KG 99.9% 500mt/month Shandong Yanshuo Chemical Co., Ltd.
2021-09-07 Propyl acetate
US $10.00 / KG/Tin 1KG 99% 5000tons per month Wuhan Mulei New Material Technology Co. Ltd
2021-08-26 Propyl acetate
US $9.10 / KG 1KG 99% 10 ton Hebei Crovell Biotech Co Ltd

Propyl acetate Spectrum

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