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Dichloromethane

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CAS:75-09-2
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CAS:75-09-2
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CAS:75-09-2
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Products Intro: Product Name:Methylene chloride
CAS:75-09-2

Lastest Price from Dichloromethane manufacturers

  • Dichloromethane
  • US $1.00 / kg
  • 2018-12-18
  • CAS:75-09-2
  • Min. Order: 1kg
  • Purity: 99%
  • Supply Ability: 100KG
Dichloromethane Basic information
Overview Chemical Properties Purification and dehydration method Uses Detriment Content analysis Toxicity Hazards & Safety Information
Product Name:Dichloromethane
Synonyms:Aerothene MM;CH2Cl2;Chlorure de methylene;chloruredemethylene;chloruredemethylene(french);Dichlormethan;dichloro-methan;dichloromethane(methylenechloride)
CAS:75-09-2
MF:CH2Cl2
MW:84.93
EINECS:200-838-9
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Mol File:75-09-2.mol
Dichloromethane Structure
Dichloromethane Chemical Properties
Melting point -97 °C
Boiling point 39.8-40 °C mm Hg(lit.)
density 1.325 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 2.9 (vs air)
vapor pressure 24.45 psi ( 55 °C)
refractive index n20/D 1.424(lit.)
Fp 39-40°C
storage temp. Store at RT.
solubility Miscible in ethyl acetate, alcohol, hexanes, methanol, diethyl ether, n-octanol, acetone benzene, carbon tetrachloride, diethyl ether and chloroform.
form Liquid
color APHA: ≤10
Specific Gravity1.329 (20/20℃)
OdorOdor threshold 160 to 230 ppm
explosive limit13-22%(V)
Water Solubility 20 g/L (20 ºC)
λmaxλ: 235 nm Amax: 1.00
λ: 240 nm Amax: 0.20
λ: 250 nm Amax: 0.05
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.02
λ: 340-400 nm Amax: 0.01
Merck 14,6063
BRN 1730800
CAS DataBase Reference75-09-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry ReferenceMethylene chloride(75-09-2)
EPA Substance Registry SystemMethane, dichloro-(75-09-2)
Safety Information
Hazard Codes Xn,T,F,N,C
Risk Statements 40-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-11-67-36/37/38-68/20/21/22-20/21/22-50-37-34
Safety Statements 23-24/25-36/37-45-16-7-26-61-36/37/39
RIDADR UN 1593 6.1/PG 3
WGK Germany 2
RTECS PA8050000
3-10
Autoignition Temperature556 °C
Hazard Note Harmful
TSCA Yes
HS Code 2903 12 00
HazardClass 6.1
PackingGroup III
Hazardous Substances Data75-09-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
ToxicityLD50 orally in young adult rats: 1.6 ml/kg (Kimura)
MSDS Information
Dichloromethane Usage And Synthesis
OverviewAlso known as methylene chloride, dichloromethane (DCM) is a transparent, colorless, volatile halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbon compound with an ether-like mildly sweet smell. It is moderately soluble in water as well as in most organic solvents namely; ether, ethanol, ketones, aldehydes, and phenols (1). Notably, DCM vapors are heavier than air and are normally non-explosive, stable, and non-flammable when exposed in the air; however, temperatures above 100oC must be avoided. Although natural sources do not largely contribute to the global release of DCM, the latter may lead to the formation of the former.
Chemical PropertiesMethylene chloride reacts strongly with active metals such as potassium, sodium, and lithium, and strong bases, for instance, potassium tert-butoxide. However, the compound is incompatible with strong caustics, strong oxidizers, and metals that are chemically active such as magnesium and aluminum powders.
It is noteworthy that methylene chloride can attack some forms of coatings, plastic, and rubber. In addition, dichloromethane reacts with liquid oxygen, sodium-potassium alloy, and nitrogen tetroxide. When the compound comes into contact with water, it corrodes some stainless steels, nickel, copper as well as iron.
When exposed to heat or water, dichloromethane becomes very sensitive as it is subjected to hydrolysis that is hastened by light. Under normal conditions, solutions of DCM such as acetone or ethanol should be stable for 24 hours.
Methylene chloride does not react with alkali metals, zinc, amines, magnesium, as well as alloys of zinc and aluminum. When mixed with nitric acid or dinitrogen pentoxide, the compound can vigorously explode. Methylene chloride is flammable when mixed with methanol vapor in the air.
Since the compound can explode, it is important to avoid certain conditions such as sparks, hot surfaces, open flames, heat, static discharge, and other ignition sources.
Purification and dehydration methodDichloromethane is safer than chloroform. So it is often used instead of chloroform as the extractant Heavier than water. Ordinary dichloromethane generally can be used directly as extractant. If purification is needed, it can be washed with 5% sodium carbonate solution, and then washed with water, and then dried with anhydrous calcium chloride, distillated to collect 40~41℃ distillate and stored in a brown bottle.
UsesHouse Hold Uses
The compound is used in bathtub refurbishing. Dichloromethane is highly used industrially in the production of pharmaceuticals, strippers, and process solvents.
Industrial and Manufacturing Uses
DCM is a solvent that is found in varnish and paint strippers, which are often used to remove varnish or paint coatings from various surfaces. As a solvent in the pharmaceutical industry, DCM is used for the preparation of cephalosporin and ampicillin.
Food and Beverage Manufacturing 
It is also used in manufacturing beverage and food manufacturing as an extraction solvent. For instance, DCM can be used to decaffeinate unroasted coffee beans as well as tea leaves. The compound is also used in creating hops extract for beer, beverages and other flavoring for foods, as well as in processing spices. 
Transportation Industry 
DCM is normally used in the degreasing of metal parts and surfaces, such as railroad equipment and tracks as well as airplane components. It can also be used in degreasing and lubricating products utilized in automotive products, for instance, removal of the gasket and for preparing metal parts for a new gasket. 
Experts in automotive commonly use vapor dichloromethane degreasing process to for the removal of grease and oils from car parts of car transistor, spacecraft assemblies, aircraft components, and diesel motors. Today, specialists are able to safely and quickly clean transportation systems using degreasing techniques that depend on methylene chloride. 
Medical Industry
Dichloromethane is used in laboratories in the extraction of chemicals from foods or plants for medicines such as antibiotics, steroids, and vitamins. In addition, medical equipment can be efficiently and quickly cleaned using dichloromethane cleaners while avoiding damage to heat-sensitive parts and corrosion problems. 
Photographic Films
Methylene chloride is used as a solvent in the production of cellulose triacetate (CTA), which is applied in the creation of safety films in photography. When dissolved in DCM, CTA begins to evaporate as the fibre of acetate remains behind. 
Electronic Industry
Methylene chloride is used in the production of printed circuit boards in the electronic industry. DCM is utilized to degrease the foil surface of the substrate before the photoresist layer is added to the board. 
DetrimentDichloromethane enters the human body mainly through inhalation and can cause anesthetic effects such as damages to the respiratory system and the central nervous system. When being used as a paint remover, DCM has been found to be present in high concentrations in indoor environments. The compound can be exposed to the general population through drinking water, air, and food contact, albeit in much smaller levels. Moreover, it is impossible for the compound to accumulate in the atmosphere due to its photolysis rate. Workers who are engaged in the manufacture of DCM, polycarbonate resin and paint remover formulation are at high risk of exposure.
Content analysisDichloromethane can be separated by dibutyl phthalate (DBP), then detected by GC with TCD, and quantified by comparison with standard dichloromethane.
Reagents: carrier gas, helium (> 99.5%); carrier for white diatomaceous earth 6201 (40-60 mesh) or equivalent; stationary phase, DBP (in ether); standard dichloromethane, chromatographically pure dichloromethane;
Instruments: a gas chromatograph with TCD, a column, a 3 m x 3 to 4 mm (inner diameter) stainless steel column.
Conditions: fixed phase, 20%:DBP/6021 gasification temperature, 100℃, detection temperature 100℃; carrier gas flow rate, 70ml/min, column temperature of 70 ℃; TCD bridge current, 200mA ~; injection volume, <20μL; temperature. retention time (R) of other chlorinated solvents related to dichloromethane: methyl chloride 0.15; monochloroethane 0.34; 1,1-dichloroethylene 0.59; monochloropropylene, 0.85; carbon tetrachloride 1.86; chloroform 2.47.
ToxicityADI gives no specific stipulation (the residual amount of dichloromethane in the products should be minimized as long as the production demand is meet;FAO/WHO。1998)。
Hazards & Safety Informationtoxicity grade:WHO Class II
acute toxicity:acute peroral LD50 in rats 1600 mg/kg; mouse intraperitoneal LD50: 437 mg/kg
Physiological stimulation:skin-rabbit 810  mg/24hours Severe; eyes-rabbit 500 mg/24hours Mild
Explosive hazard characteristics:Explosive when mixed with air or oxygen
Combustible hazard characteristics:It releases phosgene when heated. Its vapor  is non-flammable
transportation and storing characteristics:In ventilated dry storeroom at low temperature, kept apart from oxidizing agent and nitric acid
extinguishant: Foam extinguisher, carbon dioxide, sprayed water, yellow sand.
professional standard: TWA 350 mg/m3;STEL 879 mg/m3.
Chemical PropertiesClear, colourless, volatile liquid.
Chemical PropertiesMethylene chloride is a colorless liquid with a mild, sweet odor. It does not occur naturally in the environment. It is made from methane gas or wood alcohol. Industrial uses of methylene chloride are extensive, as a solvent in paint strippers, as a propellant in aerosols, and as a process solvent in the manufacturing of drugs. Methylene chloride is also used as a metal cleaning and fi nishing solvent, and it is approved as an extraction solvent for spices and hops. Exposure to methylene chloride occurs in workplaces by breathing fumes from paint strippers that contain it (check the label), breathing fumes from aerosol cans that use it (check the label), and breathing contaminated air near waste sites.
Chemical PropertiesMethylene chloride is a nonflammable, colorless liquid with a chloroform-like odor. A gas above 40C/ 104F. The odor is noticeable @ 250 ppm. However, this level substantially exceeds the OSHA STEL and must not be relied upon as an adequate warning of unsafe concentrations.
UsesPharmaceutic aid (solvent).
Air & Water ReactionsMethylene chloride is a colourless liquid with a mild, sweet odour. Somewhat water soluble. Subject to slow hydrolysis which is accelerated by light.
Reactivity ProfileDichloromethane reacts vigorously with active metals such as lithium, sodium and potassium, and with strong bases such as potassium tert-butoxide. Dichloromethane is incompatible with strong oxidizers, strong caustics and chemically active metals such as aluminum or magnesium powders. The liquid will attack some forms of plastic, rubber and coatings. Dichloromethane reacts with sodium-potassium alloy, (potassium hydrogen + N-methyl-N-nitrosurea), nitrogen tetraoxide and liquid oxygen. Dichloromethane also reacts with titanium. On contact with water Dichloromethane corrodes iron, some stainless steels, copper and nickel. Dichloromethane is incompatible with alkali metals. Dichloromethane is incompatible with amines, zinc and alloys of aluminum, magnesium and zinc. Dichloromethane is liable to explode when mixed with dinitrogen pentaoxide or nitric acid. Mixtures of Dichloromethane in air with methanol vapor are flammable.
HazardToxic. A narcotic. Central nervous systemimpairment and carboxyhemoglobinemia. Possiblecarcinogen.
Health HazardExposures to methylene chloride cause adverse health effects and poisoning to users. Methylene chloride harms the human CNS. The symptoms of poisoning include, but are not limited to, dizziness, nausea, tingling, and numbness in the fi ngers and toes. Laboratory animals exposed to very high levels of methylene chloride suffer unconsciousness and fatal injury/death. Occupational workers who are exposed to direct skin contact with methylene chloride indicate symptoms of intense burning and mild redness of the skin, damage to the eyes and cornea.
Health HazardINHALATION: anesthetic effects, nausea and drunkenness. CONTACT WITH SKIN AND EYES: skin irritation, irritation of eyes and nose.
Health HazardDichloromethane is classified as only slightly toxic by the oral and inhalation routes. Exposure to high concentrations of dichloromethane vapor (>500 ppm for 8 h) can lead to lightheadedness, fatigue, weakness, and nausea. Contact of the compound with the eyes causes painful irritation and can lead to conjunctivitis and corneal injury if not promptly removed by washing. Dichloromethane is a mild skin irritant, and upon prolonged contact (e.g., under the cover of clothing or shoes) can cause burns after 30 to 60 min exposure. Dichloromethane is not teratogenic at levels up to 4500 ppm or embryotoxic in rats and mice at levels up to 1250 ppm.
Fire HazardFlash Point : Not flammable under conditions likely to be encountered; Flammable Limits in Air (%): 12-19; Fire Extinguishing Agents: Not pertinent; Fire Extinguishing Agents Not To Be Used: Not pertinent; Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Dissociation products generated in a fire may be irritating or toxic; Behavior in Fire: Not pertinent; Ignition Temperature (°F): 1184; Electrical Hazard: Not pertinent; Burning Rate: Not pertinent.
Fire HazardSpecial Hazards of Combustion Products: Dissociation products generated in a fire may be irritating or toxic.
Fire HazardNoncombustible. Dichloromethane vapor concentrated in a confined or poorly ventilated area can be ignited with a high-energy spark, flame, or high-intensity heat source.
Chemical ReactivityReactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reaction; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.
Safety ProfileConfirmed carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic and tumorigenic data. Poison by intravenous route. Moderately toxic by ingestion, subcutaneous, and intraperitoneal routes. Mildly toxic by inhalation. Human systemic effects by ingestion and inhalation: paresthesia, somnolence, altered sleep time, convulsions, euphoria, and change in cardlac rate. An experimental teratogen. Experimental reproductive effects. An eye and severe skin irritant. Human mutation data reported. It is flammable in the range of 12-19% in air but ignition is difficult. It will not form explosive mixtures with air at ordinary temperatures. Mixtures in air with methanol vapor are flammable. It will form explosive mixtures with an atmosphere having a high oxygen content, in liquid O2, N2O4, K, Na, NaK. Explosive in the form of vapor when exposed to heat or flame. Reacts violently with Li, NaK, potassiumtert- butoxide, (KOH + N-methyl-Nnitrosourea). It can be decomposed by contact with hot surfaces and open flame, and then yield toxic fumes that are irritating and give warning of their presence. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of phosgene and Cl-.
Potential ExposureMethylene chloride is used mainly as a low-temperature extractant of substances which are adversely affected by high temperature. It can be used as a solvent for oil, fats, waxes, bitumen, cellulose acetate; and esters. It is also used as a paint remover; as a degreaser; and in aerosol propellants
First aidIf this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit
ShippingUN1593Dichloromethane, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials
Purification MethodsShake it with portions of conc H2SO4 until the acid layer remains colourless, then wash with water, aqueous 5% Na2CO3, NaHCO3 or NaOH, then water again. Pre-dry with CaCl2, and distil it from CaSO4, CaH2 or P2O5. Store it away from bright light in a brown bottle with Linde type 4A molecular sieves, in an atmosphere of dry N2. Other purification steps include washing with aqueous Na2S2O3, passage through a column of silica gel, and removal of carbonyl-containing impurities as described under Chloroform. It has also been purified by treatment with basic alumina, distillation, and stored over molecular sieves under nitrogen [Puchot et al. J Am Chem Soc 108 2353 1986]. Dichloromethane from Japanese sources contained MeOH as stabiliser which is not removed by distillation. It can, however, be removed by standing over activated 3A Molecular Sieves (note that 4A Sieves cause the development of pressure in bottles), passed through activated Al2O3 and distilled [Gao et al. J Am Chem Soc 109 5771 1987]. It has been fractionated through a platinum spinning band column, degassed, and distilled onto degassed molecular sieves Linde 4A (heated under high vacuum at over 450o until the pressure readings reached the low values of 10-6 mm, ~1-2hours ). Stabilise it with 0.02% of 2,6-di-tert-butyl-p-cresol [Mohammad & Kosower J Am Chem Soc 93 2713 1971]. [Beilstein 1 IV 35.] Rapid purification: Reflux over CaH2 (5% w/v) and distil it. Store it over 4A molecular sieves.
IncompatibilitiesIncompatible with strong oxidizers, caustics; chemically active metals, such as aluminum, magnesium powders; potassium, lithium, and sodium; concentrated nitric acid causing fire and explosion hazard. Contact with hot surfaces or flames causes decomposition producing fumes of hydrogen chloride and phosgene gas. Attacks some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings. Attacks metals in the presence of moisture.
Flammability and ExplosibilityNoncombustible. Dichloromethane vapor concentrated in a confined or poorly ventilated area can be ignited with a high-energy spark, flame, or high-intensity heat source.
Waste DisposalConsult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform to EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal. Incineration, preferably after mixing with another combustible fuel; care must be exercised to assure complete combustion to prevent the formation of phosgene; an acid scrubber is necessary to remove the halo acids produced.
Tag:Dichloromethane(75-09-2) Related Product Information
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