Hydrocarbon halides

Hydrocarbon halide, or hydrocarbon for short, refers to the product produced during the process of hydrogen atoms replaced by by halogen (fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine) in the hydrocarbon molecules. According to the different hydrocarbon groups, it could be divided into categories like aliphatic halogenated hydrocarbons (including saturated and unsaturated halogenated hydrocarbons), aromatic halogenated hydrocarbons. According to the amount of halogen atoms contained in the molecule, it could be divided into categories like halogenated hydrocarbons, dihalogenated hydrocarbons and polyhalogenated hydrocarbons. Most of the halogenated hydrocarbons are liquid. The proportion of Iodinated hydrocarbons, brominated hydrocarbons and polyhalogenated hydrocarbons are all higher than 1. They are insoluble in water and could be dissolved in any proportion with hydrocarbons, they also could dissolve many other organics. The proportion of Hydrocarbon halide would decreases with the increase of the amount of carbon atoms. When there are the same hydrocarbon groups, the boiling point and the proportion of the halogenated hydrocarbons would increase in the order of chlorinated hydrocarbons, brominated hydrocarbons, and iodinated hydrocarbons. In the isomer, the more branches it gets, the lower boiling point it has. Most of these substances are toxic and can burn. And their combustion properties decrease with the increase of the amount of halogen atoms in the compound. When it comes to storage, fire hazard should be managed in A, B, C three categories according to fire risk indicators. When it catch fire, the gas should be treated by the C class of fire treatment, liquid by B class of fire treatment. Eenough attention should be payed to anti-virus.
The amount of naturally occurring halo hydrocarbons is very small, and the majority of halo hydrocarbons are synthesized by halogenation of alkanes, and compounded by unsaturated hydrocarbons. It also could be compounded during the reaction between alcohol with hydrohalic acid.
The amount of Halohydrocarbons are more isomers than corresponding hydrocarbons. Apart from the carbon isomerism, unsaturated bond position isomerization, cis-trans isomerism and optical isomerism, there are halogen atom isomerizations as well.. when the Halogenated hydrocarbon was named, the hydrocarbon plays a rule as the matrix while halogen atom plays as substituents. The position, number and name of halogen should be lined out before the name of the hydrocarbon. At room temperature, apart from methyl chloride, methyl bromide, ethyl chloride, vinyl chloride and others which are gas in room temperature, the halo hydrocarbon is liquid in general and the highly  halogenated hydrocarbon is solid.
Halohydrocarbons is not dissolvable in water, but soluble in a variety of organic solvents, and can be dissolved in a variety of weak polarity and non-polar organic compounds. So it  is a kind of commonly used solvent. The relative density of iodinated hydrocarbons, brominated hydrocarbons and polyhalogenated hydrocarbons are all higher than 1. The boiling point of halogenated hydrocarbons increases with the increasing atomic amount of halogen atoms. The boiling point of the same series of halogenated hydrocarbons increases with increase of the amount of carbon chain. The more branched the isomer, the lower the boiling point would it have (except from fluorinated alkanes).
The chemical property of halogenated hydrocarbons is much more active than paraffin, so  halogenated hydrocarbons can produce a variety of chemical reactions, and turn them into various types of compounds. It has an important position in organic synthesis. Halo hydrocarbon has been applied widely in many trades, apart from being used as a solvent, it also could be used as refrigerant, extinguishing agent, anesthetics and preservatives.
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Structure Chemical Name CAS MF
1-Bromo-5-chloropentane 1-Bromo-5-chloropentane 54512-75-3 C5H10BrCl
1,4-Diiodobenzene 1,4-Diiodobenzene 624-38-4 C6H4I2
3-(Trifluoromethyl)benzyl bromide 3-(Trifluoromethyl)benzyl bromide 402-23-3 C8H6BrF3
(2-Bromoethyl)benzene (2-Bromoethyl)benzene 103-63-9 C8H9Br
2,3-Dimethylbromobenzene 2,3-Dimethylbromobenzene 576-23-8 C8H9Br
2,6-Difluorobenzyl bromide 2,6-Difluorobenzyl bromide 85118-00-9 C7H5BrF2
Iodobenzene Iodobenzene 591-50-4 C6H5I
1-Bromo-4-chlorobutane 1-Bromo-4-chlorobutane 6940-78-9 C4H8BrCl
1-Bromo-2-chloroethane 1-Bromo-2-chloroethane 107-04-0 C2H4BrCl
2-Bromo-m-xylene 2-Bromo-m-xylene 576-22-7 C8H9Br
2,5-Difluorobenzyl bromide 2,5-Difluorobenzyl bromide 85117-99-3 C7H5BrF2
2,3-Difluorobenzyl bromide 2,3-Difluorobenzyl bromide 113211-94-2 C7H5BrF2
1,5-Dibromopentane 1,5-Dibromopentane 111-24-0 C5H10Br2
4,4'-Diiodobiphenyl 4,4'-Diiodobiphenyl 3001-15-8 C12H8I2
2-Bromochlorobenzene 2-Bromochlorobenzene 694-80-4 C6H4BrCl
4-Bromo-2-fluorobenzyl bromide 4-Bromo-2-fluorobenzyl bromide 76283-09-5 C7H5Br2F
3-Chloromethyl-benzotrifluoride 3-Chloromethyl-benzotrifluoride 705-29-3 C8H6ClF3
2-Bromofluorobenzene 2-Bromofluorobenzene 1072-85-1 C6H4BrF
1,3-Dichloropropane 1,3-Dichloropropane 142-28-9 C3H6Cl2
1-Bromooctadecane 1-Bromooctadecane 112-89-0 C18H37Br
1-Bromo-2,4-difluorobenzene 1-Bromo-2,4-difluorobenzene 348-57-2 C6H3BrF2
1-Bromohexadecane 1-Bromohexadecane 112-82-3 C16H33Br
1-Chloro-4-iodobenzene 1-Chloro-4-iodobenzene 637-87-6 C6H4ClI
1,10-Dibromodecane 1,10-Dibromodecane 4101-68-2 C10H20Br2
4-Bromo-o-xylene 4-Bromo-o-xylene 583-71-1 C8H9Br
2-Bromooctane 2-Bromooctane 557-35-7 C8H17Br
4-Pentylbromobenzene 4-Pentylbromobenzene 51554-95-1 C11H15Br
4-Iodotoluene 4-Iodotoluene 624-31-7 C7H7I
1-Chlorotetradecane 1-Chlorotetradecane 2425-54-9 C14H29Cl
4-Fluorobenzyl bromide 4-Fluorobenzyl bromide 459-46-1 C7H6BrF
1-Bromo-3,5-difluorobenzene 1-Bromo-3,5-difluorobenzene 461-96-1 C6H3BrF2
3-Fluorobenzyl bromide 3-Fluorobenzyl bromide 456-41-7 C7H6BrF
1,4-Dibromo-2,5-difluorobenzene 1,4-Dibromo-2,5-difluorobenzene 327-51-5 C6H2Br2F2
3,3-Dimethylallyl bromide 3,3-Dimethylallyl bromide 870-63-3 C5H9Br
3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)bromobenzene 3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)bromobenzene 328-70-1 C8H3BrF6
1-Fluoro-4-iodobenzene 1-Fluoro-4-iodobenzene 352-34-1 C6H4FI
1-Bromo-4-iodobenzene 1-Bromo-4-iodobenzene 589-87-7 C6H4BrI
2,6-Dimethylfluorobenzene 2,6-Dimethylfluorobenzene 443-88-9 C8H9F
1-Bromohexane 1-Bromohexane 111-25-1 C6H13Br
1-Chlorooctadecane 1-Chlorooctadecane 3386-33-2 C18H37Cl
2-(Trifluoromethyl)benzyl chloride 2-(Trifluoromethyl)benzyl chloride 21742-00-7 C8H6ClF3
Chlorotriethylsilane Chlorotriethylsilane 994-30-9 C6H15ClSi
1-Bromodecane 1-Bromodecane 112-29-8 C10H21Br
3-Bromofluorobenzene 3-Bromofluorobenzene 1073-06-9 C6H4BrF
1-Bromonaphthalene 1-Bromonaphthalene 90-11-9 C10H7Br
3-Chlorobenzyl chloride 3-Chlorobenzyl chloride 620-20-2 C7H6Cl2
5-Bromo-1-pentene 5-Bromo-1-pentene 1119-51-3 C5H9Br
2-Iodotoluene 2-Iodotoluene 615-37-2 C7H7I
4-Bromocumene 4-Bromocumene 586-61-8 C9H11Br
5-Bromo-1,2,3-trifluorobenzene 5-Bromo-1,2,3-trifluorobenzene 138526-69-9 C6H2BrF3
5-Bromo-m-xylene 5-Bromo-m-xylene 556-96-7 C8H9Br
2-Bromofluorene 2-Bromofluorene 1133-80-8 C13H9Br
2-Bromobiphenyl 2-Bromobiphenyl 2052-07-5 C12H9Br
2,4,5-Trifluorobenzyl bromide 2,4,5-Trifluorobenzyl bromide 157911-56-3 C7H4BrF3
1,3-Dibromopropane 1,3-Dibromopropane 109-64-8 C3H6Br2
1-Bromo-3,5-dimethyladamantane 1-Bromo-3,5-dimethyladamantane 941-37-7 C12H19Br
2,3,4-Trifluorobenzyl bromide 2,3,4-Trifluorobenzyl bromide 157911-55-2 C7H4BrF3
1-Chloro-2-iodobenzene 1-Chloro-2-iodobenzene 615-41-8 C6H4ClI
2-Fluorobenzyl bromide 2-Fluorobenzyl bromide 446-48-0 C7H6BrF
4-Bromo-1-butene 4-Bromo-1-butene 5162-44-7 C4H7Br
3-Bromobenzyl bromide 3-Bromobenzyl bromide 823-78-9 C7H6Br2
3,5-Di-tert-butylbromobenzene 3,5-Di-tert-butylbromobenzene 22385-77-9 C14H21Br
2,4,6-Trimethybromombenzene 2,4,6-Trimethybromombenzene 576-83-0 C9H11Br
2-Methylbenzyl chloride 2-Methylbenzyl chloride 552-45-4 C8H9Cl
Benzyl bromide Benzyl bromide 100-39-0 C7H7Br
1,2-Dibromobenzene 1,2-Dibromobenzene 583-53-9 C6H4Br2
alpha-Chloro-p-fluorotoluene alpha-Chloro-p-fluorotoluene 352-11-4 C7H6ClF
alpha,alpha'-Dibromo-p-xylene alpha,alpha'-Dibromo-p-xylene 623-24-5 C8H8Br2
1-Bromo-3-iodobenzene 1-Bromo-3-iodobenzene 591-18-4 C6H4BrI
1,4-Dibromobutane 1,4-Dibromobutane 110-52-1 C4H8Br2
3-Iodotoluene 3-Iodotoluene 625-95-6 C7H7I
Bromodiphenylmethane Bromodiphenylmethane 776-74-9 C13H11Br
2,7-Dibromofluorene 2,7-Dibromofluorene 16433-88-8 C13H8Br2
Allyl bromide Allyl bromide 106-95-6 C3H5Br
2-(Trifluoromethyl)benzyl bromide 2-(Trifluoromethyl)benzyl bromide 395-44-8 C8H6BrF3
1-Bromotetradecane 1-Bromotetradecane 112-71-0 C14H29Br
2,4-Difluorobenzyl bromide 2,4-Difluorobenzyl bromide 23915-07-3 C7H5BrF2
2-Bromobenzyl bromide 2-Bromobenzyl bromide 3433-80-5 C7H6Br2
1-Bromo-2-iodobenzene 1-Bromo-2-iodobenzene 583-55-1 C6H4BrI
4-Bromobenzyl bromide 4-Bromobenzyl bromide 589-15-1 C7H6Br2
4-Methylbenzyl bromide 4-Methylbenzyl bromide 104-81-4 C8H9Br
3-Chlorobenzyl bromide 3-Chlorobenzyl bromide 766-80-3 C7H6BrCl
1-Bromododecane 1-Bromododecane 143-15-7 C12H25Br
2-Bromo-2-methylpropane 2-Bromo-2-methylpropane 507-19-7 C4H9Br
1,4-Dibromobenzene 1,4-Dibromobenzene 106-37-6 C6H4Br2
3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl bromide 3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl bromide 32247-96-4 C9H5BrF6
2,5-Dimethylbromobenzene 2,5-Dimethylbromobenzene 553-94-6 C8H9Br
4-Fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl bromide 4-Fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl bromide 206860-48-2 C8H5BrF4
2-Bromotoluene 2-Bromotoluene 95-46-5 C7H7Br
1-Bromoheptane 1-Bromoheptane 629-04-9 C7H15Br
4-Bromofluorobenzene 4-Bromofluorobenzene 460-00-4 C6H4BrF
1-Bromo-3,4-difluorobenzene 1-Bromo-3,4-difluorobenzene 348-61-8 C6H3BrF2
1,4-Dibromo-2,5-dimethylbenzene 1,4-Dibromo-2,5-dimethylbenzene 1074-24-4 C8H8Br2
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