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클로로술폰산

클로로술폰산
클로로술폰산 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
7790-94-5
한글명:
클로로술폰산
동의어(한글):
클로로설폰산;클로로술폰산
상품명:
Chlorosulfonic acid
동의어(영문):
chlorosulfonic;Chlorsulfonsure;AKOS BBS-00004309;CHLOROSULFONIC ACID;chlorosulphuric acid;chlorosulphonic acid;Sulfric chlorohydrin;SULFURIC CHLOROHYDRIN;acidechlorosulfonique;Chloridosulfuric acid
CBNumber:
CB6270016
분자식:
ClHO3S
포뮬러 무게:
116.52
MOL 파일:
7790-94-5.mol

클로로술폰산 속성

녹는점
-80°C
끓는 점
151-152 °C755 mm Hg(lit.)
밀도
1.753 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
증기 밀도
4 (vs air)
증기압
1 mm Hg ( 25 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.433(lit.)
인화점
158°C
용해도
Miscible with hydrocarbons.
물리적 상태
Oily Liquid, Fuming In Air
Specific Gravity
1.753
색상
Yellow to brown
수용성
reacts
감도
Moisture Sensitive
Merck
14,2165
안정성
Stable, but reacts violently with water. In case of spills, mop up with sand - do not add water. Reacts with most metals to yield (flammable) hydrogen gas. Incompatible with strong bases, carbonates, water, combustible materials, strong oxidizing agents, most metals, organic materials, sulfides, cyanides, carbides.
CAS 데이터베이스
7790-94-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA
Chlorosulfuric acid(7790-94-5)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 C
위험 카페고리 넘버 14-35-37
안전지침서 26-45
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1754 8/PG 1
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 FX5730000
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 8
포장분류 I
HS 번호 28062000
유해 물질 데이터 7790-94-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어:
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H300 삼키면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 1,2 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H331 흡입하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 3 위험 P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
예방조치문구:
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.

클로로술폰산 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

용도

생체에 대하여 격하게 작용하고, 피부에 접하면 심한 약상을 일으키며 허용 농도는 명확하지 않다. 공중의 수분과 반응하여 염산과 황산으로 분해하므로 양자의 상승 작용이 있다고 생각해도 좋다. 습한 공기중에서는 발연한다. 물과 격렬하게 반응하여 황산과 염산을 생성한다. 장시간 가열하면 황산, 이산화황, 염소로 분해한다. 피부를 심하게 침식한다.

용도

염소화제, 술폰화제로 사용된다.합성 세제의 제조 등에 쓰인다.

화학적 성질

Chlorosulfonic acid, ClS03H, also known as chlorosulfuric acid and sulfuric chlorohydrin, is an colorless to light yellow oily liquid. It is formed from sulfur trioxide and hydrogen chloride, but decomposes in water to form hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid.It is a vigorous dehydrating agent and is used in manufacturing synthetic drugs,poison gas, and saccharin.

화학적 성질

Chlorosulfonic acid is a highly corrosive, colorless to yellow, slightly cloudy, fuming liquid with a sharp odor.

용도

Chlorosulfuric Acid is used in the preparation of benzothiazepinylphosphonate bile acid transporter inhibitor. Also used in the preparation ofsulfated guar gum for potential use as an antioxidant.

용도

manufacture of sulfone Compounds, saccharin. As chlorosulfonating and condensing agent in organic syntheses.

일반 설명

A colorless to yellow colored fuming liquid with a pungent odor. Density 14.7 lb / gal. Causes severe burns. Very toxic by inhalation. Corrosive to metals.

반응 프로필

Chlorosulfonic acid is a strong oxidizing acid. Reacts violently with water, strong mineral acids and bases, alcohols, finely dispersed organic matter. Dangerously incompatible with combustible materials, nitrates, chlorates, metallic powders, carbides, picrates, and fulminates. Undergoes possibly violent reactions with acetic acid, acetic anhydride, acetonitrile, acrolein, acrylic acid, acrylonitrile, alkali, allyl alcohol, allyl chloride, ammonium hydroxide, aniline, butyraldehyde, cresol, cumene, diethyleneglycol methyl ether, diisopropyl ether, diphenyl ether, ethyl acetate, ethyl acrylate, ethylene chlorohydrin, ethylenediamine, ethylene glycol, glyoxal, hydrocarbons (hexane, heptane), hydrogen peroxide, isoprene, powdered metals, methyl ethyl ketone, propylene oxide, vinyl acetate. When heated to decomposition, Chlorosulfonic acid emits toxic fumes of hydrogen chloride and oxides of sulfur [Sax, 9th ed., 1996, p. 831]. Reaction with phosphorus accelerates out of control and culminates in an explosion [Heumann, K. et al., Ber., 1882, 15, p. 417]. Mixing chlorosulfuric acid and 98% sulfuric acid may evolve HCl [Subref: Anon, Loss Prev. Bull. 1977, (013), 2-3].

위험도

Toxic by inhalation; strong irritant to eyes and skin; causes severe burns. Can ignite combustible materials. Evolves hydrogen on contact with most metals.

건강위험

INHALATION: vapor extremely irritating to lungs and mucous membranes. Vapor has such a sharp and pentrating odor that inhalation of severely toxic quantities is unlikely unless it is impossible to escape the fumes. CONTACT WITH EYES OR SKIN: liquid acid will severely burn body tissue.

Safety Profile

A poison irritant. See also SULFURIC ACID. Chlorosulfonic acid is corrosive, can cause severe acid burns and is very irritating to the eyes, lungs, and mucous membranes. It can cause acute toxic effects either in the liquid or vapor state. Inhalation of concentrated vapor may cause loss of consciousness with serious damage to lung tissue. Contact of liquid with the eyes can cause severe burns if the liquid is not immediately and completely removed. It also causes severe sh burns due to its highly corrosive action. Upon ingestion it

잠재적 노출

Used to make pesticides, detergents, pharmaceuticals, dyes, resins, sulfonated oils; intermediate for dyes and pharmaceuticals; and pesticides. Although no military designation has been assigned chlorosulfonic acid may have been used as a choking/pulmonary agent

운송 방법

UN1754 Chlorosulfonic acid (with or without sulfur trioxide), Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material, 6.1-Poison Inhalation Hazard, Inhalation Hazard Zone B.

Purification Methods

Distil the acid in an all-glass apparatus, taking the fraction boiling at 156-158o. It reacts EXPLOSIVELY with water [Cremlyn Chlorosulfonic acid: A Versatile Reagent, Royal Society of Chemistry UK, 2002, p 308, ISBN 0854044981, Fehér in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 385 1963].

비 호환성

Explosively reacts with water, forming sulfuric and hydrochloric acid and dense fumes. Dangerously reactive, avoid contact with all other material. Violent reaction with many compounds, including reducing agents; alcohols, chemically active metals; combustible materials, strong acids, alkaline earth sulfides, aluminum carbides, aluminum, amines, calcium sulfide, carbides, chlorine trifluoride, glycerin, hydrides, hydrochloric acid, hydrogen peroxide, hydrogen sulfide, hydroxylamine, magnesium, metal powders, metal sulfides, molybdenum, phenylhydrazine, phosphorous red/friction, phosphorous trichloride, silicon, sulfides, sulfur, sulfur dioxide, sulfur/ friction, sulfuric acid, tungsten, hydrogen trisulfide, diphenyl ether, finely divided metals, silver nitrate. Contact with phosphorous may cause fire and explosions. Forms explosive material with ethyl alcohol. Attacks many metals; reaction with steel drums forms explosive hydrogen gas, which must be periodically relieved.

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