ChemicalBook
Chinese English Japanese Germany Korea

염화 티오닐

염화 티오닐
염화 티오닐 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
7719-09-7
한글명:
염화 티오닐
동의어(한글):
염화티오닐;염화술피닐;염화싸이오닐(염화티오닐);티오닐클로라이드;염화티오닐
상품명:
Thionyl chloride
동의어(영문):
SOCl2;Thionylchlorid;sulfinylchloride;THIONYL CHLORIDE;Sulfoxidechloride;Sulfinyl chloride;SULPHINYLCHLORIDE;chloruredethionyle;THIONYL DICHLORIDE;sulfurchlorideoxide
CBNumber:
CB9190771
분자식:
Cl2OS
포뮬러 무게:
118.97
MOL 파일:
7719-09-7.mol

염화 티오닐 속성

녹는점
-105 °C
끓는 점
79 °C(lit.)
밀도
1.64 g/mL at 20 °C
증기압
97 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.518(lit.)
인화점
105°C
저장 조건
Store at RT.
용해도
Miscible with toluene, chloroform, benzene, carbon tetrachloride and diethyl ether.
물리적 상태
Liquid
색상
≤50(APHA)
수용성
REACTS
감도
Moisture Sensitive
Merck
14,9348
안정성
Reacts violently with water. Incompatible with most common metals, strong reducing agents, strong bases, alcohols, amines.
CAS 데이터베이스
7719-09-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Thionyl chloride(7719-09-7)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 C
위험 카페고리 넘버 14-20/22-29-35-40-34-20/21/22
안전지침서 26-36/37/39-45-28-27
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1836 8/PG 1
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 XM5150000
F 고인화성물질 19
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 8
포장분류 I
HS 번호 28121095
유해 물질 데이터 7719-09-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어:
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H332 흡입하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 4 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H333 흡입하면 유해할 수 있음 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 5 P304+P312
H351 암을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
예방조치문구:
P301+P330+P331 삼켰다면 입을 씻어내시오. 토하게 하려 하지 마시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.

염화 티오닐 MSDS


Thionyl chloride

염화 티오닐 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

물성

분자량(MW) 118.9654, 녹는점(°C) - 104 ,비중 1.631, 끓는점(°C) 76 ,인화점(°C) 105.무색에서 희미한 노랑 또는 희미한 붉은색 연기를 내며, 굴절력을 갖는 액체.

용도

황(S)을 포함하는 화학무기(Sulfur mustard, Amiton)의 원료- 살충제, 제초제, 계면활성제, 약품, 비타민, 염료 등의 제조용 중간체로 이용하기 위한 유기산의 산 염화물로의 변환에 이용. 리튬-염화티오닐 고성능 배터리에 이용. 고혈압 치료제, 의약품의 원료, 류마티스 치료제, 섬유 계면활성제, 구충제, 항생제의 원료, 방부제, 전자기기, 플라스틱 첨가제 등.

안전성

다른 연소물(목재, 종이, 오일 등)에 불이 붙을 수 있음. 물과 격렬히 반응함. 가연성의 독가스는 좁은 지역에 모임. 하수구 불량은 화재나 폭발위험이 있음.

화학적 성질

Colorless to slightly yellow liquid

화학적 성질

Thionyl chloride is a pale yellow to reddish liquid. Suffocating odor like sulfur dioxide. Fumes form when exposed to moist air.

용도

For making acyl chlorides, to replace OH or SH groups with chlorine atoms; reacts with Grignard reagents to form the corresponding sulfoxides. Review of use in organic synthesis: J. S. Pizey, Synthetic Reagents vol. 1 (John Wiley, New York, 1974) pp 321-357.

일반 설명

A colorless to yellow fuming liquid with a suffocating pungent odor. Boiling point 79°C. A lachrymator. Highly corrosive and toxic. Long-term inhalation of low concentrations or short-term inhalation of high concentrations has adverse health effects.

반응 프로필

Thionyl chloride reacts, potentially explosively, with dimethyl sulfoxide or dimethylformamide containing traces of iron or zinc [Spitulnik, M. J., Chem. Eng. News, 1977, 55(31), p. 31]. Undergoes violent reactions with bases (ammonia, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, amines), alkali metals (sodium, potassium), esters (ethyl acetate), toluene mixed with ethanol / water [Bretherick, 5th ed., 1995, p. 1325]. Has an expansion ratio from gas to liquid of nearly 1000:1. Hence may cause an explosion if heated while contained [MCA Case History No. 1808]. May react vigorously or explosively if mixed with diisopropyl ether or other ethers in the presence of trace amounts of metal salts [J. Haz. Mat., 1981, 4, 291]. Perchloric acid ignites on contact with sulfinyl chloride. (Bailar, 1973, Vol. 2, 1442). SOCl2 reacts with esters, such as ethyl acetate, forming toxic SO2 gas and water soluble/toxic acyl chlorides, catalyzed by Fe or Zn (Spagnuolo, C.J. et al. 1992. Chemical and Engineering News 70(22):2.).

위험도

Strong irritant to skin, tissue, and upper respiratory tract.

건강위험

CORROSIVE and/or TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors, dusts or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Reaction with water may generate much heat that will increase the concentration of fumes in the air. Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.

화재위험

EXCEPT FOR ACETIC ANHYDRIDE (UN1715), THAT IS FLAMMABLE, some of these materials may burn, but none ignite readily. May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Substance will react with water (some violently), releasing corrosive and/or toxic gases and runoff. Flammable/toxic gases may accumulate in confined areas (basement, tanks, hopper/tank cars, etc.). Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated or if contaminated with water. Substance may be transported in a molten form.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by inhalation. The material itself is more toxic than sulfur dioxide. Has a pungent odor similar to that of sulfur dioxide; it fumes upon exposure to air. Violent reaction with water releases hydrogen chloride and sulfur dioxide. Both these decomposition products constitute serious toxicity hazards. A corrosive irritant that causes burns to the skin and eyes. A powerful chlorinating agent. Potentially explosive reaction with ammonia, bis(dimethy1amino)sulfoxide - (above 80℃), chloryl perchlorate, 1,2,3- cyclohexanetrione trioxime + sulfur dioxide, dimethyl sulfoxide, hexafluoroisopropylideneaminolithium. Violent reaction or ignition with 2,4-hexadiyn-1-6-di01, onitrobenzoyl acetic acid, o-nitrophenylacetic acid, sodum (ignites at 300℃). Incompatible with ammonia, dimethyl formamide + trace iron or zinc, linseed oil + quinoline, toluene + ethanol + water. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of SOx and Cl-. See also HYDROGEN CHLORIDE and SULFUR DIOXIDE.

잠재적 노출

Thionyl chloride is used as specialty chlorinating agent, particularly in preparation of organic acid chlorides; in organic synthesis; as a catalyst.

운송 방법

UN1836 Thionyl chloride, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material.

Purification Methods

Crude SOCl2 can be freed from sulfuryl chloride, sulfur monochloride and sulfur dichloride by refluxing it with sulfur and then fractionally distilling twice. [The SOCl2 is converted to SO2 and sulfur chlorides. The S2Cl2 (b 135.6o) is left in the residue, whereas SCl2 (b 59o) passes over in the forerun.] The usual purification is to distil it from quinoline (50g SOCl2 to 10g quinoline) to remove acid impurities, followed by distillation from boiled linseed oil (50g SOCl2 to 20g of oil). Precautions must be taken to exclude moisture. Thionyl chloride is used extensively in organic syntheses and can be prepared by distillation of technical SOCl2 in the presence of diterpene (12g/250mL SOCl2), and avoiding overheating. Further purification is achieved by redistillation from linseed oil (1-2%) [Rigby Chem Ind (London) 1508 1969]. Gas chromatographically pure material is obtained by distillation from 10% (w/w) triphenyl phosphite [Friedman & Wetter J Chem Soc (A) 36 1967, Larsen et al. J Am Chem Soc 108 6950 1986]. HARMFUL VAPOURS.

비 호환성

Reacts violently with water releasing sulfur dioxide and hydrogen chloride. Keep away from water, acids, alcohols, alkalis, ammonia, chloryl perchlorate.

폐기물 처리

Spray on a thick layer of a (1:1) mixture of dry soda ash and slaked lime behind a shield. After mixing, spray water from an atomizer with great precaution. Transfer slowly into a large amount of water. Neutralize and drain into the sewer with sufficient water.

염화 티오닐 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


염화 티오닐 공급 업체

글로벌( 220)공급 업체
공급자 전화 팩스 이메일 국가 제품 수 이점
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 20672 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sales@mainchem.com CHINA 32447 55
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258
sales@coreychem.com CHINA 27142 58
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51086038
86-21-51861608 chemwill_asia@126.com;sales@chemwill.com;chemwill@hotmail.com;chemwill@gmail.com CHINA 23967 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-18871470254
027-59599243 sales@jushengtech.com CHINA 28236 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
86-13657291602
027-59338440 sales@guangaobio.com CHINA 23049 58
Shanghai Macklin Biochemical Co.,Ltd. 15221275939
021-51821727 shenlinxing@macklin.cn China 15719 55
Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD 021-20337333/400-620-6333
021-50323701 sale@aladdin-e.com China 24986 65
Shanghai QianYan Bio-technology Co., Ltd 400-887-6760
orders@biochemsafebuy.com China 9956 55
Huaian Hyperion pharmaceutical R&D Co.,Ltd. 18114966287
- sales@hyperionpharm.com China 795 58

염화 티오닐 관련 검색:

Copyright 2019 © ChemicalBook. All rights reserved