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에틸 니트리트(아질산에틸)

에틸 니트리트(아질산에틸)
에틸 니트리트(아질산에틸) 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
109-95-5
한글명:
에틸 니트리트(아질산에틸)
동의어(한글):
아질산에틸;에틸니트리트(아질산에틸);아질산에틸
상품명:
Ethyl nitrite
동의어(영문):
nitrousether;Ethy nitrite;ETHYL NITRITE;hyponitrousether;Nitrosyl ethoxide;nitrousethylether;sweetspiritofnitre;sweetspiritofniter;Nitrous acid ethyl;spiritofethylnitrite
CBNumber:
CB8191069
분자식:
C2H5NO2
포뮬러 무게:
75.07
MOL 파일:
109-95-5.mol

에틸 니트리트(아질산에틸) 속성

끓는 점
bp 17°
밀도
0.792 g/mL at 25 °C
굴절률
n20/D 1.36
FEMA
2446 | ETHYL NITRITE
인화점
59 °F
저장 조건
Refrigerator
냄새
Aromatic; ethereal; characteristic.
Merck
3831
CAS 데이터베이스
109-95-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Nitrous acid, ethyl ester(109-95-5)
EPA
Nitrous acid, ethyl ester(109-95-5)

안전

위험품 표기 F,Xn,E
위험 카페고리 넘버 11-20/21/22-2
안전지침서 7-16-35
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1194 3/PG 1
RTECS 번호 RA0810000
위험 등급 3.1
포장분류 I
유해 물질 데이터 109-95-5(Hazardous Substances Data)

에틸 니트리트(아질산에틸) C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

The chemical compound ethyl nitrite is an alkyl nitrite. It may be prepared from ethanol
Ethyl nitrite is the main ingredient in a traditional ethanol-based South African remedy for colds and flu known as Witdulsies and sold in pharmacies. It is known as a traditional Afrikaans remedy and may have Dutch roots, as the same remedy is apparently made by the Germano-Dutch Amish people in the USA. However FDA has blocked over-the-counter sales of this same remedy, known in the USA as sweet nitrite or sweet spirit of nitre since 1980 .

화학적 성질

Ethyl nitrite has a characteristic ether-like odor.

화학적 성질

Yellowish volatile liquid.Soluble in alcohol and ether; decomposes in water. Narcotic in high concentration.

용도

Organic reactions, synthetic flavoring.

제조 방법

From sodium nitrite in aqueous solution by displacing the acid with H2SO4 in the presence of ethyl alcohol; it forms azeotropic mixtures with isopentane (85%), amyl bromide (40%) and carbon disulfide (96%).

World Health Organization (WHO)

Ethyl nitrite was formerly available in over-the-counter preparations for use as a diaphoretic, a diuretic and an intestinal antispasmodic. In the 1970s its use was associated with cases of methaemoglobinaemia, some of which were fatal. This led to its withdrawal in 1980 by the United States Food and Drug Administration. WHO has no information regarding its current availability in pharmaceutical preparations.

일반 설명

A clear colorless to yellow liquid with a pleasant odor. Flammable over a wide range of vapor-air concentrations. Flash point -31°F. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Vapors are heavier than air and narcotic in high concentrations. Produces toxic oxides of nitrogen during combustion.

공기와 물의 반응

Highly flammable. Vapors may ignite spontaneously and the reaction may reach explosive violence. Insoluble in water. Decomposes in water.

반응 프로필

ETHYL NITRITE is a powerful oxidizing agent. Highly dangerous in contact with acid or acid fumes. Dangerous when heated. Decomposes spontaneously at 194°F. Decomposed by light.

위험도

Highly flammable, dangerous, explodes.

건강위험

Inhalation or ingestion causes headache, increased pulse rate, decreased blood pressure, and unconsciousness. Contact with liquid irritates eyes and skin.

화학 반응

Reactivity with Water: No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reaction; Stability During Transport: Stable if stored in a cool place and not exposed to strong light; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Safety Profile

Poison by inhalation and ingestion. Narcotic in high concentrations. Lowers blood pressure. Methemoglobinemia has been reported. A very dangerous fire and severe explosion hazard when exposed to heat or flame. A powerful oxidizer. May explode when heated above 90℃. Highly dangerous when heated to decomposition or on contact with acid or acid fumes. To fight fire, use foam, CO2, dry chemical, or water spray. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NOx. See also NITRITES and ETHERS.

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