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비스(2-클로로에틸) 에테르

비스(2-클로로에틸) 에테르
비스(2-클로로에틸) 에테르 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
비스(2-클로로에틸) 에테르
2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether
DCEE;bcee;Clorex;Chlorex;Khloreks;ent4,504;ENT 4,504;Dichloroether;etherdichlore;dichloroethyl
포뮬러 무게:
MOL 파일:

비스(2-클로로에틸) 에테르 속성

−47 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
65-67 °C15 mm Hg(lit.)
1.22 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
0.4 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
n20/D 1.456(lit.)
131 °F
저장 조건
Sweet, like chloroform.
Slightly soluble. 1.72 g/100 mL
Henry's Law Constant
(x 10-5 atm?m3/mol): 124.7, 15.8, 72.0, 12.5, and 1.38 at 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 °C, respectively (EPICS, Howe et al., 1987)
노출 한도
NIOSH REL: TWA 5 ppm (30 mg/m3), STEL 10 ppm, IDLH 100 ppm; OSHA PEL: C 15 ppm (90 mg/m3); ACGIH TLV: TWA 30 mg/m3, STEL 60 mg/m3.
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
CAS 데이터베이스
111-44-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
Beta,beta'-dichloroethyl ether(111-44-4)
Ethane, 1,1'-oxybis[2-chloro- (111-44-4)
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T+,T,F
위험 카페고리 넘버 10-26/27/28-40-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-11
안전지침서 27-28-36/37-45-7/9-28A-16
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1916 6.1/PG 2
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 KN0875000
자연 발화 온도 365 °C
위험 등급 6.1
포장분류 II
HS 번호 29091900
유해 물질 데이터 111-44-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in rats: 75 mg/kg (Smyth, Carpenter)
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H226 인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 3 경고
H300 삼키면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 1,2 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H301 삼키면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 3 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H310 피부와 접촉하면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 1,2 위험 P262, P264, P270, P280, P302+P350,P310, P322, P361, P363, P405, P501
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H330 흡입하면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 1, 2 위험 P260, P271, P284, P304+P340, P310,P320, P403+P233, P405, P501
H336 졸음 또는 현기증을 일으킬 수 있음 특정표적장기 독성 물질(1회 노출);마취작용 구분 3 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H351 암을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H370 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴(노출되어도 특정 표적장기 독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로를 기재) 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P233 용기를 단단히 밀폐하시오. 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 보관하시오.
P240 용기와 수용설비를 접지 및 접합시키시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P262 눈, 피부, 의복에 묻지 않도록 하시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P270 이 제품을 사용할 때에는 먹거나, 마시거나 흡연하지 마시오.
P271 옥외 또는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에서만 취급하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P284 호흡 보호구를 착용하시오.
P311 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P320 긴급히 (…) 처치를 하시오.
P330 입을 씻어내시오.
P301+P310 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P302+P350 피부에 묻은 경우,비눗물로 부드럽게 씻기
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P304+P340 흡입하면 신선한 공기가 있는 곳으로 옮기고 호흡하기 쉬운 자세로 안정을 취하시오.
P307+P311 노출된 경우,독성 물질 센터 또는 의사에게 전화하기
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.

비스(2-클로로에틸) 에테르 MSDS

2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether

비스(2-클로로에틸) 에테르 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

colourless liquid

화학적 성질

Dichloroethyl ether is a clear, colorless liquid. Pungent, fruity odor. It is also described as having a chlorinated solvent-like odor.


Reagent for organic synthesis; solvent. Has been used as a scouring agent for textiles; as soil fumigant.


Soil fumigant; acaricide.


Bis(2-chloroethyl)ether (BCEE) is used as ascouring agent for textiles; as a dewaxingagent for lubricating oils; as a soil fumigant;as a solvent for resins, oils, and lacquers; andin organic synthesis.

일반 설명

A clear colorless liquid with a sweet pleasant or nauseating odor. Flash point 131°F. Denser than water and insoluble in water. Toxic by inhalation and skin absorption. Used in cleaning compounds, paints, textile finishing, and as a general solvent.

공기와 물의 반응

Flammable. Insoluble in water. Reacts slowly with water to form HCl. Oxidizes readily in air to form unstable peroxides that may explode spontaneously [Bretherick, 1979 p.151-154].

반응 프로필

2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether may form phosgene or hydrogen when heated to high temperature. Oxidizes readily in air to form unstable peroxides that may explode spontaneously [Bretherick, 1979 p.151-154]. Mixing in equal molar portions with the following substances in a closed container caused the temperature and pressure to increase: chlorosulfonic acid and oleum [NFPA 1991].


2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether is very toxic; the probable oral lethal dose is 50-500 mg/kg, or between 1 teaspoonful and 1 ounce for a 150 pound person. It can be a central nervous system depressant in high concentrations. It is extremely irritating to the eyes, nose, and respiratory passages. It can penetrate the skin to cause serious and even fatal poisoning. Poisonous; may be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through skin.


BCEE is an acute toxic compound withcancer-causing properties. The toxic routesare inhalation, ingestion, and absorptionthrough the skin. Exposure to its vaporscaused irritation of the eyes, nose, and res piratory tracts in test animals. Exposure to aconcentration of 250 ppm in air for 4 hoursproved lethal to rats (ACGIH 1986). At alower concentration, it caused delayed deathfollowing damage to lungs. Other organsaffected to a lesser degree were the liver,kidneys, and brain.
The irritant action of BCEE on the eyesvaried from mild to severe. In humans,contact of pure liquid can cause conjunctivalirritation and injury to the cornea. On theskin, its irritation effect is mild. However,on prolonged contact, the liquid may beabsorbed through the skin and manifest toxiceffects
Ingestion of this compound in smallamounts may produce nausea and vomiting.An oral dose of 50–75 mL is expected to befatal to humans
LC50 value, inhalation (rats): 330 mg (56ppm)/m3/4 hr
LD50 value, oral (rats): 75 mg/kg
LD50 value, skin (guinea pigs): 300 mg/kg
LD50 value, skin (guinea pigs): 300 mg/kg.


Flash Point (°F): 180 ℃; 131 ℃; Flammable Limits in Air (%): Data not available; Fire Extinguishing Agents: Water, foam, dry chemical, carbon dioxide; Fire Extinguishing Agents Not To Be Used: Not pertinent; Special Hazards of Combustion Products: May form phosgene or hydrogen chloride in fires; Behavior in Fire: Not pertinent; Ignition Temperature (°F): 696; Electrical Hazard: Data not available; Burning Rate: 2.4 mm/min.


May form phosgene or hydrogen chloride in fires. There is danger of explosion when ethers are heated or exposed to flames or sparks. Ethers tend to form peroxides; when ethers containing peroxides are heated, they can detonate. May be ignited by heat, sparks, or flames. Container may explode in heat of fire. Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Decomposes in the presence of moisture to form hydrochloric acid. Emits toxic fumes when heated to decomposition. Reacts vigorously with oleum and chlorosulfonic acid. Ethers tend to form peroxides upon standing. Heating peroxide-containing ethers can cause detonation.

화학 반응

Reactivity with Water : No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reaction; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: V; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Safety Profile

A poison by ingestion, skin contact, and inhalation. A skin, eye, and mucous membrane irritant. Questionable carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic and tumorigenic data. Mutation data reported. Exposure to 1000 ppm for 30 to 60 minutes may result in death within days. The odor is easily detectable at 35 ppm whch causes only slight irritation. Flammable liquid when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidants. Dangerous explosion hazard; reacts vigorously with oleum, chlorosulfonic acid. Reacts with water or steam to evolve toxic and corrosive fumes. Can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use water, foam, mist, fog, spray, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. See also ETHERS.

잠재적 노출

Dichloroethyl ether is used as a soil fumigant, an insecticide, and an acaricide; in the manufacture of paint, varnish, lacquer, soap, and finish removers. It is also used as a solvent for cellulose esters, naphthalenes, oils, fats, waxes, greases, pectin, tar, and gum; in dry cleaning and in textile scouring.

응급 처치

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit. Medical observation is recommended for 24 to 48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy


Biological. When 5 and 10 mg/L of bis(2-chloroethyl)ether were statically incubated in the dark at 25°C with yeast extract and settled domestic wastewater inoculum, complete degradation was observed after 7 days (Tabak et al., 1981).
Chemical/Physical. Bis(2-chloroethyl)ether is subject to hydrolysis (Enfield and Yates, 1990; NIOSH, 1994). The hydrolysis rate constant for bis(2-chloroethyl)ether at pH 7 and 25°C was determined to be 2.6 × 10–5/hour, resulting in a half-life o
Emits chlorinated acids when incinerated (Sittig, 1985).

운송 방법

UN1916 2,20 -Dichlorodiethyl ether, Hazard class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, 3-Flammable liquid

Purification Methods

Wash the ether with conc H2SO4, then Na2CO3 solution, dry with anhydrous Na2CO3, and finally pass it through a 50cm column of activated alumina before distillation. Altern

비 호환성

Contact with moisture caused decomposition producing hydrochloric acid. Can form peroxides. May form explosive mixture with air. Contact with strong oxidizers may cause fire and explosion hazard. Attacks some plastics, rubber, and coatings. Attacks metals in the presence of moisture

폐기물 처리

A potential candidate for liquid injection incineration at a temperature range of 650 to 1600C and a residence time 0.1 to 2 seconds. Also, a potential candidate for rotary kiln incineration at a temperature range of 820 to 1600C and residence times of seconds for liquids and gases, and hours for solids. Also, a potential candidate for fluidized bed incineration at a temperature range of 450 to 980C and residence times of seconds for liquids and gases, and longer for solids. Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≧100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal

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