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Sodium amide

Chemical properties and main uses Toxicity Uses Production method Category Explosive hazardous characteristics Flammability hazard characteristics Storage characteristics Extinguishing agent
Sodium amide
Sodium amide
Chemical Name:
Sodium amide
m amide;SODAMIDE;Natriumamid;Aminosodium;SODIUM AMIDE;Sodiumamide,94%;SODIUM AMIDE 95%;Sodium amide, 98.5%;sodiumamide(na(nh2));sodium amide,sodamide
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Sodium amide Properties

Melting point:
210 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
400 °C(lit.)
1.39 g/cm3 (25℃)
Flash point:
85 °F
storage temp. 
Flammables + water-Freezer (-20°C)e area
Water Solubility 
Air & Moisture Sensitive
Stability Flammable. Reacts violently with water producing very toxic fumes. In case of fire do not use water, but instead smother with soda ash. May form explosive peroxides if heated, or if stored for extended periods in contact with air or oxygen. Incompatible with water and aqueous solutions, carbon dioxide, halogenated hydrocarbo
CAS DataBase Reference
7782-92-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
Sodium amide (Na(NH2))(7782-92-5)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  F,C,Xi,N
Risk Statements  14/15-19-34-20/21-10-67-65-63-48/20-11-36/37-15/29-14-50-29
Safety Statements  26-43-45-62-7/8-43D-36/37/39-27-16-61
RIDADR  UN 3129 4.3/PG 2
WGK Germany  2
HazardClass  4.3
PackingGroup  II
Hazardous Substances Data 7782-92-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H261 In contact with water releases flammable gas Substances And Mixtures Which, In Contact With Water,Emit Flammable Gases Category 2
Category 3
P231+P232, P280, P370+P378,P402+P404, P501
H304 May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways Aspiration hazard Category 1 Danger
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage Skin corrosion/irritation Category 1A, B, C Danger P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H318 Causes serious eye damage Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 Danger P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness Specific target organ toxicity,single exposure; Narcotic effects Category 3 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure Category 2 Warning P260, P314, P501
H400 Very toxic to aquatic life Hazardous to the aquatic environment, acute hazard Category 1 Warning P273, P391, P501
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P223 Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P231+P232 Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture.
P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P405 Store locked up.
P422 Store contents under …

Sodium amide price More Price(12)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 208329 Sodium amide 98% 7782-92-5 50g $43.5 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 208329 Sodium amide 98% 7782-92-5 1kg $151 2018-11-13 Buy
Alfa Aesar L10860 Sodium amide, 94% 7782-92-5 25g $18.5 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar L10860 Sodium amide, 94% 7782-92-5 100g $35.3 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 686042 Sodium amide hydrogen-storage grade 7782-92-5 10g $38.1 2018-11-13 Buy

Sodium amide Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical properties and main uses

Sodium amide is white or olive green crystalline powder, it has ammonia odor, chemical formula is NaNH2, the molecular weight is 39.01, melting point is 210℃, boiling point is 400℃. When heated to 500~600℃, it can decompose into sodium, nitrogen, and hydrogen. It can react violently with water, and generates sodium hydroxide, and releases ammonia. It is slightly soluble in liquid ammonia, it reacts slowly with alcohol. It quickly absorbs carbon dioxide and water in the air, it should be sealed. Magnesium, zinc, molybdenum, tungsten and quartz, glass, silicate and other liquid substances are soluble in liquid state sodium amide.-1 Monovalent radicals-amino NH-2 ionic compounds is formed by sodium ions and ammonia molecules which gets rid of hydrogen atom. Sodium amide is flammable, explosive, corrosive and deliquescence. Since the amino group has lone pair of electrons, it is easy to combine protons, so intense hydrolysis happen when meets water, the solution is alkaline: NaNH2 + H2O = NaOH + NH3. It is dissolved in hot ethanol and liquid ammonia. Dust is toxic. It has severe irritation for skin, eyes and respiratory system. After touch the skin, it can cause corrosive burns. It can be used in organic synthesis aminating agent; condensation accelerator; dehydrating agent, dehalogenating agent; polymerization initiator and manufacturing hydrazine, sodium cyanide, azide, cyanide, hydrazine, indigo raw materials.
Sodium amide is readily oxidized in air to form a layer of yellow variety of oxidation products on the surface. The partial oxidation product is explosive, explosion can happen with heat or friction. When the sodium amide is heated to 300~330℃ in vacuo, it can decompose into nitrogen, sodium, hydrogen and ammonia. It should be filled with inert atmosphere in the bottle sealed and stored to avoid contacting with air, water or fire to avoid explosion and fire. When sodium amide reacts with carbon monoxide, sodium cyanide can generate, this reaction can be used for synthesis of sodium cyanide. Sodium amide is generally used for organic synthesis condensation promoting agent, dehydrating agent, alkylating agent. With the reaction of molten sodium with gaseous ammonia at 300~400 ℃, sodium amide can be obtained industrially, sodium amide is obtained by the reaction of sodium and ammonia in the presence of catalyst at room temperature in laboratory.


Dust is toxic, it can cause corrosive burns, it can severely irritate the eye, skin and respiratory system.
People should wear gas masks and gloves when disposes of escaping material, it should be mixed with dry sand and sent to open area, after reacting with plenty of water, it can be sent to the wastewater system. Pollution ground should also be rinsed with water; when contacts with skin, eye irritation, people should immediately wash with water; when strays into the mouth, people should immediately gargle, drink water and vinegar or 1% acetic acid, and then be sent to hospital for treatment.


1. It can be used as the condensation accelerator in organic chemical reactions. It is raw material in synthesis of vitamin A. It can be also used as dehydrating agent, dehalogenating agent, alkylating agent, ammoniated agent. In liquid ammonia, the dissociation of NHf in liquid ammonia can be used as initiator of anionic polymerization producting polyvinyl chloride ion. It is also used in the manufacture azides, cyanide, hydrazine, and indigo.
2. It can be used as condensation-accelerating agent in organic synthesis, dehydration and the like.
The above information is edited by the chemicalbook of Wang Xiaodong.

Production method

High-temperature method: sodium metal is melt at 97~100℃, then slowly passes through dehydration liquid ammonia, when be heated to 350 ~360℃, sodium amide and hydrogen can generate, the reaction is cooled, cemented sheet, and then pulverized to obtain sodium amino finished.
2Na + 2NH3 → 2NaNH2 + H2 ↑


When meets water, it is combustible goods.

Explosive hazardous characteristics

It can intensely react with water to produce combustible gas, maybe it could explode.

Flammability hazard characteristics

It can decompose into products of toxic nitrogen oxides; flammable and explosive hydrogen gas and caustic sodium hydroxide when meets water.

Storage characteristics

Treasury ventilation low-temperature drying; it should be stored separately with acid, alkali ; it should be moistureproof.

Extinguishing agent

Dry sand, carbon dioxide.

Chemical Properties

grey powder


Reagent for: Synthesis of allylic amines and amides1 Synthesis of antibacterials2 Aggregative activation and heterocyclic chemistry3 Phenylation with diphenyliodonium chloride4


Dehydrating agent. In the production of indigo and hydrazine. Intermediate in the preparation of sodium cyanide. In ammonolysis reactions, in Claisen condensations, alkylation of nitriles and ketones, synthesis of ethynyl Compounds, acetylenic carbinols. Fused NaNH2 dissolves metallic Mg, Zn, Mo, W, quartz, glass, silicates and other substances.

General Description

Odorless colorless solid. Denser than water.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Reacts violently with water and bursts into flame.

Reactivity Profile

Sodium amide is a powerful reducing agent. Reacts violently with oxidizing agents. Reacts violently with steam and water to form caustic NaOH and NH3 vapors [Bergstrom et al., Chem. Reviews, 12:6 1932]. May form explosive compounds in the presence of water and carbon dioxide [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980 p 826]. Liable to deflagration upon heating and friction. Forms an explosive peroxide on storage. When Sodium amide and chromic anhydride are mixed together a vigorous reaction results; the same occurs with other oxidizing agents including dinitrogen tetraoxide, potassium chlorate, sodium nitrite. [Mellor 11:234 1946-47]. Reaction with 1,1-diethoxy-2- chloroethane produces sodium ethoxyacetylide, which is extremely pyrophoric [Rutledge 1968 p. 35]. Reactions with halogenated hydrocarbons may be violently explosive. Sodium amide forms toxic and flammable H2S gas with CS2. (714).

Health Hazard

Ammonia gas formed by reaction of solid with moisture irritates eyes and skin. Solid causes caustic burns of eyes and skin. Ingestion burns mouth and stomach in same way as caustic soda and may cause perforation of tissue.

Fire Hazard

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic and irritating ammonia gas may be formed.

Purification Methods

It reacts violently with H2O and is soluble in liquid NH3 (1% at 20o). It should be stored in wax-sealed containers in small batches. It is very hygroscopic and absorbs CO2 and H2O. If the solid is discoloured by being yellow or brown in colour, then it should be destroyed as it can be highly EXPLOSIVE. It should be replaced if discoloured. It is best destroyed by covering it with much toluene and slowly adding dilute EtOH with stirring until all the ammonia is liberated (FUME CUPBOARD). [Dennis & Bourne Inorg Synth I 74 1939, Schenk in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 465 1963, Bergstrom Org Synth Coll Vol III 778 1955.]

Sodium amide Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Sodium amide Suppliers

Global( 162)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817 CHINA 22119 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 20795 55
Shanghai Time Chemicals CO., Ltd.
+86-021-57951555 CHINA 1374 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733 CHINA 32764 55
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933; China 96815 76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) China 40399 62
Beijing dtftchem Technology Co., Ltd. 13651141086; 86(10)60275028、60275820
86 (10) 60270825 China 1443 62
Energy Chemical 021-58432009 / 400-005-6266
021-58436166-800 China 44192 61
Beijing Ouhe Technology Co., Ltd +86-10-4006331231;+86-10-51280831;+86-10-82967028
+86-10-82967029 China 12613 60
JinYan Chemicals(ShangHai) Co.,Ltd. 13817811078,021-50426030
86-021-50426522,50426273 China 10088 60

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