Inorganic acid Esters

Inorganic acid ester is obtained through the reaction between alcohol and oxygen-containing organic acids or inorganic acid to generate esters (inorganic acid ester or organic acid esters) and water reaction. For example, sulfuric acid and ethanol, nitric acid and glycerol or pentaerythritol esters can have esterification reaction to generate important inorganic acids ester.

The compound obtained through the dehydration reaction between acid (inorganic and organic acids) and the alcohol is ester. It can be divided into inorganic acid esters (e.g., dimethyl sulfate, methyl hydrogen sulfate, glyceryltrinitrate, tributyl phosphate, etc.), and organic acid esters (e.g., ethyl acetate, vinyl acetate, and [alpha] methyl methacrylate ester, etc.) two categories. But the latter one is more important. In accordance with the intramolecular or intermolecular esterification of hydroxy acid (alcohol acid), it can also be divided into two kinds, lactone and lactide. Ester is generally neutral substance and can be subject to hydrolysis. Carboxylic acid ester can participate in a series of reactions including transesterification (alcoholysis), ammonolysis, reduction (hydrogenolysis) and the Grignard reaction.

Usually refers to a carboxylic acid ester with the general formula being RCOOR ', being the product with the hydrogen in the carboxyl group of carboxylic acid being replaced by hydrocarbon. The names of the esters are based on the names of corresponding carboxylic acid and alcohol or phenol such as "a certain acid ester." The cyclic ester is called lactone.
The chemical properties of ester are similar to acyl halide and acid anhydride. It is prone to have hydrolysis, alcoholysis and aminolysis reaction. The lower esters are aromatic volatile colorless liquid with the high-grade ester being solid. Esters are important solvents and synthetic chemicals with some kinds of ester itself being medicines. Depending on the type of acid, esters can be divided into inorganic and organic esters, such as hydrogen methyl sulfate (CH3OSO3H) for the former one and ethyl acetate CH3COOCH2CH3 for the later one; depending on the type of hydrocarbon, the ester can also be divided into fatty esters and aromatic esters and ring esters; ethyl acetate belongs to fatty esters; the phenyl acetate belongs to aromatic esters; while methyl furoate belongs to cyclic ester.

From the broad definition, the reaction between alcohols and acids for generating ester should be called as esterification. But usually it only refers to acid esterification and the esterification of alcohol is called as acylation. Esterification is reversible with the ester having hydrolysis with water to generate the original alcohol (or phenol) and acid. In general, the esterfication should be conducted in the presence of catalyst (hydrogen ion) and heating conditions, in order to shorten the time required for reaching equilibrium.

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Structure Chemical Name CAS MF
DIPHENYL PHOSPHITE DIPHENYL PHOSPHITE 4712-55-4 C12H11O3P
Isobutylnitrite Isobutylnitrite 542-56-3 C4H9NO2
Phosphoric acid tris(2-chloro-1-methylethyl) ester Phosphoric acid tris(2-chloro-1-methylethyl) ester 13674-84-5 C9H18Cl3O4P
CARBONIC ACID DI-2-PYRIDYL ESTER CARBONIC ACID DI-2-PYRIDYL ESTER 1659-31-0 C11H8N2O3
Methyl benzenesulfonate Methyl benzenesulfonate 80-18-2 C7H8O3S
Tris(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate Tris(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate 78-51-3 C18H39O7P
Dibutyl phosphate Dibutyl phosphate 107-66-4 C8H19O4P
Triethyl phosphate Triethyl phosphate 78-40-0 C6H15O4P
1,1'-Binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl hydrogenphosphate 1,1'-Binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl hydrogenphosphate 35193-63-6 C20H13O4P
Pentyl nitrite Pentyl nitrite 463-04-7 C5H11NO2
Diethyl pyrocarbonate Diethyl pyrocarbonate 1609-47-8 C6H10O5
O-PHOSPHORYLETHANOLAMINE O-PHOSPHORYLETHANOLAMINE 1071-23-4 C2H8NO4P
Isopropyl nitrate Isopropyl nitrate 1712-64-7 C3H7NO3
Diethyl chlorophosphate Diethyl chlorophosphate 814-49-3 C4H10ClO3P
Ethyl dichlorophosphate Ethyl dichlorophosphate 1498-51-7 C2H5Cl2O2P
ISOAMYL NITRATE ISOAMYL NITRATE 543-87-3 C5H11NO3
Dibenzyl phosphate Dibenzyl phosphate 1623-08-1 C14H15O4P
Diphenyl carbonate Diphenyl carbonate 102-09-0 C13H10O3
Ethyl methyl carbonate Ethyl methyl carbonate 623-53-0 C4H8O3
Ethylene carbonate Ethylene carbonate 96-49-1 C3H4O3
Tetraethyl orthosilicate Tetraethyl orthosilicate 78-10-4 C8H20O4Si
Methyl methanesulfonate Methyl methanesulfonate 66-27-3 C2H6O3S
Ethyl methanesulfonate Ethyl methanesulfonate 62-50-0 C3H8O3S
Diphenyl phosphate Diphenyl phosphate 838-85-7 C12H11O4P
Tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate Tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate 78-42-2 C24H51O4P
Tetraethyl orthocarbonate Tetraethyl orthocarbonate 78-09-1 C9H20O4
Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate 115-96-8 C6H12Cl3O4P
Cresyl diphenyl phosphate Cresyl diphenyl phosphate 26444-49-5 C19H17O4P
Triphenyl phosphite Triphenyl phosphite 101-02-0 C18H15O3P
Dibenzyl phosphite Dibenzyl phosphite 17176-77-1 C14H15O3P
Phenyl methanesulfonate Phenyl methanesulfonate 16156-59-5 C7H8O3S
Diisopropyl phosphite Diisopropyl phosphite 1809-20-7 C6H15O3P
Ethyl benzenesulphonate Ethyl benzenesulphonate 515-46-8 C8H10O3S
tert-Butyl nitrite tert-Butyl nitrite 540-80-7 C4H9NO2
Diphenyl chlorophosphate Diphenyl chlorophosphate 2524-64-3 C12H10ClO3P
DL-METHIONINE METHYLSULFONIUM CHLORIDE DL-METHIONINE METHYLSULFONIUM CHLORIDE 1115-84-0 C6H14ClNO2S
Diethyl phosphite Diethyl phosphite 762-04-9 C4H11O3P
2-Ethylhexyl nitrate 2-Ethylhexyl nitrate 27247-96-7 C8H17NO3
Triisobutyl phosphate Triisobutyl phosphate 126-71-6 C12H27O4P
Ethyl nitrite Ethyl nitrite 109-95-5 C2H5NO2
DIPROPYL SULFATE DIPROPYL SULFATE 598-03-8 C6H14O2S
TETRAALLYLOXYSILANE TETRAALLYLOXYSILANE 1067-43-2 C12H20O4Si
TRIHEXYL PHOSPHITE TRIHEXYL PHOSPHITE 6095-42-7 C18H39O3P
Tritolyl phosphate Tritolyl phosphate 1330-78-5 C21H21O4P
METHYL FLUOROSULFONATE METHYL FLUOROSULFONATE 421-20-5 CH3FO3S
Diethyl carbonate Diethyl carbonate 105-58-8 C5H10O3
Propylene carbonate Propylene carbonate 108-32-7 C4H6O3
Vinylene carbonate Vinylene carbonate 872-36-6 C3H2O3
Triphenyl phosphate Triphenyl phosphate 115-86-6 C18H15O4P
Tetrabenzyl pyrophosphate Tetrabenzyl pyrophosphate 990-91-0 C28H28O7P2
Diethyl sulfate Diethyl sulfate 64-67-5 C4H10O4S
4-Vinyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-one 4-Vinyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-one 4427-96-7 C5H6O3
EC 3.1.3.1 EC 3.1.3.1 9001-78-9 C21H36N8O6
Triethyl phosphite Triethyl phosphite 122-52-1 C6H15O3P
BUPIRIMATE BUPIRIMATE 41483-43-6 C13H24N4O3S
PHENYLPHOSPHORIC ACID PHENYLPHOSPHORIC ACID 701-64-4 C6H7O4P
ISOPROPYL METHANESULFONATE ISOPROPYL METHANESULFONATE 926-06-7 C4H10O3S
METHYL PHOSPHORODICHLORIDATE METHYL PHOSPHORODICHLORIDATE 677-24-7 CH3Cl2O2P
TRIPROPYL PHOSPHATE TRIPROPYL PHOSPHATE 513-08-6 C9H21O4P
DIISOBUTYL PHOSPHITE DIISOBUTYL PHOSPHITE 1189-24-8 C8H19O3P
Glycerophosphoric acid Glycerophosphoric acid 57-03-4 C3H9O6P
Sodium methyl sulfate Sodium methyl sulfate 512-42-5 CH3NaO4S
GABEXATE GABEXATE 39492-01-8 C16H23N3O4
TRI-M-TOLYL PHOSPHATE TRI-M-TOLYL PHOSPHATE 563-04-2 C21H21O4P
BENZENESULFONIC ACID N-BUTYL ESTER BENZENESULFONIC ACID N-BUTYL ESTER 80-44-4 C10H14O3S
N-OCTADECYLPHOSPHONIC ACID N-OCTADECYLPHOSPHONIC ACID 4724-47-4 C18H39O3P
Glycol sulfite Glycol sulfite 3741-38-6 C2H4O3S
HEXYL NITRITE HEXYL NITRITE 638-51-7 C6H13NO2
Methyl propyl carbonate Methyl propyl carbonate 1333-41-1 C5H10O3
ISOBUTYL NITRATE ISOBUTYL NITRATE 543-29-3 C4H9NO3
DI-N-BUTYL SULFATE DI-N-BUTYL SULFATE 625-22-9 C8H18O4S
Trimethyl phosphate Trimethyl phosphate 512-56-1 C3H9O4P
tert-Butylphenyl diphenyl phosphate tert-Butylphenyl diphenyl phosphate 56803-37-3 C22H23O4P
2-ETHYLHEXYL DIPHENYL PHOSPHITE 2-ETHYLHEXYL DIPHENYL PHOSPHITE 15647-08-2 C20H27O3P
TRIHEXYL PHOSPHATE TRIHEXYL PHOSPHATE 2528-39-4 C18H39O4P
Diethyl sulfite Diethyl sulfite 623-81-4 C4H10O3S
Dibutyl phosphite Dibutyl phosphite 1809-19-4 C8H19O3P
Tributyl phosphate Tributyl phosphate 126-73-8 C12H27O4P
Decanoic acid, 2-[4-(phenylMethoxy)phenyl]ethyl ester Decanoic acid, 2-[4-(phenylMethoxy)phenyl]ethyl ester 848484-93-5 C25H34O3
TRIXYLYL PHOSPHATE TRIXYLYL PHOSPHATE 25155-23-1 C8H11O4P
PHOSPHOROUS ACID TRI-O-CRESYL ESTER PHOSPHOROUS ACID TRI-O-CRESYL ESTER 2622-08-4 C21H21O3P
N-AMYL NITRATE N-AMYL NITRATE 1002-16-0 C5H11NO3
Dipropyl carbonate Dipropyl carbonate 623-96-1 C7H14O3
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate 298-07-7 C16H35O4P
Diphenyl isopropylphenyl phosphate Diphenyl isopropylphenyl phosphate 28108-99-8 C21H21O4P
PHOSPHORIC ACID DI-N-DECYL ESTER PHOSPHORIC ACID DI-N-DECYL ESTER 7795-87-1 C20H43O4P
PHOSPHORIC ACID TRI-N-AMYL ESTER PHOSPHORIC ACID TRI-N-AMYL ESTER 2528-38-3 C15H33O4P
TETRAISOPROPYL ORTHOSILICATE TETRAISOPROPYL ORTHOSILICATE 1992-48-9 C12H28O4Si
Isodecyl diphenyl phosphite Isodecyl diphenyl phosphite 26544-23-0 C22H31O3P
ISOPROPYL NITRITE ISOPROPYL NITRITE 541-42-4 C3H7NO2
DIMETHYL PHOSPHATE DIMETHYL PHOSPHATE 813-78-5 C2H7O4P
BRUCINE SULFATE HEPTAHYDRATE BRUCINE SULFATE HEPTAHYDRATE 5787-00-8 C46H68N4O19S
Tetramethoxymethane Tetramethoxymethane 1850-14-2 C5H12O4
Trimethyl phosphite Trimethyl phosphite 121-45-9 C3H9O3P
Dimethyl sulfite Dimethyl sulfite 616-42-2 C2H6O3S
DIETHYL PHOSPHATE DIETHYL PHOSPHATE 598-02-7 C4H11O4P
PHOSPHOROUS ACID TRIS(4-METHYLPHENYL) ESTER PHOSPHOROUS ACID TRIS(4-METHYLPHENYL) ESTER 620-42-8 C21H21O3P
DIBUTYL CARBONATE DIBUTYL CARBONATE 542-52-9 C9H18O3
DIBENZYL PHOSPHITE DIBENZYL PHOSPHITE 538-60-3 C14H15O3P
SULFATE STANDARD SULFATE STANDARD 14808-79-8 O4S-2
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