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Glycolic acid

Description References
Glycolic acid
Glycolic acid structure
Chemical Name:
Glycolic acid
CHC-22;GlyPure;NSC 166;glycolic;HOCH2COOH;Glycocide;GLYCOLATE;GlyPure 70;GlyPure 99;Glykolsure
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Glycolic acid Properties

Melting point:
75-80 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
112 °C
1.25 g/mL at 25 °C
vapor pressure 
10.8 hPa (80 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.424
Flash point:
storage temp. 
H2O: 0.1 g/mL, clear
3.83(at 25℃)
White to off-white
2 (50g/l, H2O, 20℃)
Water Solubility 
Stable. Incompatible with bases, oxidizing agents and reducing agents.
CAS DataBase Reference
79-14-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Acetic acid, hydroxy-(79-14-1)
EPA Substance Registry System
Acetic acid, hydroxy-(79-14-1)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Signal word  Danger
Hazard statements  H302-H318-H314-H332
Precautionary statements  P309-P260h-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a-P280-P305+P351+P338-P310-P261-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340+P310-P260
Hazard Codes  C
Risk Statements  34-22-20
Safety Statements  26-36/37/39-45-23
RIDADR  UN 3265 8/PG 3
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  MC5250000
HS Code  2918 19 98
HazardClass  8
PackingGroup  II
Toxicity LD50 orally in rats: 1.95 g/kg, H. F. Smyth et al., J. Ind. Hyg. Toxicol. 23, 259 (1941)

Glycolic acid price More Price(32)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 124737 Glycolic acid ReagentPlus , 99% 79-14-1 25g $43.8 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 124737 Glycolic acid ReagentPlus , 99% 79-14-1 12kg $1000 2018-11-13 Buy
TCI Chemical G0110 Glycolic Acid (ca. 70% in Water, ca. 12mol/L) 79-14-1 25g $21 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical G0110 Glycolic Acid (ca. 70% in Water, ca. 12mol/L) 79-14-1 500g $34 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar A12511 Glycolic acid, 98% 79-14-1 100g $57.5 2018-11-13 Buy

Glycolic acid Chemical Properties,Uses,Production


Glycolic acid is the smallest alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA). It is mainly supplemented to various skin-care products to improve the skin’s appearance and texture. It can also reduce wrinkles, acne scarring, and hyperpigmentation. In textile industry, it can be used as a dyeing and tanning agent. It can also be used as a flavoring agent in food processing, and as a skin care agent in the pharmaceutical industry. It can also be added into emulsion polymers, solvents and ink additives to improve flow properties and impart gloss. Moreover, it is a useful intermediate for organic synthesis including oxidative-reduction, esterification and long chain polymerization.


Bhatia, A. C., and F. Jimenez. "Rapid treatment of mild acne with a novel skin care system containing 1% salicylic acid, 10% buffered glycolic acid, and botanical ingredients." Journal of Drugs in Dermatology Jdd13.6(2014):678-83.

Chemical Properties

Glycolic acid, CH20HCOOH, also known as hydroxyacetic acid, is composed of colorless deliquescent leaflets that decompose at approximately 78° C (172 OF). It is soluble in water,alcohol,and ether.Glycolic acid is used in dyeing, tanning, electropolishing,and in foodstuffs. It is produced by oxidizing glycol with dilute nitric acid.


Constituent of sugar cane juice.


In the processing of textiles, leather, and metals; in pH control, and wherever a cheap organic acid is needed, e.g. in the manufacture of adhesives, in copper brightening, decontamination cleaning, dyeing, electroplating, in pickling, cleaning and chemical milling of metals.


glycolic acid (hydroxyacetic acid) reduces corenocyte cohesion and corneum layer thickening where an excess buildup of dead skin cells can be associated with many common skin problems, such as acne, dry and severely dry skin, and wrinkles. glycolic acid acts by dissolving the internal cellular cement responsible for abnormal keratinization, facilitating the sloughing of dead skin cells. It also improves skin hydration by enhancing moisture uptake as well as increasing the skin’s ability to bind water. This occurs in the cellular cement through an activation of glycolic acid and the skin’s own hyaluronic acid content. Hyaluronic acid is known to retain an impressive amount of moisture and this capacity is enhanced by glycolic acid. As a result, the skin’s own ability to raise its moisture content is increased. glycolic acid is the simplest alpha hydroxyacid (AHA). It is also the AHA that scientists and formulators believe has greater penetration potential largely due to its smaller molecular weight. It is mildly irritating to the skin and mucous membranes if the formulation contains a high glycolic acid concentration and/ or a low pH. glycolic acid proves beneficial for acne-prone skin as it helps keep pores clear of excess keratinocytes. It is also used for diminishing the signs of age spots, as well as actinic keratosis. However, glycolic acid is most popularly employed in anti-aging cosmetics because of its hydrating, moisturizing, and skin-normalizing abilities, leading to a reduction in the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Regardless of the G skin type, glycolic acid use is associated with softer, smoother, healthier, and younger looking skin. glycolic acid is naturally found in sugarcane but synthetic versions are most often used in cosmetic formulations.


ChEBI: A 2-hydroxy monocarboxylic acid that is acetic acid where the methyl group has been hydroxylated.

Purification Methods

Crystallise it from diethyl ether. [Beilstein 3 IV 571.]

Glycolic acid Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Glycolic acid Suppliers

Global( 361)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Zhonglan Industry Co., Ltd.
(86) 531-82956570
(86) 531-82956571 CHINA 207 58
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
86-0551-65418684 18949823763
86-0551-65418684 China 1861 55
Kono Chem Co., Ltd
+86-132 8924 6953(Whatsapp/Wechat)
+86-29-86107037 CHINA 2997 58
Frapp's ChemicalNFTZ Co., Ltd.
+86 (576) 8169-6106
+86 (576) 8169-6105 China 886 50
Shenzhen Sendi Biotechnology Co.Ltd.
0755-23311925 18102838259
0755-23311925 CHINA 3194 55
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817 CHINA 21676 58
Hangzhou Bayee Chemical Co., Ltd.
0086-571-86990109; 0086-18605816692
0086-571-85775919 China 98 55
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 20672 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733 CHINA 32447 55
Hebei Chisure Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
0311 66567340 CHINA 1017 58

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View Lastest Price from Glycolic acid manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-07-26 Glycolic acid
US $15.00 / KG 1KG 99% 1000KG career henan chemical co
2018-09-05 Glycolic acid
US $10.00 / KG 1KG 99.9% 100Ton/month Hebei Ruishun Trade Co.,Ltd

Glycolic acid Spectrum

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