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카드뮴 아세트산

카드뮴 아세트산
카드뮴 아세트산 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
543-90-8
한글명:
카드뮴 아세트산
동의어(한글):
카드뮴아세트산;카드뮴디아세트산;카드뮴(II)아세트산;비스(아세톡실)카드뮴;아세트산,;카드뮴아세트산
상품명:
Cadmium acetate
동의어(영문):
ci77185;Nsc75795;c.i.77185;ai3-01414;Cadmiumacetat;CADMIUM ACETATE;cadmiumethanoate;cadmiumdiacetate;cadmium(ii)acetate;bis(acetoxy)cadmium
CBNumber:
CB3249130
분자식:
C4H6CdO4
포뮬러 무게:
230.5
MOL 파일:
543-90-8.mol

카드뮴 아세트산 속성

녹는점
255°C
밀도
2.34
물리적 상태
Powder
색상
white
수용성
soluble H2O, alcohol [HAW93]
CAS 데이터베이스
543-90-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA
Acetic acid, cadmium salt(543-90-8)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 F,N,T+
위험 카페고리 넘버 20/21/22-50/53-48/23/25-26-25-21-61-60-46-45
안전지침서 22-61-60-45-36/37-28-53
유엔번호(UN No.) 2570
WGK 독일 3
위험 등급 6.1(b)
포장분류 III
유해 물질 데이터 543-90-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H301 삼키면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 3 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H312 피부와 접촉하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 4 경고 P280,P302+P352, P312, P322, P363,P501
H330 흡입하면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 1, 2 위험 P260, P271, P284, P304+P340, P310,P320, P403+P233, P405, P501
H340 유전적인 결함을 일으킬 수 있음 (노출되어도 생식세포 유전독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 생식세포 변이원성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
H350 암을 일으킬 수 있음 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
H372 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.

카드뮴 아세트산 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

Cadmium acetate is a colourless crystal with a characteristic odour. It is not combustible, but it decomposes on heating, producing toxic fumes of cadmium oxide. It is incompatible with oxidising agents, metals, hydrogen azide, zinc, selenium, and tellurium. Occupational exposure to cadmium and cadmium compounds occurs in workplaces mainly in the form of airborne dust and fume. Occupations and workplaces include cadmium production and refining, nickel–cadmium battery manufacture, cadmium pigment manufacture and formulation, cadmium alloy production, mechanical plating, zinc smelting, soldering, and polyvinylchloride compounding. Cadmium and compounds enter the body mainly by inhalation and by ingestion.

화학적 성질

Cadmium acetate is colorless crystal with a characteristic odor. It is not combustible, but it decomposes on heating, producing toxic fumes of cadmium oxide. It is incompatible with oxidizing agents, metals, hydrogen azide, zinc, selenium, and tellurium. Occupational exposure to cadmium and cadmium compounds occurs in workplaces mainly in the form of airborne dust and fumes. Occupations and workplaces include cadmium production and refi ning, nickel-cadmium battery manufacture, cadmium pigment manufacture and formulation, cadmium alloy production, mechanical plating, zinc smelting, soldering, and polyvinylchloride compounding. Cadmium and compounds enter the body mainly by inhalation and by ingestion

화학적 성질

Cadmium acetate is a colorless crystalline solid; freezing/melting point 5 130C. Hazard identification (based on NFPA-704 M Rating System): Health 3, flammability 0, reactivity 0. Soluble in water

화학적 성질

White crystalline powder

일반 설명

Odorless colorless solid. Sinks and mixes with water.

공기와 물의 반응

Slowly oxidized by moist air to form cadmium oxide [Merck 11th ed. 1989]. Water soluble.

반응 프로필

Salts, basic, such as Cadmium acetate, are generally soluble in water. The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydroxide ions and have pH's greater than 7.0. They react as bases to neutralize acids. These neutralizations generate heat, but less or far less than is generated by neutralization of the bases in reactivity group 10 (Bases) and the neutralization of amines. They usually do not react as either oxidizing agents or reducing agents but such behavior is not impossible. Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic cadmium oxide fumes may form in fires [USCG, 1999].

건강위험

Inhalation causes coughing, sneezing, symptoms of lung damage. Ingestion produces severe toxic symptoms; both kidney and liver injuries may occur. Contact with dust causes eye irritation.

건강위험

Exposures to cadmium acetate cause cough, skin redness, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, salivation, choking, dizziness, and diarrhea. On catching fi re, cadmium acetate gives off irritating or toxic metal oxide fumes. Inhalation of dust produces perforation of the nasal septum, loss of smell, irritation, headache, metallic taste, and cough. Prolonged exposures to cadmium acetate may produce shortness of breath, chest pain, and fl u-like symptoms, chills, weakness, fever, muscular pain, pulmonary edema, liver and kidney damage and death. Cadmium acetate may have effects on the kidneys and bones, leading to kidney impairment and osteoporosis (bone weakness), and liver damage. Accidental ingestion or inhalation of cadmium acetate may be fatal to workers

화재위험

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic cadmium oxide fumes may form in fires.

Safety Profile

Confirmed human carcinogen. Poison by intraperitoneal route. An experimental teratogen. Other experimental reproductive effects. Human mutation data reported. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cd. See also CADMIUM COMPOUNDS.

잠재적 노출

Cadmium acetate is a colorless crystalline solid; freezing/melting point 5 130C. Hazard identification (based on NFPA-704 M Rating System): Health 3, flammability 0, reactivity 0. Soluble in water

운송 방법

UN2570 Cadmium compounds, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.

비 호환성

Compounds of the carboxyl group react with all bases, both inorganic and organic (i.e., amines) releasing substantial heat, water, and a salt that may be harmful. Incompatible with arsenic compounds (releases hydrogen cyanide gas), diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, sulfides (releasing heat, toxic, and possibly flammable gases), thiosulfates, and dithionites (releasing hydrogen sulfate and oxides of sulfur). Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides

폐기물 처리

Precipitation as sulfide, drying and return to supplier. Incineration is not recommended.

주의 사항

During use and handling of cadmium acetate, occupational workers should be careful. Workers should use protective gloves and immediately remove contaminated clothing and shoes. The workplace should provide an eye-wash fountain and quick-drench facilities. During use of cadmium acetate, workers should avoid heat, flame, ignition sources, dust, and incompatibles.

카드뮴 아세트산 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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